XINE video output plugin for MATROX G400 / G200 cards *only*
PLEASE NOTE: There is a rewrite in progress for the SyncFB plugin. The
version included in this XINE release is *not* 100% functional. We
apologize for that and hope to have a brand-new plugin available soon
which will be included in the next XINE release.
* WHAT IS THIS PLUGIN ABOUT and WHY SHOULD I EVEN CONSIDER TO USE IT? :)
This XINE video output plugin uses the so called Teletux driver which
provides special hardware features of the Matrox G400 and G200 cards
like deinterlacing, scaling and YUV data to RGB conversion --- just to
name a few. The plugin makes all those features available to XINE and
because all this tasks are done by the graphics card there is no need
for XINE to do them in software -- so you save precious CPU time which
you may gonna need for other things. :-)
Another feature of this plugin is the synchronisation of the video
picture with the refresh of your screen. Before you ask why you would
need that - here the explanation... :)
In order to have an optimal DVD playback the update of the image needs
to be syncronized with the refresh of the screen. Otherwise you will
sometimes see part of frame n and part of frame n+1 during an refresh.
This results in tearing artefacts on moving objects.
When using this plugin the update of the screen is done in the V-SYNC
phase of your screen - and the tearing artefacts are gone forever.
* AND HOW DOES IT WORK?
The Teletux driver is a module you will have to load that makes a
special device (/dev/syncfb) available which is opened by the plugin
and controlled with certain ioctl calls. Quite easy, isn't it? ;)
That module is based on the mga_vid driver from Aaron Holzmann and was
advanced (and reworked) by Matthias Oelmann.
* OK I HEARD ENOUGH - HOW DO I INSTALL and USE IT? :)
First of all you will need to get the Teletux driver itself. It's
available at http://teletux.sourceforge.net. Once you downloaded it,
unpack it to some directory of your choice, please read the README and
compile it (a normal "make" should work out-of-the-box). Now there are
only a few things left for you to do...
1) Become root. Hey now you can take over the world *evil laugh* :-)))
2) Create a device called /dev/syncfb ===> mknod /dev/syncfb c 178 0
3) Copy the file "syncfb.o" to your modules directory (usually this is
/lib/modules/YOUR_KERNEL_VERSION/) and do a "depmod -a".
This should be it. In order to use the Teletux driver you will have to
load it with the command "insmod syncfb.o" - please note that you will
have to load it every time you reboot if you wanna use the driver.
XINE autodetects the driver and automaticly uses this plugin.
It is possible now that the image during video playback is jerking.
This could be caused by the syncronisiation of the video image with
your screen refresh. You can easily fix that by switching your monitor
to the appropriate refresh rates (50 Hz for PAL, 60 Hz for NTSC). You
will need to add so called modelines to your XFree86 config to make
those 50 Hz/60 Hz modes available.
Here is is a short listing of some sample modelines. Please add only
those two lines (for NTSC and PAL) which exactly fit the screensize
you are running your X Server with. You need to add those lines to the
monitor section of your XF86Config file as well as include their names
in the screen section (subsection display of the color depth your are
USE THE FOLLOWING MODELINES AT YOUR OWN RISK. THEY COULD DAMAGE YOUR
MONITOR PERMANTELY - PLEASE TAKE CAUTION AND DON'T BLAME US. YOU HAVE
So much for the standard disclaimer. :)
Note: If you want to be on the safe side, generate your very own
modelines with an application like kvideogen or use a service
like http://zaph.com/Modeline/ on the web.
Also the modelines may need some fine tuning for your setup. You
can use xvidtune (comes with XFree86) to do that.
Modeline "1024x768pal" 64.94 1024 1040 1216 1328 768 768 775 802
Modeline "1024x768ntsc" 54.32 1024 1040 1216 1328 768 768 774 802
Modeline "1152x864pal" 68.82 1152 1168 1384 1496 864 864 871 902
Modeline "1152x864ntsc" 80.93 1152 1168 1384 1496 864 864 872 902
none yet - will be added soon
So before you run XINE please turn to the appropriate refresh rate and
the jerking should be gone.
* WHAT SCREENSIZE SHOULD I PREFER?
Well. It is important that the screensize you choose for DVD playback
is exactly the same screensize you're starting up your X Server with.
So you shouldn't switch down to 1024x768 if you are running 1280x1024
because that gives you a virtual screensize of 1280x1024 in a
resolution of 1024x768 - and the plugin cannot handle that yet.
Now back to the question. A screensize of 1024x768 should be it. A DVD
is always 720x576 for pal and 720x480 for ntsc. If you've an anamorphe
DVD the image only has to be horizontally scaled to get back to the
original geometry of 16:9 which is easier to be done.
* WHERE IS THE WINDOW A VIDEO IS USUALLY DISPLAYED IN?
The Teletux driver is writing directly to the video memory of the G400
or G200 card and bypasses your X server. Getting that overlay into a
real window isn't as easy as you might think.
For now a borderless window is being used which lays under the overlay
so you can click on the overlay (for the panel to appear) or issue any
command XINE supports by keyboard while you're over the overlay with
your mouse cursor.
* WHAT IS ON THE TODO LIST?
The plugin does not yet activate the hardware deinterlacing.
The mouse cursor doesn't disappear yet when it should be disappearing.
Prevent the panel from hidding behind the overlay by moving it out of range.
Bug fixes, new features and optimizations. :-)
* CONTACTS and FEEDBACK
Joachim Koening <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Matthias Dahl <email@example.com>
or use the XINE User Mailinglist. (more infos see the general README)