Tree [d6e72f] feature/loadOtherRegions /

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File Date Author Commit
 .issues 2013-02-11 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [a718a3] Merge in partial slip. Example not working
 Examples 2013-02-13 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [c818d6] Now the additional meshes should have the same ...
 Libraries 2013-02-14 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [d6e72f] Now it should work correctly
 Utilities 2013-02-14 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [d4e0c9] Allows switching off BC-corrections in funkySet...
 debian 2012-05-03 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [b73923] Merge from default
 maintainanceScripts 2013-01-14 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [edbce8] Merge in latest default with new contribution info
 .hgchurn 2013-01-14 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [edbce8] Merge in latest default with new contribution info
 .hgignore 2013-02-11 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [a718a3] Merge in partial slip. Example not working
 .hgtags 2013-02-11 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [a718a3] Merge in partial slip. Example not working
 Allwclean 2013-02-11 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [a718a3] Merge in partial slip. Example not working
 Allwmake 2013-02-11 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [a718a3] Merge in partial slip. Example not working
 COPYING 2011-04-11 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [7d9dd5] Merging in latest developments
 Doxyfile 2012-12-17 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [43e301] Merged foreign fields into 2.x-branch
 Makefile 2012-05-03 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [b73923] Merge from default
 README 2013-02-14 Bernhard Gschaider Bernhard Gschaider [d6e72f] Now it should work correctly
 gtags.conf 2012-03-04 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [3efe51] Bring up to date before adding a new example
 swakConfiguration.debian 2012-05-03 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [b73923] Merge from default
 swakConfiguration.example 2012-08-22 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [4eb339] Now the 2.x-branch is with the latest developments 2013-04-08 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider Bernhard F.W. Gschaider [ccfaf6] Searchable surfaces are now part of the main line

Read Me

# -*- mode: org -*-
#+TITLE: =README= for =swak4Foam= - Version for OpenFOAM 1.x
* Description
  A collection of libraries and tools that let the user handle
  OpenFOAM-data based on expressions
* About this document
** Scope
   This file gives an overview of =swak4Foam= and a history of the
   features. It is not a canonical documentation.
** Technical
   This file is written in the mighty =org-mode= (see
   [[]]) a markup/outline-mode for (X)Emacs. Using this
   mode it can be easily (using 3 keystrokes ... it's Emacs) to PDF or
   HTML to make it more readable (and add a table of contents).

   Please don't try to "beautify" it with any other text editor as
   this will surly mess up the markup (and keeping the file
   /org-compatible/ outside of the =org-mode= is a pain in the neck.
* Contributors etc
** Original Author
   Bernhard Gschaider (
** Current Maintainer
   Bernhard Gschaider (
** Contributors
   In alphabetical order of the surname
   - Martin Beaudoin :: =trackDictionary= in =simpleFunctionObjects=
   - Martin Becker :: The =potentialPitzDaily=-case (demonstrating a
                      problem with =groovyBC=)
   - Oliver Borm :: =patchMassFlowAverage= in =simpleFunctionObjects=
   - Peter Keller :: =sprinklerInlet=-case
   - Martin Kroeger :: =mtv= surface writer in =simpleFunctionObjects=
   - Andreas Otto :: fixed the =circulatingSplash=-case
   - Alexey Petrov :: =pythonFlu=-integration
   - Bruno Santos ::
     - Compilation with Intel compiler and Mingw
     - Rewrite of =mybison= and =myflex= to allow parallel compilation
       with =WM_COMPPROCS=
   If anyone is forgotten: let me know

   According to the commits in the =mercurial=-repository (and
   the repositories of the projects from which swak emerged)
   contributors are (ordered by the year of their first contribution):
   - 2006-2013 Bernhard F.W. Gschaider <>
   - 2008 Hannes Kroeger (
   - 2008-2009, 2012 Martin Beaudoin, Hydro-Quebec (
   - 2010 Marianne Mataln <mmataln@ice-sf>
   - 2010 Oliver Borm (
   - 2011 Alexey Petrov <>
   - 2011 Petr Vita <>
   - 2012 Bruno Santos <>
** Documentation
* Installation/Compilation
** Requirements
   - Version 2.0 or 2.1 of OpenFOAM (a version that works with 1.6,
     1.6-ext and 1.7 is available separately)
     - The =finiteArea=-stuff will probably work with version 2.0-ext
       (once that is available)
   - the compiler generators =bison= and =flex=
     - bison :: =swak4Foam= is known to work with =bison= version 2.4 and
       higher. Version 2.3 compiles but the plugin-functionality does
                not work correctly
     - flex :: since the introduction of the plugin functions at least
               a flex version of =2.5.33= is required (=2.5.35= is the
               lowest *confirmed* version)

   Both of these are mainstream packages (they are for instance needed
   to compile =gcc=) and should exist on every Linux distribution. Use
   the package manager of your distribution to install them and *only*
   if the compilation process of =swak4Foam= complains about too low
   versions try to install them from other sources.

   =swak4Foam= tries to keep the requirements on these as low as
   possible and sometimes lower versions than the ones reported *may*
   work. If they do please report so.

   The version of bison can be checked with
: bison -V
   The version of flex with
: flex -V
** Building
: wmake all
   at the base directory should build all the libraries and

   Rerun the command to make sure that there was no problem with the
   compilation (this should be quite fast and only report libraries
   being created and some administrative stuff)
*** Additional configuration
    Some features (currently only the =Python=-integration may need
    third party software. The paths to these packages can be configured
    in a file =swakConfiguration= (an example file
    =swakConfiguration.example= is provided). If that file is not
    present these unconfigured features will not be compiled.

    Environment variables that can be set in this file are:
    - SWAK_PYTHON_INCLUDE :: Path to the =Python.h= file of the used
    - SWAK_PYTHON_LINK :: Options to link the =python=-library to the
         library for the =python=-integration
    - SWAK_USER_PLUGINS :: A list of paths separated by
         semicolons. These are the directories of libraries with
         function-plugins. They are compiled in the course of the
         normal =swak=-compilation. This makes sure that they are
         consistent with the =swak=-release in the case of an update
*** Possible compilation failure with old 2.0.x-versions
    With older versions of 2.0.x (or 2.0 or 2.0.1) it is possible that
    the compilation of  =swakCodedFunctionObject= will fail. In that
    case remove the last parameter to the
    =codedFunctionObject=-constructor in =swakCodedFunctionObject.C=
    (it is clearly marked by a comment)
** Global installation
   If the libraries and utilities are considered stable and the should
   be available to everyone (without having to recompile them) the
   script in the directory
   =maintainanceScripts= can be used to copy them to the
   global site-specific directories.

   The script in the directory
   =maintainanceScripts= removes all these files
   from the global directories. The does
   the same for the user directories (this makes sure that no
   self-compiled version /shadows/ the global version (which would
   lead to strange results)

   There is a =Makefile= attached. =make globalinstall= compiles =swak4Foam=
   and installs it into the global directories

   *Note:* Due to the order in which library direcories are searched
   for with =-L= a global installation might break the
   compilation. *If you don't know what this means: don't attempt a
   global installation*
** Packaging
*** Debian
    The command =build dpkg= builds a Debian/Ubuntu package for
    the *currently enabled* OpenFOAM-package. Note:
    - it is assumed that the currently used OF-version was also
      installed by the package manager
    - the =dev= package is built but poorly maintained
    Changes in the packaging should be done in the branch
    =debianPackaging= of the Mercurial-repository and later be
    merged to the =default=-branch.

    Packaging for OpenFOAM 2.x should be done in the branch

    *Note:* Due to the problem described with the global installation
    it might be necessary to deinstall a previously installed package
    to successfully build a new package
* Contents
** Libraries
   Collection of Libraries
*** =swak4FoamParsers=
    The basis of =swak4Foam=: the expression parsers with the logic to
    access the /OpenFOAM/ data-structures.

    None of the other software pieces compile without it.

    Also defines a subclass to =DataEntry= that uses
    =swak=-expressions and a function object =initSwakFunctionObject=
    that might be used if this fails
*** =simpleFunctionObjects=
    A collection of function objects that was previously separately
    available at

    Provides consistent output of values (on patches and fields) and
*** =groovyBC=
    Implements the infamous =groovyBC=. A boundary condition that
    allows arbitrary expressions in the field-file
*** =swakFunctionObjects=
    Function objects that have no additional requirements. Mainly used
    for manipulating and creating fields with expressions
    - addGlobalVariable :: Adds a variable to a global
         swak-namespace. Mainly used for debugging and resolving
         issues where a variable is needed in a BC before it is defined.
    - expressionField :: Create a new field from an expression
    - clearExpressionField :: Erase a field created with
    - manipulateField :: Modify a field in memory
    - createSampledSet :: Create a sampled set that can be used by
         other swak-entities (mainly boundary conditions)
    - createSampledSurface :: Create a sampled surface that can be used by
         other swak-entities (mainly boundary conditions)
    - swakCoded :: Child of the =coded=-functionObject that can read
                   and write global variables from and to

		   Assumes that the =SWAK4FOAM_SRC= environment
                   variable is set to the =Libraries=-directory of the
    - solveLaplacianPDE :: Solve the Poisson equation
\frac{\partial \rho T}{\partial t} - \nabla \lambda \nabla T =
S_{expl} + S_{impl} T
         for $T$ where $\rho$, $\lambda$ and $S$ can be specified
    - solveTransportPDE :: Solve the transport equation
\frac{\partial \rho T}{\partial t} + \div(\phi,T) - \nabla \lambda \nabla T =
S_{expl} + S_{impl} T
         for $T$ where $\rho$, $\lambda$ and $S$ can be
         specified. Plus the name of the field $\phi$
    - addForeignMeshes :: this allows specifying new foreign
         meshes. These can be used in subsequent function-objects or
         other swak-expressions on =internalFields=
    - foreignMeshesFollowTime :: this allows specifying a list of
         meshes whose time is set to the current time of the running
*** =simpleSwakFunctionObjects=
    Function objects based on the =simpleFunctionObjects=-library
    (which is a prerequisite for compiling it).

    Evaluate expressions and output the results
*** =swakSourceFields=
    These classes allow to manipulate the solution. To use these the
    solver has to be modified.
    - expressionSource :: Field that is calculated from an
         expression. To be used as source-term or coefficient in some
    - forceEquation :: force an equation to fixed values in selected
                       locations. Has to be used after constructing
                       the equation and before solving
    These sources are based on =basicSource= and can be used
    *without* a modification of the solver (they are only available in
    the 2.x version):
    - SwakSetValue :: sets values according to a mask or the
                      mechanism provided by =basicSource=
    - SwakExplicitSource :: Uses the calculated source term on the
         right hand side of the equation
    - SwakImplicitSource :: Uses a calculated scalar-field to add an
         implicit source term (source is *without* the actual field)

*** =swakTopoSources=
    =topoSources= for =cellSet= and =faceSet=. Can be used with the
    =cellSet= and =faceSet=-utilities
*** =swakFiniteArea=
    Implements parsers for the =finiteArea=-stuff in 1.6-ext. Also
    implements =groovyBC= for =areaField= and =expressionField= and
    other function objects
*** =groovyStandardBCs=
    Collection of boundary conditions that give standard boundary
    conditions the possibility to use expression for the coefficients

    Contributions to this library are explicitly encouraged. Please
    use the Mercurial-branch =groovyStandardBCs= to /groovyify/
    standard boundary conditions.
*** =pythonIntegration=
    Embeds a =Python=-interpreter.

    - =pythonIntegrationFunctionObject= :: Executes =Python=-code
         at the usual execution times of functionObjects. The
         interpreter keeps its state

    This library is only compiled if the paths to the Python-Headers
    are configured in the =swakConfiguration=-file (see above)
*** =fluFunctionObjectDriver=
    Driver for =functionObjects= that implemented entirely in =Python=
    using the =pythonFlu=-library
*** =functionPlugins=
    Directory with a number of libraries with function-plugins:
    - swakFacSchemesFunctionPlugin :: functions with selectable
         discretization schemes for FAM (only used in 1.6-ext)
    - swakFvcSchemesFunctionPlugin :: functions with selectable
         schemes for FVM
    - swakLocalCalculationsFunctionPlugin :: calculations that are
         local to a cell (Minimum of the face values or so)
    - swakMeshQualityFunctionPlugin :: calculate mesh quality criteria
         like orthogonality, skewness and ascpect ratio
    - swakRandomFunctionPlugin :: different random number
         distributions. Currently only exponential
    - swakSurfacesAndSetsFunctionPlugin :: calculates distances from
         =sampledSurfaces= and =sampledSets= and projects calculated
         values from these onto a volume field
    - swakThermoTurbFunctionPlugin :: Access functions from the
         thermophysical model and the turbulence model in the current
         region. Loads the model only if necessary
    - swakTransportTurbFunctionPlugin :: Same as above but for
         incompressible models
    - swakLagrangianCloudSourcesFunctionPlugin :: Functions that get
         informations like source terms from clouds of particles (due
         to technical reasons this works only for the regular
         /intermediate/ clouds)
    - swakVelocityFunctionPlugin :: Functions that work on the flow
         field (currently only the local Courant-number)
** Utilities
*** =funkySetFields=
    Utility that allows creation and manipulation of files with
*** =funkySetAreaFields=
    Utility like =funkySetFields= for =areaFields= (only works with
*** =funkySetBoundaryField=
    Sets any field on a boundary to a non-uniform value based on an

    Acts without deeper understanding of the underlying boundary condition
*** =replayTransientBC=
    Utility to quickly test whether a groovyBC gives the expected
    results. Writes the specified fields with the applied boundary
    condition but doesn't do anything else.

    Can be used for other BCs as well
*** =funkyDoCalc=
    Evaluates expressions that are listed in a dictionary using data
    that is found on the disc and prints summarized data (min, max,
    average, sum) to the screen
*** =calcNonUniformOffsetsForMapped=
    Calculates the =offsets=-entry in the =polyMesh/boundary=-file
    according to the specification in a dictionary. Only needed if you
    have mapped patches and the regular uniform offset is not enough
    for your purposes
** Examples
   If not otherwise noted cases are prepared by a simple

   *Note*: All the cases here are strictly for demonstration purposes and
   resemble nothing from the 'real world'
*** groovyBC
    The old =groovyBC=-Demos
**** pulsedPitzDaily
    - Solver :: pisoFoam
    - Also demonstrates :: =manipulateField=, =expressionField= and
         =clearField= from the
         =swakFunctionObjects=. =patchExpression= from
         =simpleSwakFunctionObjects=. =solveLaplacianPDE= and
         =solveTransportPDE= for solving equations,
         =pythonIntegration= with calculations using =numpy=
**** wobbler
    - Solver :: solidDisplacementFoam
**** circulatingSplash
    - Solver :: interDyMFoam
**** movingConeDistorted
    - Solver :: pimpleDyMFoam
    - Also demonstrates :: =swakExpression= with =surface=. Due to a
      problem described below this currently doesn't work
**** average-t-junction
    - Solver :: pimpleFoam
    - Mesh preparation :: Execute the script in that
         directory (requires PyFoam: if not installed change in the
         =boundary=-file the type of the =defaultFaces= to =wall=)
**** delayed-t-junction
    - Solver :: pimpleFoam
    - Demonstrates :: Delayed variables to simulate an inflow that
                      depends on the value of the outflow
**** multiRegionHeaterFeedback
    - Solver :: chtMultiRegionFoam
    - Mesh preparation :: Execute the script in that
    - Also demonstrated :: =patchExpression= and =swakExpression= from
**** fillingTheDam
     - Solver :: interFoam
     - Also demonstrates :: Usage of a =sampledSet= defined in the
          =controlDict= do determine the average filling height. Also
          stored variables for not switching back once the criterion
          is reached. Global variables defined by a function object
**** sprinklingInlet
     - Solver :: interFoam
     - Description :: Winner of the =swak4Foam=-competition at the 6th
                      OpenFOAM-Workshop (2011). By Peter Keller
**** potentialPitzDaily
     - Solver :: potentialFoam
     - Description :: Demonstrates the use of =groovyB= with
                      =potentialFoam= (also a problem connected with
                      that). Provided by Martin Backer
*** FunkyDoCalc
    Example dictionaries for =funkyDoCalc=
*** FunkySetFields
    Example dictionary for =funkySetFields=
*** FunkySetBoundaryFields
    Example dictionary for =funkySetBoundaryFields=. Sets nonsense
    boundary conditions for the world famous =damBreak=-case
*** InterFoamWithSources
    Demonstrates usage of =expressionSource=

    Due to differences in the original =interFoam=-solver this doesn't
    work on certain OpenFOAM-versions (most specifically
    =1.6-ext=). The current solver works with 2.1. For older
    OF-versions use the sources labeled =_pre2.1=.

    The only modifications to the original solver are found at the end
    of =createFields.H= and in =UEqn.H= (the added source terms).
*** InterFoamWithFixed
    Demonstrates usage of =forceEquation=

    Due to differences in the original =interFoam=-solver this doesn't
    work on certain OpenFOAM-versions (most specifically
    =1.6-ext=). The current solver works with 2.1. For older
    OF-versions use the sources labeled =_pre2.1=.

    The only modifications to the original solver are found at the end
    of =createFields.H= and in =UEqn.H= (the fixing of the velocities).
**** =interFoamWithSources=
     Slightly modified version of =interFoam=. Adds a source term to
     the momentum equation. The source term is an expression that is
     defined at run-time
**** =mixingThing=
     Demonstration case for it.
     - Preparation :: Run the script to prepare the case
*** FiniteArea
    Demonstration of the =finiteArea=-stuff that works with 1.6-ext
**** =swakSurfactantFoam=
     Variation of =surfactantFoam= that adds an =expressionSource=
**** =planeTransport=
     Demonstration case
     - Preparation :: Use =blockMesh= and =makeFaMesh=
     - Solver :: =surfactantFoam= (without source term) or
     - Demonstrates :: FAM-specific =swakExpressions= and =groovyBC=
                       (as well as the =expressionSource=)
*** other
    Cases that don't have a =groovyBC=
**** =angledDuctImplicit=
     - Solver :: rhoPorousMRFSimpleFoam
     - Mesh preparation :: Execute the in that
          directory. If you want to run in parallel call the
 with the number of processors as
          an argument
     - Demonstrates :: Usage of the =swakTopoSources=. Compares
          different approaches to evaluating with the
          =swakExpression=-functionObject. Also an example dictionary
          that demonstrates the use of =funkyDoCalc=. Demonstrates
          "live" comparing to another case using /foreign meshes/
**** =angledDuctImplicitTransient=
     - Solver :: rhoPorousMRFPimpleFoam
     - Mesh preparation :: Execute the in that
          directory. If you want to run in parallel call the
 with the number of processors as
          an argument
     - Demonstrates :: The same as =angledDuctImplicit= but also the
                       output of temporal changes
**** =capillaryRise=
     - Solver :: interFoam
     - Case preparation :: run the supplied script
     - Demonstrates :: Usage of a sampled surface to track the
                       interface in a VOF-simulation
**** =mixingDam=
     - Solver :: interFoam
     - Case preparation :: run the supplied script
     - Demonstrates :: Emulate a "moving gravitation" by using the
                       =manipulateField=-functionObject to recalculate
                       =gh= and =ghf=
**** OSCFD_cleaningTank3D
     - Solver :: interFoam
     - Case preparation :: run the
     - Description :: The case described on the slides of the
                      talk about =swak4Foam= at the  OSCFD-conference
                      2012 in London
     - Demonstrates :: Boundary conditions, function objects, global
                       variables and delayed variables
**** OSCFD_cleaningTank2D
     A 2D-variant of the above case
*** PythonIntegration
    Demonstrate the integration of =Python=. Mostly using =PyFoam= but
    also with =pythonFlu=
**** =manipulatedPitzDaily=
     - Solver :: simpleFoam
     - Demonstrates :: Usage of =PyFoam= to manipulate the
                       =fvSolution=-file during the run (possible
                       application: unphysical initial conditions
                       cause the run to fail during startup with
                       "normal" relaxation values)
**** =findPointPitzDaily=
     - Solver :: simpleFoam
     - Demonstrates :: Usage of the =pythonFlu=-integration to find
                       the point where the recirculation behind the
                       step ends. Also tries to plot the result using
                       the =matplotlib=-library
**** =bed2OfPisa=
     - Solver :: twoPhaseEulerFoam
     - Demonstrates :: Usage of =PyFoam= to read the direction of
                       gravity and feeding it into a =goovyBC= via
                       global variables
     - Case preparation :: Just call =funkySetFields -time 0=
**** =multiRegionHeaterBuildFunctionObjects=
     - Solver :: chtMultiRegionFoam
     - Demonstrates :: Building the specification of function objects
                       at run-time via a Python-script
*** =CodeStream=
    Demonstrates working together with the =coded=-stuff in OpenFOAM 2.0
*** solvePDE
    Examples for the =functionObjects= that can solve /Partial
    Differential equations/
**** flangeWithPDE
     - Solver :: laplacianFoam
     - Demonstrates :: The usage of the =functionObject= that solves
                       the laplacian (Poisson) equation and
                       (hopefully) that it gets the same result as the
                       native solver
     - Case preparation :: =Allrun=-script is provided
**** pitzDailyWithPDE
     - Solver :: scalarTransportFoam
     - Demonstrates :: Solving additional transport equations
*** BasicSourceSubclasses
    These examples test the source terms based on =basicSource=. They
    only work with OpenFOAM 2.x and all use the =simpleFoam=-solver
**** pitzDailyWithSwirl
     - Demonstrates :: Fixing the values of the velocity in a region
                       with =SwakSetValues=
**** pitzDailyWithExplicitPoroPlug
     - Demonstrates :: Implementing a simple porous plug by adding the
                       Darcy-term as a source term with
**** pitzDailyWithImplicitPoroPlug
     - Demonstrates :: Same as =pitzDailyWithExplicitPoroPlug= but
                       with an implicit source term with
*** Lagrangian
    Tests for the functionObjects that create and evolve a cloud of
**** hotStream
     - Solver :: replayTransientBC
     - Mesh preparation ::
     - Demonstrates :: 3 clouds (kinematic, reacting,
                       solidParticle). Loading of a thermophysical
                       model with a functionObject. Plugin functions
                       for information about the clouds
**** angledDuctWithBalls
     - Solver :: rhoPimpleFoam
     - Demonstrates :: Thermo-cloud. Functions for lagrangian particles
*** tests
    Simple test cases for specific features. The names of the
    directories should give you a hint what is tested there. Most of
    them don't need a real solver but =replayTransientBC= or

    *Note*: for some features these cases are the only example there
     is. Sorry
**** =randomCavity=
     Testing of different seeds for the =rand=-function. Also tests
     the =randFixed=-function
** =maintainanceScripts=
   Undocumented scripts used for maintaining =swak4Foam=. *If you
   don't understand them, don't use them*
* Bug reporting and Development
** Bug reports
   The preferred place for bug reports is

   A sourceforge-account is required for reporting
*** Things to do before reporting bug
    If you're reporting a bug about the compilation please run
    =Allwmake= *twice* and only report the messages from the second
    run. This makes analyzing the log easier as only the unsuccessful
    commands will be reported.

    If the problem seems to be a missing library rerun the compilation
    to make sure that there wasn't a problem with that.
** Development
   Contributions to to =swak4Foam= are most welcome. If you want to
   contribute clone the Mercurial archive of the sources
: hg clone
   Change to the branch that you want to improve (usually =default=)
   and create a new branch
: hg branch <branchName>
   where =<branchname>= is an easily identifiable name that makes the
   purpose of the branch clear (for instance
   =bugfixWrongRandomFunction= or =featureHyperbolicFunctions=). Don't
   work on the =default= branch or any other branches that are not
   "yours". Such contributions will not be merged

   Once development on the branch is finished export the relevant
   changesets with
: hg export <nodeID>
   (=nodeID= being the ids of "your" changesets) and send them to the
   maintainer (or attach them to a bug report on Manits). The changes
   will be reviewed and merged into the =default= branch (do not
   attempt to do this yourself). Patches generated with =hg export=
   make sure that all changes are attributed to the original developer

   An alternative would be the =bundle= command. Just do
: hg bundle <bundlefile>
   and then send the =bundlefile=. This will include *all* commits
   that are not in the upstream repository and will allow similar
   inclusion in the upstream as =export=.

   Once you have proven by successfully submitting changesets via =hg
   export= you can ask for write access to the mercurial repository.
*** Suggest reading
    These topics may be "new" for the average OF-developer:
    - Mercurial :: A short tutorial on this can be found at
          If you already
                   know =git= the
                   be enough for you
    - bison/flex :: This pair of compiler generator tools generate the
                    parsers for the expressions. Google for a tutorial
                    that looks promising to you.

		    For a short example that shows how a new function
		    was added to two parsers have a look at this
		    changeset that added the =cpu()=-function to the
		    field and the the patch-parser (usually you'll
		    have to write a new method for the driver too):
: hg diff -c 8604e865cce6
*** Special branches
    Currently the main branches are:
    - default :: The *main* branch. This is the brancht that the
                 general public will receive. It compiles under 1.7
                 and 1.6-ext
    - =port_2.0.x= :: The branch that compiles under OpenFOAM 2.0. This
                    will eventually become the =default=-branch
    - debianPackaging :: Branch for generating new Debian-packages of
         =swak4Foam=. If somebody wants to "inherit" this: contact the
    - finiteArea :: In this branch the things for the
                    =finiteArea=-discretization (only present in
                    =1.6-ext=) is developed. Usually gets merged back
                    into the =default=-branch once a feature is completed
*** Distributed bug-tracking
    As an experimental feature distributed bug-tracking was introduced
    using the /Artemis/-extension for /Mercurial/ (see
    = An up-to-date version can be
    installed by
: hg clone
    somewhere and installing the plugin by editing =.hgrc=.

    This is *not* the official bug-tracker for =swak4Foam=. It is used
    for keeping track of new features that are to be introduced to
    =swak4Foam= and may be discontinued if the experiment proves to be
* Copyright
  =swak4Foam= is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
  Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
  option) any later version.  See the file COPYING in this directory,
  for a description of the GNU General Public License terms under which
  you can copy the files.
* Known bugs
  The following list is not complete. If the Artemis extension (see
  above) is installed then
: hg ilist
  gives a more up-to-date list
** Moving meshes and =sampledSurfaces=
   It seems that with moving meshes =sampledSurfaces= don't get
   updated. This seems to be a problem with OpenFOAM itself (the
   regular =surfaces=-functionObject doesn't get updated. This is
   currently investigated
** Missing support for interpolation and point-Fields
   Apart from patches and internal fields the support for
   interpolation from cells to faces (and vice versa) is incomplete as
   well as point fields (although they are supported in the grammar)
** Caching of loaded fields not working
   This is especially evident for the =funkyDoCalc=-example
** Possible enhancements of the code
   Not really bugs, but stuff that bugs me
*** Pointers in the driver code
    This is necessary because of =bison=. Investigate possibilities to
    replace these by =tmp= and =autoPtr=
** Possible memory loss
   =valgrind= reports some lost memory for stuff that is not directly
   allocated by =swak4Foam= (in OpenFOAM-sources)

   Will investigate. Relevant places are marked by comments in the
   code. Also the construction of =sampledSet= seems to loose memory

   Currenly problematice parts seem to be:
   - update and =magSf=-calculation of =SampledSurface= (marked in
   - Python interpreter (but no calls in swak were found in the
     stack-trace that could be responsible)
** Non-treatment of the inner product =&= of symmetric tensors
   Before OpenFOAM 2.1 the inner product of two symmetric tensors was
   a symmetric tensor. Since 2.1 it is a general tensor. As the
   general treatment in the grammar would be confusing currently the
   this product was removed from the grammar and therefor will not be
   correctly parsed
** No point-vector construction for Subsets
   The same problem that was mentioned in
   is also true for subsets. But as the interpolation is not
   implemented for most subsets this will be postponed
* History
** 2010-09-13 - version number : 0.1
   First Release
** 2010-12-18 - version number : 0.1.1
   New release
   Most important changes
*** Parser for =sampledSurfaces=
    Now expressions for the field on a sampled surface can be
    evaluated. All =sampledSurfaces= offered by OpenFOAM now can be
*** Multiline =variables=
    The =variables= entry (most notably used in =groovyBC= and
    =swakExpression=) now can be a list of strings. This allows some
    kind of "formatting" (one expression per line) and should improve
*** Two maintainance-scripts were added
    These can copy the libraries and utilities to the global
    installation (for those who think that the swak4Foam-stuff is
    stable enough and want to 'bless' all users at their site with
    it). Note that any local installation still takes precedence
    (because =$FOAM_USER_APPBIN= is before =$FOAM_APPBIN= in the
*** Parsers using 'external variables' are now run-time selectable
    This allows the inclusion of other parsers with the regular
    =swak4Foam= parsers and include them seamlessly with the
    =variables=-mechanism for 'externals' (in other words: you can add
    your own parser in a separate library without having to change
    anything about the overall =swak4Foam=, but it behaves as if it
    was part of it)
** 2011-01-30 - version number : 0.1.2
*** Support for /Finite Area/-stuff
    Now there is support for the =finiteArea=-library found in
    1.6-dev. The support is found in a separate library
    =swakFiniteArea=. It has
    - a parser =faField= for =areaFields=
    - a parser =faPatch= for patches of =areaFields=
    - a variant of =groovyBC= for these patches
    - a computed source =faExpressionSource=
    - Function-object-variants for =areaFields=: =clearExpression=,
      =expressionField= and =manipulateField=. These work the same as
      their =volField=-counterparts
*** Bugfix for compiling in single precision
*** New function =nearDist=
** 2011-04-20 - version number : 0.1.3
   New features and changes are (this list is not complete):
*** New utility =funkySetAreaField=
    Like =funkySetFields= for /finiteArea/. Also writes out a volume
    field for easier post-processing
*** Refactoring of =groovyBC= and groovified boundary conditions
    Makes it easier to use the =groovyBC=-machinery for other boundary
    conditions. Two standard boundary conditions were
    /groovified/. Others may follow
*** Easier deployment
    If no =simpleFunctionObjects= are present they can be downloaded
    by a script.
    Also scripts to handle global installations of =swak4Foam=
*** Force equations
    A class to force equations to certain values according to
*** New utility =funkyDoCalc=
    Utility does calculations on saved results and outputs single
    numbers (min, max, sum, average) to the terminal. Can be used for
    reporting or validity checks
*** Debian packaging
    Crude packaging for Debian
*** Lookup-tables
    A single-argument function can be specified as a piecewise linear
    function. Basically works like timelines but the argument can be
    something else (not only the time)
*** Stored variables
    Variables that store their values between time-steps. Applications
    are statistics or switches
*** Sampled sets
    Sampled sets can now also be used as en entity on which
    calculation is possible.
** 2011-07-26 - version number : 0.1.4
*** Port to OpenFOAM 2.0
    This is the first release that officially supports OpenFOAM 2.0

    Also it is the first release that incorporates the
*** New features:
**** Rewrite of =rand= and =randNormal=
     - These two functions now can receive an integer seed that
       determines the pseudo-randooom sequence generated by  these functions
     - Two functions =randFixed= and =randNormalFixed= were
       added. While the usual =rand= functions generate a different
       result at every time-steps for these functions the pseudo-random
       sequence is determined *only* by the seed (not by the timestep)
**** Binary =min= and =max=
     Take the bigger/smaller of two fields. Helps avoid =?:=-operations
**** Allow writing of only volume-fields in =funkySetAreaFields=
     Application: If the results of the calculation are only needed in
**** Internal changes
     - Use =autoPtr= for sets
     - Update sets that change in memory or on disc
*** Bug-fixes
**** =funkySetAreaFields= did not check for the correct fields
     Fixed by Petr Vita
**** =surfaceProxy= uses the wrong geometric data
**** Avoid floating point exceptions with division of fields
     Calculated boundaries were $0$ and caused a division by zero
*** Packaging
**** Update Debian packaging
     - Packaging information for the currently used OF-version is
       generated (allows a separate =swak=-package for every OF-version
     - Submission to launchpad added
**** Deployment scripts
     Now install to =FOAM_SITE_APPBIN/LIBBIN=
** 2011-10-03 - version number : 0.1.5
*** New features
**** =replayTransientBC= now supports multiple regions
     Uses the usual =-region=-option. Looks for a separate dictionary
     in the =system=-directory of that region
**** =replayTransientBC= allows execution of functionObjects
     This can be switched on using the =allowFunctionObjects=-option
**** =Python=-embedding
     Allows the execution of Python-Code in a functionObject

     This feature is still experimental and the organization of the
     libraries is subject to change
**** Global variables
     It is now possible to define variables that are 'global': They
     can be read in any entity.

     Currently these variables can only be uniform.

     To access global variables the specification-dictionary has to
     have a =wordList= named =globalScopes=. The scopes are searched
     in that order for the names of global variables. Having scopes
     allows some kind of separation of the variables
**** Using OF 2.0 codeStreams
     Adds a functionObject =swakCoded= that extends the
     =coded=-functionObject to read and write global variables
**** Simplified boundary condition =groovyBCFixedValue=
     Added a boundary condition than allows to only fix the
     values. This should help to avoid problems with cases that don't
     like =mixed= (on which the regular =groovyBC= is based)
**** Function objects to solve PDEs
     Two function objects that solve /Partial Differential Equations/
     during a run have been added:
     - one that solves a laplacian (Poisson) equation
     - one that solves the transport equation for a scalar
     The relevant coefficients (including explicit and implicit source
     terms) can be specified using expressions
*** Administrative and packaging
**** Inject =swak4Foam= into a distro
     Added a script that takes the current sources, copies them into
     the appropriate places of a =OpenFOAM=-installation and slightly
     rewrites them to compile in this place. What happens then
     (committing them into the repository or just plain compilation)
     is up to the maintainer
**** Absorb =simpleFunctionObjects=
     As many parts of =swak4Foam= depend on it the
     =simpleFunctionObjects= have now been absorbed into
     =swak4Foam=. They can still be compiled on their own
*** Bugfixes
**** Variables not working for parallel computations
     If a variable is defined and the patch which it is defined on
     doesn't have any faces the variable is reported on that processor
     as /not existing/ and the whole run fails
** 2012-01-04 - version number : 0.1.6
*** Cases changed
**** =circulatingSplash=
     Fixed according to a suggestion by Andreas Otto. Now runs again
     (used to crash some time-steps into the beginning)
*** Infrastructure
**** Check for correct =bison=-version
     The =Allwmake=-script now checks for the correct bison-version
     (and the existence of =bison=) and fails if it doesn't seem to be
     the right one
**** Supply a header with preprocessor-symbols about the used OF-version
     To allow distinguishing different OF-versions as discussed in the
     bug report
     the =Allwmake=-script now generates a header file
     =foamVersion4swak.H= that defines the symbols
*** Technical
**** Refactoring of the FieldDriver
     - now can also produce surfaceFields
     - full support of =tensor=, =symmTensor= and =sphericalTensor=
**** Refactoring of the FaFieldDriver
     - now can also produce edgeFields
     No support for tensors yet
**** Writing of =storedVariables=
     If necessary (for instance =swakExpression=-functionObject) the
     =storedVariables= are written to disc (into a subdirectory
     =swak4Foam= of the timestep) and are reread at the start. This
     allows consistent restarts (for instance if a flow was summed
     using the variable) *if the expressions stay the same*.
**** =simpleFunctionObjects= now write vectors and tensors without brackets
     Data files can now be written without brackets but each component on
     its own. The number of entries in the header is not adjusted
**** A /default mesh/ for the drivers exists
     For drivers that don't have access to a =fvMesh= a default mesh
     exists. This default mesh is defined by the first =fvMesh= that
     is used during the construction of *any* driver.

     Definition of the default mesh can be forced using the
     =initSwakFunctionObject= (see the test case =flowRateAngledDuct=)
*** New features
**** General =phi= in =solveTransportPDE=
     Due to the refactoring of the =FieldDriver= now =phi= can be
     specified by a general expression (instead of 'only' a
**** =funkySetFields= now also writes surfaceFields
     Can write =surfaceVector= and =surfaceScalar=-Fields. Condition
     has to be consistent
**** Function objects now =surfaceField=-aware
     =expressionField= and =manipulateField= now can create or modify
**** =funkySetFields= and function objects support tensors
     =funkySetFields= and the function objects =expressionField= and
     =manipulateField=  now also work with the three tensor-types
**** Extension of the =expressionToFace= =topoSet=
     If the expression evaluates to a =surfaceField= then this is used
     as a flag whether or not the face is in the =faceSet=. If the
     expression evaluates to a =volScalarField= then the old semantic
     applies (faces are in the set if one cell is =true= and the other
     is =false=).

     This only works for internal faces
**** =addGlobalVariable= allows setting more than one value
     If there is an entry =globalVariables= then this dictionary is
     used to set the variables
**** Function object =calculateGlobalVariables=
     Calculates variables and then pushes them to a global namespace
**** Generate a dummy =phi= in =replayTransientBC=
     New option added that generates a =phi= field with value $0$ to
     keep boundary conditions like =inletOutlet= happy
**** Function object to dump expression results
     The functionObject =dumpSwakExpression= dumps the complete
     results of a swakExpression to file at each timestep. This
     produces huge files and is therefor not endorsed
**** Additional options for =funkySetFields=
     Add the options =allowFunctionObjects= and =addDummyPhi= to
     execute functionObjects and add a =phi=-field (for fields that
     require these)
**** Boundary condition =groovcBCDirection=
     Based on the =directionMixed= boundary condition this allows to
     set a boundary condition as a Dirichlet-condition only in certain
     directions while in the other directions it is a
**** Boundary condition =groovyBCJump=
     Boundary condition that imposes a jump in the value on a cyclic
     boundary condition pair (based on =jumpCyclic=). Only works for
     scalar values
**** =simpleFunctionObjects= write CSV-files
     Setting the option =outputFileMode= to =csv= writes
     CSV-files. The option-value =foam= is the default (old style). The
     option-value =raw= writes the values delimited by spaces (no
     brackets for vectors and tensors)
**** Submeshes automatically read if =searchOnDisc= specified
     If a submesh is not yet in memory and the option =searchOnDisc=
     is set, the mesh is automatically read into memory and kept there
**** Conditional =functionObjects=
     The =simpleFunctionObjects=-library now has a number of
     functionObjects that allow the conditional execution of a list of
     function objects.

     These are
     - executeIfExecutableFits :: if the name of the executable fits a
          regular expression the function objects are executed
     - executeIfObjectExists :: if a named object exists (or
          alternatively: doesn't exist) in the registry execute the
          function objects. Type checking also implemented
     - executeIfEnvironmentVariable :: execute if an environment
          variable satisfies a certain condition (exists, doesn't
          exist, fits a regular expression)
     - executeIfFunctionObjectPresent :: execute if a specific
          functionObject is present. This can help prevent failures if
          a functionObject is missing for technical reasons
     In addition the =simpleSwakFunctionObjects=-library has
     - executeIfSwakObject :: Evaluates a logical swak-expression. The
          results are either accumulated using logical /or/ (if *one*
          value is true the result will be true) or logical /and/ (all
          values have to be true)
     The =pythonIntegration=-library has
     - executeIfPython :: Evaluates a Python-code-snipplet that
          returns a value. If this value is "true" in Pythons
          standards then the functionObjects are executed
**** =functionObject= that reads gravitation
     =simpleFunctionObjects= has an additional function object that
     reads the direction of gravitation. The purpose is to assist
     boundary conditions like =buoyantPressure= that rely on it to
     work. Best used together with conditional function objects ("If
     =g= is missing ....")
**** PDE-functionObjects for =finiteArea=
     Solve transport and laplacian equation
**** Subclass to =DataEntry= that uses /swak/-expressions
     This is defined in the =swak4FoamParsers=-library. The class
     needs a default mesh defined to construct the driver. Definition
     of the default mesh (if no other driver was constructed in some
     function-object or by a =groovyBC=) can be forced using the
     =initSwakFunctionObject= (see the test case =flowRateAngledDuct=)
**** =funkySetAreaField= now also writes edgeFields
     Similar to the =surfaceFields= in =funkySetFields=
*** Bug fixes
**** Compilation with Intel-Compiler possible
     The =Utilities= failed with the Intel-compiler. Compilation now
     falls back to good old =g++=
**** Access to tensor-components not working
     Because the tokens were not defined in the =flex=-files getting
     tensor components with =tensor.xx= did not work. Fixed
**** Constants for surfaceFields not working
     Because surfaceFields know no =zeroGradient= the template
     =makeConstant= did not work
**** =snGrad= does not work for patches if the file is on disc
     Change so that the field gets temporarily loaded to calculate the
     gradient on the patch. Same for =internalField= and
**** =potentialFoam= does not correctly use a =groovyBC=
     The reason is that =groovyBC= usually doesn't get evaluated
     during construction. The reason is that it is hard to tell
     whether all required fields are already in memory. The current
     fix is a workaround: setting =evaluateDuringConstruction= to
     =true= forces the BC to be evaluated during construction
**** Extra evaluation of boundary conditions causes failure
     Extra evaluation of boundary condition that should fix the
     problem with =calculated= patches causes =funkySetFields= to fail
     with stock boundary conditions if not all fields are present in
*** Discontinued features
**** =groovyFlowRateInletVelocity=
     This boundary condition will be removed in future releases
     because the base class now supports the more general
     =DataEntry=-class for which a =swak=-subclass exists
** 2012-04-13 - version number : 0.2.0 Friday the 13th
*** New features
**** Region name in =simpleFunctionObject=.outputs
     To distinguish the output of various instances of
     =functionObjects= from the =simpleFunctionObjects=-library in
     multi-region cases the screen-output is prefixed with the region
     name. For the default region nothing changes. Directory names
     stay the same as they are unambiguous anyway (they contain the
     name of the functionObject)
**** Temporal operators =ddt= and =oldTime=
     For fields (not expressions!) the value at a previous timestep
     can be gotten via =oldTime(field)= if that information exists
     (also for =funkySetFields= if the corresponding file =field_0=

     For fields that support it (basically volume-fields) there is
     also a =ddt=-operator that calculates the explicit
     time-derivative (if information about the last timestep exists)

     Currently implemented for
     - internalFields :: =oldTime= and =ddt=
     - patch :: only =oldTime=
     - cellSet,cellZone :: only =oldTime=
     - sampledSurface,sampledSet :: only =oldTime=
     - faceSet,faceZone :: =oldTime=
     - internalFaFields :: =oldTime= and =ddt=
     - faPatch :: only =oldTime=

     If there is no old time value stored and in the parser dictionary
     the parameter =prevIterIsOldTime= is set, then the previous
     iteration value is used as the old time.
**** Boundary condition =groovcBCDirection=
     Based on the =directionMixed= boundary condition this allows to
     set a boundary condition as a Dirichlet-condition only in certain
     directions while in the other directions it is a

     *Note*: this should have been in the last release but was
      forgotten to merge into the default branch
**** Boundary condition =groovyBCJump=
     Boundary condition that imposes a jump in the value on a cyclic
     boundary condition pair (based on =jumpCyclic=). Only works for
     scalar values

     *Note*: this should have been in the last release but was
      forgotten to merge into the default branch
**** Function to return the position of minimum and maximum
     The functions =minPosition= and =maxPosition= return the position
     of the minimum or the maximum of a scalar field

     This is implemented for all field types
**** Support for =pointFields= in the field-parsers
     Now can read and generate pointFields.

     Detailed features (apart from the standard symbols) are:
     - Function =point= generates a constant =pointScalarField=
     - Function =pts()= returns a =pointVectorField= with the point
     - Functions =pzone= and =pset= generate logical fields according
       to existing pointZones or pointSets
     - Functions =interpolateToCell= and =interpolateToPoint=
       interpolate from pointFields to volFields and from volFields to

     Utilities and functionObjects affected by this are
     - =funkySetFields=
     - new topoSource =expressionToPoint=
     - =expressionField= and =manipulateField= now can deal with pointFields
**** Support for tensors in the =finiteArea=-field parser
     The =faField=-parser now supports tensors, symmetric tensors and
     spherical tensors.

     Not all operators are supported because the are not instantiated
     in 1.6-ext
**** New convenience-variables for the Python-Integration
     These variables are added in the namespace to ease the writing of
     Python-code whose output is consistent with OF
     - timeName :: Name of the current time as a string. Allows the
                   construction of directory names
     - outputTime :: Boolean that indicates whether this is a timestep
                     where OpenFOAM will write output
**** Additional operators from the =fvc=-namespace
     The missing operators from the =fvc=-namespace have been added to
     the Field-parser. These are
     - =d2dt2= :: for all volumeFields
     - =flux= :: for all volumFields. Needs a surfaceField as a first
     - =meshPhi= :: for volume-vector-fields. Optional with a
                    scalar-field that acts as the density as the first
                    argument. Only works in the context of a solver
                    with a dynamic mesh and hasn't been tested yet
     The only missing operators from the =fvc=-namespace are
     =volumeIntegrate=/=domainIntegrate=. These have been omitted as
     they are trivial to implement using other functions
*** Infrastructure
**** Full parallel compilation
     Thanks to patches supplied by Bruno Santos (see
     compilation of the libraries is now possible in parallel
**** Version numbers and version number reporting
     Releases up to now got a version number. Utilities now report the
     version number. This should make it easier to find out whether
     problems are due to an old version

     Still looking for a way to do that for the libraries (so that
     they will report it if dynamically loaded)
*** Packaging
**** Update of the Debian-Packaging
     =make dpkg= now genrates also a valid package if the current
     OpenFOAM-installation is *not* installed using the =dpkg=.
*** Changes in the behavior
**** Directory variables in Python-integration
     For parallel runs the content of the =caseDir=-variable changed
     and a few variables have been added
     - caseDir :: in parallel runs now points to the =FOAM_CASE=
                  instead of the processor subdirectory
     - systemDir :: points to the global =system=-directory
     - constantDir :: points to the global =constant=-directory
     - procDir :: in parallel runs points to the
                  processor-subdirectory of the current CPU
     - meshDir :: The mesh data (of the current processor in parallel
     - timeDir :: Directory where data would be written to at the
                  current time (processor dependent)
**** User must acknowledge parallelization in Python-integration
     In parallel runs the user must set the =isParallelized= to =true=
     if the =parallelMasterOnly= is set to =false=.

     With that he indicates that in his opinion the Python-code has no
     bad side-effects in parallel runs and that he doesn't blame
     swak4Foam if anyting bad happens
*** Bug fixes
**** =interFoam=-based example solvers do not compile on 2.1
     As reported in
     due to a change the way the PISO-loop is treated the
     =interFoamWithSources= and =interFoamWithFixed= don't compile
     with 2.1 anymore.

     To avoid =#ifdef= in the solver sources there is now a separate
     set of sources (labeled =pre2.1=) for older versions. The regular
     sources work with 2.1 (and hopefully the following)
**** =-allowFunctionObjects=-option not working for =replayTransientBC=
     Function-objects only work with the
     =while(runTime.loop())=-construct in 2.1. The utility now uses
**** Field itself can not be used in =funkySetBoundaryField=
     Bug reported:

     An expression like =2*U= did not work for the field =U=. Reason
     was that the registry already held an object called =U= (the
     dictionary representation of the field) and therefor refused to
     load/register another =U=.

     Has been fixed by de-registering the dictionary =U= immediately
     after loading.
**** No gradient for vectors in FieldParser
     The gradient for a vector field (result: a tensor field) was not
     calculated. It is now part of the grammar
**** Some operators for tensors not working in 1.6-ext
     =tr=, =inv= and =det= were not working for some tensort types in
     1.6-ext. The parser now fails if such a combination is
     used. Works OK for other OF-versions

     Also introduced a workaround for certain operators not being
     properly defined for pointFields (by using the internal fields)
**** =x=, =y=, =z= and =xy= etc not available as field names
     These symbols could not be used as field names because they were
     used for the components of vectors and tensors

     Now these names are only used if the =.=-operator asks for a
     component. This is implemented for these parsers
     - FieldValues
     - PatchValues
     - SubsetValues (all Zones, sets and samples)
     - finiteArea-Parsers: faPatch and faField
**** Missing tensor components for point-Fields in some parsers
     All parsers except the field-parser were missing the access to
     tensor components in the grammar
**** No vector construction possible for point-vectors (and tensors) in PatchField
     As mentioned in
     it was not possible to construct a point-vector field using
     =vector(toPoint(1),toPoint(1),toPoint(1))=. Same for tensors
**** Incomprehensible error message in =funkySetFields= if the field is missing
     The error message in =funkySetFields= that was issued when a
     field is supposed to be created was not very helpful (something
     about the field currently being an =IOobject=)
**** Missing =magSqr= in parsers
     This function was reported missing on the message board
**** Wrong size when composing vectors and tensors for point-fields
     The composed objects got their size from the current parser, not
     the components. This resulted in a segmentation-fault for
**** =icc= does not compile =executeIfExecutableFitsFunctionObject= on Linux
     Preprocessor symbol =linux= unknown. Replaced with =__linux__=
**** Enhancement to the =trackDictionary=-functionObject
     Now handles bad or non-existent filenames for dictionaries to

     Fix provided by Martin Beaudoin
** 2012-10-18 - version number : 0.2.1
*** Requirements
**** =flex 2.5.35=
     This version is needed for the reentrant parsers. =2.5.33= *may*
     work but is untested. Version =2.5.4= which is on some old
     systems definitely does not work
**** =bison 2.4=
     Version 2.3 compiles but there is an offset-problem with the
     locations that breaks the Plugin-functionality

     Mac-users will have to install =bison= from another source (for
     instance =MacPorts=)
*** Bug fixes
**** Make sure that =Allwmake= always uses the =bash=
     On Ubuntu =/bin/sh= is something else and the scripts fail.
     Hardcode to =/bin/bash=
**** still in Makefile
     This script (which was removed long ago) was still referenced in
     the =Makefile=.
**** =grad= in fields added dimensions
     =grad= and other operators from =fvc= added dimensions to values
     that were supposed to be dimensionless. This has been fixed
**** Default =condition= for surface fields wrong size in =funkySetFields=
     Due to a typo the constructed condition field was too short for
     surface-fields (too long for volume-fields, but that didn't matter)
**** =mappedFvPatch= not treated like regular patches
     The field-driver created patch fields there as =calcuated= when
     =zeroGradient= would have been more appropriate
**** =flip()= for =faceSet= not correctly calculated
     A =SortableList= was used which meant that the vector with the
     flip values was not in the correct order
**** =fset()= crashes when =faceSet= has boundary faces
     This problem was due to a non-special treatment of faces on the
     boundary. Fixed (for =faceZone= as well).

     Also boundary faces are now honored in =expressionToFace= if the
     expression is a surface-field (for the volume-field logic
     boundary faces will never work)
**** =groovyBC= produced incorrect results with =wallHeatFlux= etc
     The reason was that during construction =refGradient=, =refValue=
     etc were not read correctly (if present).

     This is now fixed in =groovyBC= and the other BCs (=groovyBC= for
     pointFields and =groovyBCDirection=)
**** Global variables not found in =faField=
     The Lexer correctly identified the variable but the =getField=
     method did not know how to get it.

**** Wrong type of condition field in =funkySetAreaFields=
     If no condition was evaluated the utility generated a
     pseudo-field of the wrong length
**** =calculated=-patches $0$ for some operations
     For some operations in the =Field=-driver the
     =calculated=-patches had the value $0$ instead of the number of
     the next cell. This caused certain calculations to fail (give

     The =FaField=-driver did no fixing of the =calculated=-patches at

     This is fixed
**** =sqr= of a =vector= should produce a =symmTensor=
     Reported in

     Added the =sqr= at the right place to the grammars. Also some
     other missing tensor operations (=dev= and =symm=).
**** =funkySetFields= produced wrong values on processor patches
     Patch fields were not copied any no =correctBoundaryField= was
     called for technical reasons.

     Fix: values copied by hand
**** =sortedToc= does not exist for =1.6-ext=
     Introduced a preprocessor symbol that allows using sortedToc on
     newer versions
**** Wrong =size()= and =pointSize()= reported for =FaField=-driver
     This was due to a strange () (still don't know what happened
**** Memory leak in the field drivers
     The strings of parsed IDs were not properly deleted. Funnily this
     was done correctly in the Patch and the Subset-driver. Also for

     Also fixed a leak with the labels of plugin-functions that was
     present with all drivers
**** Maintenance scripts not working with non-=bash= =/bin/sh=
     Reported by Oliver Krueger that on systems where =/bin/sh= is not
     a =bash= anymore (newer Ubuntu and SuSE) the sourcing of doesn't work anymore.

     Fixed and moved all the files to the =maintainanceScripts=-folder
**** =cof= and =diag= undefined
     Added. Diag had to be reprogrammed as it is not implemented for
     fields (probably for performance reasons).

     Also some tensor operators were missing (probably lost during copy/paste)
****  No new file created if number of patches for patchAverage changes
      Reported in

      Fixed by removing all file pointers if the number of patches changes
**** =variables= intolerant on spaces
     Spaces in the list of variables made the reading
     fail because words can't contain spaces. For instance
: "var =T*2;"
     Now all the spaces are removed before assigning to
     variables. This will also remove spaces on the "inside" thus
: "v ar =T*2;"
     the same as the above expression. But it is unlikely that the
     call will be used in this way
**** Missing =div=-operations
     These valid =div=-operations were missing from the grammar:
     - Divergence of a volume-tensor (all three kinds) producing a
     - Divergence of a surface-tensor (all three kinds) producing a
**** Fields created by =expressionField= written too late
     Fields created by that function object were written with the
     value from the timestep before because the regular write occurs
     before the execution of the function objects.

**** =storedVariables= did not require a =initialValue=
     Now an initial value is required (instead of the default empty
     string which caused parser failure)
**** Dimension checking makes =expressionField= fail
     Reason is that during the calculation of the variables dimensions
     are checked.

     Now the functionObject switches the checking off. But a more
     general solution is desirable
**** =expressionField= at last timestep not written
     The functionObject does not write (and calculate) the field at
     the last timestep.

     Fixed with an one-liner
**** =groovyBC= makes =interFoam=-runs fail unpredictably
     Reason was an uninitialized =valueFraction= which sometimes has
     values that cause a floating point exception. Fixed
**** Global variables of different sizes break parallel runs
     Because =size()= was equal to the expected size on some
     processors. Not on all. Now the branch is taken if the size is
     equal on *all* processors
**** Fields treated with =readAndUpdateFields= were written one timestep too late
     Fields were not written after the boundary condition was
     updated. Now they are
*** Enhancements
**** Topology-operators now support =variables= etc
     The topology operators =expressionToCell=, =expressionToFace= and
     =expressionToPoint= now support =variables= and the other
     supporting keywords if being constructed with a dictionary (for
     instance from the =topoSet=-utility)
**** Fields touched by =manipulateField= being written
     Usually the manipulated version of the fields is not written as
     the manipulation happens *after* writing. The option
     =writeManipulated= enforces writing.

     Writing is not the default behavior to avoid side-effects
**** Indicator functions =onPatch= and =internalFace= added to field-expressions
     The function =onPatch(name)= returns a surface-field that is $1$
     on all faces that belong to patch =name=.

     The function =internalFace()= is $1$ on all internal faces and
     $0$ on all patches
**** Non-uniform second argument for =pow=
     Now the second argument to the =pow=-function can be a
**** Added transpose to the tensors
     The expression =A.T()= transposes the tensor =A= (for symmetrical
     and spherical tensors it leaves them untouched)
**** Added unit tensor =I= to parsers
     If no field =I= is defined then this is used as the unit-tensor
**** Added the /Hodge dual/ operator
     The unary operator =*= calculates for tensors and symmetrical
     tensors the hodge dual
**** =replayTransientBC= can now switch on function-objects via dictionary
     The optional entry =useFunctionObjects= switches on the execution
     of function objects during the calculation
**** =replayTransientBC= can now create a =phi=-field via dictionary
     The optional entry =addDummyPhi= creates a =phi=-field
**** =expressionField= now allows the specification of a dimension
     The =dimensions=-entry is now read at the same time the variables
     are read (this should work for all programs/functionObjects where
     the parser is not constructed using a dictionary but the
     dictionary is later searched for the =variables=-entry)
*** New features
**** Allow dynamically loaded plugins that add new functions to parsers
     This allows easy extension of the functionality of =swak4Foam=
     without modifying the grammar files.

     The way it works is that new functions are added to a
     runtime-selection table. If the grammar can not resolve a symbol
     as a built-in function or a field (but only then) it looks up the
     name in this table and evaluates the function. Parameters are
     parsed separately and can be:
     - primitive data types :: integer, float, string and word
     - swak-expression :: an expression parsed by one of the
          swak-parsers. The type of this expression does not
          necessarily have to be the same as the one of the 'main'
     The first time a plugin function is searched =swak4Foam= prints a
     list of all the available functions of this type. Information
     included is the return type and the types of the parameters
     (these include the parser used, the expected type and a parameter

     Libraries with plugin-functions are added via the =libs=-entry in
     the =system/controlDict=

     A number of plugin-libraries are already included covering these
     - Evaluation of functions of the turbulence, transport or thermo
     - Different random number distributions
     - Functions to "project" =sampledSets= and =sampledSurfaces= onto
       a volume-field
     - Execute explicit discretization functions (like =grad=) but
       select the used scheme in the function instead of using the
       value from =fvSchemes=
     - Calculations of the mesh quality (same way =checkMesh= does)
       and return as fields
     - Do calculations locally on a cell (like the maximum on its
     - Get the source fields and other properties from lagrangian
       clouds based on the basic intermediate cloud classes
       (Kinematic, Thermo, Reacting, ReactingMultiphase)

     It has been tried to make the names unique instead of
     short. Usually function names from one library are prefixed with
     the same short string.
**** Dynamically generated lists of =functionObjects=
     The new =dynamicFunctionObjectListProxy= in the
     =simpleFunctionObjects= can generate a =functionObjectList= from
     a string and execute them during the run like regular

     The string is provided by a special class (the so called
     =dictionaryProvider=). Current implementations for the provider are:
     - fromFileDictionaryProvider :: reads the text from a dictionary
     - stdoutFromCommandProvider :: executes a program and takes the
          standard output as the dictionary text
     - stdoutFromPythonScriptProvider :: executes a python-script and
          takes the stdout as the dictionary text
     The string must be in the format o a regular OpenFOAM-dictionary
     with an entry =functions= from which the functionObjects are
**** Function object =readAndUpdateFields=
     This FO in the =simpleFunctionObjects= reads a number of fields
     and updates their boundary conditions at every timestep.

     Main purpose is to let =groovyBC= do calculations and use the
     results for post-processing purposes

     Does not support surface-fields as these don't have a

     Example of the usage in the =angledDuctImplicit=-case (the
     results are of limited value because of the temperature boundary
**** Source terms based on =basicSource=
     Three source terms were added. These source terms are in the
     =swakSourceFields=-library and can be used with solvers that use
     the =sourcesProperties=-dictionary. The sources are
     - SwakSetValue :: sets values according to a mask or the
                       mechanism provided by =basicSource=
     - SwakExplicitSource :: Uses the calculated source term on the
          right hand side of the equation
     - SwakImplicitSource :: Uses a calculated scalar-field to add an
          implicit source term (source is *without* the actual field)
     These fields are only implemented in the 2.x-version of =swak=
     because the interface of =basicSource= is very different in 1.7
     and a backport was unnecessary
**** Function objects that stop a run gracefully
     =simpleFunctionObjects= now has a function object
     =writeAndEndFieldRange= that stops a run (and writes the last
     time) if a field is outside a specified range.

     A similar function object =writeAndEndSwakExpression= is in the
     =simpleSwakFunctionObjects= that stops if a swak-expression
     evaluates to true. =writeAndEndPython= does the same in

     Note: after the run is written one more timestep is calculated
     (this seems to be due to the fact that FOs are calculated at the
     start of a timestep). Also there are issues if the next timestep
     is a scheduled write-time (this only seem to be an issue with
     1.7.x. It all works fine on 2.1.x)
**** Function-objects to load thermophysical and turbulence models
     New function objects in the =simpleFunctionObjects= allow the
     loading of such models for solvers/utilities that don't have such
     models but where some functionObject (for instance) needs such a
     model to be in memory
**** Function-objects that create and evolve clouds of lagrangian particles
     Added as part of the =simpleFunctionObjects= some functionObjects
     that create a cloud of particles and evolve them at every

     The appropriate fields needed by every cloud have to be present
     (either supplied by the solver or via a =functionObject=)
**** Function-object =manipulatePatchField= to manipulate the field on patches
     This function objects allows the manipulation of patch fields
     like =manipulateField= allows the manipulation of the internal
     field. Only use if desperate
**** Delayed variables to simulate responses
     If a variable is declared in the =delayedVariables=-list then its
     behavior changes: when a value is assigned to that variable then
     the value is not immediately used but after the time specified in
     =delay=. Values are stored at intervals =storeInterval= and
     interpolated linearly. If no stored data is available then the
     value of the expression =startupValue= is used.

     This feature allows the modeling of boundary conditions that
     react with a delay to flow conditions
**** Allow preloading of fields in =funkySetFields=
     To satisfy the requirements of certain boundary conditions
     =funkySetFields= now allows the preloading of fields. This is
     only available in dictionary mode with the =preloadFields=-entry
     (for each entry in the =expressions=-list separately)
*** Infrastructure
**** Compilation script checks =SWAK4FOAM_SRC=
     The environment variable =SWAK4FOAM_SRC= is needed for the
     =swakCoded=-functionObject. The =Allwmake=-script now checks
     whether this variable exists and prints a message with the
     correct value if it doesn't. It also checks whether the value is
     correct and warns if it isn't
**** =Allwmake= creates symbolic links in =swakFiniteArea=
     The links to =mybison= and =myflex= are missing when the sources
     are downloaded as a tarball. The =Allwmake=-script now creates
     these links if they are missing
**** Reformatting of the parser sources
     Sources of the parsers have been completely reformatted to make
     them more readable and maintainable
**** Move non-parser sources in =swak4FoamParsers= into sub-directories
     Make the directory a little bit cleaner
** Next release - version number : 0.2.2
*** Incompatibilities to previous versions
**** Python-integration library renamed
     To avoid clashes with other similar efforts (not that I know of
     any) the library has been renamed to

     Usually only the =libs=-entry in the controlDict has to be
     changed (if the library is used at all). Names of the function
     objects stay the same
**** Change in write behaviour of =expressionField= and =manipulateField=
     Now the =outputControl=-entry is honored. If set wrong the field
     is *no longer* calculated/manipulated at every time-step
*** Bug fixes
**** 2.x-branch did not compile on 2.0
     Branch only compiled on 2.1, but not on 2.0 due to changes in the

     Fix provided by Bruno Santos
**** =groovyBC=: =value= reset to $0$ during construction
     If no =refValue= is given during construction then a value of $0$
     is assumed for this and during a preliminary update the value is
     reset to this value.

     Fixed by using the =value= as the =refValue= if no =refValue= is
**** Unspecified =value= in =addGlobalVariables= produces obscure error message
     The error message occured much later when a =tmp= tried to copy a
     =NULL=-pointer and was not obvious at all for the general user. Fixed
**** Did not compile on =1.6-ext=
     1.6-ext does not consider the product of two symmetrical tensors
     to be symmetrical. Fixed
**** Python integration did not get global variables
     Change in the interface of the =ExpressionResult=-class
     broke the access of global variables from a
     Python-functionObject. Fixed
**** =maintainanceScripts/ failed when no Mercurial is installed
     This didn't influence the compilation (as there is already a
     current version file there) but confused people.
**** Non-uniform variables for =internalField= only worked correctly for volume fields
     Face and point fields did not propagate the information correctly
     and were treated as non-uniform volume fields of the wrong
     size. This should now be fixed
**** Division of =faceFields= causes division by zero
     The reason was that the patches of the divisor had a value of
     zero. This has been fixed by only dividing the
     =internalFields()=. Same for =pointFields=.
**** =valuePatches= did not work for mapped patches
     This kind of patch was not identified as something that could
     have the value fixed
<<<<<<< variant A
**** Recent versions of 2.1.x break compilation of =CommonValueExpressionDriver.C=
     The definition of the operator =lessOp= clashed with another
     definition. Renamed.

     Fix provided by Bruno Santos
**** =expressionField= and =manipulateField= did not honor the =outputControl=-entry
     =expressionFields= were calculated at every time-step, even if
     the computational cost was high. Now if =outputControl= is
     =outputTime= the field is only calculated if it is going to be
*** New Examples
**** Cases from the /OSCFD12/ Conference in London
     On the slides the case files were promised
*** New features
**** Access fields from different cases
     It is now possible for expression on =internalFields= to access
     fields from different cases. These fields are always read from
     disk when being accessed for the first time and stay cached in
     memory until the time is changed. The data is interpolated to the
     current mesh with the =meshToMesh=-class (which is the workhorse
     of the =mapFields=-utility)

     The meshes are stored in a repository and are accessed via a
     name. If for instance the mesh is known under the name
     =otherMesh= then in an expression the term =otherMesh(T)= is the
     field =T= from that other mesh at the specified time interpolated
     to the current mesh.

     Certain function objects and parser instances allow specifying
     foreign meshes in a subdictionary =foreignMeshes=.
**** Patch-expressions now support mapped-patches
     This is the long asked for feature to "get non-uniform values
     from other patches". It only works if the patches are specified
     as =mapped= (or =directMapped= for 1.x). Therefor a patch can
     only access one other patch with this.

     On a mapped patch =mapped(T)= gets field =T= from whatever this
     patch maps from (other patch, cells, faces). =mappedInternal(T)=
     gets the values from the internal cells on the other patch (this
     only works for patches).

     On a mapped patch an external variable expression for patches now
     changes its meaning: if =other= is the patch that the current
     patch maps from (and only then) then =var{patch'other}=expr=
     evaluates =expr= on the other patch and then maps the values to
     the current patch (=var= may be non-uniform). In all other
     circumstances =var= will get a uniform value which is derived
     from whatever =expr= evaluates to.

     To allow non-uniform =offsets= in the specification of mapped
     patches in =polyMesh/boundary= a utility
     =calcNonUniformOffsetsForMapped= was developed.
**** Function objects that manipulate time
     The framework for function objects that manipulate the =runTime=
     were added. The concrete implementations are
     - setDeltaTByTimeline :: set the timestep from a data file
     - setDeltaTWithPython :: set the timestep by evaluating a
          Python-snipplet that should return a floating point number
     - setEndTimeWithPython :: set the end time from the evaluation of
          a Python-snipplet
*** Enhancements
**** Python-Integration now supports numpy-arrays
     If the =numpy=-library is found then global variables which are
     fields are being transformed to =numpy=-arrays. These arrays can
     be accessed with the usual =numpy=-array access like =a[i,j]= or
     =a[i,:]=. Global variables are made accessible *by
     reference*. This means that writing a value changes the global
     variable. Setting the whole variable has to be done by slicing
     =a[:]=3= (=a=3= removes it from the workspace). Vectors and
     tensors are two-dimensional arrays. They have
     convenience-attributes that return the whole vector of a
     component (like =a.x= for vectors or =a.xx= for tensors). To
     overwrite these they have to be sliced: =a.x[:]=0= (=a.x=0= only
     changes the attribute)

     If a variable that is going to a global namespace is a
     =numpy=-array then it is translated by the following rules:
     vectors are transformed to =scalarField=. Arrays with 3 columns
     to =vectorField=, 9 columns to =tensorField= and 6 columns to
     =symmTensorField=. Different column-numbers produce errors
**** Optional parameter =writeCode=/=writeFile= for =pythonIntegrationFunctionObject=
     If this is set then this Python-code is executed every time a
     time-step was written to disk
**** Python-integration has convenience-functions to create data files
     Python-integration now has two conventience-functions that return
     a filename with the full path and create the directories if
     necessary. The file is *not* created (that is the responsibility
     of the Python-code).

     The functions are (=name= is the name of the function object)
     - dataFile(fname) :: creates a directory
          =<case>/<name>_data/<time>=. To be used for data that is
          written at times that differ from write-time
     - timeDataFile(fname) :: creates a directory
          =<case>/<time>/<name>_data=. Should only be used for data
          that is written only at write-time
**** Switch off dimension checking in =funkyDoCalc=
     A command lione switch =-noDimensionChecking= is added that
     allows switching off the checking of dimensions if this makes
     expressions fail
**** =funkySetFields= allows accessing fields from another mesh
     If another case (with time and region) is specified via command
     line options (no dictionary) then in the expressions the other
     mesh can be accessed under the name =other=

     Main application for this is comparing to other cases (but also
     comparing different timesteps of the same case with each other).

     Used time is either fixed or set to the currently used (this can
     be selected via the command line)
**** =funkyDoCalc= allows specifying foreign meshes
     Each expression can specify foreign meshes with a
**** Function objects to load and update foreign meshes
     There are two new function objects:
     - addForeignMeshes :: this allows specifying new foreign
          meshes. These can be used in subsequent function-objects or
          other swak-expressions on =internalFields=
     - foreignMeshesFollowTime :: this allows specifying a list of
          meshes whose time is set to the current time of the running
**** =replaxTransientBC= outputs timestep
     This helps debugging timestepping-strategies
**** New accumulation =weightedAverage=
     A new possible entry for the =accumulations= calculates an
     average that is weighted by a facetor that depends on the entity:
     - cell volume if applicable
     - face area for surfaces etc
     - $1$ if there is no appropriate weight (usually values defined
       on points). The result is equivalent to =average=.
**** =expressionField= reports name and type of the created field
     The title says it all. Should give the user additional feedback
     about what is happening
**** New boundary condition =groovyPartialSlip= in =groovyStandardBCs=
     This boundary allows specifying the partial slip fraction of the
     regular =partialSlip=-BC with an expression.
**** =funkySetFields= allows switching off the correction of BCs
     This is sometimes necessary to allow calculations with fields
     where the boundary conditions have a lot of dependencies
     (turbulence model, other mesh etc)
**** Allow selection of additional regions in =funkySetFields=
     The option =-additionalRegions= allows selecting additional mesh
     regions for boundary conditions that require it (usually used
     together with =-preloadFields=).

     For the other case there is an additional option
**** Adding a =-preloadFields=-option to =funkySetFields=
     This option allows specifying additional field names to be
     preloaded in command line mode. If multiple mesh regions are
     specified (including another mesh)it will try to preload the
     field there too
*** Infrastructure
**** =Allwmake= stops if building of =swak4FoamParsers= fails
     As the majority of installation problems were actually problems
     with the compilation of the library =swak4FoamParsers= and as
     this library is central for all other things in =swak4Foam= the
     compilation terminates if this library is not built
**** Header =swak.H= with version information and macros
     This new header includes information about the
     =swak4Foam=-version, the =OpenFOAM=-version and macros for
     workarounds that depend on the OpenFOAM-version
**** =accumulations=-entries converted to =NamedEnums=
     This forces the entries to be checked while being read. Allowing
     more consistent treatment
*** Cosmetics
    Changes without consequences for the user
**** Change type of =name= in parsers to =word=
     The valid characters for an identifier were the same as in =word=
     (was =string= before)
**** Updated contributor lists in =README= and sources
     The list of contributors to each file have been added (mostly by
     script with the information from the repository)
**** Rewritten methods that return pointers
     This abomination from the early days of =funkySetFields= has been

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