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<html>
<head>
<title>Vorbisfile - function - ov_open</title>
<link rel=stylesheet href="style.css" type="text/css">
</head>
<body bgcolor=white text=black link="#5555ff" alink="#5555ff" vlink="#5555ff">
<table border=0 width=100%>
<tr>
<td><p class=tiny>Vorbisfile documentation</p></td>
<td align=right><p class=tiny>vorbisfile version 1.68 - 20030307</p></td>
</tr>
</table>
<h1>ov_open</h1>
<p><i>declared in "vorbis/vorbisfile.h";</i></p>
<p>This is the main function used to open and initialize an OggVorbis_File
structure. It sets up all the related decoding structure.
<p>The first argument must be a file pointer to an already opened file
or pipe (it need not be seekable--though this obviously restricts what
can be done with the bitstream). <tt>vf</tt> should be a pointer to the
OggVorbis_File structure--this is used for ALL the externally visible libvorbisfile
functions. Once this has been called, the same <a href="OggVorbis_File.html">OggVorbis_File</a>
struct should be passed to all the libvorbisfile functions.
<p>Also, you should be aware that ov_open(), once successful, takes complete possession of the file resource. After you have opened a file using ov_open(), you MUST close it using <a href="ov_clear.html">ov_clear()</a>, not fclose() or any other function.
<p>
It is often useful to call <tt>ov_open()</tt>
simply to determine whether a given file is a vorbis bitstream. If the
<tt>ov_open()</tt>
call fails, then the file is not recognizable as such.
When you use <tt>ov_open()
</tt>for
this, you should <tt>fclose()</tt> the file pointer if, and only if, the
<tt>ov_open()</tt>
call fails. If it succeeds, you must call <a href="ov_clear.html">ov_clear()</a> to clear
the decoder's buffers and close the file for you.<p>
(Note that <a href="ov_test.html">ov_test()</a> provides a less expensive way to test a file for Vorbisness.)<p>
<br><br>
<table border=0 color=black cellspacing=0 cellpadding=7>
<tr bgcolor=#cccccc>
<td>
<pre><b>
int ov_open(FILE *f,<a href="OggVorbis_File.html">OggVorbis_File</a> *vf,char *initial,long ibytes);
</b></pre>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<h3>Parameters</h3>
<dl>
<dt><i>f</i></dt>
<dd>File pointer to an already opened file
or pipe (it need not be seekable--though this obviously restricts what
can be done with the bitstream).</dd>
<dt><i>vf</i></dt>
<dd>A pointer to the OggVorbis_File structure--this is used for ALL the externally visible libvorbisfile
functions. Once this has been called, the same <tt>OggVorbis_File</tt>
struct should be passed to all the libvorbisfile functions.</dd>
<dt><i>initial</i></dt>
<dd>Typically set to NULL. This parameter is useful if some data has already been
read from the file and the stream is not seekable. It is used in conjunction with <tt>ibytes</tt>. In this case, <tt>initial</tt>
should be a pointer to a buffer containing the data read.</dd>
<dt><i>ibytes</i></dt>
<dd>Typically set to 0. This parameter is useful if some data has already been
read from the file and the stream is not seekable. In this case, <tt>ibytes</tt>
should contain the length (in bytes) of the buffer. Used together with <tt>initial</tt></dd>
</dl>
<h3>Return Values</h3>
<blockquote>
<li>0 indicates success</li>
<li>less than zero for failure:</li>
<ul>
<li>OV_EREAD - A read from media returned an error.</li>
<li>OV_ENOTVORBIS - Bitstream is not Vorbis data.</li>
<li>OV_EVERSION - Vorbis version mismatch.</li>
<li>OV_EBADHEADER - Invalid Vorbis bitstream header.</li>
<li>OV_EFAULT - Internal logic fault; indicates a bug or heap/stack corruption.</li>
</ul>
</blockquote>
<p>
<h3>Notes</h3>
<p>If your decoder is threaded, it is recommended that you NOT call
<tt>ov_open()</tt>
in the main control thread--instead, call <tt>ov_open()</tt> IN your decode/playback
thread. This is important because <tt>ov_open()</tt> may be a fairly time-consuming
call, given that the full structure of the file is determined at this point,
which may require reading large parts of the file under certain circumstances
(determining all the logical bitstreams in one physical bitstream, for
example). See <a href="threads.html">Thread Safety</a> for other information on using libvorbisfile with threads.
<p> <b> WARNING for windows developers: </b> this function cannot be used on win32 if your application dynamically links to libvorbisfile (see <a href="http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/abx4dbyh(VS.80).aspx">this microsoft page</a> for details of why). Instead, you <em>must</em> use ov_open_callbacks(). A simple set of callbacks that will work is:
<p><pre>
static int _fseek64_wrap(FILE *f,ogg_int64_t off,int whence){
if(f==NULL)return(-1);
return fseek(f,off,whence);
}
ov_callbacks callbacks = {
(size_t (*)(void *, size_t, size_t, void *)) fread,
(int (*)(void *, ogg_int64_t, int)) _fseek64_wrap,
(int (*)(void *)) fclose,
(long (*)(void *)) ftell
};
</pre>
</p>
</p>
<br><br>
<hr noshade>
<table border=0 width=100%>
<tr valign=top>
<td><p class=tiny>copyright &copy; 2003 Xiph.org</p></td>
<td align=right><p class=tiny><a href="http://www.xiph.org/ogg/vorbis/">Ogg Vorbis</a></p></td>
</tr><tr>
<td><p class=tiny>Vorbisfile documentation</p></td>
<td align=right><p class=tiny>vorbisfile version 1.68 - 20030307</p></td>
</tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>