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File Date Author Commit
 fontconfig 2013-10-31 Monty Brandenberg Monty Brandenberg [716b55] Drop automake requirment to 1.11
 .hgtags 2013-10-31 Monty Brandenberg Monty Brandenberg [8b3271] Added tag 2.11.0 for changeset a7cf839432d7
 BuildParams 2011-07-20 Oz Linden Oz Linden [6901eb] disable builds for platforms this is not used on
 README.Linden 2014-05-24 Monty Brandenberg Monty Brandenberg [9469ba] Linux: Get all dependent packages in (zlib, fr...
 README.MD 2015-05-19 Nicky Perian Nicky Perian [3e79cb] Make a readme about automake versions
 autobuild.xml 2015-05-19 Nicky Perian Nicky Perian [14ee25] [Linux 64 bit] Use 64 bit installables. 2015-05-18 Nicky Perian Nicky Perian [2ff525] Merge up Linux64a

Read Me

0.  Pre-Checkin Checklist

    Performed from top of repo, default branch, head:

    [ ]  Is tag 'current' at or near head of 'vendor'?

         hg heads
         hg tags

    [ ]  Expected differences between vendor and default?  Very
         little of the original source should be modified.

         hg diff -rcurrent fontconfig

    [ ]  Are the 'vendor' and 'default' branch source directories
         'fontconfig' and not 'fontconfig-<version>'?

    [ ]  Have you reverted/blocked checkin of files modified by
         config such as 'Makefile', '*.in', 'configure',
         aclocal.m4 and src/fcstdint.h?

    [ ]  Check the library dependencies and symbol exports on 
         the built .sos.

         $ ldd stage/lib/debug/lib*.so =>  (0xf774a000) => /ngi-persist/monty/3P/FINAL/3p-fontconfig-update/stage/packages/lib/release/ (0xf7672000) => /ngi-persist/monty/3P/FINAL/3p-fontconfig-update/stage/packages/lib/release/ (0xf7646000) => /lib32/ (0xf7619000) => /lib32/ (0xf74d2000)
         /lib/ (0xf774b000)

         $ ldd stage/lib/release/lib*.so =>  (0xf77cd000) => /ngi-persist/monty/3P/FINAL/3p-fontconfig-update/stage/packages/lib/release/ (0xf76fb000) => /ngi-persist/monty/3P/FINAL/3p-fontconfig-update/stage/packages/lib/release/ (0xf76cf000) => /lib32/ (0xf76a2000) => /lib32/ (0xf755b000)
         /lib/ (0xf77ce000)

         $ nm -D stage/lib/release/lib*.so | more
                  U FT_Done_Face
                  U FT_Done_FreeType
                  U FT_Get_BDF_Property
                  U FT_New_Face
                  U FT_Select_Charmap
                  U FT_Select_Size
         000051a0 T FcAtomicCreate
         00005500 T FcAtomicDeleteNew
         00005580 T FcAtomicDestroy
         00005270 T FcAtomicLock
         000054b0 T FcAtomicNewFile
         000054c0 T FcAtomicOrigFile
         000054d0 T FcAtomicReplaceOrig

1.  Introduction

    Simple build of fontconfig library from

    Repo structure *now* mostly follows standard conventions (see
    section at end) but tags are different.  Tags on branch 'vendor'
    have no 'vendor_' prefix and there are no release tags.

    Prior to 2.11.0, repo didn't follow standard convention and each
    release was disconnected from previous releases.  Modifications
    to branch 'default' were re-implemented on every update.

    Running 'config' modifies source files.  Don't submit these
    changes to the repo.

    There are PDF files in the distribution which Mercurial does not
    know how to merge.  Add the following to .hg/hgrc in the repo so
    that PDF files are take from the other branch:

        **.pdf = internal:other

2.  Modifications

    Essential modifications to the fontconfig distribution.

    2.1  To Date

    * Updating to 2.11.0.  Mercurial 'addremove' was confused about
    two removed files, 'doc/fontconfig-devel/fclangsetgetlangs.html'
    and 'fc-arch/'.  Excluding these with '-X' and then
    using 'hg rm' made a clean vendor branch upgrade.

    * automake-1.11 vs automake-1.13.  As distributed, 2.11.0 assumes
    1.13.  A change in 'configure' overrides this to 1.11 which seems
    to build.  But the more modern automake may be a better path.
    We're not going to use it in the build, stuff just complains.

    * We build and ship shared libraries.  For unknown reasons, we kit
    an incomplete set of symlinks and libfontconfig as packaged is not
    used during runs.  However, the library was re-exporting other
    symbols and was affecting symbol resolution order at link time.
    This being bad, that's now prevented with --exclude-libs link

    2.2  Future

    I'm not certain why we even build this.  I'd say either build and
    ship and use a full-featured version or remove it.  If the .so is
    kept, watch symbol export.  VWR-28748 has some history.

    Zlib dependency seems to be spurious.  I can't find any actual use
    of it in the library.

3.  Source Origin


4.  Package Contents

    * include/fontconfig/fontconfig.h
    * include/fontconfig/fcprivate.h
    * include/fontconfig/fcfreetype.h
    * lib/debug/libfontconfig.a
    * lib/debug/
    * lib/debug/
    * lib/debug/
    * lib/release/libfontconfig.a
    * lib/release/
    * lib/release/
    * lib/release/

5.  Known Dependencies

    This is not authoritative, it's just a reminder to followup
    with dependent packages.

    * viewer


               Third-Party Library Repo Structure


We want to have a way to capture local modifications to a third-party
open-source project, such as libcurl, without needing write access to
their public repository.  We want to be able to carry forward such
modifications to newer versions of the public project.  All this
should be independent of the organizational decision as to whether
it's even desirable to try to submit our local modifications upstream.

Fortunately, the Subversion folks articulated a process years ago that
addresses this very requirement.  They call it "Vendor Branches."  The
same tactic, suitably adapted, works with Mercurial too.

The essence of the idea is that we capture and tag a particular
snapshot of the open-source project.  We develop our local
modifications to that, and the repository tip incorporates them.  But
when we want to update to a newer version of the public project, we
bring it into the repository in such a way that we can discover the
changes from the original snapshot and the new one -- and then have
Mercurial apply those deltas to the ''combined'' source.

The following material is adapted from, the Red Bean
Subversion book, but recast for Mercurial.  The Linden source for this
material is an internal wiki.  There may be superceding documentation
on the public wiki when you read this.  We recommend searching there
for updates to conventions below.  And note that each particular
library may implement variations of this scheme.

General Vendor Branch Management Procedure

Managing vendor branches generally works like this.  You create a
named branch ("vendor") to store the vendor source snapshots.  Then
you import the third party code into that branch.  Your modified
branch (named "default") is based on "vendor".  You always make your
local changes to the default branch.  With each new release of the
code you are tracking you bring it into the "vendor" branch and merge
the changes into "default", resolving whatever conflicts occur between
your local changes and the upstream changes.

Perhaps an example will help to clarify this algorithm.  We'll use a
scenario where your development team is creating a calculator program
that links against a third-party complex number arithmetic library,
libcomplex.  We'll construct a repository specifically for our
locally-modified version of that library.  To begin, we must
initialize our repository and create at least one file in our
"default" branch.

 $ hg init ourcomplex
 $ cd ourcomplex
 $ touch README.txt
 $ hg commit README.txt

Now we can create the vendor branch and do the import of the first
vendor drop.  We'll call our vendor branch "vendor", and each
successive code drop will be tagged "current".

 $ hg branch vendor
 $ tar -xjf ../libcomplex-1.0.tar.bz2
 $ mv libcomplex-1.0 libcomplex
 $ hg addremove
 $ hg commit -m "1.0 source drop"
 $ hg tag -r tip current
 $ hg tag -r current 1.0

We now have the current version of the libcomplex source code in
branch "vendor", tagged "current" and in a non-version-specific source
code subdirectory ("libcomplex").  Next, we merge it into the default
branch.  It is in the default branch that we will make our

 $ hg update default
 $ hg merge vendor
 $ hg commit -m "initial: 1.0"

We get to work customizing the libcomplex code.  Before we know it,
our modified version of libcomplex is now completely integrated into
our calculator program.

A few weeks later, the developers of libcomplex release a new version
of their library, version 1.1, which contains some features and
functionality that we really want.  We'd like to upgrade to this new
version, but without losing the customizations we made to the existing
version.  What we essentially would like to do is to replace our
current baseline version of libcomplex 1.0 with a copy of libcomplex
1.1, and then have Mercurial re-apply the custom modifications we
previously made to that library to the new version.  But we actually
approach the problem from the other direction, applying the changes
made to libcomplex between versions 1.0 and 1.1 to our modified copy
of it.

To perform this upgrade, we update our repository to our vendor
branch, and update the "current" tag with the new libcomplex 1.1
source code.  We quite literally replace the existing files with the
new files, clearing out the whole tree and exploding the libcomplex
1.1 release tarball in its place.  The goal here is to make the tip of
our vendor branch contain only the libcomplex 1.1 code, and to ensure
that all that code is under version control.  Oh, and we want to do
this with as little version control history disturbance as possible.

 $ hg update vendor
 $ rm -rf *
 $ tar -xjf ../libcomplex-1.1.tar.bz2
 $ mv libcomplex-1.1 libcomplex
 $ hg addremove -s 60
 $ # Additional 'hg add' and 'hg rm' commands if needed
 $ hg commit -m "1.1 source drop"

After unpacking the 1.1 tarball, hg status will show files with local
modifications as well as, perhaps, some unversioned or missing files.
If we did what we were supposed to do, the unversioned files are only
those new files introduced in the 1.1 release of libcomplex.  The
missing files are files that were in 1.0 but not in 1.1.  The 'hg
addremove' command deals with both, and more: the '-s 60' switch
directs Mercurial to compare added files to deleted files, recognizing
any file at least 60% similar as a move/rename.

For simple or stable libraries, the 'hg addremove' command should be
reliable.  For more complicated libraries subject to refactoring or
large gaps of time between updates (e.g. libcurl), it can get a little
lost trying to match files in the old release with files in the new
release.  Pay attention to the output of the command or better still,
do dry runs.  Files erroneously moved can be excluded with the '-X'
option and then dealt with individually with 'hg add' and 'hg rm'
commands after 'hg addremove'.  (The readme file in the curl library
should document a particularly challenging case.)

The 'addremove' process doesn't have to be perfect.  Recreating the
evolution of the upstream source tree isn't universally practical.
But we'd like to capture movement of files in the vendor branch that
are modified in the default branch.  If achieving that becomes too
tedious, then re-implementation of the default branch edit in a new
file is fine.  Just note it here for the next developer.

Finally, once our current working copy contains only the libcomplex
1.1 code, we commit the changes we made to get it looking that way.

Our current vendor branch now contains the new vendor drop.  We move
the 'current' tag to the new version (in the same way we previously
tagged the version 1.0 vendor drop), and then merge the differences
between the version 1.0 and version 1.1 into our default branch.

 $ hg tag -f -r tip current
 $ hg tag -r current 1.1
 $ hg update default
 $ hg merge vendor
 # resolve all the conflicts between their changes and our changes
 # if you will have conflicts in .hgtags, simply take *all* lines
 $ hg commit -m "update with 1.1"

Any additional work needed to get the merged library working can
now be done on the default branch.

Revision Tags

We don't currently make use of Mercurial tags in the build and release
process for 3rd-party libraries.  But we would like to establish a
convention to document update and release points.  The tags we would
like to establish are:

 * 'current' Points to a succession of vendor releases checked into
   the 'vendor' branch.  Will almost always be at or close to branch

 * '<version>' Tag on the 'vendor' branch pointing to a verbatim
   checkin of a 3rd-party's <version> release.  Example:  '7.21.1' for
   a particular version of libcurl we have used.

 * Release-type tags on the default branch aren't as useful given how
   Mercurial handles tags and how autobuild works.

Schematic of a Third-Party Repository

Below is the output of the 'hg glog' command showing a library project
going through an initial 1.0 release and an update from the vendor to
1.1.  Significant revisions in the repository lifecycle are as

 0  Creation of the repo with an initial file.
 1  1.0 code drop on branch 'vendor'
 4  Merge of 1.0 code onto branch 'default'
 5  Modifications to library we wish to keep over time.  Released.
 6  1.1 code drop on branch 'vendor'
 9  Merge of 1.1 code onto branch 'default'
10  Fixes to merge yielding production 1.1 library.  Released.

@  changeset:   10:888229641f6e
|  tag:         tip
|  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
|  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:35:51 2013 -0400
|  summary:     Work to get 1.1 merge working.  Release.
o    changeset:   9:925ccdf09f50
|\   parent:      5:83c5775c23dc
| |  parent:      8:977001a08e48
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:35:20 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     update with 1.1
| |
| o  changeset:   8:977001a08e48
| |  branch:      vendor
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:33:49 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     Added tag 1.1 for changeset 5f6cb89add91
| |
| o  changeset:   7:59bce0f6d12f
| |  branch:      vendor
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:33:41 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     Added tag current for changeset 5f6cb89add91
| |
| o  changeset:   6:5f6cb89add91
| |  branch:      vendor
| |  tag:         current
| |  tag:         1.1
| |  parent:      3:8525ad934ecd
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:33:29 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     1.1 source drop
| |
o |  changeset:   5:83c5775c23dc
| |  tag:         1.0
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:32:31 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     Linden-specific changes to the library.  Release
| |
o |  changeset:   4:bccb736585f4
|\|  parent:      0:400e4516c406
| |  parent:      3:8525ad934ecd
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:31:40 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     initial:  1.0
| |
| o  changeset:   3:8525ad934ecd
| |  branch:      vendor
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:30:21 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     Added tag 1.0 for changeset 8ac3828d03bb
| |
| o  changeset:   2:7aa1a1cb62d9
| |  branch:      vendor
| |  user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
| |  date:        Wed Oct 30 13:30:14 2013 -0400
| |  summary:     Added tag current for changeset 8ac3828d03bb
| |
| o  changeset:   1:8ac3828d03bb
|/   branch:      vendor
|    tag:         1.0
|    user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
|    date:        Wed Oct 30 13:30:09 2013 -0400
|    summary:     1.0 source drop
o  changeset:   0:400e4516c406
   user:        Monty Brandenberg <>
   date:        Wed Oct 30 13:29:16 2013 -0400
   summary:     Created repo with initial readme file

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