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<html>
<head>
<title>vorbisfile - Example Code</title>
<link rel=stylesheet href="style.css" type="text/css">
</head>
<body bgcolor=white text=black link="#5555ff" alink="#5555ff" vlink="#5555ff">
<table border=0 width=100%>
<tr>
<td><p class=tiny>Vorbisfile documentation</p></td>
<td align=right><p class=tiny>vorbisfile version 1.2.0 - 20070723</p></td>
</tr>
</table>
<h1>Chaining Example Code</h1>
<p>
The following is a run-through of the chaining example program supplied
with vorbisfile - <a href="chaining_example_c.html">chaining_example.c</a>.
This program demonstrates how to work with a chained bitstream.
<p>
First, relevant headers, including vorbis-specific "codec.h" and "vorbisfile.h" have to be included.
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
#include "vorbis/codec.h"
#include "vorbis/vorbisfile.h"
#include "../lib/misc.h"
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>Inside main(), we declare our primary OggVorbis_File structure. We also declare a other helpful variables to track our progress within the file.
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
int main(){
OggVorbis_File ov;
int i;
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>This example takes its input on stdin which is in 'text' mode by default under Windows; this will corrupt the input data unless set to binary mode. This applies only to Windows.
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
#ifdef _WIN32 /* We need to set stdin to binary mode under Windows */
_setmode( _fileno( stdin ), _O_BINARY );
#endif
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>We call <a href="ov_open_callbacks.html">ov_open_callbacks()</a> to
initialize the <a href="OggVorbis_File.html">OggVorbis_File</a>
structure. <a href="ov_open_callbacks.html">ov_open_callbacks()</a>
also checks to ensure that we're reading Vorbis format and not
something else. The OV_CALLBACKS_NOCLOSE callbacks instruct
libvorbisfile not to close stdin later during cleanup.<p>
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
if(ov_open_callbacks(stdin,&ov,NULL,-1,OV_CALLBACKS_NOCLOSE)<0){
printf("Could not open input as an OggVorbis file.\n\n");
exit(1);
}
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>
First we check to make sure the stream is seekable using <a href="ov_seekable.html">ov_seekable</a>.
<p>Then we're going to find the number of logical bitstreams in the physical bitstream using <a href="ov_streams.html">ov_streams</a>.
<p>We use <a href="ov_time_total.html">ov_time_total</a> to determine the total length of the physical bitstream. We specify that we want the entire bitstream by using the argument <tt>-1</tt>.
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
if(ov_seekable(&amp;ov)){
printf("Input bitstream contained %ld logical bitstream section(s).\n",
ov_streams(&amp;ov));
printf("Total bitstream playing time: %ld seconds\n\n",
(long)ov_time_total(&amp;ov,-1));
}else{
printf("Standard input was not seekable.\n"
"First logical bitstream information:\n\n");
}
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>Now we're going to iterate through each logical bitstream and print information about that bitstream.
<p>We use <a href="ov_info.html">ov_info</a> to pull out the <a href="vorbis_info.html">vorbis_info</a> struct for each logical bitstream. This struct contains bitstream-specific info.
<p><a href="ov_serialnumber.html">ov_serialnumber</a> retrieves the unique serial number for the logical bistream. <a href="ov_raw_total.html">ov_raw_total</a> gives the total compressed bytes for the logical bitstream, and <a href="ov_time_total.html">ov_time_total</a> gives the total time in the logical bitstream.
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
for(i=0;i&lt;ov_streams(&amp;ov);i++){
vorbis_info *vi=ov_info(&amp;ov,i);
printf("\tlogical bitstream section %d information:\n",i+1);
printf("\t\t%ldHz %d channels bitrate %ldkbps serial number=%ld\n",
vi-&gt;rate,vi-&gt;channels,ov_bitrate(&amp;ov,i)/1000,
ov_serialnumber(&amp;ov,i));
printf("\t\tcompressed length: %ld bytes ",(long)(ov_raw_total(&amp;ov,i)));
printf(" play time: %lds\n",(long)ov_time_total(&amp;ov,i));
}
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>
When we're done with the entire physical bitstream, we need to call <a href="ov_clear.html">ov_clear()</a> to release the bitstream.
<br><br>
<table border=0 width=100% color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
ov_clear(&amp;ov);
return 0;
}
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<p>
The full source for chaining_example.c can be found with the vorbis
distribution in <a href="chaining_example_c.html">chaining_example.c</a>.
<br><br>
<hr noshade>
<table border=0 width=100%>
<tr valign=top>
<td><p class=tiny>copyright &copy; 2007 Xiph.org</p></td>
<td align=right><p class=tiny><a href="http://www.xiph.org/ogg/vorbis/">Ogg Vorbis</a><br><a href="mailto:team@vorbis.org">team@vorbis.org</a></p></td>
</tr><tr>
<td><p class=tiny>Vorbisfile documentation</p></td>
<td align=right><p class=tiny>vorbisfile version 1.2.0 - 20070723</p></td>
</tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>

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