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IT++ should compile without errors or warnings on most GNU/Linux, BSD and
UNIX systems, and on POSIX based environments for Microsoft Windows like
Cygwin or MinGW with MSYS. It can be also built on Microsoft Windows NT/2000/
XP/Vista/7/8 using Microsoft's Visual C++ (or Express).
For GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris SunOS, Cygwin and MinGW
we assume that you have at least the following GNU software installed on your
o GNU make, version 3.77 or later (check version with `make --version' or
o GCC - GNU Compilers Collection including C (gcc) and C++ (g++) compilers,
version 3.3.x or later (check version with `gcc --version')
In most cases, a Fortran compiler is also required for proper linking of IT++
with external BLAS and LAPACK libraries. GCC provides g77 (versions 3.x.x) or
gfortran (versions 4.x.x) compilers.
We strongly recommend that you use recent stable releases of the GCC, if
possible. We do not actively work on supporting older versions of the GCC,
and they may therefore (without prior notice) become unsupported in future
releases of IT++.
Instead of using GCC, you might try to build and link the IT++ library using
other C/C++/Fortran compilers. For instance, Intel C++ (icpc) and Fortran
(ifc) compilers are known to work well.
To perform tests you need Google C++ Testing Framework sources
Optionally, you might need a few additional programs, i.e. Doxygen, LaTeX,
Dvips and Ghostscript, to generate the HTML documentation. The HTML
documentation for each release is also available as separate packages for
download, so you do not need to generate it during the installation.
In order to use all functionality provided by the IT++ library, it is
recommended that you have some external libraries compiled and installed in
your computer. The basic set of them is: BLAS, LAPACK and FFTW (version 3.0.0
Instead of NetLib's reference BLAS and LAPACK implementations, some optimized
platform-specific libraries can be used as well, i.e.:
o ATLAS (Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software) - includes optimised
BLAS and a limited set of LAPACK routines (version 3.6.0 or later)
o MKL (Intel Math Kernel Library) - includes all required BLAS, LAPACK and
FFT routines (version 8.1.1 or later; FFTW not required)
o ACML (AMD Core Math Library) - includes BLAS, LAPACK and FFT routines
(version 2.5.3 or later; FFTW not required)
Except the Intel MKL, the above mentioned BLAS/LAPACK implementations require
additional support libraries provided by a Fortran compiler. To use them with
IT++, please make sure that you have the compatible Fortran compiler
installed. For instance, if your system BLAS and LAPACK libraries were
compiled and linked with GNU g77, you should have the same compiler installed
on your system before starting the IT++ configuration process.
It is possible to compile and use IT++ without these external libraries, but
the functionality will be reduced. Therefore, we recommend that you take some
time and effort to provide these external libraries in your system. Please
note that the basic set of them (FFTW, BLAS and LAPACK) is usually included
in most modern Linux distributions.
Obtaining the IT++ Source Codes
IT++ is released under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL) and
hence the source code of the IT++ library is available for free download. To
obtain the IT++ source code, visit the project pages on SourceForge:
and download the file named itpp-<VERSION>.tar.gz or itpp-<VERSION>.tar.bz2,
where <VERSION> is the latest release number, e.g. 4.3.0.
IT++ Configuration and Installation Instructions
Assuming that you have already downloaded the latest IT++ sources, untar and
unpack the sources, and enter the unpacked directory. Depending on the
package type you have downloaded, use the following commands:
% gzip -cd itpp-<VERSION>.tar.gz | tar xf -
% cd itpp-<VERSION>
% bzip2 -cd itpp-<VERSION>.tar.bz2 | tar xf -
% cd itpp-<VERSION>
Since version 4.3.0, the IT++ library uses cmake compilation system for
preparing Makefiles, so the compilation procedure is as follows:
% mkdir build && cd build
% cmake ..
The `cmake' command can be invoked with additional switches and options
(see cmake help for a full list of them). The most important are:
o `-DITPP_SHARED_LIB=off', allows to compile the static version of IT++ library. By default this option is
set to `on'.
o `-DBLA_VENDOR=vendor', where vendor can be `ACML', `Intel11' or `ATLAS'. This is helpful in selecting a specific
external library (ACML or MKL 11). If these libraries are installed in nonstandard locations, on Linux, set
`LD_LIBRARY_PATH' environment variable to the location where the libraries are installed. For Windows `PATH' environment
variable should be set, while Mac OS X users should use `DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH'.
o `-DGTEST_DIR=/path/to/gtest/sources' is used to specify the path to
Google unit test framework (gtest) sources. Thus the unit tests are compiled and can be
run separately to check IT++ library.
o `-DOLD_TESTS=on' is used to activate the compilation of older unit tests (no unit test framework required). By default
this option is set to `off'. These tests are no longer maintained, so it is recommended to use the tests based on Google
framework. In order to run these tests use `check_tests.py' script found in extras folder (Python is required).
o `-DHTML_DOCS=off' allows to disable the generation of HTML documentation. Default option is `on' provided that
Doxygen is found.
o `-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release' allows to specify the build type: Release (default) or Debug. The library name in Debug
mode is itpp_debug.*, so that both Release and Debug versions could exist in the installation folder.
o `-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/install/path' allows to specify the installation path. This is used when installing IT++,
either from command line, with 'make install', either using the INSTALL project from Visual Studio. Note that the user
should have write permissions to the installation folder.
By default, cmake checks for a few external libraries, which
might be used by the IT++ library (cf. IT++ Requirements). The detection
procedure is as follows:
1. First, the presence of a BLAS library among MKL, ACML, ATLAS and NetLib's
reference BLAS is checked. If one of the above mentioned can be used,
HAVE_BLAS is defined.
2. Next, some LAPACK library is being searched, but only if BLAS is
available. Full set of LAPACK routines can be found in the MKL, ACML and
NetLib's reference LAPACK libraries. Besides, ATLAS contains a subset of
optimised LAPACK routines, which can be used with NetLib's LAPACK library
(this is described in the ATLAS documentation). If some LAPACK library
can be found, HAVE_LAPACK is defined.
3. Finally, a set of separate checks for FFT libraries is executed.
Currently three different libraries providing FFT/IFFT routines can be
used: MKL, ACML and FFTW. If at least one of them is found, HAVE_FFT id
defined. Besides, one of the following: HAVE_FFT_MKL, HAVE_FFT_ACML or
HAVE_FFTW3 is defined, respectively.
If some external libraries are installed in a non-standard location in your
system, e.g. MKL in `/opt/intel/mkl/9.1', cmake will not
detect them automatically. In such a case, you should use LD_LIBRARY_PATH
environment variable to define additional directories to be
searched for libraries and headers. For instance, to configure IT++ to link to 32-bit version
of MKL 11.0 external libraries, you should use the following commands:
% export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/composer_xe_2013.2.146/mkl/lib/intel64/
% cmake .. -DBLA_VENDOR=Intel11
Now, it is time for compiling and linking the IT++ library. To do so, please
simply run the following command:
IT++ should compile without any errors or warnings. If this is not the case,
please report the problem on the IT++ Help forum at SourceForge. Please
include information about your OS, compiler version, external libraries and
their versions, etc.
Testing the Compiled Library
It is recommended that you check if your library has been compiled and linked
properly and works as expected. To do so, you need to specify the path to the
Google C++ Test Framework sources as:
% cmake .. -DGTEST_DIR=/path/to/gtest
As a result, you should obtain a report with test results.
If not all tests passed please report the problem on the IT++ Help forum.
Finally, you should install the compiled and linked library, include files
and HTML documentation (optionally) by typing:
% make install
Depending on the CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX settings during configuration, you might need the
root (administrator) access to perform this step.
Eventually, you might invoke the following command
% make clean
to remove all files created during compilation process. Alternatively you could remove
% cd ..
% rm -rf build