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SWIG (Simplified Wrapper and Interface Generator) Version: 2.0.11 (15 Sep 2013) Tagline: SWIG is a compiler that integrates C and C++ with languages including Perl, Python, Tcl, Ruby, PHP, Java, C#, D, Go, Lua, Octave, R, Scheme (Guile, MzScheme/Racket, CHICKEN), Ocaml, Modula-3, Common Lisp (CLISP, Allegro CL, CFFI, UFFI) and Pike. SWIG can also export its parse tree into Lisp s-expressions and XML. SWIG reads annotated C/C++ header files and creates wrapper code (glue code) in order to make the corresponding C/C++ libraries available to the listed languages, or to extend C/C++ programs with a scripting language. Up-to-date SWIG related information can be found at http://www.swig.org A SWIG FAQ and other hints can be found on the SWIG Wiki: http://www.dabeaz.com/cgi-bin/wiki.pl License ======= Please see the LICENSE file for details of the SWIG license. For further insight into the license including the license of SWIG's output code, please visit http://www.swig.org/legal.html Release Notes ============= Please see the CHANGES.current file for a detailed list of bug fixes and new features for the current release. The CHANGES file contains bug fixes and new features for older versions. A summary of changes in each release can be found in the RELEASENOTES file. Documentation ============= The Doc/Manual directory contains the most recent set of updated documentation for this release. The documentation is available in three different formats, each of which contains identical content. These format are, pdf (Doc/Manual/SWIGDocumentation.pdf), single page html (Doc/Manual/SWIGDocumentation.html) or multiple page html (other files in Doc/Manual). Please select your chosen format and copy/install to wherever takes your fancy. There is some technical developer documentation available in the Doc/Devel subdirectory. This is not necessarily up-to-date, but it has some information on SWIG internals. Documentation is also online at http://www.swig.org/doc.html. Backwards Compatibility ======================= The developers strive their best to preserve backwards compatibility between releases, but this is not always possible as the overriding aim is to provide the best wrapping experience. Where backwards compatibility is known to be broken, it is clearly marked as an incompatibility in the CHANGES and CHANGES.current files. See the documentation for details of the SWIG_VERSION preprocessor symbol if you have backward compatibility issues and need to use more than one version of SWIG. Installation ============ Please read the Doc/Manual/Preface.html#Preface_installation for full installation instructions for Windows, Unix and Mac OS X. The INSTALL file has generic build and installation instructions for Unix users. Testing ======= The typical 'make -k check' can be performed on Unix operating systems. Please read Doc/Manual/Preface.html#Preface_testing for details. Examples ======== The Examples directory contains a variety of examples of using SWIG and it has some browsable documentation. Simply point your browser to the file "Example/index.html". The Examples directory also includes Visual C++ project 6 (.dsp) files for building some of the examples on Windows. Later versions of Visual Studio will convert these old style project files into a current solution file. Known Issues ============ There are minor known bugs, details of which are in the bug tracker, see http://www.swig.org/bugs.html. Troubleshooting =============== In order to operate correctly, SWIG relies upon a set of library files. If after building SWIG, you get error messages like this, $ swig foo.i :1. Unable to find 'swig.swg' :3. Unable to find 'tcl8.swg' it means that SWIG has either been incorrectly configured or installed. To fix this: 1. Make sure you remembered to do a 'make install' and that the installation actually worked. Make sure you have write permission on the install directory. 2. If that doesn't work, type 'swig -swiglib' to find out where SWIG thinks its library is located. 3. If the location is not where you expect, perhaps you supplied a bad option to configure. Use ./configure --prefix=pathname to set the SWIG install location. Also, make sure you don't include a shell escape character such as ~ when you specify the path. 4. The SWIG library can be changed by setting the SWIG_LIB environment variable. However, you really shouldn't have to do this. If you are having other troubles, you might look at the SWIG Wiki at http://www.dabeaz.com/cgi-bin/wiki.pl. Participate! ============ Please report any errors and submit patches (if possible)! We only have access to a limited variety of hardware (Linux, Solaris, OS-X, and Windows). All contributions help. If you would like to join the SWIG development team or contribute a language module to the distribution, please contact the swig-devel mailing list, details at http://www.swig.org/mail.html. -- The SWIG Maintainers Below are the changes for the current release. See the CHANGES file for changes in older releases. See the RELEASENOTES file for a summary of changes in each release. Version 2.0.11 (15 Sep 2013) ============================ 2013-09-15: wsfulton [R] Fix attempt to free a non-heap object in OUTPUT typemaps for: unsigned short *OUTPUT unsigned long *OUTPUT signed long long *OUTPUT char *OUTPUT signed char*OUTPUT unsigned char*OUTPUT 2013-09-12: wsfulton [Lua] Pull Git patch #62. 1) Static members and static functions inside class can be accessed as ModuleName.ClassName.FunctionName (MemberName respectively). Old way such as ModuleName.ClassName_FunctionName still works. 2) Same goes for enums inside classes: ModuleName.ClassName.EnumValue1 etc. 2013-09-12: wsfulton [UTL] Infinity is now by default an acceptable value for type 'float'. This fix makes the handling of type 'float' and 'double' the same. The implementation requires the C99 isfinite() macro, or otherwise some platform dependent equivalents, to be available. Users requiring the old behaviour of not accepting infinity, can define a 'check' typemap wherever a float is used, such as: %typemap(check,fragment="<float.h>") float, const float & %{ if ($1 < -FLT_MAX || $1 > FLT_MAX) { SWIG_exception_fail(SWIG_TypeError, "Overflow in type float"); } %} *** POTENTIAL INCOMPATIBILITY *** 2013-08-30: wsfulton [Lua] Pull Git patch #81: Include Lua error locus in SWIG error messages. This is standard information in Lua error messages, and makes it much easier to find bugs. 2013-08-29: wsfulton Pull Git patch #75: Handle UTF-8 files with BOM at beginning of file. Was giving an 'Illegal token' syntax error. 2013-08-29: wsfulton [C#] Pull Git patch #77: Allow exporting std::map using non-default comparison function. 2013-08-28: wsfulton [Python] %implicitconv is improved for overloaded functions. Like in C++, the methods with the actual types are considered before trying implicit conversions. Example: %implicitconv A; struct A { A(int i); }; class CCC { public: int xx(int i) { return 11; } int xx(const A& i) { return 22; } }; The following python code: CCC().xx(-1) will now return 11 instead of 22 - the implicit conversion is not done. 2013-08-23: olly [Python] Fix clang++ warning in generated wrapper code. 2013-08-16: wsfulton [Python] %implicitconv will now accept None where the implicit conversion takes a C/C++ pointer. Problem highlighted by Bo Peng. Closes SF patch #230. 2013-08-07: wsfulton [Python] SF Patch #326 from Kris Thielemans - Remove SwigPyObject_print and SwigPyObject_str and make the generated wrapper use the default python implementations, which will fall back to repr (for -builtin option). Advantages: - it avoids the swig user having to jump through hoops to get print to work as expected when redefining repr/str slots. - typing the name of a variable on the python prompt now prints the result of a (possibly redefined) repr, without the swig user having to do any extra work. - when redefining repr, the swig user doesn't necessarily have to redefine str as it will call the redefined repr - the behaviour is exactly the same as without the -builtin option while requiring no extra work by the user (aside from adding the %feature("python:slot...) statements of course) Disadvantage: - default str() will give different (but clearer?) output on swigged classes 2013-07-30: wsfulton [Python, Ruby] Fix #64 #65: Missing code in std::multimap wrappers. Previously an instantiation of a std::map was erroneously required in addition to an instantiation of std::multimap with the same template parameters to prevent compilation errors for the wrappers of a std::multimap. 2013-07-14: joequant [R] Change types file to allow for SEXP return values 2013-07-05: wsfulton [Python] Add %pythonbegin directive which works like %pythoncode, except the specified code is added at the beginning of the generated .py file. This is primarily needed for importing from __future__ statements required to be at the very beginning of the file. Example: %pythonbegin %{ from __future__ import print_function print("Loading", "Whizz", "Bang", sep=' ... ') %} 2013-07-01: wsfulton [Python] Apply SF patch #340 - Uninitialized variable fix in SWIG_Python_NonDynamicSetAttr when using -builtin. 2013-07-01: wsfulton [Python, Ruby, Ocaml] Apply SF patch #341 - fix a const_cast in generated code that was generating a <:: digraph when using the unary scope operator (::) (global scope) in a template type. 2013-07-01: wsfulton [Python] Add SF patch #342 from Christian Delbaere to fix some director classes crashing on object deletion when using -builtin. Fixes SF bug #1301. 2013-06-11: wsfulton [Python] Add SWIG_PYTHON_INTERPRETER_NO_DEBUG macro which can be defined to use the Release version of the Python interpreter in Debug builds of the wrappers. The Visual Studio .dsp example files have been modified to use this so that Debug builds will now work without having to install or build a Debug build of the interpreter. 2013-06-07: wsfulton [Ruby] Git issue #52. Fix regression with missing rb_complex_new function for Ruby versions prior to 1.9 using std::complex wrappers if just using std::complex as an output type. Also fix the Complex helper functions external visibility (to static by default). 2013-06-04: olly [PHP] Fix SWIG_ZTS_ConvertResourcePtr() not to dereference NULL if the type lookup fails. This file contains a brief overview of the changes made in each release. A detailed description of changes are available in the CHANGES.current and CHANGES files. Release Notes ============= SWIG-2.0.11 summary: - Minor bug fixes and enhancements mostly in Python, but also C#, Lua, Ocaml, Octave, Perl, PHP, Python, R, Ruby, Tcl. SWIG-2.0.10 summary: - Ruby 1.9 support is now complete. - Add support for Guile 2.0 and Guile 1.6 support (GH interface) has been dropped. - Various small language neutral improvements and fixes. - Various bug fixes and minor improvements specific to C#, CFFI, D, Java, Octave, PHP, Python, - Minor bug fix in ccache-swig. - Development has moved to Github with Travis continuous integration testing - patches using https://github.com/swig/swig are welcome. SWIG-2.0.9 summary: - Improved typemap matching. - Ruby 1.9 support is much improved. - Various bug fixes and minor improvements in C#, CFFI, Go, Java, Modula3, Octave, Perl, Python, R, Ruby, Tcl and in ccache-swig. SWIG-2.0.8 summary: - Fix a couple of regressions introduced in 2.0.5 and 2.0.7. - Improved using declarations and using directives support. - Minor fixes/enhancements for C#, Java, Octave, Perl and Python. SWIG-2.0.7 summary: - Important regression fixes since 2.0.5 for typemaps in general and in Python. - Fixes and enhancements for Go, Java, Octave and PHP. SWIG-2.0.6 summary: - Regression fix for Python STL wrappers on some systems. SWIG-2.0.5 summary: - Official Android support added including documentation and examples. - Improvements involving templates: 1) Various fixes with templates and typedef types. 2) Some template lookup problems fixed. 3) Templated type fixes to use correct typemaps. - Autodoc documentation generation improvements. - Python STL container wrappers improvements including addition of stepped slicing. - Approximately 70 fixes and minor enhancements for the following target languages: AllegroCL, C#, D, Go, Java, Lua, Ocaml, Octave, Perl, PHP, Python, R, Ruby, Tcl, Xml. SWIG-2.0.4 summary: - This is mainly a Python oriented release including support for Python built-in types for superior performance with the new -builtin option. The -builtin option is especially suitable for performance-critical libraries and applications that call wrapped methods repeatedly. See the python-specific chapter of the SWIG manual for more info. - Python 3.2 support has also been added and various Python bugs have been fixed. - Octave 3.4 support has also been added. - There are also the usual minor generic improvements, as well as bug fixes and enhancements for D, Guile, Lua, Octave, Perl and Tcl. SWIG-2.0.3 summary: - A bug fix release including a couple of fixes for regressions in the 2.0 series. SWIG-2.0.2 summary: - Support for the D language has been added. - Various bug fixes and minor enhancements. - Bug fixes particular to the Clisp, C#, Go, MzScheme, Ocaml, PHP, R, Ruby target languages. SWIG-2.0.1 summary: - Support for the Go language has been added. - New regular expression (regex) encoder for renaming symbols based on the Perl Compatible Regular Expressions (PCRE) library. - Numerous fixes in reporting file and line numbers in error and warning messages. - Various bug fixes and improvements in the C#, Lua, Perl, PHP, Ruby and Python language modules. SWIG-2.0.0 summary: - License changes, see LICENSE file and http://www.swig.org/legal.html. - Much better nested class/struct support. - Much improved template partial specialization and explicit specialization handling. - Namespace support improved with the 'nspace' feature where namespaces can be automatically translated into Java packages or C# namespaces. - Improved typemap and symbol table debugging. - Numerous subtle typemap matching rule changes when using the default (SWIGTYPE) type. These now work much like C++ class template partial specialization matching. - Other small enhancements for typemaps. Typemap fragments are also now official and documented. - Warning and error display refinements. - Wrapping of shared_ptr is improved and documented now. - Numerous C++ unary scope operator (::) fixes. - Better support for boolean expressions. - Various bug fixes and improvements in the Allegrocl, C#, Java, Lua, Octave, PHP, Python, R, Ruby and XML modules. SWIG-1.3.40 summary: - SWIG now supports directors for PHP. - PHP support improved in general. - Octave 3.2 support added. - Various bug fixes/enhancements for Allegrocl, C#, Java, Octave, Perl, Python, Ruby and Tcl. - Other generic fixes and minor new features. SWIG-1.3.39 summary: - Some new small feature enhancements. - Improved C# std::vector wrappers. - Bug fixes: mainly Python, but also Perl, MzScheme, CFFI, Allegrocl and Ruby SWIG-1.3.38 summary: - Output directory regression fix and other minor bug fixes SWIG-1.3.37 summary: - Python 3 support added - SWIG now ships with a version of ccache that can be used with SWIG. This enables the files generated by SWIG to be cached so that repeated use of SWIG on unchanged input files speeds up builds quite considerably. - PHP 4 support removed and PHP support improved in general - Improved C# array support - Numerous Allegro CL improvements - Bug fixes/enhancements for Python, PHP, Java, C#, Chicken, Allegro CL, CFFI, Ruby, Tcl, Perl, R, Lua. - Other minor generic bug fixes and enhancements SWIG-1.3.36 summary: - Enhancement to directors to wrap all protected members - Optimisation feature for objects returned by value - A few bugs fixes in the PHP, Java, Ruby, R, C#, Python, Lua and Perl modules - Other minor generic bug fixes SWIG-1.3.35 summary: - Octave language module added - Bug fixes in Python, Lua, Java, C#, Perl modules - A few other generic bugs and runtime assertions fixed SWIG-1.3.34 summary: - shared_ptr support for Python - Support for latest R - version 2.6 - Various minor improvements/bug fixes for R, Lua, Python, Java, C# - A few other generic bug fixes, mainly for templates and using statements SWIG-1.3.33 summary: - Fix regression for Perl where C++ wrappers would not compile - Fix regression parsing macros SWIG-1.3.32 summary: - shared_ptr support for Java and C# - Enhanced STL support for Ruby - Windows support for R - Fixed long-standing memory leak in PHP Module - Numerous fixes and minor enhancements for Allegrocl, C#, cffi, Chicken, Guile, Java, Lua, Ocaml, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Tcl. - Improved warning support SWIG-1.3.31 summary: - Python modern classes regression fix SWIG-1.3.30 summary: - Python-2.5 support - New language module: R - Director support added for C# - Numerous director fixes and improvements - Improved mingw/msys support - Better constants support in Guile and chicken modules - Support for generating PHP5 class wrappers - Important Java premature garbage collection fix - Minor improvements/fixes in cffi, php, allegrocl, perl, chicken, lua, ruby, ocaml, python, java, c# and guile language modules - Many many other bug fixes SWIG-1.3.29 summary: - Numerous important bug fixes - Few minor new features - Some performance improvements in generated code for Python SWIG-1.3.28 summary: - More powerful renaming (%rename) capability. - More user friendly warning handling. - Add finer control for default constructors and destructors. We discourage the use of the 'nodefault' option, which disables both constructors and destructors, leading to possible memory leaks. Use instead 'nodefaultctor' and/or 'nodefaultdtor'. - Automatic copy constructor wrapper generation via the 'copyctor' option/feature. - Better handling of Windows extensions and types. - Better runtime error reporting. - Add the %catches directive to catch and dispatch exceptions. - Add the %naturalvar directive for more 'natural' variable wrapping. - Better default handling of std::string variables using the %naturalvar directive. - Add the %allowexcept and %exceptionvar directives to handle exceptions when accessing a variable. - Add the %delobject directive to mark methods that act like destructors. - Add the -fastdispatch option to enable smaller and faster overload dispatch mechanism. - Template support for %rename, %feature and %typemap improved. - Add/doc more debug options, such as -dump_module, -debug_typemaps, etc. - Unified typemap library (UTL) potentially providing core typemaps for all scripting languages based on the recently evolving Python typemaps. - New language module: Common Lisp with CFFI. - Python, Ruby, Perl and Tcl use the new UTL, many old reported and hidden errors with typemaps are now fixed. - Initial Java support for languages using the UTL via GCJ, you can now use Java libraries in your favorite script language using gcj + swig. - Tcl support for std::wstring. - PHP4 module update, many error fixes and actively maintained again. - Allegrocl support for C++, also enhanced C support. - Ruby support for bang methods. - Ruby support for user classes as native exceptions. - Perl improved dispatching in overloaded functions via the new cast and rank mechanism. - Perl improved backward compatibility, 5.004 and later tested and working. - Python improved backward compatibility, 1.5.2 and later tested and working. - Python can use the same cast/rank mechanism via the -castmode option. - Python implicit conversion mechanism similar to C++, via the %implicitconv directive (replaces and improves the implicit.i library). - Python threading support added. - Python STL support improved, iterators are supported and STL containers can use now the native PyObject type. - Python many performance options and improvements, try the -O option to test all of them. Python runtime benchmarks show up to 20 times better performance compared to 1.3.27 and older versions. - Python support for 'multi-inheritance' on the python side. - Python simplified proxy classes, now swig doesn't need to generate the additional 'ClassPtr' classes. - Python extended support for smart pointers. - Python better support for static member variables. - Python backward compatibility improved, many projects that used to work only with swig-1.3.21 to swig-1.3.24 are working again with swig-1.3.28 - Python test-suite is now 'valgrinded' before release, and swig also reports memory leaks due to missing destructors. - Minor bug fixes and improvements to the Lua, Ruby, Java, C#, Python, Guile, Chicken, Tcl and Perl modules. SWIG-1.3.27 summary: - Fix bug in anonymous typedef structures which was leading to strange behaviour SWIG-1.3.26 summary: - New language modules: Lua, CLISP and Common Lisp with UFFI. - Big overhaul to the PHP module. - Change to the way 'extern' is handled. - Minor bug fixes specific to C#, Java, Modula3, Ocaml, Allegro CL, XML, Lisp s-expressions, Tcl, Ruby and Python modules. - Other minor improvements and bug fixes. SWIG-1.3.25 summary: - Improved runtime type system. Speed of module loading improved in modules with lots of types. SWIG_RUNTIME_VERSION has been increased from 1 to 2, but the API is exactly the same; only internal changes were made. - The languages that use the runtime type system now support external access to the runtime type system. - Various improvements with typemaps and template handling. - Fewer warnings in generated code. - Improved colour documentation. - Many C# module improvements (exception handling, prevention of early garbage collection, C# attributes support added, more flexible type marshalling/asymmetric types.) - Minor improvements and bug fixes specific to the C#, Java, TCL, Guile, Chicken, MzScheme, Perl, Php, Python, Ruby and Ocaml modules). - Various other bug fixes and memory leak fixes. SWIG-1.3.24 summary: - Improved enum handling - More runtime library options - More bugs fixes for templates and template default arguments, directors and other areas. - Better smart pointer support, including data members, static members and %extend. SWIG-1.3.23 summary: - Improved support for callbacks - Python docstring support and better error handling - C++ default argument support for Java and C# added. - Improved c++ default argument support for the scripting languages plus option to use original (compact) default arguments. - %feature and %ignore/%rename bug fixes and mods - they might need default arguments specified to maintain compatible behaviour when using the new default arguments wrapping. - Runtime library changes: Runtime code can now exist in more than one module and so need not be compiled into just one module - Further improved support for templates and namespaces - Overloaded templated function support added - More powerful default typemaps (mixed default typemaps) - Some important %extend and director code bug fixes - Guile now defaults to using SCM API. The old interface can be obtained by the -gh option. - Various minor improvements and bug fixes for C#, Chicken, Guile, Java, MzScheme, Perl, Python and Ruby - Improved dependencies generation for constructing Makefiles. SWIG-1.3.22 summary: - Improved exception handling and translation of C errors or C++ exceptions into target language exceptions. - Improved enum support, mapping to built-in Java 1.5 enums and C# enums or the typesafe enum pattern for these two languages. - Python - much better STL suppport and support for std::wstring, wchar_t and FILE *. - Initial support for Modula3 and Allegro CL. - 64 bit TCL support. - Java and C#'s proxy classes are now nearly 100% generated from typemaps and/or features for finer control on the generated code. - SWIG runtime library support deprecation. - Improved documentation. SWIG now additionally provides documentation in the form of a single HTML page as well as a pdf document. - Enhanced C++ friend declaration support. - Better support for reference counted classes. - Various %fragment improvements. - RPM fixes. - Various minor improvements and bug fixes for C#, Chicken, Guile, Java, MzScheme, Perl, Php, Python, Ruby and XML.
Source: readme-2.0.11.txt, updated 2013-09-15

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