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 admin 2016-01-11 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a609da] Updated Copyright to 2016
 bin 2016-01-11 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a609da] Updated Copyright to 2016
 debian 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [0d8d96] Updated NEWS and changelog
 drvproxy 2016-06-09 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [b2310d] Fixed EXTRA_DIST to package all the new Cocoa b...
 etc 2016-01-11 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a609da] Updated Copyright to 2016
 include 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [000a9e] Updated build number to 160712 for release
 iodbc 2016-07-05 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [af8528] Fixed typo
 iodbcadm 2016-07-04 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a2b93c] Removed hooks to call graphical bundles if not ...
 iodbcinst 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [f3beef] Fixed compiler warning
 mac 2016-06-09 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [891e7c] Fixed issues building on Mac OS X 10.10 and 10.11
 man 2016-01-11 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a609da] Updated Copyright to 2016
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 AUTHORS 2005-07-26 Patrick van Kleef Patrick van Kleef [eca53b] * Added Max (pvk)
 COPYING 2016-01-11 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a609da] Updated Copyright to 2016
 IAFA-PACKAGE 2016-05-26 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [f26004] Updated version to 3.52.11 for internal release
 INSTALL 2004-02-20 Patrick van Kleef Patrick van Kleef [7b39ae] * Small documentation enhancements and clarific...
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 Makefile.am 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [c588af] Regenerated text versions of README*.md files
 NEWS 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [0d8d96] Updated NEWS and changelog
 PORT.OpenLink 2016-01-11 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [a609da] Updated Copyright to 2016
 README 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [c455f9] Fixed artifact in text conversion
 README.md 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [c588af] Regenerated text versions of README*.md files
 README_GIT 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [c455f9] Fixed artifact in text conversion
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 README_MACOSX 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [c455f9] Fixed artifact in text conversion
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 autogen.sh 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [c588af] Regenerated text versions of README*.md files
 configure.ac 2016-07-12 iODBC Maintainer iODBC Maintainer [eff60b] Updated version to 3.52.12 for final release

Read Me


iODBC Driver Manager


  Copyright (C) 1995 by Ke Jin <kejin@empress.com>
  Copyright (C) 1996-2016 by OpenLink Software <iodbc@openlinksw.com>
  All Rights Reserved.


License

Copyright 1996-2016 OpenLink_Software
This software is released under either the GNU Library General Public License
(see LICENSE.LGPL) or the BSD License (see LICENSE.BSD).
Note: The only valid version of the GPL license as far as this project is
concerned is the original GNU General Public License Version 2, dated June
1991.

Contributions

While not mandated by the BSD license, any patches you make to the iODBC
project may be contributed back into the project at your discretion.
Contributions will benefit the Open Source and Data Access community as a
whole. Submissions may be made via the iODBC_Github_project or via email to
iodbc@openlinksw.com.

Introduction

Welcome to the iODBC driver manager maintained by OpenLink_Software.
This kit will provide you with everything you need in order to develop ODBC-
compliant applications under Unix without having to pay royalties to other
parties.
This kit consists of a number of parts:

* The iODBC driver manager. This is a complete implementation of an ODBC driver
  manager, released under either the GNU Library General Public License or the
  BSD License. We fully comply with these licenses by giving you this product
  in source form (as well as the binary form). You can download the latest
  version of the driver manager from the iODBC_website.
* A simple example, iodbctest.c, which gives you a command-line interface to
  SQL. You can fit this to your purposes, but at the very least this is useful
  for verification of your ODBC installation.

You can use either part stand-alone, if you wish.
An ODBC driver is still needed to affect your connection architecture. You may
build a driver with the iODBC components or obtain an ODBC driver from a
commercial vendor. OpenLink Software produces cross-platform commercial drivers
as well as maintaining the iODBC distribution: evaluation copies may be
obtained via download from the OpenLink_Software_website. Any ODBC-compliant
driver will work with the iODBC Driver Manager.
See also the iODBC_website for more pointers to various ODBC drivers.

Installation of run-time distribution

You probably already unpacked this distribution. The next step is to make sure
that your applications can find all the dynamic link libraries. Depending on
your system's implementation of dynamic link libraries, you have a number of
options:

* Install the libraries in a directory that is searched by your linker by
  default. Typical locations are /usr/lib and /usr/local/lib.
* Install the libraries in some other place, and make sure that the environment
  variable your dynamic linker uses to find extra locations for dynamic link
  libraries. Most systems use the environment variable LDLIBRARYPATH to this
  end. Exceptions are AIX which uses LIBPATH and HP/UX which uses SHLIB_PATH.

If your system has a C compiler, you can verify the installation by compiling
the iodbctest program. Otherwise, you may have ODBC applications installed on
your system which you can use.

Configuration of run-time distribution

The iODBC driver manager looks for a file ~/.odbc.ini, where the tilde stands
for the user's home directory. This file only contains a default section where
you can select which driver library to use. Copy the odbc.ini file from the
examples directory to ~/.odbc.ini and make sure the right path and filename is
used for your installation.
A data source is a section (enclosed in square parenthesis), and the attributes
for a data source are given within this section. The most important attribute
to iODBC for each datasource is the Driver attribute. This must point to the
shared library for the ODBC driver associated with the data source.
As example, the OpenLink ODBC drivers have a number of attributes which can be
set for a data source. Here is a description (with ODBC connect string tags
between parenthesis):

   Host
      The hostname where the database resides (HOST).

   ServerType
      The type of server (see oplrqb.ini on the server, SVT).

   ServerOptions
      Server-specific extra options. See OpenLink server documentation for
  agents which can use this.

   Database
      The database to use (DATABASE).

   Options
      Connect options for the database (OPTIONS).

   UserName
      The name of the user (a password cannot be specified in the UDBCINI file,
  UID/PWD).

   ReadOnly
      A Yes/No value in order to make the connection read-only (READONLY=Y/N).

   FetchBufferSize
      The number of records that are transferred in a single call to the
  server.
      Default is 5; maximum is 99, minimum is 1 (FBS=value).

   Protocol
      The protocol to use. Leave set to TCP for this release.

Apart from these data source-specific settings, you may add a section called
[Communications], which you may use to tune our driver further:

   ReceiveTimeout
      The time the client application will wait for the database agent to
  finish the request (default is 60 seconds).

   BrokerTimeout
      The time the client application will wait for the request broker to
  accept of reject a database connection
      Default is 30 seconds.

   SendSize
      RPC send buffer size. A value of 0 (the default) will cause the
  application to use system-dependent defaults.

   ReceiveSize
      RPC receive buffer size. A value of 0 (the default) will cause the
  application to use system-dependent defaults.

   DebugFile
      If set, the name of a file to which debugging output from the driver
  should be directed.


iODBC driver manager platform availability

The iODBC driver manager has been ported to following Unix platforms:

  | os              | version       | processor                 |
  | --------------- | ------------- | ------------------------- |
  | BSDi BSD/OS     | 2.x           | x86                       |
  | DEC Unix(OSF/1) | 3.x - 5.x     | DEC Alpha                 |
  | DG/UX           | 5.x           | Aviion                    |
  | FreeBSD         | 2.x - 9.x     | x86                       |
  | HP/UX           | 9.x - 11.x    | HP9000 s700/s800          |
  | HP/UX           | 9.x           | HP9000 s300/s400          |
  | IBM AIX         | 3.x - 5.x     | IBM RS6000, PowerPC       |
  | Linux ELF       | 1.x,  2.x     | x86, Itanium, PowerPC     |
  | Mac OS X        | 10.x          | PowerPC                   |
  | Max/OS SVR4     | 1.x           | Concurrent Maxion 9200 MP |
  | NCR SVR4        | 3.x           | NCR 3435                  |
  | OpenVMS         | 6.x           | DEC Alpha                 |
  | SCO OpenServer  | 5.x           | x86                       |
  | SGI Irix SVR4   | 5.x, 6.x      | IP12 MIPS, IP22 MIPS      |
  | SunOS           | 4.1.x         | Sun Sparc                 |
  | Sun Solaris     | 2.x           | Sun Sparc, PCx86          |
  | UnixWare SVR4.2 | 1.x, 2.x      | x86                       |
  | Windows NT      | 4.x           | x86                       |

As the iODBC driver manager uses autoconf/automake/libtool it should be
portable to most modern UNIX platforms out of the box. However if you do need
to make changes to the code or the configuration files, we would appreciate you
share your changes with the rest of the internet community by mailing your
patches to iodbc@openlinksw.com so we can include them for the next build.
Porting of iODBC driver manager to some non-UNIX operating systems such as
Windows family(3.x, 95, NT), OS/2 and Mac Classic is supported but has not been
compiled and tested recently. Of cause, you need to supply a make/build file
and a short LibMain for creating the iodbc.dll.

How to build iODBC driver manager:

Mac OS X users should read the separate README_MACOSX document for more detail
of porting on this platform. Otherwise:

  step 1. Run configure to adjust to target platform
  step 2. Run make
  step 3. Run make install

The configure program will examine your system for various compiler flags,
system options etc. In some cases extra flags need to be added for the C
compiler to work properly.
E.g. on HP systems you may need:

  $ CFLAGS="-Ae -O" ./configure --prefix=/usr/local ..........


File Hierarchy

Note that the path of the system wide odbc.ini file is calculated as follows
(based on flags to ./configure):
no --prefix default is /etc/odbc.ini --prefix=/usr /etc/odbc.ini --prefix=/xxx/
yyy /xxx/yyy/etc/odbc.ini --sysconfdir=/xxx/yyy /xxx/yyy/odbc.ini --with-iodbc-
inidir=/xxx/yyy /xxx/yyy/odbc.ini
If the --with-layout= option is set, then the prefix and sysconfdir parameters
will be changed accordingly. Currently, this parameter understands values of
gentoo, **redhat, gnu, debian or opt (with everything going into /opt/iodbc/).
If both are specified, a --prefix argument will overrule a --with-layout.

Example

$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --with-iodbc-inidir=/etc ... ... ... $ make
... ... ... $ su # make install ... ... ...

odbc.ini

Driver manager and drivers use odbc.ini file or connection string when
establishing a data source connection. On Windows, odbc.ini is located in
Windows directory.
On UNIX, the iODBC driver manager looks for the odbc.ini file in the following
sequence:

  1. check environment variable ODBCINI
  2. check $HOME/.odbc.ini
  3. check home in /etc/passwd and try .odbc.ini in there
  4. system-wide odbc.ini (settable at configuration time)

Item 1 is the easiest as most drivers will also look at this variable.
The format of odbc.ini( or ~/.odbc.ini ) is defined as:

  odbc.ini            ::= data_source_list

  data_source_list    ::= /* empty */
                       | data_source '\n' data_source_list

  data_source         ::= '[' data_source_name ']' '\n' data_source_desc

  data_source_name    ::= 'default' | [A-Za-z]*[A-Za-z0-9_]*

  data_source_desc    ::= /* empty */
                       | attrib_desc '\n' data_source_desc

  addrib_desc         ::= Attrib '=' attrib_value

  Attrib              ::= 'Driver' | 'PID' | 'UID' | driver_def_attrib

  driver_def_attrib   ::= [A-Za-z]*[A-Za-z0-9_]*

An example of an odbc.ini file:

  ;
  ;  odbc.ini
  ;
  [ODBC Data Sources]
  Myodbc          = Myodbc
  Sample          = OpenLink Generic ODBC Driver
  Virtuoso        = Virtuoso

  [ODBC]
  TraceFile       = /tmp/odbc.trace
  Trace           = 0        ; set to 1 to enable tracing

  [Sample]
  Driver          = /usr/local/openlink/lib/oplodbc.so.1
  Description     = Sample OpenLink DSN
  Host            = localhost
  UserName        = openlink
  Password        = xxxx
  ServerType      = Oracle 8.1.x
  Database        =
  FetchBufferSize = 99
  ReadOnly        = no

  [Virtuoso]
  Driver          = /usr/local/virtuoso/lib/virtodbc.so.1
  Address         = localhost:1112
  Database        = Demo

  [Myodbc]
  Driver          = /usr/lib/libmyodbc.so
  HOST            = localhost

  [Default]
  Driver          = /usr/local/openlink/lib/oplodbc.so.1


Tracing

The iODBC driver manager traces driver's ODBC call invoked by the driver
manager. Default tracing file is ./odbc.log. Tracing option (i.e. on/off or
optional tracing file name) can be set in odbc.ini file under the [ODBC]
heading as:

  [ODBC]
  TraceFile = <optional_trace_file>
  Trace = ON | On | on | 1 | OFF | Off | off | 0

If  is stderr or stdout, i.e.

  TraceFile = stderr

or

  TraceFile = stdout

the tracing message will go to the terminal screen (if it is available).

Further Information Sources:

iODBC_Website containing binaries, sources and documentation.
iODBC_Project_page_on_GitHub containing source archives, GIT tree, issues
forum.
iODBC_Project_page_on_Sourceforge containing source archives, GIT tree, mailing
lists, forums, bug reports.
OpenLink_Software_Website containing free trials and support for OpenLink's
ODBC drivers.
Microsoft_ODBC_Documentation containing the ODBC API Reference Guide.

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