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/*!
* \file
* \brief Templated Vector Class Definitions
* \author Tony Ottosson, Tobias Ringstrom, Adam Piatyszek and Conrad Sanderson
*
* -------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Copyright (C) 1995-2010 (see AUTHORS file for a list of contributors)
*
* This file is part of IT++ - a C++ library of mathematical, signal
* processing, speech processing, and communications classes and functions.
*
* IT++ is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
* terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
* Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any
* later version.
*
* IT++ is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
* WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
* FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more
* details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
* with IT++. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*
* -------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
#ifndef VEC_H
#define VEC_H
#include <itpp/base/itassert.h>
#include <itpp/base/math/misc.h>
#include <itpp/base/copy_vector.h>
#include <itpp/base/factory.h>
#include <vector>
namespace itpp
{
// Declaration of Vec
template<class Num_T> class Vec;
// Declaration of Mat
template<class Num_T> class Mat;
// Declaration of bin
class bin;
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Declaration of Vec Friends
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//! Addition of two vectors
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator+(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Addition of a vector and a scalar
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator+(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Addition of a scalar and a vector
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator+(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Subtraction of a vector from a vector
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Subtraction of a scalar from a vector
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Subtraction of vector from scalar. Results in a vector
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Negation of vector
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Inner (dot) product of two vectors v1 and v2
template<class Num_T>
Num_T dot(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Inner (dot) product of two vectors v1 and v2
template<class Num_T>
Num_T operator*(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
/*!
* \brief Outer product of two vectors v1 and v2
*
* When \a v1 and \a v2 are complex vectors (cvec), the third boolean
* argument \a hermitian can be set to \a true to conjugate \a v2
* (Matlab's v1 * v2' operation). This parameter is ignored for types
* other then cvec.
*/
template<class Num_T>
Mat<Num_T> outer_product(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
bool hermitian = false);
//! Multiplication of a vector and a scalar
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator*(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Multiplication of a scalar and a vector. Results in a vector
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator*(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Element-wise multiplication of two vectors
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> elem_mult(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Element-wise multiplication of three vectors
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> elem_mult(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c);
//! Element-wise multiplication of four vectors
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> elem_mult(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, const Vec<Num_T> &d);
//! Element-wise multiplication of two vectors, storing the result in vector \c out
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! Element-wise multiplication of three vectors, storing the result in vector \c out
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! Element-wise multiplication of four vectors, storing the result in vector \c out
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, const Vec<Num_T> &d,
Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! In-place element-wise multiplication of two vectors. Faster version of b = elem_mult(a,b).
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_inplace(const Vec<Num_T> &a, Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Element-wise multiplication of two vectors, followed by summation of the resultant elements. Fast version of sum(elem_mult(a,b)).
template<class Num_T>
Num_T elem_mult_sum(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Division of all elements in \c v with \c t
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator/(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Division of \c t with all elements in \c v
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator/(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Elementwise division of two vectors
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> elem_div(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! This function is deprecated. Please use operator/(Num_T, const Vec<Num_T &) instead.
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> elem_div(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Elementwise division of two vectors, storing the result in vector \c out
template<class Num_T>
void elem_div_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b, Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! Elementwise division of two vectors, followed by summation of the resultant elements. Fast version of sum(elem_div(a,b))
template<class Num_T>
Num_T elem_div_sum(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Append element \c a to the end of the vector \c v
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T a);
//! Concat element \c a to the beginning of the vector \c v
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(Num_T a, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Concat vectors \c v1 and \c v2
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Concat vectors \c v1, \c v2 and \c v3
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3);
//! Concat vectors \c v1, \c v2, \c v3 and \c v4
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3, const Vec<Num_T> &v4);
//! Concat vectors \c v1, \c v2 \c v3, \c v4 and \c v5
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3, const Vec<Num_T> &v4,
const Vec<Num_T> &v5);
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Declaration of Vec
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/*!
\ingroup arr_vec_mat
\brief Vector Class (Templated)
\author Tony Ottosson, Tobias Ringstrom, Adam Piatyszek and Conrad Sanderson
Vectors can be of arbitrary types, but conversions and functions are
prepared for \c bin, \c short, \c int, \c double, and \c complex<double>
vectors and these are predefined as: \c bvec, \c svec, \c ivec, \c vec,
and \c cvec. \c double and \c complex<double> are \c double and
\c complex<double> respectively.
Examples:
Vector Constructors:
When constructing a vector without a length (memory) use
\code vec temp; \endcode
For construction of a vector of a given length use
\code vec temp(length); \endcode
It is also possible to assign the constructed vector the value and size
of another vector by
\code vec temp(invector); \endcode
If you have explicit values you would like to assign to the vector it is
possible to do this using strings as:
\code
vec a("0 0.7 5 9.3"); // that is a = [0, 0.7, 5, 9.3]
vec a="0 0.7 5 9.3"; // the constructor is called implicitly
ivec b="0:5"; // that is, b = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
vec c="3:2.5:13"; // that is, c = [3, 5.5, 8, 10.5, 13]
\endcode
It is also possible to change length by
\code temp.set_size(new_length, false); \endcode
where \c false is used to indicate that the old values in \c temp
are not copied. If you would like to preserve the values, use \c true.
There are a number of methods to access parts of a vector. Examples are
\code
a(5); // Element number 5
a(5,9); // Elements 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9
a.left(10); // The 10 leftmost elements (the first)
a.right(10); // The 10 rightmost elements (the last)
a.mid(5, 7); // 7 elements starting from element 5
\endcode
It is also possible to modify parts of a vector, as in e.g.
\code
a.del(5); // deletes element number 5
a.ins(3.4, 9); // inserts the element 3.4 at position 9
a.set_subvector(12, b); // replaces elements from 12 with the vector b
\endcode
It is, of course, also possible to perform common linear algebra
operations, such as addition, subtraction, and scalar product (*). Observe
though, that vectors are assumed to be column-vectors in operations with
matrices.
Most elementary functions such as sin(), cosh(), log(), abs(), ..., are
also available as operations on the individual elements of the vectors. Please
see the individual functions for more details.
By default, the Vec elements are created using the default constructor for
the element type. This can be changed by specifying a suitable Factory in
the Vec constructor call; see Detailed Description for Factory.
*/
template<class Num_T>
class Vec
{
public:
//! The type of the vector values
typedef Num_T value_type;
//! Default constructor. An element factory \c f can be specified.
explicit Vec(const Factory &f = DEFAULT_FACTORY);
//! Constructor with size parameter. An element factory \c f can be specified.
explicit Vec(int size, const Factory &f = DEFAULT_FACTORY);
//! Copy constructor
Vec(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Copy constructor, which takes an element factory \c f as an additional argument.
Vec(const Vec<Num_T> &v, const Factory &f);
//! Constructor taking a char string as input. An element factory \c f can be specified.
Vec(const char *str, const Factory &f = DEFAULT_FACTORY);
//! Constructor taking a string as input. An element factory \c f can be specified.
Vec(const std::string &str, const Factory &f = DEFAULT_FACTORY);
//! Constructor taking a C-array as input. Copies all data. An element factory \c f can be specified.
Vec(const Num_T *c_array, int size, const Factory &f = DEFAULT_FACTORY);
//! Destructor
~Vec();
//! The size of the vector
int length() const { return datasize; }
//! The size of the vector
int size() const { return datasize; }
//! Set length of vector. if copy = true then keeping the old values
void set_size(int size, bool copy = false);
//! Set length of vector. if copy = true then keeping the old values
void set_length(int size, bool copy = false) { set_size(size, copy); }
//! Set the vector to the all zero vector
void zeros();
//! Set the vector to the all zero vector
void clear() { zeros(); }
//! Set the vector to the all one vector
void ones();
//! Set the vector equal to the values in the \c str string
void set(const char *str);
//! Set the vector equal to the values in the \c str string
void set(const std::string &str);
//! C-style index operator. First element is 0.
const Num_T &operator[](int i) const;
//! Index operator. First element is 0.
const Num_T &operator()(int i) const;
//! C-style index operator. First element is 0.
Num_T &operator[](int i);
//! Index operator. First element is 0.
Num_T &operator()(int i);
//! Sub-vector with elements from \c i1 to \c i2. Index -1 indicates the last element.
Vec<Num_T> operator()(int i1, int i2) const;
//! Sub-vector with elements given by the list of indices \c indexlist
Vec<Num_T> operator()(const Vec<int> &indexlist) const;
//! Sub-vector with elements with indexes where \c binlist is \c 1
Vec<Num_T> operator()(const Vec<bin> &binlist) const;
//! Accessor-style method. First element is 0.
const Num_T &get(int i) const;
//! Get the elements from \c i1 to \c i2. Index -1 indicates the last element.
Vec<Num_T> get(int i1, int i2) const;
//! Get the elements given by the list of indices \c indexlist
Vec<Num_T> get(const Vec<int> &indexlist) const;
//! Get the elements with indexes where \c binlist is \c 1
Vec<Num_T> get(const Vec<bin> &binlist) const;
//! Modifier-style method. First element is 0.
void set(int i, Num_T t);
//! Matrix transpose. Converts to a matrix with the vector in the first row
Mat<Num_T> transpose() const;
//! Matrix transpose. Converts to a matrix with the vector in the first row
Mat<Num_T> T() const { return this->transpose(); }
//! Hermitian matrix transpose. Converts to a matrix with the conjugate of the vector in the first row
Mat<Num_T> hermitian_transpose() const;
//! Hermitian matrix transpose. Converts to a matrix with the conjugate of the vector in the first row
Mat<Num_T> H() const { return this->hermitian_transpose(); }
//! Addition of vector
Vec<Num_T>& operator+=(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Addition of scalar
Vec<Num_T>& operator+=(Num_T t);
//! Addition of two vectors
friend Vec<Num_T> operator+<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Addition of a vector and a scalar
friend Vec<Num_T> operator+<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Addition of a scalar and a vector
friend Vec<Num_T> operator+<>(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Subtraction of vector
Vec<Num_T>& operator-=(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Subtraction of scalar
Vec<Num_T>& operator-=(Num_T t);
//! Subtraction of \c v2 from \c v1
friend Vec<Num_T> operator-<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Subtraction of scalar from vector
friend Vec<Num_T> operator-<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Subtraction of vector from scalar
friend Vec<Num_T> operator-<>(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Negation of vector
friend Vec<Num_T> operator-<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Multiply with a scalar
Vec<Num_T>& operator*=(Num_T t);
//! Inner (dot) product
friend Num_T operator*<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Inner (dot) product
friend Num_T dot<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Outer product of two vectors v1 and v2
friend Mat<Num_T> outer_product<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1,
const Vec<Num_T> &v2, bool hermitian);
//! Elementwise multiplication of vector and scalar
friend Vec<Num_T> operator*<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Elementwise multiplication of vector and scalar
friend Vec<Num_T> operator*<>(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Elementwise multiplication
friend Vec<Num_T> elem_mult<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Elementwise multiplication of three vectors
friend Vec<Num_T> elem_mult<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c);
//! Elementwise multiplication of four vectors
friend Vec<Num_T> elem_mult<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, const Vec<Num_T> &d);
//! Elementwise multiplication, storing the result in vector \c out
friend void elem_mult_out<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! Elementwise multiplication of three vectors, storing the result in vector \c out
friend void elem_mult_out<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! Elementwise multiplication of four vectors, storing the result in vector \c out
friend void elem_mult_out<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, const Vec<Num_T> &d,
Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! In-place element-wise multiplication of two vectors. Fast version of b = elem_mult(a,b).
friend void elem_mult_inplace<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Element-wise multiplication of two vectors, followed by summation of the resultant elements. Fast version of sum(elem_mult(a,b))
friend Num_T elem_mult_sum<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Elementwise division
Vec<Num_T>& operator/=(Num_T t);
//! Elementwise division
Vec<Num_T>& operator/=(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Elementwise division
friend Vec<Num_T> operator/<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Elementwise division
friend Vec<Num_T> operator/<>(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Elementwise division
friend Vec<Num_T> elem_div<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! This function is deprecated. Please use operator/(Num_T, const Vec<Num_T> &) instead.
friend Vec<Num_T> elem_div<>(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Elementwise division
friend void elem_div_out<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
Vec<Num_T> &out);
//! Elementwise division, followed by summation of the resultant elements. Fast version of sum(elem_mult(a,b))
friend Num_T elem_div_sum<>(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b);
//! Get the right \c nr elements from the vector
Vec<Num_T> right(int nr) const;
//! Get the left \c nr elements from the vector
Vec<Num_T> left(int nr) const;
//! Get the middle part of vector from \c start including \c nr elements
Vec<Num_T> mid(int start, int nr) const;
/*!
* \brief Split the vector into two parts at element \c pos.
*
* Return the first part containing elements 0 to \c pos-1, and keep the
* second part containing the remaining elements starting from \c pos
* (empty vector if \c pos is equal to the length of the vector).
*/
Vec<Num_T> split(int pos);
//! Shift in element \c t at position 0 \c n times
void shift_right(Num_T t, int n = 1);
//! Shift in vector \c v at position 0
void shift_right(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Shift out the \c n left elements and at the same time shift in the element \c t at last position \c n times
void shift_left(Num_T t, int n = 1);
//! Shift in vector \c v at last positions
void shift_left(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Append element \c t to the end of the vector \c v
friend Vec<Num_T> concat<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t);
//! Insert element \c t at the beginning of the vector \c v
friend Vec<Num_T> concat<>(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Concatenate vectors \c v1 and \c v2
friend Vec<Num_T> concat<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2);
//! Concatenate vectors \c v1, \c v2 and \c v3
friend Vec<Num_T> concat<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3);
//! Concatenate vectors \c v1, \c v2, \c v3 and \c v4
friend Vec<Num_T> concat<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3, const Vec<Num_T> &v4);
//! Concatenate vectors \c v1, \c v2, \c v3, \c v4 and \c v5
friend Vec<Num_T> concat<>(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3, const Vec<Num_T> &v4,
const Vec<Num_T> &v5);
//! This function is deprecated. Please use set_subvector(i, v) instead.
void set_subvector(int i1, int i2, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Set subvector to elements of vector \c v starting from element \c i
void set_subvector(int i, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Set subvector defined by indices \c i1 and \c i2 to \c t
void set_subvector(int i1, int i2, Num_T t);
//! An alias function of set_subvector(i, &v)
void replace_mid(int i, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Delete element number \c i
void del(int i);
//! Delete elements from \c i1 to \c i2
void del(int i1, int i2);
//! Insert element \c t before element with index \c i (0 <= i <= datasize)
void ins(int i, Num_T t);
//! Insert vector \c v before element with index \c i (0 <= i <= datasize)
void ins(int i, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Assign all elements in vector to \c t
Vec<Num_T>& operator=(Num_T t);
//! Assign vector the value and length of \c v
Vec<Num_T>& operator=(const Vec<Num_T> &v);
//! Assign vector equal to the 1-dimensional matrix \c m
Vec<Num_T>& operator=(const Mat<Num_T> &m);
//! Assign vector the values in the string \c str
Vec<Num_T>& operator=(const char *str);
//! Assign vector the values in the string \c str
Vec<Num_T>& operator=(const std::string &str);
//! Elementwise equal to the scalar \c t
Vec<bin> operator==(Num_T t) const;
//! Elementwise not-equal to the scalar \c t
Vec<bin> operator!=(Num_T t) const;
//! Elementwise less than the scalar \c t
Vec<bin> operator<(Num_T t) const;
//! Elementwise less than and equal to the scalar \c t
Vec<bin> operator<=(Num_T t) const;
//! Elementwise greater than the scalar \c t
Vec<bin> operator>(Num_T t) const;
//! Elementwise greater than and equal to the scalar \c t
Vec<bin> operator>=(Num_T t) const;
//! Compare with vector \c v. Return false if sizes or values differ.
bool operator==(const Vec<Num_T> &v) const;
//! Compare with vector \c v. Return true if sizes or values differ.
bool operator!=(const Vec<Num_T> &v) const;
//! Index operator without boundary check. Not recommended for use.
Num_T &_elem(int i) { return data[i]; }
//! Index operator without boundary check. Not recommended for use.
const Num_T &_elem(int i) const { return data[i]; }
//! Get the pointer to the internal structure. Not recommended for use.
Num_T *_data() { return data; }
//! Get the pointer to the internal structure. Not recommended for use.
const Num_T *_data() const { return data; }
protected:
//! Allocate storage for a vector of length \c size.
void alloc(int size);
//! Free the storage space allocated by the vector
void free();
//! The current number of elements in the vector
int datasize;
//! A pointer to the data area
Num_T *data;
//! Element factory (set to DEFAULT_FACTORY to use Num_T default constructors only)
const Factory &factory;
private:
// Clean up and tokenize input initialisation string
std::vector<std::string> tokenize(const std::string &str,
bool &abc_format) const;
// Parse double and integer values from string tokens
Num_T parse_token(const std::string &s) const;
// Parse \c a, \c b and \c c values from "a:b:c" format
void parse_abc_token(const std::string &s, Num_T &a, Num_T &b,
Num_T &c) const;
//! Check whether index \c i is in the allowed range
bool in_range(int i) const { return ((i < datasize) && (i >= 0)); }
};
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Type definitions of vec, cvec, ivec, svec, and bvec
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Definition of double vector type
*/
typedef Vec<double> vec;
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Definition of complex<double> vector type
*/
typedef Vec<std::complex<double> > cvec;
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Definition of integer vector type
*/
typedef Vec<int> ivec;
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Definition of short vector type
*/
typedef Vec<short int> svec;
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Definition of binary vector type
*/
typedef Vec<bin> bvec;
} //namespace itpp
#include <itpp/base/mat.h>
namespace itpp
{
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Declaration of input and output streams for Vec
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Stream output of vector
*/
template<class Num_T>
std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &os, const Vec<Num_T> &v);
/*!
\relates Vec
\brief Stream input of vector
The input can be on the form "1 2 3" or "[1 2 3]", i.e. with or without
brackets. The first form is compatible with the set method, while the
second form is compatible with the ostream operator. The elements can be
separated by blank space or commas. "[]" means an empty vector. "1:4"
means "1 2 3 4". "1:3:10" means every third integer from 1 to 10, i.e.
"1 4 7 10".
*/
template<class Num_T>
std::istream &operator>>(std::istream &is, Vec<Num_T> &v);
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Implementation of templated Vec members and friends
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::alloc(int size)
{
if (size > 0) {
create_elements(data, size, factory);
datasize = size;
}
else {
data = 0;
datasize = 0;
}
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::free()
{
destroy_elements(data, datasize);
datasize = 0;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(const Factory &f) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(f) {}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(int size, const Factory &f) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(f)
{
it_assert_debug(size >= 0, "Negative size in Vec::Vec(int)");
alloc(size);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(const Vec<Num_T> &v) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(v.factory)
{
alloc(v.datasize);
copy_vector(datasize, v.data, data);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(const Vec<Num_T> &v, const Factory &f) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(f)
{
alloc(v.datasize);
copy_vector(datasize, v.data, data);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(const char *str, const Factory &f) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(f)
{
set(std::string(str));
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(const std::string &str, const Factory &f) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(f)
{
set(str);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::Vec(const Num_T *c_array, int size, const Factory &f) : datasize(0), data(0), factory(f)
{
alloc(size);
copy_vector(size, c_array, data);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>::~Vec()
{
free();
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::set_size(int size, bool copy)
{
it_assert_debug(size >= 0, "Vec::set_size(): New size must not be negative");
if (datasize == size)
return;
if (copy) {
// create a temporary pointer to the allocated data
Num_T* tmp = data;
// store the current number of elements
int old_datasize = datasize;
// check how many elements we need to copy
int min = datasize < size ? datasize : size;
// allocate new memory
alloc(size);
// copy old elements into a new memory region
copy_vector(min, tmp, data);
// initialize the rest of resized vector
for (int i = min; i < size; ++i)
data[i] = Num_T(0);
// delete old elements
destroy_elements(tmp, old_datasize);
}
else {
free();
alloc(size);
}
}
template<class Num_T> inline
const Num_T& Vec<Num_T>::operator[](int i) const
{
it_assert_debug(in_range(i), "Vec<>::operator[]: Index out of range");
return data[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
const Num_T& Vec<Num_T>::operator()(int i) const
{
return (*this)[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Num_T& Vec<Num_T>::operator[](int i)
{
it_assert_debug(in_range(i), "Vec<>::operator[]: Index out of range");
return data[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Num_T& Vec<Num_T>::operator()(int i)
{
return (*this)[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::operator()(int i1, int i2) const
{
if (i1 == -1) i1 = datasize - 1;
if (i2 == -1) i2 = datasize - 1;
it_assert_debug((i1 >= 0) && (i1 <= i2) && (i2 < datasize),
"Vec<>::operator()(i1, i2): Indexing out of range");
Vec<Num_T> s(i2 - i1 + 1);
copy_vector(s.datasize, data + i1, s.data);
return s;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::operator()(const Vec<int> &indexlist) const
{
int size = indexlist.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size);
for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
it_assert_debug(in_range(indexlist(i)), "Vec<>::operator()(ivec &): "
"Index i=" << i << " out of range");
temp(i) = data[indexlist(i)];
}
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::operator()(const Vec<bin> &binlist) const
{
int size = binlist.size();
it_assert_debug(datasize == size, "Vec<>::operator()(bvec &): "
"Wrong size of binlist vector");
Vec<Num_T> temp(size);
int j = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
if (binlist(i) == bin(1))
temp(j++) = data[i];
temp.set_size(j, true);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
const Num_T& Vec<Num_T>::get(int i) const
{
return (*this)[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::get(int i1, int i2) const
{
return (*this)(i1, i2);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::get(const Vec<int> &indexlist) const
{
return (*this)(indexlist);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::get(const Vec<bin> &binlist) const
{
return (*this)(binlist);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::zeros()
{
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
data[i] = Num_T(0);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::ones()
{
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
data[i] = Num_T(1);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::set(int i, Num_T t)
{
it_assert_debug(in_range(i), "Vec<>::set(i, t): Index out of range");
data[i] = t;
}
//! \cond
template<>
void Vec<double>::set(const std::string &str);
template<>
void Vec<std::complex<double> >::set(const std::string &str);
template<>
void Vec<int>::set(const std::string &str);
template<>
void Vec<short int>::set(const std::string &str);
template<>
void Vec<bin>::set(const std::string &str);
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::set(const std::string &str)
{
it_error("Vec::set(): Only `double', `complex<double>', `int', "
"`short int' and `bin' types supported");
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::set(const char *str)
{
set(std::string(str));
}
template<class Num_T>
Mat<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::transpose() const
{
Mat<Num_T> temp(1, datasize);
copy_vector(datasize, data, temp._data());
return temp;
}
//! \cond
template<>
Mat<std::complex<double> > Vec<std::complex<double> >::hermitian_transpose() const;
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
Mat<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::hermitian_transpose() const
{
Mat<Num_T> temp(1, datasize);
copy_vector(datasize, data, temp._data());
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator+=(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
if (datasize == 0) { // if not assigned a size.
if (this != &v) { // check for self addition
alloc(v.datasize);
copy_vector(datasize, v.data, data);
}
}
else {
it_assert_debug(datasize == v.datasize, "Vec::operator+=: Wrong sizes");
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
data[i] += v.data[i];
}
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator+=(Num_T t)
{
for (int i = 0;i < datasize;i++)
data[i] += t;
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator+(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v1.datasize);
it_assert_debug(v1.datasize == v2.datasize, "Vec::operator+: wrong sizes");
for (i = 0; i < v1.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = v1.data[i] + v2.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator+(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = v.data[i] + t;
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator+(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = t + v.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator-=(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
if (datasize == 0) { // if not assigned a size.
if (this != &v) { // check for self decrementation
alloc(v.datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
data[i] = -v.data[i];
}
}
else {
it_assert_debug(datasize == v.datasize, "Vec::operator-=: Wrong sizes");
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
data[i] -= v.data[i];
}
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator-=(Num_T t)
{
for (int i = 0;i < datasize;i++)
data[i] -= t;
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v1.datasize);
it_assert_debug(v1.datasize == v2.datasize, "Vec::operator-: wrong sizes");
for (i = 0; i < v1.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = v1.data[i] - v2.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = v.data[i] - t;
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = t - v.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator-(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = -v.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator*=(Num_T t)
{
scal_vector(datasize, t, data);
return *this;
}
//! \cond
template<>
double dot(const vec &v1, const vec &v2);
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
Num_T dot(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2)
{
it_assert_debug(v1.datasize == v2.datasize, "Vec::dot(): Wrong sizes");
Num_T r = Num_T(0);
for (int i = 0; i < v1.datasize; ++i)
r += v1.data[i] * v2.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Num_T operator*(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2)
{
return dot(v1, v2);
}
//! \cond
template<>
mat outer_product(const vec &v1, const vec &v2, bool);
template<>
cmat outer_product(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2, bool hermitian);
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
Mat<Num_T> outer_product(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2, bool)
{
it_assert_debug((v1.datasize > 0) && (v2.datasize > 0),
"Vec::outer_product:: Input vector of zero size");
Mat<Num_T> r(v1.datasize, v2.datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < v1.datasize; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < v2.datasize; ++j) {
r(i, j) = v1.data[i] * v2.data[j];
}
}
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator*(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = v.data[i] * t;
return r;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> operator*(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
return operator*(v, t);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> elem_mult(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b)
{
Vec<Num_T> out;
elem_mult_out(a, b, out);
return out;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> elem_mult(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c)
{
Vec<Num_T> out;
elem_mult_out(a, b, c, out);
return out;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> elem_mult(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, const Vec<Num_T> &d)
{
Vec<Num_T> out;
elem_mult_out(a, b, c, d, out);
return out;
}
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b, Vec<Num_T> &out)
{
it_assert_debug(a.datasize == b.datasize,
"Vec<>::elem_mult_out(): Wrong sizes");
out.set_size(a.datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
out.data[i] = a.data[i] * b.data[i];
}
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, Vec<Num_T> &out)
{
it_assert_debug((a.datasize == b.datasize) && (a.datasize == c.datasize),
"Vec<>::elem_mult_out(): Wrong sizes");
out.set_size(a.datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
out.data[i] = a.data[i] * b.data[i] * c.data[i];
}
template<class Num_T>
void elem_mult_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b,
const Vec<Num_T> &c, const Vec<Num_T> &d, Vec<Num_T> &out)
{
it_assert_debug((a.datasize == b.datasize) && (a.datasize == c.datasize)
&& (a.datasize == d.datasize),
"Vec<>::elem_mult_out(): Wrong sizes");
out.set_size(a.datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
out.data[i] = a.data[i] * b.data[i] * c.data[i] * d.data[i];
}
template<class Num_T>
#ifndef _MSC_VER
inline
#endif
void elem_mult_inplace(const Vec<Num_T> &a, Vec<Num_T> &b)
{
it_assert_debug(a.datasize == b.datasize,
"Vec<>::elem_mult_inplace(): Wrong sizes");
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
b.data[i] *= a.data[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Num_T elem_mult_sum(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b)
{
it_assert_debug(a.datasize == b.datasize,
"Vec<>::elem_mult_sum(): Wrong sizes");
Num_T acc = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
acc += a.data[i] * b.data[i];
return acc;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator/(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = v.data[i] / t;
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> operator/(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
int i;
Vec<Num_T> r(v.datasize);
for (i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
r.data[i] = t / v.data[i];
return r;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> elem_div(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
it_warning("Vec<>::elem_div(Num_T, const Vec<Num_T> &): This function is "
"deprecated and might be removed from future IT++ releases. "
"Please use Vec<>::operator/(Num_T, const Vec<Num_T> &) "
"instead.");
return operator/(t, v);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator/=(Num_T t)
{
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; ++i) {
data[i] /= t;
}
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator/=(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
it_assert_debug(datasize == v.datasize, "Vec::operator/=(): wrong sizes");
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; ++i) {
data[i] /= v.data[i];
}
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T> elem_div(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b)
{
Vec<Num_T> out;
elem_div_out(a, b, out);
return out;
}
template<class Num_T>
void elem_div_out(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b, Vec<Num_T> &out)
{
it_assert_debug(a.datasize == b.datasize, "Vecelem_div_out: wrong sizes");
out.set_size(a.size());
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
out.data[i] = a.data[i] / b.data[i];
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Num_T elem_div_sum(const Vec<Num_T> &a, const Vec<Num_T> &b)
{
it_assert_debug(a.datasize == b.datasize, "Vec::elem_div_sum: wrong sizes");
Num_T acc = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < a.datasize; i++)
acc += a.data[i] / b.data[i];
return acc;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::right(int nr) const
{
it_assert_debug(nr <= datasize, "Vec::right(): index out of range");
Vec<Num_T> temp(nr);
if (nr > 0) {
copy_vector(nr, &data[datasize-nr], temp.data);
}
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::left(int nr) const
{
it_assert_debug(nr <= datasize, "Vec::left(): index out of range");
Vec<Num_T> temp(nr);
if (nr > 0) {
copy_vector(nr, data, temp.data);
}
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::mid(int start, int nr) const
{
it_assert_debug((start >= 0) && ((start + nr) <= datasize),
"Vec::mid(): indexing out of range");
Vec<Num_T> temp(nr);
if (nr > 0) {
copy_vector(nr, &data[start], temp.data);
}
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> Vec<Num_T>::split(int pos)
{
it_assert_debug((pos >= 0) && (pos <= datasize),
"Vec<>::split(): Index out of range");
Vec<Num_T> temp1(pos);
if (pos > 0) {
copy_vector(pos, data, temp1.data);
if (pos < datasize) {
Vec<Num_T> temp2(datasize - pos);
copy_vector(datasize - pos, &data[pos], temp2.data);
(*this) = temp2;
}
else {
set_size(0);
}
}
return temp1;
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::shift_right(Num_T t, int n)
{
int i = datasize;
it_assert_debug(n >= 0, "Vec::shift_right: index out of range");
while (--i >= n)
data[i] = data[i-n];
while (i >= 0)
data[i--] = t;
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::shift_right(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
for (int i = datasize - 1; i >= v.datasize; i--)
data[i] = data[i-v.datasize];
for (int i = 0; i < v.datasize; i++)
data[i] = v[i];
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::shift_left(Num_T t, int n)
{
int i;
it_assert_debug(n >= 0, "Vec::shift_left: index out of range");
for (i = 0; i < datasize - n; i++)
data[i] = data[i+n];
while (i < datasize)
data[i++] = t;
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::shift_left(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
for (int i = 0; i < datasize - v.datasize; i++)
data[i] = data[i+v.datasize];
for (int i = datasize - v.datasize; i < datasize; i++)
data[i] = v[i-datasize+v.datasize];
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v, Num_T t)
{
int size = v.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size + 1);
copy_vector(size, v.data, temp.data);
temp(size) = t;
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(Num_T t, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
int size = v.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size + 1);
temp(0) = t;
copy_vector(size, v.data, &temp.data[1]);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2)
{
int size1 = v1.size();
int size2 = v2.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size1 + size2);
copy_vector(size1, v1.data, temp.data);
copy_vector(size2, v2.data, &temp.data[size1]);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3)
{
int size1 = v1.size();
int size2 = v2.size();
int size3 = v3.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size1 + size2 + size3);
copy_vector(size1, v1.data, temp.data);
copy_vector(size2, v2.data, &temp.data[size1]);
copy_vector(size3, v3.data, &temp.data[size1+size2]);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3, const Vec<Num_T> &v4)
{
int size1 = v1.size();
int size2 = v2.size();
int size3 = v3.size();
int size4 = v4.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size1 + size2 + size3 + size4);
copy_vector(size1, v1.data, temp.data);
copy_vector(size2, v2.data, &temp.data[size1]);
copy_vector(size3, v3.data, &temp.data[size1+size2]);
copy_vector(size4, v4.data, &temp.data[size1+size2+size3]);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T> concat(const Vec<Num_T> &v1, const Vec<Num_T> &v2,
const Vec<Num_T> &v3, const Vec<Num_T> &v4,
const Vec<Num_T> &v5)
{
int size1 = v1.size();
int size2 = v2.size();
int size3 = v3.size();
int size4 = v4.size();
int size5 = v5.size();
Vec<Num_T> temp(size1 + size2 + size3 + size4 + size5);
copy_vector(size1, v1.data, temp.data);
copy_vector(size2, v2.data, &temp.data[size1]);
copy_vector(size3, v3.data, &temp.data[size1+size2]);
copy_vector(size4, v4.data, &temp.data[size1+size2+size3]);
copy_vector(size5, v5.data, &temp.data[size1+size2+size3+size4]);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::set_subvector(int i1, int, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
it_warning("Vec<>::set_subvector(int, int, const Vec<> &): This function "
"is deprecated and might be removed from future IT++ releases. "
"Please use Vec<>::set_subvector(int, const Vec<> &) instead.");
set_subvector(i1, v);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>:: set_subvector(int i, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
it_assert_debug((i >= 0) && (i + v.datasize <= datasize),
"Vec<>::set_subvector(int, const Vec<> &): "
"Index out of range or too long input vector");
copy_vector(v.datasize, v.data, data + i);
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::set_subvector(int i1, int i2, Num_T t)
{
if (i1 == -1) i1 = datasize - 1;
if (i2 == -1) i2 = datasize - 1;
it_assert_debug((i1 >= 0) && (i1 <= i2) && (i2 < datasize),
"Vec<>::set_subvector(int, int, Num_T): Indexing out "
"of range");
for (int i = i1; i <= i2; i++)
data[i] = t;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
void Vec<Num_T>::replace_mid(int i, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
set_subvector(i, v);
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::del(int index)
{
it_assert_debug(in_range(index), "Vec<>::del(int): Index out of range");
Vec<Num_T> temp(*this);
set_size(datasize - 1, false);
copy_vector(index, temp.data, data);
copy_vector(datasize - index, &temp.data[index+1], &data[index]);
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::del(int i1, int i2)
{
if (i1 == -1) i1 = datasize - 1;
if (i2 == -1) i2 = datasize - 1;
it_assert_debug((i1 >= 0) && (i1 <= i2) && (i2 < datasize),
"Vec<>::del(int, int): Indexing out of range");
Vec<Num_T> temp(*this);
int new_size = datasize - (i2 - i1 + 1);
set_size(new_size, false);
copy_vector(i1, temp.data, data);
copy_vector(datasize - i1, &temp.data[i2+1], &data[i1]);
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::ins(int index, const Num_T t)
{
it_assert_debug((index >= 0) && (index <= datasize),
"Vec<>::ins(): Index out of range");
Vec<Num_T> Temp(*this);
set_size(datasize + 1, false);
copy_vector(index, Temp.data, data);
data[index] = t;
copy_vector(Temp.datasize - index, Temp.data + index, data + index + 1);
}
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::ins(int index, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
it_assert_debug((index >= 0) && (index <= datasize),
"Vec<>::ins(): Index out of range");
Vec<Num_T> Temp(*this);
set_size(datasize + v.length(), false);
copy_vector(index, Temp.data, data);
copy_vector(v.size(), v.data, &data[index]);
copy_vector(Temp.datasize - index, Temp.data + index, data + index + v.size());
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator=(Num_T t)
{
for (int i = 0;i < datasize;i++)
data[i] = t;
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator=(const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
if (this != &v) {
set_size(v.datasize, false);
copy_vector(datasize, v.data, data);
}
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T>
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator=(const Mat<Num_T> &m)
{
if (m.cols() == 1) {
set_size(m.rows(), false);
copy_vector(m.rows(), m._data(), data);
}
else if (m.rows() == 1) {
set_size(m.cols(), false);
copy_vector(m.cols(), m._data(), m.rows(), data, 1);
}
else
it_error("Vec<>::operator=(Mat<Num_T> &): Wrong size of input matrix");
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator=(const char *str)
{
set(std::string(str));
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T> inline
Vec<Num_T>& Vec<Num_T>::operator=(const std::string &str)
{
set(str);
return *this;
}
template<class Num_T>
bvec Vec<Num_T>::operator==(Num_T t) const
{
it_assert_debug(datasize > 0, "Vec<>::operator==(): Wrong size");
bvec temp(datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
temp(i) = (data[i] == t);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
bvec Vec<Num_T>::operator!=(Num_T t) const
{
it_assert_debug(datasize > 0, "Vec<>::operator!=(): Wrong size");
bvec temp(datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
temp(i) = (data[i] != t);
return temp;
}
//! \cond
template<>
bvec Vec<std::complex<double> >::operator<(std::complex<double>) const;
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
bvec Vec<Num_T>::operator<(Num_T t) const
{
it_assert_debug(datasize > 0, "Vec<>::operator<(): Wrong size");
bvec temp(datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
temp(i) = (data[i] < t);
return temp;
}
//! \cond
template<>
bvec Vec<std::complex<double> >::operator<=(std::complex<double>) const;
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
bvec Vec<Num_T>::operator<=(Num_T t) const
{
it_assert_debug(datasize > 0, "Vec<>::operator<=(): Wrong size");
bvec temp(datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
temp(i) = (data[i] <= t);
return temp;
}
//! \cond
template<>
bvec Vec<std::complex<double> >::operator>(std::complex<double>) const;
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
bvec Vec<Num_T>::operator>(Num_T t) const
{
it_assert_debug(datasize > 0, "Vec<>::operator>(): Wrong size");
bvec temp(datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
temp(i) = (data[i] > t);
return temp;
}
//! \cond
template<>
bvec Vec<std::complex<double> >::operator>=(std::complex<double>) const;
//! \endcond
template<class Num_T>
bvec Vec<Num_T>::operator>=(Num_T t) const
{
it_assert_debug(datasize > 0, "Vec<>::operator>=(): Wrong size");
bvec temp(datasize);
for (int i = 0; i < datasize; i++)
temp(i) = (data[i] >= t);
return temp;
}
template<class Num_T>
bool Vec<Num_T>::operator==(const Vec<Num_T> &invector) const
{
// OBS ! if wrong size, return false
if (datasize != invector.datasize) return false;
for (int i = 0;i < datasize;i++) {
if (data[i] != invector.data[i]) return false;
}
return true;
}
template<class Num_T>
bool Vec<Num_T>::operator!=(const Vec<Num_T> &invector) const
{
if (datasize != invector.datasize) return true;
for (int i = 0;i < datasize;i++) {
if (data[i] != invector.data[i]) return true;
}
return false;
}
//! Output stream operator of a vector \c v
template<class Num_T>
std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &os, const Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
int i, sz = v.length();
os << "[" ;
for (i = 0; i < sz; i++) {
os << v(i) ;
if (i < sz - 1)
os << " ";
}
os << "]" ;
return os;
}
//! Input stream operator to read a vector
template<class Num_T>
std::istream &operator>>(std::istream &is, Vec<Num_T> &v)
{
std::ostringstream buffer;
bool started = false;
bool finished = false;
bool brackets = false;
char c;
while (!finished) {
if (is.eof()) {
finished = true;
}
else {
is.get(c);
if (is.eof() || (c == '\n')) {
if (brackets) {
// Right bracket missing
is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);
finished = true;
}
else if (!((c == '\n') && !started)) {
finished = true;
}
}
else if ((c == ' ') || (c == '\t')) {
if (started) {
buffer << ' ';
}
}
else if (c == '[') {
if (started) {
// Unexpected left bracket
is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);
finished = true;
}
else {
started = true;
brackets = true;
}
}
else if (c == ']') {
if (!started || !brackets) {
// Unexpected right bracket
is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);
finished = true;
}
else {
finished = true;
}
while (!is.eof() && (((c = static_cast<char>(is.peek())) == ' ')
|| (c == '\t'))) {
is.get();
}
if (!is.eof() && (c == '\n')) {
is.get();
}
}
else {
started = true;
buffer << c;
}
}
}
if (!started) {
v.set_size(0, false);
}
else {
v.set(buffer.str());
}
return is;
}
//! \cond
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Private functions
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
template<class Num_T>
void Vec<Num_T>::parse_abc_token(const std::string &s, Num_T &a, Num_T &b,
Num_T &c) const
{
std::string::size_type beg = 0;
std::string::size_type end = s.find(':', 0);
a = parse_token(s.substr(beg, end-beg));
beg = end + 1;
end = s.find(':', beg);
if (end != std::string::npos) {
b = parse_token(s.substr(beg, end-beg));
c = parse_token(s.substr(end+1, s.size()-end));
}
else {
b = Num_T(1);
c = parse_token(s.substr(beg, end-beg-1));
}
}
template<class Num_T>
Num_T Vec<Num_T>::parse_token(const std::string &s) const
{
it_error("Vec::parse_token(): Only `double' and `int' types are supported");
return 0;
}
template<>
double Vec<double>::parse_token(const std::string &s) const;
template<>
int Vec<int>::parse_token(const std::string &s) const;
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Instantiations
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
#ifndef _MSC_VER
extern template class Vec<double>;
extern template class Vec<int>;
extern template class Vec<short int>;
extern template class Vec<std::complex<double> >;
extern template class Vec<bin>;
// addition operator
extern template vec operator+(const vec &v1, const vec &v2);
extern template cvec operator+(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2);
extern template ivec operator+(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2);
extern template svec operator+(const svec &v1, const svec &v2);
extern template bvec operator+(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2);
extern template vec operator+(const vec &v1, double t);
extern template cvec operator+(const cvec &v1, std::complex<double> t);
extern template ivec operator+(const ivec &v1, int t);
extern template svec operator+(const svec &v1, short t);
extern template bvec operator+(const bvec &v1, bin t);
extern template vec operator+(double t, const vec &v1);
extern template cvec operator+(std::complex<double> t, const cvec &v1);
extern template ivec operator+(int t, const ivec &v1);
extern template svec operator+(short t, const svec &v1);
extern template bvec operator+(bin t, const bvec &v1);
// subtraction operator
extern template vec operator-(const vec &v1, const vec &v2);
extern template cvec operator-(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2);
extern template ivec operator-(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2);
extern template svec operator-(const svec &v1, const svec &v2);
extern template bvec operator-(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2);
extern template vec operator-(const vec &v, double t);
extern template cvec operator-(const cvec &v, std::complex<double> t);
extern template ivec operator-(const ivec &v, int t);
extern template svec operator-(const svec &v, short t);
extern template bvec operator-(const bvec &v, bin t);
extern template vec operator-(double t, const vec &v);
extern template cvec operator-(std::complex<double> t, const cvec &v);
extern template ivec operator-(int t, const ivec &v);
extern template svec operator-(short t, const svec &v);
extern template bvec operator-(bin t, const bvec &v);
// unary minus
extern template vec operator-(const vec &v);
extern template cvec operator-(const cvec &v);
extern template ivec operator-(const ivec &v);
extern template svec operator-(const svec &v);
extern template bvec operator-(const bvec &v);
// multiplication operator
extern template std::complex<double> dot(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2);
extern template int dot(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2);
extern template short dot(const svec &v1, const svec &v2);
extern template bin dot(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2);
extern template double operator*(const vec &v1, const vec &v2);
extern template std::complex<double> operator*(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2);
extern template int operator*(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2);
extern template short operator*(const svec &v1, const svec &v2);
extern template bin operator*(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2);
extern template imat outer_product(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2,
bool hermitian);
extern template smat outer_product(const svec &v1, const svec &v2,
bool hermitian);
extern template bmat outer_product(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2,
bool hermitian);
extern template vec operator*(const vec &v, double t);
extern template cvec operator*(const cvec &v, std::complex<double> t);
extern template ivec operator*(const ivec &v, int t);
extern template svec operator*(const svec &v, short t);
extern template bvec operator*(const bvec &v, bin t);
extern template vec operator*(double t, const vec &v);
extern template cvec operator*(std::complex<double> t, const cvec &v);
extern template ivec operator*(int t, const ivec &v);
extern template svec operator*(short t, const svec &v);
extern template bvec operator*(bin t, const bvec &v);
// elementwise multiplication
extern template vec elem_mult(const vec &a, const vec &b);
extern template cvec elem_mult(const cvec &a, const cvec &b);
extern template ivec elem_mult(const ivec &a, const ivec &b);
extern template svec elem_mult(const svec &a, const svec &b);
extern template bvec elem_mult(const bvec &a, const bvec &b);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const vec &a, const vec &b, vec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const cvec &a, const cvec &b, cvec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const ivec &a, const ivec &b, ivec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const svec &a, const svec &b, svec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const bvec &a, const bvec &b, bvec &out);
extern template vec elem_mult(const vec &a, const vec &b, const vec &c);
extern template cvec elem_mult(const cvec &a, const cvec &b, const cvec &c);
extern template ivec elem_mult(const ivec &a, const ivec &b, const ivec &c);
extern template svec elem_mult(const svec &a, const svec &b, const svec &c);
extern template bvec elem_mult(const bvec &a, const bvec &b, const bvec &c);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const vec &a, const vec &b,
const vec &c, vec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const cvec &a, const cvec &b,
const cvec &c, cvec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const ivec &a, const ivec &b,
const ivec &c, ivec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const svec &a, const svec &b,
const svec &c, svec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const bvec &a, const bvec &b,
const bvec &c, bvec &out);
extern template vec elem_mult(const vec &a, const vec &b,
const vec &c, const vec &d);
extern template cvec elem_mult(const cvec &a, const cvec &b,
const cvec &c, const cvec &d);
extern template ivec elem_mult(const ivec &a, const ivec &b,
const ivec &c, const ivec &d);
extern template svec elem_mult(const svec &a, const svec &b,
const svec &c, const svec &d);
extern template bvec elem_mult(const bvec &a, const bvec &b,
const bvec &c, const bvec &d);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const vec &a, const vec &b, const vec &c,
const vec &d, vec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const cvec &a, const cvec &b,
const cvec &c, const cvec &d, cvec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const ivec &a, const ivec &b,
const ivec &c, const ivec &d, ivec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const svec &a, const svec &b,
const svec &c, const svec &d, svec &out);
extern template void elem_mult_out(const bvec &a, const bvec &b,
const bvec &c, const bvec &d, bvec &out);
// in-place elementwise multiplication
extern template void elem_mult_inplace(const vec &a, vec &b);
extern template void elem_mult_inplace(const cvec &a, cvec &b);
extern template void elem_mult_inplace(const ivec &a, ivec &b);
extern template void elem_mult_inplace(const svec &a, svec &b);
extern template void elem_mult_inplace(const bvec &a, bvec &b);
// elementwise multiplication followed by summation
extern template double elem_mult_sum(const vec &a, const vec &b);
extern template std::complex<double> elem_mult_sum(const cvec &a,
const cvec &b);
extern template int elem_mult_sum(const ivec &a, const ivec &b);
extern template short elem_mult_sum(const svec &a, const svec &b);
extern template bin elem_mult_sum(const bvec &a, const bvec &b);
// division operator
extern template vec operator/(const vec &v, double t);
extern template cvec operator/(const cvec &v, std::complex<double> t);
extern template ivec operator/(const ivec &v, int t);
extern template svec operator/(const svec &v, short t);
extern template bvec operator/(const bvec &v, bin t);
extern template vec operator/(double t, const vec &v);
extern template cvec operator/(std::complex<double> t, const cvec &v);
extern template ivec operator/(int t, const ivec &v);
extern template svec operator/(short t, const svec &v);
extern template bvec operator/(bin t, const bvec &v);
// elementwise division operator
extern template vec elem_div(const vec &a, const vec &b);
extern template cvec elem_div(const cvec &a, const cvec &b);
extern template ivec elem_div(const ivec &a, const ivec &b);
extern template svec elem_div(const svec &a, const svec &b);
extern template bvec elem_div(const bvec &a, const bvec &b);
extern template vec elem_div(double t, const vec &v);
extern template cvec elem_div(std::complex<double> t, const cvec &v);
extern template ivec elem_div(int t, const ivec &v);
extern template svec elem_div(short t, const svec &v);
extern template bvec elem_div(bin t, const bvec &v);
extern template void elem_div_out(const vec &a, const vec &b, vec &out);
extern template void elem_div_out(const cvec &a, const cvec &b, cvec &out);
extern template void elem_div_out(const ivec &a, const ivec &b, ivec &out);
extern template void elem_div_out(const svec &a, const svec &b, svec &out);
extern template void elem_div_out(const bvec &a, const bvec &b, bvec &out);
// elementwise division followed by summation
extern template double elem_div_sum(const vec &a, const vec &b);
extern template std::complex<double> elem_div_sum(const cvec &a,
const cvec &b);
extern template int elem_div_sum(const ivec &a, const ivec &b);
extern template short elem_div_sum(const svec &a, const svec &b);
extern template bin elem_div_sum(const bvec &a, const bvec &b);
// concat operator
extern template vec concat(const vec &v, double a);
extern template cvec concat(const cvec &v, std::complex<double> a);
extern template ivec concat(const ivec &v, int a);
extern template svec concat(const svec &v, short a);
extern template bvec concat(const bvec &v, bin a);
extern template vec concat(double a, const vec &v);
extern template cvec concat(std::complex<double> a, const cvec &v);
extern template ivec concat(int a, const ivec &v);
extern template svec concat(short a, const svec &v);
extern template bvec concat(bin a, const bvec &v);
extern template vec concat(const vec &v1, const vec &v2);
extern template cvec concat(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2);
extern template ivec concat(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2);
extern template svec concat(const svec &v1, const svec &v2);
extern template bvec concat(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2);
extern template vec concat(const vec &v1, const vec &v2, const vec &v3);
extern template cvec concat(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2, const cvec &v3);
extern template ivec concat(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2, const ivec &v3);
extern template svec concat(const svec &v1, const svec &v2, const svec &v3);
extern template bvec concat(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2, const bvec &v3);
extern template vec concat(const vec &v1, const vec &v2,
const vec &v3, const vec &v4);
extern template cvec concat(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2,
const cvec &v3, const cvec &v4);
extern template ivec concat(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2,
const ivec &v3, const ivec &v4);
extern template svec concat(const svec &v1, const svec &v2,
const svec &v3, const svec &v4);
extern template bvec concat(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2,
const bvec &v3, const bvec &v4);
extern template vec concat(const vec &v1, const vec &v2, const vec &v3,
const vec &v4, const vec &v5);
extern template cvec concat(const cvec &v1, const cvec &v2, const cvec &v3,
const cvec &v4, const cvec &v5);
extern template ivec concat(const ivec &v1, const ivec &v2, const ivec &v3,
const ivec &v4, const ivec &v5);
extern template svec concat(const svec &v1, const svec &v2, const svec &v3,
const svec &v4, const svec &v5);
extern template bvec concat(const bvec &v1, const bvec &v2, const bvec &v3,
const bvec &v4, const bvec &v5);
// I/O streams
extern template std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream& os, const vec &vect);
extern template std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream& os, const cvec &vect);
extern template std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream& os, const svec &vect);
extern template std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream& os, const ivec &vect);
extern template std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream& os, const bvec &vect);
extern template std::istream &operator>>(std::istream& is, vec &vect);
extern template std::istream &operator>>(std::istream& is, cvec &vect);
extern template std::istream &operator>>(std::istream& is, svec &vect);
extern template std::istream &operator>>(std::istream& is, ivec &vect);
extern template std::istream &operator>>(std::istream& is, bvec &vect);
#endif // _MSC_VER
//! \endcond
} // namespace itpp
#endif // #ifndef VEC_H

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