Using the Language Tool

Greg
2008-12-31
2012-11-13
  • Greg

    Greg - 2008-12-31

    A number of people have asked the questions I had  about defining your own language but there were no answers. I've now solved most of my questions and so I thought I'd share what I know about creating languages.

    * You get the tool for creating your language from View> User Define Dialog. Be patient, it takes quite a while to load.
    * Some of the 'standard' or 'more common' languages are not built with this tool. For example, Batch.
    * If you want to modify a language that was not built with the User Define Dialog then you use the Style Configurator (Settings>). Note,  there are some features in the 'more common' languages you can't modify. For example, you can't add to the list of operators in Batch.
    * If you want to replace an 'inbuilt' language such as Batch, do the following.
       (*) Go to Language Menu tab of Settings> Preferences. Disable Batch by moving it to the right hand panel. Now there is no definition for the '.bat' extension.
       (*) Create a new language with User Define Dialog and specify the extension (.bat for batch files)
    * User created languages appear on the Language menu, below the divider.
    * Once a language has been saved there is no need to save it again. Any changes made on the dialog page are immediately saved. A nice effect of this is that if you have the appropriate file open in NPP, any changes made to the language are immediately reflected in the NPP file window.

    The only thing I haven't resolved is what Keyword 'Prefix mode' means. Does anyone know?

     
    • Greg

      Greg - 2009-01-03

      Mark,

      I'm very glad to be able to make a useful contribution to the project. Sorry about the terminology. I'm new to NPP and was grabbing words that seemed to be the ones used in the program.

      --Greg

       
      • HappyDog

        HappyDog - 2009-01-06

        :-)  Actually, it was my mistake.  I created the page and then thought of a better name for it, but there doesn't seem to be a way of moving/renaming it.  Ah well!

        - Mark

         
    • Killian

      Killian - 2008-12-31

      Thank you, this helped a lot!!!
      Thanks very much!

       
    • Don HO

      Don HO - 2008-12-31

      > The only thing I haven't resolved is what Keyword 'Prefix mode' means. Does anyone know?

      If Prefix mode is checked, then all the words with the prefixes defined will be recognized.
      For example, with definition "bla", all the following words are recognized :
      blapu blabla blablablabla blabc ...

      Don

       
    • Greg

      Greg - 2008-12-31

      Thanks Don. That's useful for me to know.

      On a related point, do you happen to know if there is a wildcard  that can be used to mean anything? I would like to be able to catch, and colour, all lines that have not been caught by the keywords in sets 1-3. The aim is to highlight lines that shouldn't be there. (I'm redefining the formatting for Batch files.)

       
      • Don HO

        Don HO - 2008-12-31

        > The aim is to highlight lines that shouldn't be there.
        > (I'm redefining the formatting for Batch files.) 

        What you want is not possible in the current implementation.
        The token unit is separated by white space.

        Don

         
    • Greg

      Greg - 2009-01-01

      Thanks Don. Much appreciated.

      --Greg

       
    • HappyDog

      HappyDog - 2009-01-02

      Very useful!  I hope you don't mind, but I have added this information to the wiki at http://notepad-plus.wiki.sourceforge.net/Customise+languages.

      (Note for a wiki admin - the page title is not great.  It would be better at 'User-defined languages', but I couldn't find a way to move it.  Perhaps you can?)

      Cheers

      - Mark

       
    • HappyDog

      HappyDog - 2009-01-02

      Another Sourceforge irritation!  It has added a full-stop to the URL, so if you are looking at this via the web-interface it will link to the wrong place.  The correct URL is:

      http://notepad-plus.wiki.sourceforge.net/Customise+languages

      - Mark