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I am having trouble communicating with a gtm subprocess opened via pipe functionality.
I want to be able to send the subprocess **one character at a time**, but every time I do a plain "WRITE x", it appears that a "WRITE x,!" is sent instead.
Here is a screen scrape demonstrating this. This is
a screen log of me sending a simply "w" (i.e. the first character of
'write "hello world",!' if I were to send it character by character),
which immediately causing the subprocess to issue an error.
NOTE: If was normally at a GTM prompt, and I pressed the letter 'w',
it would wait for me to press ENTER to process the line.
So the fact that sending a 'w' to the subprocess immediately creates
an error tells me that in fact a has been sent.
Note: the 'runAV' script seen in the COMMAND below is just the standard
script that I always use to setup the environment and launch gtm. I have
entered gtm this way for years.
For clarity, I have added a line '==========' to separate the output
from the subprocess.
Can anyone help?
ASTRON>open p:(COMMAND="sh runAV":STREAM:NOWRAP)::"pipe"
ASTRON>for use p read x:1 use $P w x,! quit:($T=0)
GT.M VistA Startup Script
Starting Setup_env script
Entering GT.M system now…
(using GT.M v5)
ASTRON>use p write "w" for use p read x:1 use $P w x,! quit:($T=0)
%GTM-E-SPOREOL, Either a space or an end-of-line was expected but not
I am not sure exactly what your "runAV" script is doing but you might try something like this. Given a the two files foo4.sh and foo4.m you should get something like what is shown at the end.
# foo4.sh - Test single character I/O with GT.M pipes
mumps -run sub^foo4
foo4 ; foo4.m - test single character I/O on pipes
open p:(COMMAND="sh foo4.sh":STREAM:NOWRAP)::"pipe"
for i=0:1 use p quit:$zeof d
. read x#1:1
. set t=$test,eof=$zeof
. use $P
. write "i:"_i_" $test:"_t_" $zeof:"_eof_" $length:"_$length(x)_" x:"_x,!
quit ; >>> main
quit ; >>> sub
Running foo4.m with mumps -run main^foo4 you should get something like:
$ mumps -run main^foo4
i:0 $test:0 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:1 $test:0 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:2 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:1 x:h
i:3 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:1 x:e
i:4 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:5 $test:0 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:6 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:1 x:l
i:7 $test:0 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:8 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:1 x:l
i:9 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:1 x:o
i:10 $test:0 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:11 $test:1 $zeof:0 $length:0 x:
i:12 $test:1 $zeof:1 $length:0 x:
I just put the hangs in to simulate delays. You might also play with READ *x for single character reads.
Hope that helps,
The pipe device was implemented based on the behavior of the disk and fifo devices. When a write is done to the device in streaming mode without a terminator and it is followed by a read, a newline is written to the device. This flushing is not really necessary for a pipe, however, since read and write are 2 separate file descriptors. The newline will no longer be issued for the pipe device in the next release.
Thank you Bob and Mike for your replies.
Bob, I think you misunderstood my problem. You demonstrated that I could READ from the subprocess one character at a time. but my problem is WRITING to it with just one character. My runAV script just gets me to a GTM prompt. In your setup, it would probably be comprised of just "gtm".
Mike, thanks for looking at this, and I am happy to hear that this issue will be cleared up in the next release of GTM.
Keep up the great work!