E fine arts. They are then a middle grade of applied art schools. The genesis of the industrial art schools really lies in the establishment of museums of industrial art. The museums were an inspiring and energizing force, for here the best work could be exhibited and studied. The municipality and general government financed the movement for the museums. Schools sprang up in connection with the museums and later, independent art schools were established.
A moderate fee is
charged those who pursue work here, twenty to forty marks yearly. Candidates must have had practical experience in the line of work they propose to take up, and both these schools and the so-called industrial drawing courses
assume a certain proficiency on the part of the candidates; a proficiency in general
subjects and in drawing particularly. An examination is given those who
cannot present the desired credentials. The length of the
courses in these schools is usually three years. The classes are both day and evening, 8 A. M. to 4 P. M. and from 5 to 10 P. M. In some instances Sunday sessions are held
also. The courses consist of architectural designing in wood and metal,
metal engraving and chasing, modeling,
steel engraving and etching, design for fabrics, pattern designing, artistic embroidery, decorative painting, enamel painting,
designing and painting figures and plants. The work throughout is both theoretical and practical in its nature,
the instruction gained in the class being applied in the shop. The
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