README_LINUX.txt for PortMidi
14 Oct 2009
To make PortMidi, you need cmake and the Java SDK.
Go back up to the portmidi directory and type:
Type 'c' (configure) and then 'g' (generate). You may have
to manually set JAVA_INCLUDE_PATH and JAVA_JVM_LIBRARY
by typing 't' (toggle to advanced mode) and using the
editor to change the fields. You can find possible values
for JAVA_INCLUDE_PATH by typing "locate jni.h", and for
JAVA_JVM_LIBRARY by typing locate libjvm".
You also need JAVA_INCLUDE_PATH2, but this will normally
be set automatically after you set JAVA_INCLUDE_PATH and
run "configure" (type "c" to ccmake). Normally,
JAVA_INCLUDE_PATH2 is the linux subdirectory within
Notice that the CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE can be Debug or Release.
Stick with Release if you are not debugging.
After successfully generating make files with ccmake, you
can run make:
The Makefile will build all test programs and the portmidi
library. For experimental software,
especially programs running from the command line, we
recommend using the Debug version -- it will terminate your
program and print a helpful message if any PortMidi
function returns an error code. (Released software should
check for error codes and handle them, but for quick,
non-critical projects, the automatic "print and die"
handling can save some work.)
THE pmdefaults PROGRAM
You should install pmdefaults. It provides a graphical interface
for selecting default MIDI IN and OUT devices so that you don't
have to build device selection interfaces into all your programs
and so users have a single place to set a preference.
Follow the instructions above to run ccmake, making sure that
CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE is Release. Run make as described above. Then:
sudo make install
This will install PortMidi libraries and the pmdefault program.
You must alos have the environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH set
to include /usr/local/lib (where libpmjni.so is installed).
Now, you can run pmdefault.
pmdefaults will not work unless LD_LIBRARY_PATH includes a
directory (normally /usr/local/lib) containing libpmjni.so,
installed as described above.
To set LD_LIBRARY_PATH, you might want to add this to your
~/.profile (if you use the bash shell):
A NOTE ABOUT AMD64:
When compiling portmidi under linux on an AMD64, I had to add the -fPIC
flag to the gcc flags.
Reason: when trying to build John Harrison's pyPortMidi gcc bailed out
with this error:
./linux/libportmidi.a(pmlinux.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `a local symbol' can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC
./linux/libportmidi.a: could not read symbols: Bad value
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
What they said:
On certain architectures (AMD64 amongst them), shared libraries *must*
22-jan-2010 Roger B. Dannenberg
Updated instructions about Java paths
14-oct-2009 Roger B. Dannenberg
Using CMake now for building and configuration
29-aug-2006 Roger B. Dannenberg
Fixed PortTime to join with time thread for clean exit.
28-aug-2006 Roger B. Dannenberg
Updated this documentation.
08-Jun-2004 Roger B. Dannenberg
Updated code to use new system abstraction.
12-Apr-2003 Roger B. Dannenberg
Fixed pm_test/test.c to filter clocks and active messages.
Integrated changes from Clemens Ladisch:
cleaned up pmlinuxalsa.c
record timestamp on sysex input
deallocate some resources previously left open