[cc7e24]: financial / inst / npv.m  Maximize  Restore  History

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## Copyright (C) 1995-2000, 2002, 2004-2007 Kurt Hornik <Kurt.Hornik@wu-wien.ac.at>
##
## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
## the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
## Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later
## version.
##
## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
## ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
## FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more
## details.
##
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
## this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
## -*- texinfo -*-
## @deftypefn {Function File} {} npv (@var{r}, @var{p}, @var{i})
## Net present value of a series of payments.
##
## Returns the net present value of a series of irregular (i.e., not
## necessarily identical) payments @var{p} which occur at the ends of @var{n}
## consecutive periods. @var{r} specifies the one-period interest rates and
## can either be a scalar (constant rates) or a vector of the same
## length as @var{p}.
##
## The optional argument @var{i} may be used to specify an initial
## investment.
##
## Note that the rate @var{r} is specified as a fraction (i.e., 0.05,
## not 5 percent).
## @seealso{irr, pv}
## @end deftypefn
function v = npv (r, p, i)
if (nargin < 2 || nargin > 3)
print_usage ();
endif
if (! (isvector (p)))
error ("npv: p has to be a vector");
else
n = length (p);
p = reshape (p, 1, n);
endif
if (any (any (r <= -1)))
error ("npv: all interest rates must be > -1");
endif
if (isscalar (r))
d = 1 ./ (1 + r) .^ (0 : n);
elseif (isvector (r) && (length (r) == n))
d = [1, (1 ./ cumprod (reshape (1 + r, 1, n)))];
else
error ("npv: r must be a scalar or a vector of the same length as p");
endif
if (nargin == 3)
if (! isscalar (i))
error ("npv: I_0 must be a scalar");
endif
else
i = 0;
endif
p = [i, p];
v = sum (d .* p);
endfunction

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