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How do you get gfortran and gcc 4.x on Cygwin

2009-10-19
2013-01-09
  • R. Clint Whaley

    R. Clint Whaley - 2009-10-19

    Many users report using gfortran/gcc 4 on cygwin.  How do you install these guys?  Is it as simple as clicking experimental on cygwin installer, or what?

     
  • marco atzeri

    marco atzeri - 2009-10-21

    gcc4 is available for both cygwin-1.5 and cygwin1-7.
    It is not experimental but just standard and it is the preferred
    one on cygwin 1.7.

    Just look for gcc4 packages.

    Currently I am using just cygwin-1.7, that it is officially beta
    but practically I judge a good release candidate.
    Cygwin-1.5 will remain for Win9x and it will be unlikely
    updated anymore.

    I am the current cygwin package mantainer for lapack
    and octave, and I would like to port  atlas on cygwin.
    I am not updating anymore the cygwin-1.5  packages,
    and also other mantainers are starting to do so.
    So for example, we have

    on 1.5   lapack-3.0-8

    on 1.7   lapack-3.1.1-2

    I have not yet updated to lapack-3.2 as I was not sure
    if atlas is compatible and I was unwilling to add further
    complication on the work.

    Regards
    Marco

     
  • R. Clint Whaley

    R. Clint Whaley - 2009-10-21

    OK, I'll look at the compilers.  Maybe I didn't get them because I did an update of existing packages as opposed to finding gcc4 in the package list . . .

    As for lapack 3.2, I believe you can use it with ATLAS stable using the directions:
       http://math-atlas.sourceforge.net/atlas_install/atlas_install.html#SECTION00041000000000000000

    The later ATLAS developer releases can autobuild both lapack 3.1 and 3.2.

    Thanks,
    Clint

     
  • marco atzeri

    marco atzeri - 2009-10-22

    Clint,
    please note:

    gcc-4 do not accept anymore the "-mno-cygwin" flag.
    A true cygwin-mingw cross compiler is planned to take over
    that role.

    To complete the build and pass all the test with
    gcc-4.3.4 on cygwin-1.7.0-62 I was obliged to remove

    -mpreferred-stack-boundary=2

    from "probe_comp.c" otherwise the build is fine but the
    check crash as already discussed on 3.9.9.
    Could you make it as an option for configure ?

    What about adding the cygwin on "probe_OS.c", I have not understood which system command are you using to
    identify the system. I guess "uname -s" is used for the unix
    and it can be used also for cygwin

    on XP
    $ uname -s
    CYGWIN_NT-5.1

    $ uname -a
    CYGWIN_NT-5.1 xxxxxxx 1.7.0s(0.215/5/3) 20091012 10:21:06 i686 Cygwin

    Marco

     
  • R. Clint Whaley

    R. Clint Whaley - 2009-10-22

    I think if you remove the -mpreferred-stack then you can't use Windows threads.  Can you get gcc 4.4 on Windows yet?  If you read the post by H.J. Lu at:

       http://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=38496

    he claims that 4.4 has made this flag work more correctly.

    As for detecting cygwin in configure, what do you want me to do that for?

    As for the no-cygwin, what should I do there, if they have removed a feature in anticipation of solving it later?  I cannot use a version of something that does not yet exist, so a flag that works on some versions is surely better than one that works on none?

    Thanks,
    Clint

     
  • marco atzeri

    marco atzeri - 2009-10-22

    Clint,
    there is any specific test for the threads ?
    "Make check" completed with no fails.

    About no-cygwin it is only for your info, just in case you are surprised that it is not working on gcc-4 for cygwin.

    The detection in configure is useful as the dll build procedure and dll name is different between cygwin and mingw.
    Mingw use the windows standard name libatlas.dll while on cygwin it should be called cygatlas.dll.
    Moreover on cygwin you are missing a "-lcygwin" for the dll build.

    I need to check the compatibility of the dll's I succeded to build with the current blas/lapack packages.
    Give me some days and eventually I will have a patch/source and a binary packages for testing in cygwin-1.7

    Marco

     

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