We are implementing a project for encoding our patent and non-patent literature according to the TEI standard.
For doing so, we would need to have a very precise bibliographical reference (very important in the patent literature) of patent documents.
The current TEI standard does not allow us to encode the patent bibliographical citations. In the patents, the patent documents are cited according to a very well defined encoding for which the main elements are:
- Identification of a Patent Authority
- Identification of a Patent Number
- Identification of a Date
- Identification of a Kind Code
Therefore, we would need to have the following structure in TEI for encoding the bibliographic information of patents:
<biblStruct type="patent¦utilityModel¦designPatent¦plant" status="application¦publication">
I would like to add some examples, to show the importance of having this structure for our project:
1) Normally in the patent documents, the citation of other patents is one of the most important information.
This citation could identify the priority patents, related patents or simply are patents cited in the document.
The bibliographical reference to these patents is done without indicating any title, but using the patent standard bibliographical codification.
See the following examples (I attached a file with the corresponding images)
E1) In this text (from a patent) another patent is cited by: "Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 223883/1974
E2) in this example you can see how normally the bibliographical information of the patents is provided:
E3) also non-patent literature uses very often this kind of citation, see the following example:
2) I would like also to indicate that there are different citation manual styles which explicitly avoid to use the title and other information to cite the patents:
U.S. Patent No. 6,885,550 (issued Apr. 26, 2005).
Williams, D. (2005). U.S. Patent No. 6,885,550. Washington, DC: U.S.
Williams, D. U.S. Patent 6,885,550, 2005.