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cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0: Rsyncd for Cygwin ======================================== PACKAGE ELEMENTS: - README.TXT: this file. - cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0.zip: zip file with executables and template config files. - cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0_src.tgz: sources for cygwin1.dll 1.5.21-2, cygrunsrv.exe 1.17-1 and rsync 2.6.8. WHAT IS IT? This zip file, cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0.zip, contains everything you need in order to use rsyncd (rsync running as a service) on your Win32 system. This package was designed to be used along with BackupPC and contains patches against the base rsync package to improve performance when running under Cygwin. You will need at least any Win32 operating system that is capable of running Cywin. Windows 2000 SP3 & XP SP1 have been tested and confirmed to work with the package. Windows NT, or any of the 9x/ME systems have not been tested. Windows 9x/ME do not offer services, therefore rsync cannot be run as a service although you can manually run rsync after boot. WHAT IS CYGWIN? From the Cygwin home page: Cygwin is a UNIX environment for Windows. It consists of two parts: - A DLL (cygwin1.dll) which acts as a UNIX emulation layer providing substantial UNIX API functionality. - A collection of tools, ported from UNIX, which provide UNIX/Linux look and feel. Cygwin essentially allows you run many UNIX/Linux applications from within a Win32 environment. It includes a large number of prebuilt UNIX applications such as Apache and Xfree86. It's free, as in open source. In order to use rsync.exe you do not have to perform a full install of Cygwin. Everything required is packaged in this ZIP file. The packages used to create this distribution are available from: Cygwin: http://cygwin.com Rsync: http://rsync.samba.org BackupPC: http://backuppc.sourceforge.net cygwin-rsyncd: http://sourceforge.net/projects/backuppc The source code for the specific executables in this package are available from http://backuppc.sourceforge.net. WHAT IS IN THE ZIP? rsync.exe The rsync executable based on rsync 2.6.8 and cygwin 1.5.21. rsyncd.conf A sample configuration file that is required for rsync.exe to run as a service. See the comments in this file for more information. rsyncd.secrets A sample secrets file that is for used for rsync authentication. The users and passwords in this file have no relation to MS Windows domain or local users and are only used to authenticate rsync clients to your computer. While the passwords are stored in cleartext, they are transmitted over the network random challenge/hash response, so no plain text password is sent over the network. cygrunsrv.exe The Cygwin Run As Service executable based on cygwin 1.5.21-2. This allows you to run Cygwin applications as Windows Services. Version 1.17-1 is included (use cygrunsrv.exe --version to check the version). cygwin1.dll The Cygwin Dynamic Link Library from cygwin 1.5.21-2. This is required for the rsync.exe and cygrunsrv.exe executables to function (and is the heart of the Cygwin environment). service.bat A two-line batch file that installs rsyncd as a service using cygrunsrv and starts it. This saves typing long commands by hand. There are additional commands for disabling the WinXP firewall that you can run by removing the leading "rem". %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% % WARNING: % % If you already have Cygwin installed then you should not % install the cygrunsrv.exe and cygwin1.dll files. Installing % multiple versions of the same DLL is a bad idea. Instead, you % should manually install the rsync.exe executable in your Cygwin % hierarchy and use the existing Cywin utilities. % % In fact, a package like this that contains a local cygwin1.dll % is discouraged by the cygwin community, since if the user later % installs the real cygwin there will be two installed cygwin1.dll's. % Please don't complain to the cygwin user list if you do this % and things break. % % Cygwin is a great package with a simple installer. If you want % to use Cygwin then use the setup.exe program at http://cygwin.com, % and don't use the cygwin1.dll from this installation. You can % easily install rsync from the Cygwin installer. % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% INSTALLING RSYNC (NO EXISTING CYGWIN) 1. Download the latest version from SourceForge - see above. 2. Open the file cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0.zip. If you cannot open the ZIP file, see http://www.winzip.com. 3. Extract the files to a directory of your choosing. It is recommended that you extract the files to the C:\rsyncd directory. The ZIP file is flat (ie: no subdirectories). Archive: cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0.zip Length Date Time Name -------- ---- ---- ---- 11429 08-05-06 18:39 README.TXT 43008 06-19-06 02:43 cygrunsrv.exe 1875110 07-23-06 17:11 cygwin1.dll 282112 08-05-06 18:07 rsync.exe 4415 01-17-04 19:22 rsyncd.conf 484 05-22-04 11:20 rsyncd.secrets 700 08-05-06 18:35 service.bat -------- ------- 2217258 7 files 4. Edit C:\rsyncd\rsyncd.secrets by adding at least one user and password pair to this file. DO NOT USE THE DEFAULT USER:PASSWORD PAIR - THIS IS A SECURITY RISK! This file must end with a newline. 5. Edit C:\rsyncd\rsyncd.conf for your environment. See the comments in the sample configuration file. 6. If you did not enable "strict modes = false" in your modules section(s), you will need to set the permissions under Windows 2000 and XP on the rsyncd.secrets file so that they are restrictive. Mainly this means setting the permissions so that only the user running the service has read permission ONLY on the rsyncd.secrets file. If you fail to set the permissions correctly, connecting to the rsync daemon will log an error such as: auth failed on module temp from host.foobar.com ( If you plan on running rsyncd as a Windows service, only the SYSTEM account should have read permission on the secrets file. Under Windows XP you may have to turn off Simple File Sharing (Tools->Folder Options->View) in order to see the security tab for setting file permissions. 7. Either run rsync.exe manually, or run cyrunsrv.exe to install as a service. To run rsync.exe manually, start a command prompt and type: cd \rsyncd rsync.exe --config=c:/rsyncd/rsyncd.conf --daemon --no-detach To run rsyncd as a service, so that it will automatically start each time the system boots (definitely the preferred option), start a Windowns cmd.exe command prompt and type the following: cd \rsyncd cygrunsrv.exe -I rsyncd -e CYGWIN=nontsec -p c:/rsyncd/rsync.exe -a "--config=c:/rsyncd/rsyncd.conf --daemon --no-detach" You can start the service either via WinXX or cygrunsrv. For WinXP: goto Control Panel->Administrative Tools->Services, scroll through the list and double-click on "rsyncd" then click on the Start button. Or from the command-line you can run: cygrunsrv.exe --start rsyncd There is a batch file service.bat that includes these two cygrunsrv commands. So you can just run service.bat instead from the DOS cmd.exe window. See this link for information about seeing the CYGWIN environment variable: http://www.itefix.no/phpws/index.php?module=faq&FAQ_op=view&FAQ_id=12 If you need to change the rsyncd arguments you can either re-run cygrunsrv, or use WinXX regedit on HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE->SYSTEM->CurrentControlSet->Services->rsyncd->Parameters See cygrunsrv --help for more information. 8. If you have Windows firewall enabled then you will need to allow rsync to listen on TCP port 873. The service.bat script has some options commands for doing that, or you can do it through the WinXX firewall menus. 9. Try copying some files from an rsync client manually. Log into another system that has rsync installed and try: rsync -av USER@SERVER::TESTDIR . Replace "USER" with the user you listed in the secrets file that has access to the module. Replace "SERVER" with the name or IP address of the client system running rsyncd. Replace "TESTDIR" with the module listed in the conf file. If you set the "hosts allow" option in the conf file make sure the client you are running the rsync from is listed! SETTING UP BACKUPPC TO USE WIN32 RSYNCD The following options will have to be set in either the global config.pl or the per-host config.pl files. For more information see the BackupPC documentation: # Tell BackupPC we wish to use rsyncd: requires rsync to be running as # a service/daemon on the client system # $Conf{XferMethod} = "rsyncd"; # # Tell BackupPC which user name and password to use. This should # match the userName:password pair in the C:\rsyncd\rsyncd.secrets # file on the client. # $Conf{RsyncdUserName} = "UUU"; $Conf{RsyncdPasswd} = "PPP"; # # Tell BackupPC which share to backup. This should be the name # of the module from C:\rsyncd\rsyncd.conf on the client (the # name inside the square brackets). In the sample rsynd.conf # file the cDrive module is the entire C drive. # $Conf{RsyncShareName} = "cDrive"; BUGS 1. Rsync apparently requires reverse lookups to work. TODO - Add ssh support. Only a few more files will be added to the ZIP. This will enhance the security between the BackupPC server and Win32 clients running rsyncd. However, I haven't been able to get ssh to work reliably with rsync on cygwin. - Add instructions for Win 9x/ME users: running automatically upon startup. INTERESTED IN BUILDING RSYNC YOURSELF? First you will need Cygwin installed, and the following packages: gcc, binutils, make, and patch. To build the application for cygwin, fetch the source from http://rsync.samba.org (also available with this distribution on the BackupPC SourceForge site) and the cygwin-rsync-2.6.8_0.diff patch from http://sourceforge.net/projects/backuppc. Put them in the same directory: tar zxvf rsync-2.6.8.tar.gz cd rsync-2.6.8 ./configure --with-included-popt make strip rsync.exe make install OTHER PRE-PACKAGED RSYNCS FOR CYGWIN See cwRsync: http://www.itefix.no/cwrsync. This is a prepackaged rsync with cygwin and ssh. LICENSE Both rsync and Cygwin are copyrighted & distributed under version 2 of the GNU General Public License. The source for each application contains a copy of the GNU public license. The Cygwin license information is available at http://cygwin.com/licensing.html and http://cygwin.com/COPYING.
Source: cygwin-rsyncd-2.6.8_0_README.TXT, updated 2006-08-06

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