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Bugs can be reported on the help mailing list
or on the development mailing list

Please include enough information in a bug report that someone reading
it can reproduce the problem, i.e. don't write
     Subject: apparent bug in PRINT-OBJECT (or *PRINT-LENGTH*?)
     PRINT-OBJECT doesn't seem to work with *PRINT-LENGTH*. Is this a bug?
but instead
     Subject: apparent bug in PRINT-OBJECT (or *PRINT-LENGTH*?)
     In sbcl-1.2.3 running under OpenBSD 4.5 on my Alpha box, when
     I compile and load the file
					(LET ((*PRINT-LENGTH* 4))
					  (PRINT X Y)))))
	 X Y)
     then at the command line type
     the program loops endlessly instead of printing the object.


There is also some information on bugs in the manual page and
in the TODO file. Eventually more such information may move here.

The gaps in the number sequence belong to old bug descriptions which
have gone away (typically because they were fixed, but sometimes for
other reasons, e.g. because they were moved elsewhere).

  DEFSTRUCT almost certainly should overwrite the old LAYOUT information
  instead of just punting when a contradictory structure definition
  is loaded. As it is, if you redefine DEFSTRUCTs in a way which 
  changes their layout, you probably have to rebuild your entire
  program, even if you know or guess enough about the internals of
  SBCL to wager that this (undefined in ANSI) operation would be safe.

3: "type checking of structure slots"
  ANSI specifies that a type mismatch in a structure slot
  initialization value should not cause a warning.
  This one might not be fixed for a while because while we're big
  believers in ANSI compatibility and all, (1) there's no obvious
  simple way to do it (short of disabling all warnings for type
  mismatches everywhere), and (2) there's a good portable
  workaround, and (3) by their own reasoning, it looks as though
  ANSI may have gotten it wrong. ANSI justifies this specification
  by saying 
    The restriction against issuing a warning for type mismatches
    between a slot-initform and the corresponding slot's :TYPE
    option is necessary because a slot-initform must be specified
    in order to specify slot options; in some cases, no suitable
    default may exist.
  However, in SBCL (as in CMU CL or, for that matter, any compiler
  which really understands Common Lisp types) a suitable default
  does exist, in all cases, because the compiler understands the
  concept of functions which never return (i.e. has return type NIL).
  Thus, as a portable workaround, you can use a call to some
  known-never-to-return function as the default. E.g.
      (BAR (ERROR "missing :BAR argument")
    (DEFUN REQUIRED-ARG () ; workaround for SBCL non-ANSI slot init typing
      (ERROR "missing required argument")) 
      (N-REFS-SO-FAR 0 :TYPE (INTEGER 0)))
  Such code should compile without complaint and work correctly either
  on SBCL or on any other completely compliant Common Lisp system.

  b: &AUX argument in a boa-constructor without a default value means
     "do not initilize this slot" and does not cause type error. But
     an error may be signalled at read time and it would be good if
     SBCL did it.

  d: (fixed in

  And as long as we're wishing, it would be awfully nice if INSPECT could
  also report on closures, telling about the values of the bound variables.

  Currently INSPECT and DESCRIBE do show the values, but showing the
  names of the bindings would be even nicer.

  The compiler assumes that any time a function of declared FTYPE
  doesn't signal an error, its arguments were of the declared type.
  E.g. compiling and loading
    (DEFUN FOO (X)
      (COND ((> (FACTORIAL X) 1.0E6)
             (FORMAT T "too big~%"))
            ((INTEGERP X)
             (FORMAT T "exactly ~S~%" (FACTORIAL X)))
             (FORMAT T "approximately ~S~%" (FACTORIAL X)))))
  then executing
    (FOO 1.5)
  will cause the INTEGERP case to be selected, giving bogus output a la
    exactly 2.5
  This violates the "declarations are assertions" principle.
  According to the ANSI spec, in the section "System Class FUNCTION",
  this is a case of "lying to the compiler", but the lying is done
  by the code which calls FACTORIAL with non-UNSIGNED-BYTE arguments,
  not by the unexpectedly general definition of FACTORIAL. In any case,
  "declarations are assertions" means that lying to the compiler should
  cause an error to be signalled, and should not cause a bogus
  result to be returned. Thus, the compiler should not assume
  that arbitrary functions check their argument types. (It might
  make sense to add another flag (CHECKED?) to DEFKNOWN to 
  identify functions which *do* check their argument types.)
  (Also, verify that the compiler handles declared function
  return types as assertions.)

  The definitions of SIGCONTEXT-FLOAT-REGISTER and
  %SET-SIGCONTEXT-FLOAT-REGISTER in x86-vm.lisp say they're not
  supported on FreeBSD because the floating point state is not saved,
  but at least as of FreeBSD 4.0, the floating point state *is* saved,
  so they could be supported after all. Very likely 
  SIGCONTEXT-FLOATING-POINT-MODES could now be supported, too.

  Compiling and loading
    (FAIL 12)
  then requesting a BACKTRACE at the debugger prompt gives no information
  about where in the user program the problem occurred.

  (this is apparently mostly fixed on the SPARC, PPC, and x86 architectures:
  while giving the backtrace the non-x86 systems complains about "unknown
  source location: using block start", but apart from that the
  backtrace seems reasonable. On x86 this is masked by bug 353. See
  tests/debug.impure.lisp for a test case)

  Using the pretty-printer from the command prompt gives funny
  results, apparently because the pretty-printer doesn't know
  about user's command input, including the user's carriage return
  that the user, and therefore the pretty-printer thinks that
  the new output block should start indented 2 or more characters
  rightward of the correct location.

  As reported by Winton Davies on a CMU CL mailing list 2000-01-10,
  and reported for SBCL by Martin Atzmueller 2000-10-20: (TRACE GETHASH)
  crashes SBCL. In general tracing anything which is used in the 
  implementation of TRACE is likely to have the same problem.

  ANSI says in one place that type declarations can be abbreviated even
  when the type name is not a symbol, e.g.
  SBCL doesn't support this. But ANSI says in another place that this
  isn't allowed. So it's not clear this is a bug after all. (See the
  e-mail on cmucl-help@cons.org on 2001-01-16 and 2001-01-17 from WHN
  and Pierre Mai.)

  (Actually this has changed changed since, and types as above are
  now supported. This may be a bug.)

  RANDOM-INTEGER-EXTRA-BITS=10 may not be large enough for the RANDOM
  RNG to be high quality near RANDOM-FIXNUM-MAX; it looks as though
  the mean of the distribution can be systematically O(0.1%) wrong.
  Just increasing R-I-E-B is probably not a good solution, since
  it would decrease efficiency more than is probably necessary. Perhaps
  using some sort of accept/reject method would be better.

  Internally the compiler sometimes evaluates
    (sb-kernel:type/= (specifier-type '*) (specifier-type t))
  (I stumbled across this when I added an
    (assert (not (eq type1 *wild-type*)))
  in the NAMED :SIMPLE-= type method.) '* isn't really a type, and
  in a type context should probably be translated to T, and so it's
  probably wrong to ask whether it's equal to the T type and then (using
  the EQ type comparison in the NAMED :SIMPLE-= type method) return NIL.
  (I haven't tried to investigate this bug enough to guess whether
  there might be any user-level symptoms.)

  In fact, the type system is likely to depend on this inequality not
  holding... * is not equivalent to T in many cases, such as 
    (VECTOR *) /= (VECTOR T).

  In sbcl- (and in all earlier SBCL, and in CMU
  CL), out-of-line structure slot setters are horribly inefficient
  whenever the type of the slot is declared, because out-of-line
  structure slot setters are implemented as closures to save space,
  so the compiler doesn't compile the type test into code, but
  instead just saves the type in a lexical closure and interprets it
  at runtime.
    To exercise the problem, compile and load
      (cl:in-package :cl-user)
      (defstruct foo
        (bar (error "missing") :type bar))
      (defvar *foo*)
      (defun wastrel1 (x)
        (loop (setf (foo-bar *foo*) x)))
      (defstruct bar)
      (defvar *bar* (make-bar))
      (defvar *foo* (make-foo :bar *bar*))
      (defvar *setf-foo-bar* #'(setf foo-bar))
      (defun wastrel2 (x)
        (loop (funcall *setf-foo-bar* x *foo*)))
  then run (WASTREL1 *BAR*) or (WASTREL2 *BAR*), hit Ctrl-C, and
  use BACKTRACE, to see it's spending all essentially all its time
  in %TYPEP and VALUES-SPECIFIER-TYPE and so forth.
    One possible solution would be simply to give up on 
  representing structure slot accessors as functions, and represent
  them as macroexpansions instead. This can be inconvenient for users,
  but it's not clear that it's worse than trying to help by expanding
  into a horribly inefficient implementation.
    As a workaround for the problem, #'(SETF FOO) expressions
  can be replaced with (EFFICIENT-SETF-FUNCTION FOO), where
(defmacro efficient-setf-function (place-function-name)
  (or #+sbcl (and (sb-int:info :function :accessor-for place-function-name)
		  ;; a workaround for the problem, encouraging the
		  ;; inline expansion of the structure accessor, so
		  ;; that the compiler can optimize its type test
		  (let ((new-value (gensym "NEW-VALUE-"))
                        (structure-value (gensym "STRUCTURE-VALUE-")))
		    `(lambda (,new-value ,structure-value)
		       (setf (,place-function-name ,structure-value)
      ;; no problem, can just use the ordinary expansion
      `(function (setf ,place-function-name))))

  There's apparently a bug in CEILING optimization which caused 
  Douglas Crosher to patch the CMU CL version. Martin Atzmueller
  applied the patches to SBCL and they didn't seem to cause problems
  (as reported sbcl-devel 2001-05-04). However, since the patches
  modify nontrivial code which was apparently written incorrectly
  the first time around, until regression tests are written I'm not 
  comfortable merging the patches in the CVS version of SBCL.

  ROOM issues:

  a) ROOM works by walking over the heap linearly, instead of
     following the object graph. Hence, it report garbage objects that
     are unreachable. (Maybe this is a feature and not a bug?)

  b) ROOM uses MAP-ALLOCATED-OBJECTS to walk the heap, which doesn't
     check all pointers as well as it should, and can hence become
     confused, leading to aver failures. As of these (the
     SAP= aver in particular) should be mostly under control, but push
     ROOM hard enough and it still might croak.

  When the compiler inline expands functions, it may be that different
  kinds of return values are generated from different code branches.
  E.g. an inline expansion of POSITION generates integer results 
  from one branch, and NIL results from another. When that inline
  expansion is used in a context where only one of those results
  is acceptable, e.g.
    (defun foo (x)
      (aref *a1* (position x *a2*)))
  and the compiler can't prove that the unacceptable branch is 
  never taken, then bogus type mismatch warnings can be generated.
  If you need to suppress the type mismatch warnings, you can
  suppress the inline expansion,
    (defun foo (x)
      #+sbcl (declare (notinline position)) ; to suppress bug 117 bogowarnings
      (aref *a1* (position x *a2*)))
  or, sometimes, suppress them by declaring the result to be of an
  appropriate type,
    (defun foo (x)
      (aref *a1* (the integer (position x *a2*))))

  This is not a new compiler problem in 0.7.0, but the new compiler
  transforms for FIND, POSITION, FIND-IF, and POSITION-IF make it 
  more conspicuous. If you don't need performance from these functions,
  and the bogus warnings are a nuisance for you, you can return to
  your pre-0.7.0 state of grace with
    #+sbcl (declaim (notinline find position find-if position-if)) ; bug 117..

  (see also bug 279)

   As of version 0.pre7.14, SBCL's implementation of MACROLET makes
   the entire lexical environment at the point of MACROLET available
   in the bodies of the macroexpander functions. In particular, it
   allows the function bodies (which run at compile time) to try to
   access lexical variables (which are only defined at runtime).
   It doesn't even issue a warning, which is bad.

   The SBCL behavior arguably conforms to the ANSI spec (since the
   spec says that the behavior is undefined, ergo anything conforms).
   However, it would be better to issue a compile-time error.
   Unfortunately I (WHN) don't see any simple way to detect this
   condition in order to issue such an error, so for the meantime
   SBCL just does this weird broken "conforming" thing.

   The ANSI standard says, in the definition of the special operator
       The macro-expansion functions defined by MACROLET are defined
       in the lexical environment in which the MACROLET form appears.
       Declarations and MACROLET and SYMBOL-MACROLET definitions affect
       the local macro definitions in a MACROLET, but the consequences
       are undefined if the local macro definitions reference any
       local variable or function bindings that are visible in that
       lexical environment.
   Then it seems to contradict itself by giving the example
	(defun foo (x flag)
	   (macrolet ((fudge (z)
	                 ;The parameters x and flag are not accessible
	                 ; at this point; a reference to flag would be to
	                 ; the global variable of that name.
	                 ` (if flag (* ,z ,z) ,z)))
	    ;The parameters x and flag are accessible here.
	     (+ x
	        (fudge x)
	        (fudge (+ x 1)))))
   The comment "a reference to flag would be to the global variable
   of the same name" sounds like good behavior for the system to have.
   but actual specification quoted above says that the actual behavior
   is undefined.

   (Since macroexpanders are defined in a restricted version
   of the lexical environment, containing no lexical variables and
   functions, which seems to conform to ANSI and CLtL2, but signalling
   a STYLE-WARNING for references to variables similar to locals might
   be a good thing.)

  Ideally, uninterning a symbol would allow it, and its associated
  FDEFINITION and PROCLAIM data, to be reclaimed by the GC. However,
  at least as of sbcl-0.7.0, this isn't the case. Information about
  FDEFINITIONs and PROCLAIMed properties is stored in globaldb.lisp
  essentially in ordinary (non-weak) hash tables keyed by symbols.
  Thus, once a system has an entry in this system, it tends to live
  forever, even when it is uninterned and all other references to it
  are lost.

  (reported by Jesse Bouwman 2001-10-24 through the unfortunately
  prominent SourceForge web/db bug tracking system, which is 
  unfortunately not a reliable way to get a timely response from
  the SBCL maintainers)
      In the course of trying to build a test case for an 
    application error, I encountered this behavior: 
      If you start up sbcl, and then lay on CTRL-C for a 
    minute or two, the lisp process will eventually say: 
         %PRIMITIVE HALT called; the party is over. 
    and throw you into the monitor. If I start up lisp, 
    attach to the process with strace, and then do the same 
    (abusive) thing, I get instead: 
         access failure in heap page not marked as write-protected 
    and the monitor again. I don't know enough to have the 
    faintest idea of what is going on here. 
      This is with sbcl 6.12, uname -a reports: 
         Linux prep 2.2.19 #4 SMP Tue Apr 24 13:59:52 CDT 2001 i686 unknown 
  I (WHN) have verified that the same thing occurs on sbcl-0.pre7.141
  under OpenBSD 2.9 on my X86 laptop. Do be patient when you try it:
  it took more than two minutes (but less than five) for me.

  ANSI allows types `(COMPLEX ,FOO) to use very hairy values for
  COMPLEX implementation didn't deal with this, and hasn't been
  upgraded to do so. (This doesn't seem to be a high priority
  conformance problem, since seems hard to construct useful code
  where it matters.)

  [ partially fixed by CSR in because of a PFD ansi-tests
    report that (COMPLEX RATIO) was failing; still failing on types of

  b. (fixed in

  Floating point errors are reported poorly. E.g. on x86 OpenBSD
  with sbcl-0.7.1, 
	* (expt 2.0 12777)
	debugger invoked on condition of type SB-KERNEL:FLOATING-POINT-EXCEPTION:
	  An arithmetic error SB-KERNEL:FLOATING-POINT-EXCEPTION was signalled.
	No traps are enabled? How can this be?
  It should be possible to be much more specific (overflow, division
  by zero, etc.) and of course the "How can this be?" should be fixable.

  See also bugs #45.c and #183

  (reported by Robert E. Brown 2002-04-16) 
  When a function is called with too few arguments, causing the
  debugger to be entered, the uninitialized slots in the bad call frame 
  seem to cause GCish problems, being interpreted as tagged data even
  though they're not. In particular, executing ROOM in the
  debugger at that point causes AVER failures:
    * (machine-type)
    * (lisp-implementation-version)
    * (typep 10)
    0] (room)
    failed AVER: "(SAP= CURRENT END)"
  (Christophe Rhodes reports that this doesn't occur on the SPARC, which
  isn't too surprising since there are many differences in stack
  implementation and GC conservatism between the X86 and other ports.)

  This is probably the same bug as 216

  The compiler sometimes tries to constant-fold expressions before
  it checks to see whether they can be reached. This can lead to 
  bogus warnings about errors in the constant folding, e.g. in code
    (WHEN X
      (WRITE-STRING (> X 0) "+" "0"))
  compiled in a context where the compiler can prove that X is NIL,
  and the compiler complains that (> X 0) causes a type error because
  NIL isn't a valid argument to #'>. Until sbcl- or so this
  caused a full WARNING, which made the bug really annoying because then 
  COMPILE and COMPILE-FILE returned FAILURE-P=T for perfectly legal
  code. Since then the warning has been downgraded to STYLE-WARNING, 
  so it's still a bug but at least it's a little less annoying.

183: "IEEE floating point issues"
  Even where floating point handling is being dealt with relatively
  well (as of sbcl-0.7.5, on sparc/sunos and alpha; see bug #146), the
  accrued-exceptions and current-exceptions part of the fp control
  word don't seem to bear much relation to reality. E.g. on
  * (/ 1.0 0.0)

  debugger invoked on condition of type DIVISION-BY-ZERO:
    arithmetic error DIVISION-BY-ZERO signalled
  0] (sb-vm::get-floating-point-modes)

          :FAST-MODE NIL)
  0] abort
  * (sb-vm::get-floating-point-modes)
          :FAST-MODE NIL)

188: "compiler performance fiasco involving type inference and UNION-TYPE"
    (time (compile
           '(lambda ()
             (declare (optimize (safety 3)))
             (declare (optimize (compilation-speed 2)))
             (declare (optimize (speed 1) (debug 1) (space 1)))
             (let ((start 4))
               (declare (type (integer 0) start))
               (print (incf start 22))
               (print (incf start 26))
               (print (incf start 28)))
             (let ((start 6))
               (declare (type (integer 0) start))
               (print (incf start 22))
               (print (incf start 26)))
             (let ((start 10))
               (declare (type (integer 0) start))
               (print (incf start 22))
               (print (incf start 26))))))

  [ Update: improved this quite a bit (20-25%) by
    eliminating useless work from PROPAGATE-FROM-SETS -- but as alluded
    below, maybe we should be smarter about when to decide a derived
    type is "good enough". ]

  This example could be solved with clever enough constraint
  propagation or with SSA, but consider

    (let ((x 0))
      (loop (incf x 2)))

  The careful type of X is {2k} :-(. Is it really important to be
  able to work with unions of many intervals?

191: "Miscellaneous PCL deficiencies"
  (reported by Alexey Dejneka sbcl-devel 2002-08-04)
  a. DEFCLASS does not inform the compiler about generated
     functions. Compiling a file with
       (DEFUN A-CLASS-X (A)
         (WITH-SLOTS (A-CLASS-X) A
     results in a STYLE-WARNING:

     APD's fix for this was checked in to sbcl-, but Pierre
     Mai points out that the declamation of functions is in fact
     incorrect in some cases (most notably for structure
     classes).  This means that at present erroneous attempts to use
     WITH-SLOTS and the like on classes with metaclass STRUCTURE-CLASS
     won't get the corresponding STYLE-WARNING.

     [much later, in 2006-08] in fact it's no longer erroneous to use
     WITH-SLOTS on structure-classes.  However, including :METACLASS
     STRUCTURE-CLASS in the class definition gives a whole bunch of
     function redefinition warnings, so we're still not good to close
     this bug...

  c. (fixed in

201: "Incautious type inference from compound types"
  a. (reported by APD sbcl-devel 2002-09-17)
    (DEFUN FOO (X)
      (LET ((Y (CAR (THE (CONS INTEGER *) X))))
        (SETF (CAR X) NIL)
        (FORMAT NIL "~S IS ~S, Y = ~S"
                (CAR X)
                (TYPECASE (CAR X)
                  (INTEGER 'INTEGER)
                  (T '(NOT INTEGER)))

    (FOO ' (1 . 2)) => "NIL IS INTEGER, Y = 1"

    * (defun foo (x)
        (declare (type (array * (4 4)) x))
        (let ((y x))
          (setq x (make-array '(4 4)))
          (adjust-array y '(3 5))
          (= (array-dimension y 0) (eval `(array-dimension ,y 0)))))
    * (foo (make-array '(4 4) :adjustable t))

205: "environment issues in cross compiler"
  (These bugs have no impact on user code, but should be fixed or
  a. Macroexpanders introduced with MACROLET are defined in the null
     lexical environment.
  b. The body of (EVAL-WHEN (:COMPILE-TOPLEVEL) ...) is evaluated in
     the null lexical environment.
  c. The cross-compiler cannot inline functions defined in a non-null
     lexical environment.

206: ":SB-FLUID feature broken"
  (reported by Antonio Martinez-Shotton sbcl-devel 2002-10-07)
  Enabling :SB-FLUID in the target-features list in sbcl-0.7.8 breaks
  the build.

207: "poorly distributed SXHASH results for compound data"
  SBCL's SXHASH could probably try a little harder. ANSI: "the
  intent is that an implementation should make a good-faith
  effort to produce hash-codes that are well distributed
  within the range of non-negative fixnums". But
	(let ((hits (make-hash-table)))
	  (dotimes (i 16)
	    (dotimes (j 16)
	      (let* ((ij (cons i j))
                     (newlist (push ij (gethash (sxhash ij) hits))))
	        (when (cdr newlist)
	          (format t "~&collision: ~S~%" newlist))))))
  reports lots of collisions in sbcl-0.7.8. A stronger MIX function
  would be an obvious way of fix. Maybe it would be acceptably efficient
  to redo MIX using a lookup into a 256-entry s-box containing
  29-bit pseudorandom numbers?

211: "keywords processing"
  a. :ALLOW-OTHER-KEYS T should allow a function to receive an odd
     number of keyword arguments.

212: "Sequence functions and circular arguments"
  COERCE, MERGE and CONCATENATE go into an infinite loop when given
  circular arguments; it would be good for the user if they could be
  given an error instead (ANSI 17.1.1 allows this behaviour on the part
  of the implementation, as conforming code cannot give non-proper
  sequences to these functions.  MAP also has this problem (and
  solution), though arguably the convenience of being able to do
    (MAP 'LIST '+ FOO '#1=(1 . #1#))
  might be classed as more important (though signalling an error when
  all of the arguments are circular is probably desireable).

213: "Sequence functions and type checking"
  b. MAP, when given a type argument that is SUBTYPEP LIST, does not
     check that it will return a sequence of the given type.  Fixing
     it along the same lines as the others (cf. work done around
     sbcl- is possible, but doing so efficiently didn't look
     entirely straightforward.
  c. All of these functions will silently accept a type of the form
       (CONS INTEGER *)
     whether or not the return value is of this type.  This is
     probably permitted by ANSI (see "Exceptional Situations" under
     ANSI MAKE-SEQUENCE), but the DERIVE-TYPE mechanism does not
     know about this escape clause, so code of the form
     can erroneously return T.

215: ":TEST-NOT handling by functions"
  a. FIND and POSITION currently signal errors when given non-NIL for
     both their :TEST and (deprecated) :TEST-NOT arguments, but by
     ANSI 17.2 "the consequences are unspecified", which by ANSI 1.4.2
     means that the effect is "unpredictable but harmless".  It's not
     clear what that actually means; it may preclude conforming
     implementations from signalling errors.
  b. COUNT, REMOVE and the like give priority to a :TEST-NOT argument
     when conflict occurs.  As a quality of implementation issue, it
     might be preferable to treat :TEST and :TEST-NOT as being in some
     sense the same &KEY, and effectively take the first test function in
     the argument list.
  c. Again, a quality of implementation issue: it would be good to issue a
     STYLE-WARNING at compile-time for calls with :TEST-NOT, and a
     WARNING for calls with both :TEST and :TEST-NOT; possibly this
     latter should be WARNed about at execute-time too.

216: "debugger confused by frames with invalid number of arguments"
  In sbcl-, executing e.g. (VECTOR-PUSH-EXTEND T), BACKTRACE, Q
  leaves the system confused, enough so that (QUIT) no longer works.
  It's as though the process of working with the uninitialized slot in
  the bad VECTOR-PUSH-EXTEND frame causes GC problems, though that may
  not be the actual problem. (CMU CL 18c doesn't have problems with this.)

  This is probably the same bug as 162

235: "type system and inline expansion"
  (declaim (ftype (function (cons) number) acc))
  (declaim (inline acc))
  (defun acc (c)
    (the number (car c)))

  (defun foo (x y)
    (values (locally (declare (optimize (safety 0)))
              (acc x))
            (locally (declare (optimize (safety 3)))
              (acc y))))

  (foo '(nil) '(t)) => NIL, T.

  As of this seems to be due to ACC being inlined only once
  inside FOO, which results in the second call reusing the FUNCTIONAL
  resulting from the first -- which doesn't check the type.

237: "Environment arguments to type functions"
     UPGRADED-COMPLEX-PART-TYPE now have an optional environment
     argument, but they ignore it completely.  This is almost 
     certainly not correct.
  b. Also, the compiler's optimizers for TYPEP have not been informed
     about the new argument; consequently, they will not transform
     calls of the form (TYPEP 1 'INTEGER NIL), even though this is
     just as optimizeable as (TYPEP 1 'INTEGER).

238: "REPL compiler overenthusiasm for CLOS code"
  From the REPL,
    * (defclass foo () ())
    * (defmethod bar ((x foo) (foo foo)) (call-next-method))
  causes approximately 100 lines of code deletion notes.  Some
  discussion on this issue happened under the title 'Three "interesting"
  bugs in PCL', resulting in a fix for this oververbosity from the
  compiler proper; however, the problem persists in the interactor
  because the notion of original source is not preserved: for the
  compiler, the original source of the above expression is (DEFMETHOD
  BAR ((X FOO) (FOO FOO)) (CALL-NEXT-METHOD)), while by the time the
  compiler gets its hands on the code needing compilation from the REPL,
  it has been macroexpanded several times.

  A symptom of the same underlying problem, reported by Tony Martinez:
    * (handler-case
        (with-input-from-string (*query-io* "    no")
      (simple-type-error () 'error))
    ; in: LAMBDA NIL
    ; note: deleting unreachable code
    ; compilation unit finished
    ;   printed 1 note

242: "WRITE-SEQUENCE suboptimality"
  (observed from clx performance)
  In sbcl-0.7.13, WRITE-SEQUENCE of a sequence of type 
  (SIMPLE-ARRAY (UNSIGNED-BYTE 8) (*)) on a stream with element-type
  (UNSIGNED-BYTE 8) will write to the stream one byte at a time,
  rather than writing the sequence in one go, leading to severe
  performance degradation.
  As of sbcl-, this is solved for fd-streams, so is less of a
  problem in practice.  (Fully fixing this would require adding a
  ansi-stream-n-bout slot and associated methods to write a byte
  sequence to ansi-stream, similar to the existing ansi-stream-sout

243: "STYLE-WARNING overenthusiasm for unused variables"
  (observed from clx compilation)
  In sbcl-0.7.14, in the presence of the macros
    (DEFMACRO FOO (X) `(BAR ,X))
  somewhat surprising style warnings are emitted for
  ; in: LAMBDA (Y)
  ;     (LAMBDA (Y) (FOO Y))
  ; caught STYLE-WARNING:
  ;   The variable Y is defined but never used.

245: bugs in disassembler
  b. On X86 operand size prefix is not recognized.

  (defun foo (&key (a :x))
    (declare (fixnum a))

  does not cause a warning. (BTW: old SBCL issued a warning, but for a
  function, which was never called!)

  Compiler does not emit warnings for

  a. (lambda () (svref (make-array 8 :adjustable t) 1))

  b. (fixed at some point before

  c. (lambda (x)
       (declare (optimize (debug 0)))
       (declare (type vector x))
       (list (fill-pointer x)
             (svref x 1)))

  Complex array type does not have corresponding type specifier.

  This is a problem because the compiler emits optimization notes when
  you use a non-simple array, and without a type specifier for hairy
  array types, there's no good way to tell it you're doing it
  intentionally so that it should shut up and just compile the code.

  Another problem is confusing error message "asserted type ARRAY
  conflicts with derived type (VALUES SIMPLE-VECTOR &OPTIONAL)" during
  compiling (LAMBDA (V) (VALUES (SVREF V 0) (VECTOR-POP V))).

  The last problem is that when type assertions are converted to type
  checks, types are represented with type specifiers, so we could lose
  complex attribute. (Now this is probably not important, because
  currently checks for complex arrays seem to be performed by

  (compile nil '(lambda () (aref (make-array 0) 0))) compiles without
  warning.  Analogous cases with the index and length being equal and
  greater than 0 are warned for; the problem here seems to be that the
  type required for an array reference of this type is (INTEGER 0 (0))
  which is canonicalized to NIL.

  (let* ((s (gensym))
         (t1 (specifier-type s)))
    (eval `(defstruct ,s))
    (type= t1 (specifier-type s)))
  => NIL, NIL

  (fixed in

  b. The same for CSUBTYPEP.

262: "yet another bug in inline expansion of local functions"
  During inline expansion of a local function Python can try to
  reference optimized away objects (functions, variables, CTRANs from
  tags and blocks), which later may lead to problems. Some of the
  cases are worked around by forbidding expansion in such cases, but
  the better way would be to reimplement inline expansion by copying
  IR1 structures.

  David Lichteblau provided (sbcl-devel 2003-06-01) a patch to fix
  behaviour of streams with element-type (SIGNED-BYTE 8).  The patch
  looks reasonable, if not obviously correct; however, it caused the
  PPC/Linux port to segfault during warm-init while loading
  src/pcl/std-class.fasl.  A workaround patch was made, but it would
  be nice to understand why the first patch caused problems, and to
  fix the cause if possible.

268: "wrong free declaration scope"
  The following code must signal type error:

    (locally (declare (optimize (safety 3)))
      (flet ((foo (x &optional (y (car x)))
               (declare (optimize (safety 0)))
               (list x y)))
        (funcall (eval #'foo) 1)))

  In the following function constraint propagator optimizes nothing:

    (defun foo (x)
      (declare (integer x))
      (declare (optimize speed))
      (typecase x
        (fixnum "hala")
        (fixnum "buba")
        (bignum "hip")
        (t "zuz")))

  Compilation of the following two forms causes "X is unbound" error:

    (symbol-macrolet ((x pi))
      (macrolet ((foo (y) (+ x y)))
        (declaim (inline bar))
        (defun bar (z)
          (* z (foo 4)))))
    (defun quux (z)
      (bar z))


  CLHS says that type declaration of a symbol macro should not affect
  its expansion, but in SBCL it does. (If you like magic and want to
  fix it, don't forget to change all uses of MACROEXPAND to

  The following code (taken from CLOCC) takes a lot of time to compile:

    (defun foo (n)
      (declare (type (integer 0 #.large-constant) n))
      (expt 1/10 n))

  (fixed in, but a test case would be good)

  b. The same as in a., but using MULTIPLE-VALUE-SETQ instead of SETQ.
  c. (defvar *faa*)
     (defmethod faa ((*faa* double-float))
           (set '*faa* (when (< *faa* 0) (- *faa*)))
           (1+ *faa*))
     (faa 1d0) => type error

279: type propagation error -- correctly inferred type goes astray?
  In sbcl-0.8.3 and sbcl-, the warning
       The binding of ABS-FOO is a (VALUES (INTEGER 0 0)
       &OPTIONAL), not a (INTEGER 1 536870911)
  is emitted when compiling this file:
    (declaim (ftype (function ((integer 0 #.most-positive-fixnum))
                              (integer #.most-negative-fixnum 0))
    (defun foo (x)
      (- x))
    (defun bar (x)
      (let* (;; Uncomment this for a type mismatch warning indicating 
             ;; that the type of (FOO X) is correctly understood.
             #+nil (fs-foo (float-sign (foo x)))
                   ;; Uncomment this for a type mismatch warning 
                   ;; indicating that the type of (ABS (FOO X)) is
                   ;; correctly understood.
             #+nil (fs-abs-foo (float-sign (abs (foo x))))
             ;; something wrong with this one though
             (abs-foo (abs (foo x))))
        (declare (type (integer 1 100) abs-foo))
        (print abs-foo)))

 (see also bug 117)

283: Thread safety: libc functions
  There are places that we call unsafe-for-threading libc functions
  that we should find alternatives for, or put locks around.  Known or
  strongly suspected problems, as of please update this
  bug instead of creating new ones

284: Thread safety: special variables
  There are lots of special variables in SBCL, and I feel sure that at
  least some of them are indicative of potentially thread-unsafe 
  parts of the system.  See doc/internals/notes/threading-specials

286: "recursive known functions"
  Self-call recognition conflicts with known function
  recognition. Currently cross compiler and target COMPILE do not
  recognize recursion, and in target compiler it can be disabled. We
  can always disable it for known functions with RECURSIVE attribute,
  but there remains a possibility of a function with a
  (tail)-recursive simplification pass and transforms/VOPs for base

288: fundamental cross-compilation issues (from old UGLINESS file)
  Using host floating point numbers to represent target floating point
  numbers, or host characters to represent target characters, is
  theoretically shaky. (The characters are OK as long as the characters
  are in the ANSI-guaranteed character set, though, so they aren't a
  real problem as long as the sources don't need anything but that;
  the floats are a real problem.)

289: "type checking and source-transforms"
    (block nil (let () (funcall #'+ (eval 'nil) (eval '1) (return :good))))
  signals type error.

  Our policy is to check argument types at the moment of a call. It
  disagrees with ANSI, which says that type assertions are put
  immediately onto argument expressions, but is easier to implement in
  IR1 and is more compatible to type inference, inline expansion,
  etc. IR1-transforms automatically keep this policy, but source
  transforms for associative functions (such as +), being applied
  during IR1-convertion, do not. It may be tolerable for direct calls
  (+ x y z), but for (FUNCALL #'+ x y z) it is non-conformant.

  b. Another aspect of this problem is efficiency. [x y + z +]
  requires less registers than [x y z + +]. This transformation is
  currently performed with source transforms, but it would be good to
  also perform it in IR1 optimization phase.

290: Alpha floating point and denormalized traps
  In SBCL on the alpha, we work around what appears to be a
  hardware or kernel deficiency: the status of the enable/disable
  denormalized-float traps bit seems to be ambiguous; by the time we
  get to os_restore_fp_control after a trap, denormalized traps seem
  to be enabled.  Since we don't want a trap every time someone uses a
  denormalized float, in general, we mask out that bit when we restore
  the control word; however, this clobbers any change the user might
  have made.

  LOOP with non-constant arithmetic step clauses suffers from overzealous
  type constraint: code of the form 
    (loop for d of-type double-float from 0d0 to 10d0 by x collect d)
  compiles to a type restriction on X of (AND DOUBLE-FLOAT (REAL
  (0))).  However, an integral value of X should be legal, because
  successive adds of integers to double-floats produces double-floats,
  so none of the type restrictions in the code is violated.

300: (reported by Peter Graves) Function PEEK-CHAR checks PEEK-TYPE
  argument type only after having read a character. This is caused
  with EXPLICIT-CHECK attribute in DEFKNOWN. The similar problem
  exists with =, /=, <, >, <=, >=. They were fixed, but it is probably
  less error prone to have EXPLICIT-CHECK be a local declaration,
  being put into the definition, instead of an attribute being kept in
  a separate file; maybe also put it into SB-EXT?

301: ARRAY-SIMPLE-=-TYPE-METHOD breaks on corner cases which can arise
  In sbcl-, compiling the file
	(defun foo (x y)
	  (declare (type integer x))
	  (declare (type (vector (or hash-table bit)) y))
	  (bletch 2 y))
	(defun bar (x y)
	  (declare (type integer x))
	  (declare (type (simple-array base (2)) y))
	  (bletch 1 y))
  gives the error

303: "nonlinear LVARs" (aka MISC.293)
    (defun buu (x)
      (multiple-value-call #'list
        (block foo
              (eval '(values :a :b :c))
            (catch 'bar
              (if (> x 0)
                  (return-from foo
                    (eval `(if (> ,x 1)
                               (throw 'bar (values 3 4)))))))))))

  (BUU 1) returns garbage.

  The problem is that both EVALs sequentially write to the same LVAR.

306: "Imprecise unions of array types"

  a. fixed in SBCL

       ,@(loop for x across sb-vm:*specialized-array-element-type-properties*
               collect `(array ,(sb-vm:saetp-specifier x)))))
    => NIL, T (when it should be T, T)

309: "Dubious values for implementation limits"
    (reported by Bruno Haible sbcl-devel "Incorrect value of
    multiple-values-limit" 2004-04-19)
  (values-list (make-list 1000000)), on x86/linux, signals a stack
  exhaustion condition, despite MULTIPLE-VALUES-LIMIT being
  significantly larger than 1000000.  There are probably similar
  dubious values for CALL-ARGUMENTS-LIMIT (see cmucl-help/cmucl-imp
  around the same time regarding a call to LIST on sparc with 1000
  arguments) and other implementation limit constants.

314: "LOOP :INITIALLY clauses and scope of initializers"
  reported by Bruno Haible sbcl-devel "various SBCL bugs" from CLISP
  test suite, originally by Thomas F. Burdick.
    ;; <http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/sec_6-1-7-2.html>
    ;; According to the HyperSpec, in for-as-equals-then, var is
    ;; initialized to the result of evaluating form1. says that
    ;; initially clauses are evaluated in the loop prologue, which precedes all
    ;; loop code except for the initial settings provided by with, for, or as.
    (loop :for x = 0 :then (1+ x) 
          :for y = (1+ x) :then (ash y 1)
          :for z :across #(1 3 9 27 81 243) 
          :for w = (+ x y z)
          :initially (assert (zerop x)) :initially (assert (= 2 w))
          :until (>= w 100) :collect w)
    Expected: (2 6 15 38)
    Got:      ERROR

318: "stack overflow in compiler warning with redefined class"
  reported by Bruno Haible sbcl-devel "various SBCL bugs" from CLISP
  test suite.
    (defstruct foo a)
    (setf (find-class 'foo) nil)
    (defstruct foo slot-1)
  This used to give a stack overflow from within the printer, which has
  been fixed as of Current result:
    ; caught ERROR:
    ;   can't compile TYPEP of anonymous or undefined class:
    debugger invoked on a TYPE-ERROR in thread 19973:
      The value NIL is not of type FUNCTION.

  CSR notes: it's not really clear what it should give: is (SETF FIND-CLASS)
    meant to be enough to delete structure classes from the system?

319: "backquote with comma inside array"
  reported by Bruno Haible sbcl-devel "various SBCL bugs" from CLISP
  test suite.
    (read-from-string "`#1A(1 2 ,(+ 2 2) 4)") 
    #(1 2 ((SB-IMPL::|,|) + 2 2) 4)
  which probably isn't intentional.

324: "STREAMs and :ELEMENT-TYPE with large bytesize"
  In theory, (open foo :element-type '(unsigned-byte <x>)) should work
  for all positive integral <x>.  At present, it only works for <x> up
  to about 1024 (and similarly for signed-byte), so
    (open "/dev/zero" :element-type '(unsigned-byte 1025))
  gives an error in sbcl-0.8.10.

325: "CLOSE :ABORT T on supeseding streams"
  Closing a stream opened with :IF-EXISTS :SUPERSEDE with :ABORT T leaves no
  file on disk, even if one existed before opening.

  The illegality of this is not crystal clear, as the ANSI dictionary
  entry for CLOSE says that when :ABORT is T superseded files are not
  superseded (ie. the original should be restored), whereas the OPEN
  entry says about :IF-EXISTS :SUPERSEDE "If possible, the
  implementation should not destroy the old file until the new stream
  is closed." -- implying that even though undesirable, early deletion
  is legal. Restoring the original would none the less be the polite
  thing to do.

326: "*PRINT-CIRCLE* crosstalk between streams"
  In sbcl- it's possible for *PRINT-CIRCLE* references to be
  mixed between streams when output operations are intermingled closely
  enough (as by doing output on S2 from within (PRINT-OBJECT X S1) in the
  test case below), so that e.g. the references #2# appears on a stream
  with no preceding #2= on that stream to define it (because the #2= was
  sent to another stream).
    (cl:in-package :cl-user)
    (defstruct foo index)
    (defparameter *foo* (make-foo :index 4))
    (defstruct bar)
    (defparameter *bar* (make-bar))
    (defparameter *tangle* (list *foo* *bar* *foo*))
    (defmethod print-object ((foo foo) stream)
      (let ((index (foo-index foo)))
        (format *trace-output*
    	    "~&-$- emitting FOO ~D, ambient *BAR*=~S~%"
    	    index *bar*)
        (format stream "[FOO ~D]" index))
    (let ((tsos (make-string-output-stream))
          (ssos (make-string-output-stream)))
      (let ((*print-circle* t)
    	    (*trace-output* tsos)
    	    (*standard-output* ssos))
        (prin1 *tangle* *standard-output*))
      (let ((string (get-output-stream-string ssos)))
        (unless (string= string "(#1=[FOO 4] #S(BAR) #1#)")
          ;; In sbcl- STRING was "(#1=[FOO 4] #2# #1#)".:-(
          (error "oops: ~S" string)))))
  It might be straightforward to fix this by turning the
  per-stream slots, but (1) it would probably be sort of messy faking
  up the special variable binding semantics using UNWIND-PROTECT and
  (2) it might be sort of a pain to test that no other bugs had been

328: "Profiling generic functions", transplanted from #241
  (from tonyms on #lisp IRC 2003-02-25)
  In sbcl-, typing
    (defclass foo () ((bar :accessor foo-bar)))
    (profile foo-bar)
    (unintern 'foo-bar)
    (defclass foo () ((bar :accessor foo-bar)))
  gives the error message
    "#:FOO-BAR already names an ordinary function or a macro."

  Problem: when a generic function is profiled, it appears as an ordinary
  function to PCL. (Remembering the uninterned accessor is OK, as the
  redefinition must be able to remove old accessors from their generic

329: "Sequential class redefinition"
  reported by Bruno Haible:
   (defclass reactor () ((max-temp :initform 10000000)))
   (defvar *r1* (make-instance 'reactor))
   (defvar *r2* (make-instance 'reactor))
   (slot-value *r1* 'max-temp)
   (slot-value *r2* 'max-temp)
   (defclass reactor () ((uptime :initform 0)))
   (slot-value *r1* 'uptime)
   (defclass reactor () ((uptime :initform 0) (max-temp :initform 10000)))
   (slot-value *r1* 'max-temp) ; => 10000
   (slot-value *r2* 'max-temp) ; => 10000000 oops...

  Possible solution: 
   The method effective when the wrapper is obsoleted can be saved
     in the wrapper, and then to update the instance just run through
     all the old wrappers in order from oldest to newest.

332: "fasl stack inconsistency in structure redefinition"
  (reported by Tim Daly Jr sbcl-devel 2004-05-06)
  Even though structure redefinition is undefined by the standard, the
  following behaviour is suboptimal: running
    (defun stimulate-sbcl ()
      (let ((filename (format nil "/tmp/~A.lisp" (gensym))))
        ;;create a file which redefines a structure incompatibly
        (with-open-file (f filename :direction :output :if-exists :supersede)
          (print '(defstruct astruct foo) f)
          (print '(defstruct astruct foo bar) f))
        ;;compile and load the file, then invoke the continue restart on
        ;;the structure redefinition error
        (handler-bind ((error (lambda (c) (continue c))))
          (load (compile-file filename)))))
  and choosing the CONTINUE restart yields the message
    debugger invoked on a SB-INT:BUG in thread 27726:
      fasl stack not empty when it should be

336: "slot-definitions must retain the generic functions of accessors"
  reported by Tony Martinez:
    (defclass foo () ((bar :reader foo-bar)))
    (defun foo-bar (x) x)
    (defclass foo () ((bar :reader get-bar))) ; => error, should work

  Note: just punting the accessor removal if the fdefinition
  is not a generic function is not enough:

   (defclass foo () ((bar :reader foo-bar)))
   (defvar *reader* #'foo-bar)
   (defun foo-bar (x) x)
   (defclass foo () ((bar :initform 'ok :reader get-bar)))
   (funcall *reader* (make-instance 'foo)) ; should be an error, since
                                           ; the method must be removed
                                           ; by the class redefinition

  Fixing this should also fix a subset of #328 -- update the
  description with a new test-case then.

  (reported by Bruno Haible via the clisp test suite)

  a. Syntax checking laxity (should produce errors):
     i. (define-method-combination foo :documentation :operator)
    ii. (define-method-combination foo :documentation nil)
   iii. (define-method-combination foo nil)
    iv. (define-method-combination foo nil nil
         (:arguments order &aux &key))
     v. (define-method-combination foo nil nil (:arguments &whole))
    vi. (define-method-combination foo nil nil (:generic-function))
   vii. (define-method-combination foo nil nil (:generic-function bar baz))
  viii. (define-method-combination foo nil nil (:generic-function (bar)))
    ix. (define-method-combination foo nil ((3)))
     x. (define-method-combination foo nil ((a)))

  b. define-method-combination arguments lambda list badness
     i. &aux args are currently unsupported;
    ii. default values of &optional and &key arguments are ignored;
   iii. supplied-p variables for &optional and &key arguments are not

  c. (fixed in sbcl-

344: more (?) ROOM T problems (possibly part of bug 108)
  In sbcl-, and off and on leading up to it, the
  SB!VM:MEMORY-USAGE operations in ROOM T caused 
	unhandled condition (of type SB-INT:BUG):
	    failed AVER: "(SAP= CURRENT END)"
  Several clever people have taken a shot at this without fixing
  it; this time around (before sbcl-0.8.13 release) I (WHN) just
  commented out the SB!VM:MEMORY-USAGE calls until someone figures
  out how to make them work reliably with the rest of the GC.

  (Note: there's at least one dubious thing in room.lisp: see the
  comment in VALID-OBJ)

346: alpha backtrace
  In sbcl-0.8.13, all backtraces from errors caused by internal errors
  on the alpha seem to have a "bogus stack frame".

349: PPRINT-INDENT rounding implementation decisions
  At present, pprint-indent (and indeed the whole pretty printer)
  more-or-less assumes that it's using a monospace font.  That's
  probably not too silly an assumption, but one piece of information
  the current implementation loses is from requests to indent by a
  non-integral amount.  As of sbcl-, the system silently
  truncates the indentation to an integer at the point of request, but
  maybe the non-integral value should be propagated through the
  pprinter and only truncated at output?  (So that indenting by 1/2
  then 3/2 would indent by two spaces, not one?)

352: forward-referenced-class trouble
 reported by Bruno Haible on sbcl-devel
   (defclass c (a) ())
   (setf (class-name (find-class 'a)) 'b)
   (defclass a () (x))
   (defclass b () (y))
   (make-instance 'c)
 Expected: an instance of c, with a slot named x
 Got: debugger invoked on a SIMPLE-ERROR in thread 78906:
        While computing the class precedence list of the class named C.
        The class named B is a forward referenced class.
        The class named B is a direct superclass of the class named C.

  [ Is this actually a bug?  DEFCLASS only replaces an existing class
    when the class name is the proper name of that class, and in the
    above code the class found by (FIND-CLASS 'A) does not have a
    proper name.  CSR, 2006-08-07 ]

353: debugger suboptimalities on x86
 On x86 backtraces for undefined functions start with a bogus stack
 frame, and  backtraces for throws to unknown catch tags with a "no 
 debug information" frame. These are both due to CODE-COMPONENT-FROM-BITS
 (used on non-x86 platforms) being a more complete solution then what
 is done on x86.

 On x86/linux large portions of tests/debug.impure.lisp have been commented
 out as failures. The probable culprit for these problems is in x86-call-context
 (things work fine on x86/freebsd).

 More generally, the debugger internals suffer from excessive x86/non-x86
 conditionalization and OAOOMization: refactoring the common parts would
 be good.

354: XEPs in backtraces
 Under default compilation policy
   (defun test ()
     (throw :unknown t))
 Has the XEP for TEST in the backtrace, not the TEST frame itself.
 (sparc and x86 at least)

 Since SBCL this is hidden unless *SHOW-ENTRY-POINT-DETAILS*
 is true (instead there appear two TEST frames at least on ppc). The
 underlying cause seems to be that SB-C::TAIL-ANNOTATE will not merge
 the tail-call for the XEP, since Python has by that time proved that
 the function can never return; same happens if the function holds an
 unconditional call to ERROR.

356: PCL corruption
    (reported by Bruno Haible)
  After the "layout depth conflict" error, the CLOS is left in a state where
  it's not possible to define new standard-class subclasses any more.
  Test case:
  (defclass prioritized-dispatcher ()
    ((dependents :type list :initform nil)))
  (defmethod sb-pcl:validate-superclass ((c1 sb-pcl:funcallable-standard-class) 
                                         (c2 (eql (find-class 'prioritized-dispatcher))))
  (defclass prioritized-generic-function (prioritized-dispatcher standard-generic-function)
    (:metaclass sb-pcl:funcallable-standard-class))
  ;; ERROR, Quit the debugger with ABORT
  (defclass typechecking-reader-class (standard-class)
  Got:      ERROR "The assertion SB-PCL::WRAPPERS failed."

  [ This test case does not cause the error any more.  However,
    similar problems can be observed with 

    (defclass foo (standard-class) ()
      (:metaclass sb-mop:funcallable-standard-class))
    (sb-mop:finalize-inheritance (find-class 'foo))
    (defclass bar (standard-class) ())
    (make-instance 'bar)

357: defstruct inheritance of initforms
    (reported by Bruno Haible)
  When defstruct and defclass (with :metaclass structure-class) are mixed,
  1. some slot initforms are ignored by the DEFSTRUCT generated constructor
     function, and 
  2. all slot initforms are ignored by MAKE-INSTANCE. (This can be arguably
     OK for initforms that were given in a DEFSTRUCT form, but for those
     given in a DEFCLASS form, I think it qualifies as a bug.)
  Test case:
  (defstruct structure02a
    (slot2 t)
    (slot3 (floor pi)))
  (defclass structure02b (structure02a)
    ((slot4 :initform -44)
     (slot6 :initform t)
     (slot7 :initform (floor (* pi pi)))
     (slot8 :initform 88))
    (:metaclass structure-class))
  (defstruct (structure02c (:include structure02b (slot8 -88)))
    (slot10 t)
    (slot11 (floor (exp 3))))
  ;; 1. Form:
  (let ((a (make-structure02c)))
    (list (structure02c-slot4 a)
          (structure02c-slot5 a)
          (structure02c-slot6 a)
          (structure02c-slot7 a)))
  Expected: (-44 nil t 9)
  ;; 2. Form:
  (let ((b (make-instance 'structure02c)))
    (list (structure02c-slot2 b)
          (structure02c-slot3 b)
          (structure02c-slot4 b)
          (structure02c-slot6 b)
          (structure02c-slot7 b)
          (structure02c-slot8 b)
          (structure02c-slot10 b)
          (structure02c-slot11 b)))
  Expected: (t 3 -44 t 9 -88 t 20)
  Got: (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0)

359: wrong default value for ensure-generic-function's :generic-function-class argument
    (reported by Bruno Haible)
  ANSI CL is silent on this, but the MOP's specification of ENSURE-GENERIC-FUNCTION says:
   "The remaining arguments are the complete set of keyword arguments
   ":GENERIC-FUNCTION-CLASS - a class metaobject or a class name. If it is not
    supplied, it defaults to the class named STANDARD-GENERIC-FUNCTION."
  This is not the case in SBCL. Test case:
   (defclass my-generic-function (standard-generic-function)
     (:metaclass sb-pcl:funcallable-standard-class))
   (setf (fdefinition 'foo1)
         (make-instance 'my-generic-function :name 'foo1))
   (ensure-generic-function 'foo1
     :generic-function-class (find-class 'standard-generic-function))
   (class-of #'foo1)
   (setf (fdefinition 'foo2)
         (make-instance 'my-generic-function :name 'foo2))
   (ensure-generic-function 'foo2)
   (class-of #'foo2)

362: missing error when a slot-definition is created without a name
    (reported by Bruno Haible)
  The MOP says about slot-definition initialization:
  "The :NAME argument is a slot name. An ERROR is SIGNALled if this argument
   is not a symbol which can be used as a variable name. An ERROR is SIGNALled
   if this argument is not supplied."
  Test case:
   (make-instance (find-class 'sb-pcl:standard-direct-slot-definition))
  Expected: ERROR

363: missing error when a slot-definition is created with a wrong documentation object
    (reported by Bruno Haible)
  The MOP says about slot-definition initialization:
  "The :DOCUMENTATION argument is a STRING or NIL. An ERROR is SIGNALled
   if it is not. This argument default to NIL during initialization."
  Test case:
   (make-instance (find-class 'sb-pcl:standard-direct-slot-definition)
                  :name 'foo
                  :documentation 'not-a-string)
  Expected: ERROR

369: unlike-an-intersection behavior of VALUES-TYPE-INTERSECTION
  In sbcl-, the identity $(x \cap y \cap y)=(x \cap y)$ 
  does not hold for VALUES-TYPE-INTERSECTION, even for types which
  can be intersected exactly, so that ASSERTs fail in this test case:
    (in-package :cl-user)
    (let ((types (mapcar #'sb-c::values-specifier-type 
                         '((values (vector package) &optional)
                           (values (vector package) &rest t)
                           (values (vector hash-table) &rest t)
                           (values (vector hash-table) &optional)
                           (values t &optional)
                           (values t &rest t)
                           (values nil &optional)
                           (values nil &rest t)
                           (values sequence &optional)
                           (values sequence &rest t)
                           (values list &optional)
                           (values list &rest t)))))
       (dolist (x types)
         (dolist (y types)
           (let ((i (sb-c::values-type-intersection x y)))
             (assert (sb-c::type= i (sb-c::values-type-intersection i x)))
             (assert (sb-c::type= i (sb-c::values-type-intersection i y)))))))

370: reader misbehaviour on large-exponent floats
    (read-from-string "1.0s1000000000000000000000000000000000000000")
  causes the reader to attempt to create a very large bignum (which it
  will then attempt to coerce to a rational).  While this isn't
  completely wrong, it is probably not ideal -- checking the floating
  point control word state and then returning the relevant float
  (most-positive-short-float or short-float-infinity) or signalling an
  error immediately would seem to make more sense.

372: floating-point overflow not signalled on ppc/darwin
 The following assertions in float.pure.lisp fail on ppc/darwin 
 (Mac OS X version 10.3.7):
   (assert (raises-error? (scale-float 1.0 most-positive-fixnum)
   (assert (raises-error? (scale-float 1.0d0 (1+ most-positive-fixnum))
 as the SCALE-FLOAT just returns 
 disabled on Darwin for now.

377: Memory fault error reporting
  On those architectures where :C-STACK-IS-CONTROL-STACK is in
  *FEATURES*, we handle SIG_MEMORY_FAULT (SEGV or BUS) on an altstack,
  so we cannot handle the signal directly (as in interrupt_handle_now())
  in the case when the signal comes from some external agent (the user
  using kill(1), or a fault in some foreign code, for instance).  As
  of sbcl-, this is fixed by calling
  arrange_return_to_lisp_function() to a new error-signalling
  function, but as a result the error reporting is poor: we cannot
  even tell the user at which address the fault occurred.  We should
  arrange such that arguments can be passed to the function called from
  arrange_return_to_lisp_function(), but this looked hard to do in
  general without suffering from memory leaks.

379: TRACE :ENCAPSULATE NIL broken on ppc/darwin
  See commented-out test-case in debug.impure.lisp.

380: Accessor redefinition fails because of old accessor name
  When redefining an accessor, SB-PCL::FIX-SLOT-ACCESSORS may try to
  find the generic function named by the old accessor name using
  ENSURE-GENERIC-FUNCTION and then remove the old accessor's method in
  the GF. If the old name does not name a function, or if the old name
  does not name a generic function, no attempt to find the GF or remove
  any methods is made.

  However, if an unrelated GF with an incompatible lambda list exists,
  the class redefinition will fail when SB-PCL::REMOVE-READER-METHOD
  tries to find and remove a method with an incompatible lambda list
  from the unrelated generic function.

382: externalization unexpectedly changes array simplicity
    (defun foo ()
      (let ((x #.(make-array 4 :fill-pointer 0)))
        (values (eval `(typep ',x 'simple-array))
                (typep x 'simple-array))))
  then (FOO) => T, NIL.

  Similar problems exist with SIMPLE-ARRAY-P, ARRAY-HEADER accessors
  and all array dimension functions.

383: ASH'ing non-constant zeros
    (lambda (b)
      (declare (type (integer -2 14) b))
      (declare (ignorable b))
      (ash (imagpart b) 57))
  on PPC (and other platforms, presumably) gives an error during the
  emission of FASH-ASH-LEFT/FIXNUM=>FIXNUM as the assembler attempts to
  stuff a too-large constant into the immediate field of a PPC
  instruction.  Either the VOP should be fixed or the compiler should be
  taught how to transform this case away, paying particular attention
  to side-effects that might occur in the arguments to ASH.

384: Compiler runaway on very large character types

  (compile nil '(lambda (x)
                    (declare (type (member #\a 1) x))
                    (the (member 1 nil) x)))

  The types apparently normalize into a very large type, and the compiler
  gets lost in REMOVE-DUPLICATES.  Perhaps the latter should use
  a better algorithm (one based on hash tables, say) on very long lists
  when :TEST has its default value?

  A simpler example:

  (compile nil '(lambda (x) (the (not (eql #\a)) x)))

  (partially fixed in, but a better representation for these
   types is needed.)

  (format nil "~4,1F" 0.001) => "0.00" (should be " 0.0");
  (format nil "~4,1@F" 0.001) => "+.00" (should be "+0.0").

386: SunOS/x86 stack exhaustion handling broken
  According to <http://alfa.s145.xrea.com/sbcl/solaris-x86.html>, the
  stack exhaustion checking (implemented with a write-protected guard
  page) does not work on SunOS/x86.

  (found by Dmitry Bogomolov)

    (defclass foo () ((x :type (unsigned-byte 8))))
    (defclass bar () ((x :type symbol)))
    (defclass baz (foo bar) ())

  causes error

    SB-PCL::SPECIALIZER-APPLICABLE-USING-TYPE-P cannot handle the second argument

  [ Can't trigger this any more, as of 2006-08-07 ]

  (reported several times on sbcl-devel, by Rick Taube, Brian Rowe and

  ROUND-NUMERIC-BOUND assumes that float types always have a FORMAT
  specifying whether they're SINGLE or DOUBLE.  This is true for types
  computed by the type system itself, but the compiler type derivation
  short-circuits this and constructs non-canonical types.  A temporary
  fix was made to ROUND-NUMERIC-BOUND for the sbcl-0.9.6 release, but
  the right fix is to remove the abstraction violation in the
  compiler's type deriver.

393: Wrong error from methodless generic function
    (FOO 1 2)
  gives NO-APPLICABLE-METHOD rather than an argument count error.

395: Unicode and streams
  One of the remaining problems in SBCL's Unicode support is the lack
  of generality in certain streams.
  a. FILL-POINTER-STREAMs: SBCL refuses to write (e.g. using FORMAT)
     to streams made from strings that aren't character strings with
       (let ((v (make-array 5 :fill-pointer 0 :element-type 'standard-char)))
         (format v "foo")
     should return a non-simple base string containing "foo" but
     instead errors.

     (reported on sbcl-help by "tichy")

396: block-compilation bug
    (let ((x 1))
      (dotimes (y 10)
        (let ((y y))
          (when (funcall (eval #'(lambda (x) (eql x 2))) y)
            (defun foo (z)
              (incf x (incf y z))))))
      (defun bar (z)
        (foo z)
        (values x)))
  (bar 1) => 11, should be 4.

397: SLEEP accuracy
  The more interrupts arrive the less accurate SLEEP's timing gets.
    (time (sb-thread:terminate-thread
            (prog1 (sb-thread:make-thread (lambda ()
                                             (princ #\!)
              (sleep 1))))

398: GC-unsafe SB-ALIEN string deporting
  Translating a Lisp string to an alien string by taking a SAP to it
  as done by the :DEPORT-GEN methods for C-STRING and UTF8-STRING
  is not safe, since the Lisp string can move. For example the
  following code will fail quickly on both cheneygc and pre-

  (setf (bytes-consed-between-gcs) 4096)
  (define-alien-routine "strcmp" int (s1 c-string) (s2 c-string))
    (let ((string "hello, world"))
       (assert (zerop (strcmp string string)))))
  (This will appear to work on post- GENCGC, since
   the GC no longer zeroes memory immediately after releasing
   it after a minor GC. Either enabling the READ_PROTECT_FREE_PAGES
   #define in gencgc.c or modifying the example so that a major
   GC will occasionally be triggered would unmask the bug.)

  On cheneygc the only solution would seem to be allocating some alien
  memory, copying the data over, and arranging that it's freed once we
  return. For GENCGC we could instead try to arrange that the string
  from which the SAP is taken is always pinned.

  For some more details see comments for (define-alien-type-method
  (c-string :deport-gen) ...)  in host-c-call.lisp.

  In sbcl-,
    (defparameter *c*
      (make-condition 'simple-error
                      :format-control "ow... ~S"
                      :format-arguments '(#1=(#1#))))
    (setf *print-circle* t *print-level* 4)
    (format nil "~@<~A~:@>" *c*)
    "ow... (((#)))"
  where I (WHN) believe the correct result is "ow... #1=(#1#)",
  like the result from (PRINC-TO-STRING *C*). The question of 
  what the correct result is is complicated by the hairy text in 
  the Hyperspec " Tilde Less-Than-Sign: Logical Block",
    Other than the difference in its argument, ~@<...~:> is 
    exactly the same as ~<...~:> except that circularity detection 
    is not applied if ~@<...~:> is encountered at top level in a 
    format string.
  But because the odd behavior happens even without the at-sign, 
    (format nil "~<~A~:@>" (list *c*)) ; => "ow... (((#)))"
  and because something seemingly similar can happen even in 
  PPRINT-LOGICAL-BLOCK invoked directly without FORMAT, 
    (pprint-logical-block (*standard-output* '(some nonempty list))
      (format *standard-output* "~A" '#1=(#1#)))
  (which prints "(((#)))" to *STANDARD-OUTPUT*), I don't think 
  that the trickiness is fundamental to the problem.

  My guess is that the problem is related to the logic around the MODE
  argument to CHECK-FOR-CIRCULARITY, but I haven't reverse-engineered
  enough of the intended meaning of the different MODE values to be
  confident of this.

404: nonstandard DWIMness in LOOP with unportably-ordered clauses
  In sbcl-0.9.13, the code
    (loop with stack = (make-array 2 :fill-pointer 2 :initial-element t)
          for length = (length stack)
          while (plusp length)
          for element = (vector-pop stack)
          collect element)
  compiles without error or warning and returns (T T). Unfortunately, 
  it is inconsistent with the ANSI definition of the LOOP macro, 
  because it mixes up VARIABLE-CLAUSEs with MAIN-CLAUSEs. Furthermore,
  SBCL's interpretation of the intended meaning is only one possible,
  unportable interpretation of the noncompliant code; in CLISP 2.33.2, 
  the code compiles with a warning
    LOOP: FOR clauses should occur before the loop's main body
  and then fails at runtime with 
    VECTOR-POP: #() has length zero
  perhaps because CLISP has shuffled the clauses into an 
  ANSI-compliant order before proceeding.

405: a TYPE-ERROR in MERGE-LETS exercised at DEBUG 3
  In sbcl- on linux/86, compiling 
    (declaim (optimize (debug 3)))
    (defstruct foo bar)
    (let ()
      (flet ((i (x) (frob x (foo-bar foo))))
        (i :five)))
  causes a TYPE-ERROR 
    The value NIL is not of type SB-C::PHYSENV.

406: functional has external references -- failed aver
 Given the following food in a single file
  (eval-when (:compile-toplevel :load-toplevel :execute)
    (defstruct foo3))
  (defstruct bar
    (foo #.(make-foo3)))
 as of the file compiler breaks on it:
 Defining the missing MAKE-LOAD-FORM method makes the error go away.

407: misoptimization of loop, COERCE 'FLOAT, and HANDLER-CASE for bignums
  (reported by Ariel Badichi on sbcl-devel 2007-01-09)
  407a: In sbcl-1.0.1 on Linux x86, 
		(defun foo ()
		  (loop for n from (expt 2 1024) do
		            (coerce n 'single-float)
		          (simple-type-error ()
		            (format t "Got here.~%")
		            (return-from foo)))))
        causes an infinite loop, where handling the error would be expected.
  407b: In sbcl-1.0.1 on Linux x86, 
		(defun bar ()
		  (loop for n from (expt 2 1024) do
		            (format t "~E~%" (coerce n 'single-float))
		          (simple-type-error ()
		            (format t "Got here.~%")
		            (return-from bar)))))
        fails to compile, with
		Too large to be represented as a SINGLE-FLOAT: ...
		3: (SB-C::BOUND-FUNC ...)

  These are now fixed, but (COERCE HUGE 'SINGLE-FLOAT) still signals a
  type-error at runtime. The question is, should it instead signal a
  floating-point overflow, or return an infinity?

408: SUBTYPEP confusion re. OR of SATISFIES of not-yet-defined predicate
	As reported by Levente M\'{e}sz\'{a}ros sbcl-devel 2006-02-20,
		(aver (equal (multiple-value-list
	                      (subtypep '(or (satisfies x) string)
        	                        '(or (satisfies x) integer)))
	                     '(nil nil)))
	fails. Also, beneath that failure lurks another failure,
		(aver (equal (multiple-value-list
                              (subtypep 'string
	                                '(or (satisfies x) integer)))
		             '(nil nil)))
	Having looked at this for an hour or so in sbcl-1.0.2, and
	specifically having looked at the output from
	  laptop$ sbcl
	  * (let ((x 'string)
	          (y '(or (satisfies x) integer)))
	      (trace sb-kernel::union-complex-subtypep-arg2
	      (subtypep x y))
	my (WHN) impression is that the problem is that the semantics of TYPE=
	are wrong for what the UNION-COMPLEX-SUBTYPEP-ARG2 code is trying
	to use it for. The comments on the definition of TYPE= probably
	date back to CMU CL and seem to define it as a confusing thing:
	its primary value is something like "certainly equal," and its
	secondary value is something like "certain about that certainty."
	I'm left uncertain how to fix UNION-COMPLEX-SUBTYPEP-ARG2 without
	reducing its generality by removing the TYPE= cleverness. Possibly
	the tempting TYPE/= relative defined next to it might be a
	suitable replacement for the purpose. Probably, though, it would
	be best to start by reverse engineering exactly what TYPE= and
	TYPE/= do, and writing an explanation which is so clear that one
	can see immediately what it's supposed to mean in odd cases like
	(TYPE= '(SATISFIES X) 'INTEGER) when X isn't defined yet.

  Found while investigating an optimization failure for extended
  sequences. The extended sequence type implementation was altered to
  work around the problem, but the fundamental problem remains, to wit:
    (sb-kernel:type= (sb-kernel:specifier-type '(or float ratio))
                     (sb-kernel:specifier-type 'single-float))
  returns NIL, NIL on sbcl-1.0.3.
  (probably related to bug #408)

410: read circularities and type declarations
  Consider the definition
    (defstruct foo (a 0 :type (not symbol)))
  followed by
    (setf *print-circle* t) ; just in case
    (read-from-string "#1=#s(foo :a #1#)")
  This gives a type error (#:G1 is not a (NOT SYMBOL)) because of the
  implementation of read circularity, using a symbol as a marker for
  the previously-referenced object.

415: Issues creating large arrays on x86-64/Linux and x86/Darwin

   (make-array (1- array-dimension-limit))

   causes a GC invariant violation on x86-64/Linux, and
   an unhandled SIGILL on x86/Darwin.

416: backtrace confusion

  (defun foo (x)
    (let ((v "foo"))
      (flet ((bar (z)
               (oops v z)
               (oops z v)))
        (bar x)
        (bar v))))
  (foo 13)

  gives the correct error, but the backtrace shows 
  as the second frame.

418: SUBSEQ on lists doesn't support bignum indexes

 LIST-SUBSEQ* now has all the works necessary to support bignum indexes,
 but it needs to be verified that changing the DEFKNOWN doesn't kill
 performance elsewhere.

 Other generic sequence functions have this problem as well.

419: stack-allocated indirect closure variables are not popped

    (locally (declare (optimize speed (safety 0)))
      (defun bug419 (x)
        (multiple-value-call #'list
          (eval '(values 1 2 3))
          (let ((x x))
            (declare (dynamic-extent x))
            (flet ((mget (y)
                     (+ x y))
                   (mset (z)
                     (incf x z)))
              (declare (dynamic-extent #'mget #'mset))
              ((lambda (f g) (eval `(progn ,f ,g (values 4 5 6)))) #'mget #'mset))))))

  (ASSERT (EQUAL (BUG419) '(1 2 3 4 5 6))) => failure

420: The MISC.556 test from gcl/ansi-tests/misc.lsp fails hard.

In sbcl-1.0.13 on Linux/x86, executing 
        (COMPILE NIL
                 '(LAMBDA (P1 P2)
                     (OPTIMIZE (SPEED 1) (SAFETY 0) (DEBUG 0) (SPACE 0))
                     (TYPE (MEMBER 8174.8604) P1) (TYPE (MEMBER -95195347) P2))
                    (FLOOR P1 P2)))
        8174.8604 -95195347)
interactively causes
  SB-SYS:MEMORY-FAULT-ERROR: Unhandled memory fault at #x8.
The gcl/ansi-tests/doit.lisp program terminates prematurely shortly after
MISC.556 by falling into gdb with
  fatal error encountered in SBCL pid 2827: Unhandled SIGILL
unless the MISC.556 test is commented out.

Analysis: + and a number of other arithmetic functions exhibit the
same behaviour. Here's the underlying problem: On x86 we perform
single-float + integer normally using double-precision, and then
coerce the result back to single-float. (The FILD instruction always
gives us a double-float, and unless we do MOVE-FROM-SINGLE it remains
one. Or so it seems to me, and that would also explain the observed
behaviour below.)

During IR1 we derive the types for both

 (+ <single> <integer>)                   ; uses double-precision
 (+ <single> (FLOAT <integer> <single>))  ; uses single-precision

and get a mismatch for a number of unlucky arguments. This leads to
derived result type NIL, and ends up flushing the whole whole
operation -- and finally we generate code without a return sequence,
and fall through to whatever.

The use of double-precision in the first case appears to be an
(un)happy accident -- interval arithmetic gives us the
double-precision result because that's what the backend does.

 (+ 8172.0 (coerce -95195347 'single-float)) ; => -9.518717e7
 (+ 8172.0 -95195347)                        ; => -9.5187176e7
 (coerce (+ 8172.0 (coerce -95195347 'double-float)) 'single-float)
                                             ; => -9.5187176e7

Which should be fixed, the IR1, or the backend?

421: READ-CHAR-NO-HANG misbehaviour on Windows Console:

  It seems that on Windows READ-CHAR-NO-HANG hangs if the user
  has pressed a key, but not yet enter (ie. SYSREAD-MAY-BLOCK-P
  seems to lie if the OS is buffering input for us on Console.)

  reported by Elliot Slaughter on sbcl-devel 2008/1/10.

422: out-of-extent return not checked in safe code

 (declaim (optimize safety))
 (funcall (catch 't (block nil (throw 't (lambda () (return))))))

behaves ...erratically. Reported by Kevin Reid on sbcl-devel
2007-07-06. (We don't _have_ to check things like this, but we
generally try to check returns in safe code, so we should here too.)

424: toplevel closures and *CHECK-CONSISTENCY*

 The following breaks under COMPILE-FILE if *CHECK-CONSISTENCY* is true.

  (let ((exported-symbols-alist
         (loop for symbol being the external-symbols of :cl
               collect (cons symbol
                             (concatenate 'string
                                          (string-downcase symbol))))))
    (defun hyperdoc-lookup (symbol)
      (cdr (assoc symbol exported-symbols-alist))))

 (Test-case adapted from CL-PPCRE.)

425: reading from closed streams

 Reported by Damien Cassou on sbcl-devel. REPL transcript follows:

  * (open ".bashrc" :direction :input)
  #<SB-SYS:FD-STREAM for "file /home/cassou/.bashrc" {A6ADFC9}>
  * (defparameter *s* *)
  * (read-line *s*)
  "# -*- Mode: Sh -*-"
  * (read-line *s*)
  "# Files you make look like rw-r--r--"
  * (open-stream-p *s*)
  * (close *s*)
  * (open-stream-p *s*)
  * (read-line *s*)
  "umask 022"

 The problem is with the fast path using ansi-stream-cin-buffer not hitting