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/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id$
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
/*
** Set P3 of the most recently inserted opcode to a column affinity
** string for index pIdx. A column affinity string has one character
** for each column in the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
** Character Column affinity
** ------------------------------
** 'n' NUMERIC
** 'i' INTEGER
** 't' TEXT
** 'o' NONE
*/
void sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *v, Index *pIdx){
if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
/* The first time a column affinity string for a particular index is
** required, it is allocated and populated here. It is then stored as
** a member of the Index structure for subsequent use.
**
** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
** up.
*/
int n;
Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqliteMalloc(pIdx->nColumn+1);
if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
return;
}
for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[n]].affinity;
}
pIdx->zColAff[pIdx->nColumn] = '\0';
}
sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, pIdx->zColAff, 0);
}
/*
** Set P3 of the most recently inserted opcode to a column affinity
** string for table pTab. A column affinity string has one character
** for each column indexed by the index, according to the affinity of the
** column:
**
** Character Column affinity
** ------------------------------
** 'n' NUMERIC
** 'i' INTEGER
** 't' TEXT
** 'o' NONE
*/
void sqlite3TableAffinityStr(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab){
/* The first time a column affinity string for a particular table
** is required, it is allocated and populated here. It is then
** stored as a member of the Table structure for subsequent use.
**
** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
** sqlite3DeleteTable() when the Table structure itself is cleaned up.
*/
if( !pTab->zColAff ){
char *zColAff;
int i;
zColAff = (char *)sqliteMalloc(pTab->nCol+1);
if( !zColAff ){
return;
}
for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
}
zColAff[pTab->nCol] = '\0';
pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
}
sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, pTab->zColAff, 0);
}
/*
** Return non-zero if SELECT statement p opens the table with rootpage
** iTab in database iDb. This is used to see if a statement of the form
** "INSERT INTO <iDb, iTab> SELECT ..." can run without using temporary
** table for the results of the SELECT.
**
** No checking is done for sub-selects that are part of expressions.
*/
static int selectReadsTable(Select *p, int iDb, int iTab){
int i;
struct SrcList_item *pItem;
if( p->pSrc==0 ) return 0;
for(i=0, pItem=p->pSrc->a; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
if( pItem->pSelect ){
if( selectReadsTable(pItem->pSelect, iDb, iTab) ) return 1;
}else{
if( pItem->pTab->iDb==iDb && pItem->pTab->tnum==iTab ) return 1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/*
** This routine is call to handle SQL of the following forms:
**
** insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
** insert into TABLE (IDLIST) select
**
** The IDLIST following the table name is always optional. If omitted,
** then a list of all columns for the table is substituted. The IDLIST
** appears in the pColumn parameter. pColumn is NULL if IDLIST is omitted.
**
** The pList parameter holds EXPRLIST in the first form of the INSERT
** statement above, and pSelect is NULL. For the second form, pList is
** NULL and pSelect is a pointer to the select statement used to generate
** data for the insert.
**
** The code generated follows one of three templates. For a simple
** select with data coming from a VALUES clause, the code executes
** once straight down through. The template looks like this:
**
** open write cursor to <table> and its indices
** puts VALUES clause expressions onto the stack
** write the resulting record into <table>
** cleanup
**
** If the statement is of the form
**
** INSERT INTO <table> SELECT ...
**
** And the SELECT clause does not read from <table> at any time, then
** the generated code follows this template:
**
** goto B
** A: setup for the SELECT
** loop over the tables in the SELECT
** gosub C
** end loop
** cleanup after the SELECT
** goto D
** B: open write cursor to <table> and its indices
** goto A
** C: insert the select result into <table>
** return
** D: cleanup
**
** The third template is used if the insert statement takes its
** values from a SELECT but the data is being inserted into a table
** that is also read as part of the SELECT. In the third form,
** we have to use a intermediate table to store the results of
** the select. The template is like this:
**
** goto B
** A: setup for the SELECT
** loop over the tables in the SELECT
** gosub C
** end loop
** cleanup after the SELECT
** goto D
** C: insert the select result into the intermediate table
** return
** B: open a cursor to an intermediate table
** goto A
** D: open write cursor to <table> and its indices
** loop over the intermediate table
** transfer values form intermediate table into <table>
** end the loop
** cleanup
*/
void sqlite3Insert(
Parse *pParse, /* Parser context */
SrcList *pTabList, /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
ExprList *pList, /* List of values to be inserted */
Select *pSelect, /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
IdList *pColumn, /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
int onError /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
Table *pTab; /* The table to insert into */
char *zTab; /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */
const char *zDb; /* Name of the database holding this table */
int i, j, idx; /* Loop counters */
Vdbe *v; /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
Index *pIdx; /* For looping over indices of the table */
int nColumn; /* Number of columns in the data */
int base = 0; /* VDBE Cursor number for pTab */
int iCont=0,iBreak=0; /* Beginning and end of the loop over srcTab */
sqlite3 *db; /* The main database structure */
int keyColumn = -1; /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
int endOfLoop; /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */
int useTempTable = 0; /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
int srcTab = 0; /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
int iSelectLoop = 0; /* Address of code that implements the SELECT */
int iCleanup = 0; /* Address of the cleanup code */
int iInsertBlock = 0; /* Address of the subroutine used to insert data */
int iCntMem = 0; /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
int newIdx = -1; /* Cursor for the NEW table */
Db *pDb; /* The database containing table being inserted into */
int counterMem = 0; /* Memory cell holding AUTOINCREMENT counter */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
int isView; /* True if attempting to insert into a view */
int triggers_exist = 0; /* True if there are FOR EACH ROW triggers */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
int counterRowid; /* Memory cell holding rowid of autoinc counter */
#endif
if( pParse->nErr || sqlite3_malloc_failed ) goto insert_cleanup;
db = pParse->db;
/* Locate the table into which we will be inserting new information.
*/
assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
zTab = pTabList->a[0].zName;
if( zTab==0 ) goto insert_cleanup;
pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
if( pTab==0 ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
assert( pTab->iDb<db->nDb );
pDb = &db->aDb[pTab->iDb];
zDb = pDb->zName;
if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
/* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
** inserted into is a view
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
triggers_exist = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_INSERT, 0);
isView = pTab->pSelect!=0;
#else
# define triggers_exist 0
# define isView 0
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
# undef isView
# define isView 0
#endif
/* Ensure that:
* (a) the table is not read-only,
* (b) that if it is a view then ON INSERT triggers exist
*/
if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, triggers_exist) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
if( pTab==0 ) goto insert_cleanup;
/* If pTab is really a view, make sure it has been initialized.
*/
if( isView && sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
/* Ensure all required collation sequences are available. */
for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
if( sqlite3CheckIndexCollSeq(pParse, pIdx) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
}
/* Allocate a VDBE
*/
v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
if( v==0 ) goto insert_cleanup;
if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, pSelect || triggers_exist, pTab->iDb);
/* if there are row triggers, allocate a temp table for new.* references. */
if( triggers_exist ){
newIdx = pParse->nTab++;
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/* If this is an AUTOINCREMENT table, look up the sequence number in the
** sqlite_sequence table and store it in memory cell counterMem. Also
** remember the rowid of the sqlite_sequence table entry in memory cell
** counterRowid.
*/
if( pTab->autoInc ){
int iCur = pParse->nTab;
int base = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
counterRowid = pParse->nMem++;
counterMem = pParse->nMem++;
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pTab->iDb, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pDb->pSeqTab->tnum);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, iCur, 2);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rewind, iCur, base+13);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, iCur, 0);
sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Ne, 28417, base+12);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, counterRowid, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, iCur, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, counterMem, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, base+13);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Next, iCur, base+4);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */
/* Figure out how many columns of data are supplied. If the data
** is coming from a SELECT statement, then this step also generates
** all the code to implement the SELECT statement and invoke a subroutine
** to process each row of the result. (Template 2.) If the SELECT
** statement uses the the table that is being inserted into, then the
** subroutine is also coded here. That subroutine stores the SELECT
** results in a temporary table. (Template 3.)
*/
if( pSelect ){
/* Data is coming from a SELECT. Generate code to implement that SELECT
*/
int rc, iInitCode;
iInitCode = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
iSelectLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
iInsertBlock = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
/* Resolve the expressions in the SELECT statement and execute it. */
rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, SRT_Subroutine, iInsertBlock,0,0,0,0);
if( rc || pParse->nErr || sqlite3_malloc_failed ) goto insert_cleanup;
iCleanup = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, iCleanup);
assert( pSelect->pEList );
nColumn = pSelect->pEList->nExpr;
/* Set useTempTable to TRUE if the result of the SELECT statement
** should be written into a temporary table. Set to FALSE if each
** row of the SELECT can be written directly into the result table.
**
** A temp table must be used if the table being updated is also one
** of the tables being read by the SELECT statement. Also use a
** temp table in the case of row triggers.
*/
if( triggers_exist || selectReadsTable(pSelect, pTab->iDb, pTab->tnum) ){
useTempTable = 1;
}
if( useTempTable ){
/* Generate the subroutine that SELECT calls to process each row of
** the result. Store the result in a temporary table
*/
srcTab = pParse->nTab++;
sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iInsertBlock);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 0);
sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRowid, srcTab, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pull, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Insert, srcTab, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Return, 0, 0);
/* The following code runs first because the GOTO at the very top
** of the program jumps to it. Create the temporary table, then jump
** back up and execute the SELECT code above.
*/
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iInitCode, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenTemp, srcTab, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, srcTab, nColumn);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, iSelectLoop);
sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCleanup);
}else{
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iInitCode, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
}
}else{
/* This is the case if the data for the INSERT is coming from a VALUES
** clause
*/
NameContext sNC;
memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
sNC.pParse = pParse;
assert( pList!=0 );
srcTab = -1;
useTempTable = 0;
assert( pList );
nColumn = pList->nExpr;
for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
}
}
/* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
** of columns to be inserted into the table.
*/
if( pColumn==0 && nColumn!=pTab->nCol ){
sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
"table %S has %d columns but %d values were supplied",
pTabList, 0, pTab->nCol, nColumn);
goto insert_cleanup;
}
if( pColumn!=0 && nColumn!=pColumn->nId ){
sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d values for %d columns", nColumn, pColumn->nId);
goto insert_cleanup;
}
/* If the INSERT statement included an IDLIST term, then make sure
** all elements of the IDLIST really are columns of the table and
** remember the column indices.
**
** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the keyColumn variable
** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column. keyColumn is
** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
** is appears in the original table. (The index of the primary
** key in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)
*/
if( pColumn ){
for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
}
for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
keyColumn = i;
}
break;
}
}
if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) ){
keyColumn = i;
}else{
sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %S has no column named %s",
pTabList, 0, pColumn->a[i].zName);
pParse->nErr++;
goto insert_cleanup;
}
}
}
}
/* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
** key, the set the keyColumn variable to the primary key column index
** in the original table definition.
*/
if( pColumn==0 ){
keyColumn = pTab->iPKey;
}
/* Open the temp table for FOR EACH ROW triggers
*/
if( triggers_exist ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenPseudo, newIdx, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, newIdx, pTab->nCol);
}
/* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
*/
if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
iCntMem = pParse->nMem++;
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, iCntMem, 1);
}
/* Open tables and indices if there are no row triggers */
if( !triggers_exist ){
base = pParse->nTab;
sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, base, OP_OpenWrite);
}
/* If the data source is a temporary table, then we have to create
** a loop because there might be multiple rows of data. If the data
** source is a subroutine call from the SELECT statement, then we need
** to launch the SELECT statement processing.
*/
if( useTempTable ){
iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rewind, srcTab, iBreak);
iCont = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
}else if( pSelect ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, iSelectLoop);
sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iInsertBlock);
}
/* Run the BEFORE and INSTEAD OF triggers, if there are any
*/
endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
if( triggers_exist & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
/* build the NEW.* reference row. Note that if there is an INTEGER
** PRIMARY KEY into which a NULL is being inserted, that NULL will be
** translated into a unique ID for the row. But on a BEFORE trigger,
** we do not know what the unique ID will be (because the insert has
** not happened yet) so we substitute a rowid of -1
*/
if( keyColumn<0 ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, -1, 0);
}else if( useTempTable ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, srcTab, keyColumn);
}else{
assert( pSelect==0 ); /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[keyColumn].pExpr);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, -1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MustBeInt, 0, 0);
}
/* Create the new column data
*/
for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
if( pColumn==0 ){
j = i;
}else{
for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId; j++){
if( pColumn->a[j].idx==i ) break;
}
}
if( pColumn && j>=pColumn->nId ){
sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt);
}else if( useTempTable ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, srcTab, j);
}else{
assert( pSelect==0 ); /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr);
}
}
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0);
/* If this is an INSERT on a view with an INSTEAD OF INSERT trigger,
** do not attempt any conversions before assembling the record.
** If this is a real table, attempt conversions as required by the
** table column affinities.
*/
if( !isView ){
sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
}
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Insert, newIdx, 0);
/* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
if( sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab,
newIdx, -1, onError, endOfLoop) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
}
/* If any triggers exists, the opening of tables and indices is deferred
** until now.
*/
if( triggers_exist && !isView ){
base = pParse->nTab;
sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, base, OP_OpenWrite);
}
/* Push the record number for the new entry onto the stack. The
** record number is a randomly generate integer created by NewRowid
** except when the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column, in which
** case the record number is the same as that column.
*/
if( !isView ){
if( keyColumn>=0 ){
if( useTempTable ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, srcTab, keyColumn);
}else if( pSelect ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nColumn - keyColumn - 1, 1);
}else{
sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[keyColumn].pExpr);
}
/* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRowid
** to generate a unique primary key value.
*/
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRowid, base, counterMem);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MustBeInt, 0, 0);
}else{
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRowid, base, counterMem);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
if( pTab->autoInc ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemMax, counterMem, 0);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */
/* Push onto the stack, data for all columns of the new entry, beginning
** with the first column.
*/
for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
/* The value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is always a NULL.
** Whenever this column is read, the record number will be substituted
** in its place. So will fill this column with a NULL to avoid
** taking up data space with information that will never be used. */
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Null, 0, 0);
continue;
}
if( pColumn==0 ){
j = i;
}else{
for(j=0; j<pColumn->nId; j++){
if( pColumn->a[j].idx==i ) break;
}
}
if( pColumn && j>=pColumn->nId ){
sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt);
}else if( useTempTable ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, srcTab, j);
}else if( pSelect ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+nColumn-j, 1);
}else{
sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[j].pExpr);
}
}
/* Generate code to check constraints and generate index keys and
** do the insertion.
*/
sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, base, 0, keyColumn>=0,
0, onError, endOfLoop);
sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, base, 0,0,0,
(triggers_exist & TRIGGER_AFTER)!=0 ? newIdx : -1);
}
/* Update the count of rows that are inserted
*/
if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemIncr, iCntMem, 0);
}
if( triggers_exist ){
/* Close all tables opened */
if( !isView ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, base, 0);
for(idx=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, idx+base, 0);
}
}
/* Code AFTER triggers */
if( sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab,
newIdx, -1, onError, endOfLoop) ){
goto insert_cleanup;
}
}
/* The bottom of the loop, if the data source is a SELECT statement
*/
sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
if( useTempTable ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Next, srcTab, iCont);
sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, srcTab, 0);
}else if( pSelect ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, nColumn, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Return, 0, 0);
sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCleanup);
}
if( !triggers_exist ){
/* Close all tables opened */
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, base, 0);
for(idx=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, idx+base, 0);
}
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
** counter value in memory counterMem back into the sqlite_sequence
** table.
*/
if( pTab->autoInc ){
int iCur = pParse->nTab;
int base = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pTab->iDb, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenWrite, iCur, pDb->pSeqTab->tnum);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, iCur, 2);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemLoad, counterRowid, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, base+7);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRowid, iCur, 0);
sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemLoad, counterMem, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, 2, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Insert, iCur, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
}
#endif
/*
** Return the number of rows inserted. If this routine is
** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
** invoke the callback function.
*/
if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && pParse->nested==0 && !pParse->trigStack ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemLoad, iCntMem, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, "rows inserted", P3_STATIC);
}
insert_cleanup:
sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTabList);
sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList);
sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
sqlite3IdListDelete(pColumn);
}
/*
** Generate code to do a constraint check prior to an INSERT or an UPDATE.
**
** When this routine is called, the stack contains (from bottom to top)
** the following values:
**
** 1. The rowid of the row to be updated before the update. This
** value is omitted unless we are doing an UPDATE that involves a
** change to the record number.
**
** 2. The rowid of the row after the update.
**
** 3. The data in the first column of the entry after the update.
**
** i. Data from middle columns...
**
** N. The data in the last column of the entry after the update.
**
** The old rowid shown as entry (1) above is omitted unless both isUpdate
** and rowidChng are 1. isUpdate is true for UPDATEs and false for
** INSERTs and rowidChng is true if the record number is being changed.
**
** The code generated by this routine pushes additional entries onto
** the stack which are the keys for new index entries for the new record.
** The order of index keys is the same as the order of the indices on
** the pTable->pIndex list. A key is only created for index i if
** aIdxUsed!=0 and aIdxUsed[i]!=0.
**
** This routine also generates code to check constraints. NOT NULL,
** CHECK, and UNIQUE constraints are all checked. If a constraint fails,
** then the appropriate action is performed. There are five possible
** actions: ROLLBACK, ABORT, FAIL, REPLACE, and IGNORE.
**
** Constraint type Action What Happens
** --------------- ---------- ----------------------------------------
** any ROLLBACK The current transaction is rolled back and
** sqlite3_exec() returns immediately with a
** return code of SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.
**
** any ABORT Back out changes from the current command
** only (do not do a complete rollback) then
** cause sqlite3_exec() to return immediately
** with SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.
**
** any FAIL Sqlite_exec() returns immediately with a
** return code of SQLITE_CONSTRAINT. The
** transaction is not rolled back and any
** prior changes are retained.
**
** any IGNORE The record number and data is popped from
** the stack and there is an immediate jump
** to label ignoreDest.
**
** NOT NULL REPLACE The NULL value is replace by the default
** value for that column. If the default value
** is NULL, the action is the same as ABORT.
**
** UNIQUE REPLACE The other row that conflicts with the row
** being inserted is removed.
**
** CHECK REPLACE Illegal. The results in an exception.
**
** Which action to take is determined by the overrideError parameter.
** Or if overrideError==OE_Default, then the pParse->onError parameter
** is used. Or if pParse->onError==OE_Default then the onError value
** for the constraint is used.
**
** The calling routine must open a read/write cursor for pTab with
** cursor number "base". All indices of pTab must also have open
** read/write cursors with cursor number base+i for the i-th cursor.
** Except, if there is no possibility of a REPLACE action then
** cursors do not need to be open for indices where aIdxUsed[i]==0.
**
** If the isUpdate flag is true, it means that the "base" cursor is
** initially pointing to an entry that is being updated. The isUpdate
** flag causes extra code to be generated so that the "base" cursor
** is still pointing at the same entry after the routine returns.
** Without the isUpdate flag, the "base" cursor might be moved.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(
Parse *pParse, /* The parser context */
Table *pTab, /* the table into which we are inserting */
int base, /* Index of a read/write cursor pointing at pTab */
char *aIdxUsed, /* Which indices are used. NULL means all are used */
int rowidChng, /* True if the record number will change */
int isUpdate, /* True for UPDATE, False for INSERT */
int overrideError, /* Override onError to this if not OE_Default */
int ignoreDest /* Jump to this label on an OE_Ignore resolution */
){
int i;
Vdbe *v;
int nCol;
int onError;
int addr;
int extra;
int iCur;
Index *pIdx;
int seenReplace = 0;
int jumpInst1=0, jumpInst2;
int contAddr;
int hasTwoRowids = (isUpdate && rowidChng);
v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
assert( v!=0 );
assert( pTab->pSelect==0 ); /* This table is not a VIEW */
nCol = pTab->nCol;
/* Test all NOT NULL constraints.
*/
for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
continue;
}
onError = pTab->aCol[i].notNull;
if( onError==OE_None ) continue;
if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
onError = overrideError;
}else if( onError==OE_Default ){
onError = OE_Abort;
}
if( onError==OE_Replace && pTab->aCol[i].pDflt==0 ){
onError = OE_Abort;
}
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol-1-i, 1);
addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, 1, 0);
assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
|| onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
switch( onError ){
case OE_Rollback:
case OE_Abort:
case OE_Fail: {
char *zMsg = 0;
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
sqlite3SetString(&zMsg, pTab->zName, ".", pTab->aCol[i].zName,
" may not be NULL", (char*)0);
sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, zMsg, P3_DYNAMIC);
break;
}
case OE_Ignore: {
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, nCol+1+hasTwoRowids, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
break;
}
case OE_Replace: {
sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Push, nCol-i, 0);
break;
}
}
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
}
/* Test all CHECK constraints
*/
/**** TBD ****/
/* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key
** of the new record does not previously exist. Except, if this
** is an UPDATE and the primary key is not changing, that is OK.
*/
if( rowidChng ){
onError = pTab->keyConf;
if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
onError = overrideError;
}else if( onError==OE_Default ){
onError = OE_Abort;
}
if( isUpdate ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
jumpInst1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Eq, 0, 0);
}
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol, 1);
jumpInst2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotExists, base, 0);
switch( onError ){
default: {
onError = OE_Abort;
/* Fall thru into the next case */
}
case OE_Rollback:
case OE_Abort:
case OE_Fail: {
sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError,
"PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P3_STATIC);
break;
}
case OE_Replace: {
sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse->db, v, pTab, base, 0);
if( isUpdate ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+hasTwoRowids, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveGe, base, 0);
}
seenReplace = 1;
break;
}
case OE_Ignore: {
assert( seenReplace==0 );
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, nCol+1+hasTwoRowids, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
break;
}
}
contAddr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst2, contAddr);
if( isUpdate ){
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst1, contAddr);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveGe, base, 0);
}
}
/* Test all UNIQUE constraints by creating entries for each UNIQUE
** index and making sure that duplicate entries do not already exist.
** Add the new records to the indices as we go.
*/
extra = -1;
for(iCur=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, iCur++){
if( aIdxUsed && aIdxUsed[iCur]==0 ) continue; /* Skip unused indices */
extra++;
/* Create a key for accessing the index entry */
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+extra, 1);
for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+extra+nCol+1, 1);
}else{
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+extra+nCol-idx, 1);
}
}
jumpInst1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pIdx->nColumn, (1<<24));
sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx);
/* Find out what action to take in case there is an indexing conflict */
onError = pIdx->onError;
if( onError==OE_None ) continue; /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
onError = overrideError;
}else if( onError==OE_Default ){
onError = OE_Abort;
}
if( seenReplace ){
if( onError==OE_Ignore ) onError = OE_Replace;
else if( onError==OE_Fail ) onError = OE_Abort;
}
/* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, extra+nCol+1+hasTwoRowids, 1);
jumpInst2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsUnique, base+iCur+1, 0);
/* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
|| onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
switch( onError ){
case OE_Rollback:
case OE_Abort:
case OE_Fail: {
int j, n1, n2;
char zErrMsg[200];
strcpy(zErrMsg, pIdx->nColumn>1 ? "columns " : "column ");
n1 = strlen(zErrMsg);
for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn && n1<sizeof(zErrMsg)-30; j++){
char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
n2 = strlen(zCol);
if( j>0 ){
strcpy(&zErrMsg[n1], ", ");
n1 += 2;
}
if( n1+n2>sizeof(zErrMsg)-30 ){
strcpy(&zErrMsg[n1], "...");
n1 += 3;
break;
}else{
strcpy(&zErrMsg[n1], zCol);
n1 += n2;
}
}
strcpy(&zErrMsg[n1],
pIdx->nColumn>1 ? " are not unique" : " is not unique");
sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError, zErrMsg, 0);
break;
}
case OE_Ignore: {
assert( seenReplace==0 );
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, nCol+extra+3+hasTwoRowids, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
break;
}
case OE_Replace: {
sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse->db, v, pTab, base, 0);
if( isUpdate ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+extra+1+hasTwoRowids, 1);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveGe, base, 0);
}
seenReplace = 1;
break;
}
}
contAddr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
assert( contAddr<(1<<24) );
#if NULL_DISTINCT_FOR_UNIQUE
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst1, contAddr | (1<<24));
#endif
sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst2, contAddr);
}
}
/*
** This routine generates code to finish the INSERT or UPDATE operation
** that was started by a prior call to sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks.
** The stack must contain keys for all active indices followed by data
** and the rowid for the new entry. This routine creates the new
** entries in all indices and in the main table.
**
** The arguments to this routine should be the same as the first six
** arguments to sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks.
*/
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
Parse *pParse, /* The parser context */
Table *pTab, /* the table into which we are inserting */
int base, /* Index of a read/write cursor pointing at pTab */
char *aIdxUsed, /* Which indices are used. NULL means all are used */
int rowidChng, /* True if the record number will change */
int isUpdate, /* True for UPDATE, False for INSERT */
int newIdx /* Index of NEW table for triggers. -1 if none */
){
int i;
Vdbe *v;
int nIdx;
Index *pIdx;
int pik_flags;
v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
assert( v!=0 );
assert( pTab->pSelect==0 ); /* This table is not a VIEW */
for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){}
for(i=nIdx-1; i>=0; i--){
if( aIdxUsed && aIdxUsed[i]==0 ) continue;
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxInsert, base+i+1, 0);
}
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0);
sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
if( newIdx>=0 ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 1, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Insert, newIdx, 0);
}
#endif
if( pParse->nested ){
pik_flags = 0;
}else{
pik_flags = (OPFLAG_NCHANGE|(isUpdate?0:OPFLAG_LASTROWID));
}
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Insert, base, pik_flags);
if( isUpdate && rowidChng ){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
}
}
/*
** Generate code that will open cursors for a table and for all
** indices of that table. The "base" parameter is the cursor number used
** for the table. Indices are opened on subsequent cursors.
*/
void sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(
Parse *pParse, /* Parsing context */
Table *pTab, /* Table to be opened */
int base, /* Cursor number assigned to the table */
int op /* OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite */
){
int i;
Index *pIdx;
Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
assert( v!=0 );
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pTab->iDb, 0);
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, op, base, pTab->tnum);
VdbeComment((v, "# %s", pTab->zName));
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, base, pTab->nCol);
for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->iDb, 0);
sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, op, i+base, pIdx->tnum,
(char*)&pIdx->keyInfo, P3_KEYINFO);
}
if( pParse->nTab<=base+i ){
pParse->nTab = base+i;
}
}