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From: Tamir Yedidya <ty7777@gm...>  20061117 02:44:04
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Hi, I'm trying to use vnl_levenberg_marquardt in order to fit a circle to an image. So, I'm having 3 parameters (x,y,r). My initial guess is usually quite good. For example , my estimation can be (157,157,100) and the best fit is (150,150,100). However, I found out that when using the default settings the algorithm will converge to the initial guess. I've tried setting the epsilon_function to 0.005 or higher values and then the estimates start moving, the algorithm converges, but not always to the correct answer. Then, on different settings I might have to set the epsilon_function to a different value for the algorithm to converge to the right value. My question is whether this is the right thing to do  setting epsilon? or maybe the default parameters should be good enough and the problem is with the cost function? Thanks, Tamir 
From: Ian Scott <ian.scott@st...>  20061117 09:57:26

Tamir Yedidya wrote: > > Hi, > > I'm trying to use vnl_levenberg_marquardt in order to fit a circle to an > image. So, I'm having 3 parameters (x,y,r). > My initial guess is usually quite good. For example , my estimation can > be (157,157,100) and the best fit is (150,150,100). > > However, I found out that when using the default settings the algorithm > will converge to the initial guess. > I've tried setting the epsilon_function to 0.005 or higher values and > then the estimates start moving, the algorithm converges, > but not always to the correct answer. Then, on different settings I > might have to set the epsilon_function > to a different value for the algorithm to converge to the right value. > > My question is whether this is the right thing to do  setting epsilon? > or maybe the default parameters should > be good enough and the problem is with the cost function? If you have problems with a standard optimiser, the first place to look is always the cost function. In this case it is (the residual sum of squares) along all three axes. It is also worth plotting 2D surfaces from the response due to pairs of parameters. Since you are using a residualsbased optimiser, it is also worth checking that your residual behave correctly. Pick a residual vector r_1 at some position x_1, and then plot the projection of the residual onto r_1, for different parameter values. This way you get to see if your residual is behaving vaguely linearly around the minimum. Repeat for several different x_1. You may also need to look at the cost function at various scales of changes in the parameters. A function that looks smooth at x_0=[3:0.1:3] might start to look very noisy and noncontinuous at much smaller scales x_0=[3e4:1e5:3e4]. A useful compromise is to have a bilog scale in x. x=3; while (x < 1e5) { x=x/1.2; plot f(x); } x=1e5; while (x < 3) { x=x*1.2; plot f(x); } Whether you are explicitly calculating the Jacobian (rather than letting the cost function calculate it using finite differences), you may also need to check that your gradients behave correctly. Again, pick a gradient g_1 at a given x_1, and plot the magnitude of gradient for different x, projected onto g_1. Again repeat for different x_1. Finally (although it should have been first)  try the amoeba first. The amoeba is the most robust, hasslefree, reliable optimiser about. After it works, you can worry about using a faster optimiser (if speed turns out to be a problem.) By this time you will understand a lot more about your optimisation problem, allowing you to make more intelligent choices. Ian. 
From: Gehua Yang <yangg2@rp...>  20061117 15:45:51

Just one small point. If you are using analytic jacobian, you can turn on the derivative check. Once you are certain that the analytic jacobian agrees with finite differences, you can turn the check off to save some computation. From my own experience, vnl_levenberg_marquardt should be accurate on this kind of small scale problem. However, depending on your objective function and data, your mileage may vary. Gehua Ian Scott wrote: > Tamir Yedidya wrote: > >> Hi, >> >> I'm trying to use vnl_levenberg_marquardt in order to fit a circle to an >> image. So, I'm having 3 parameters (x,y,r). >> My initial guess is usually quite good. For example , my estimation can >> be (157,157,100) and the best fit is (150,150,100). >> >> However, I found out that when using the default settings the algorithm >> will converge to the initial guess. >> I've tried setting the epsilon_function to 0.005 or higher values and >> then the estimates start moving, the algorithm converges, >> but not always to the correct answer. Then, on different settings I >> might have to set the epsilon_function >> to a different value for the algorithm to converge to the right value. >> >> My question is whether this is the right thing to do  setting epsilon? >> or maybe the default parameters should >> be good enough and the problem is with the cost function? >> > > If you have problems with a standard optimiser, the first place to look > is always the cost function. In this case it is (the residual sum of > squares) along all three axes. It is also worth plotting 2D surfaces > from the response due to pairs of parameters. > > Since you are using a residualsbased optimiser, it is also worth > checking that your residual behave correctly. Pick a residual vector r_1 > at some position x_1, and then plot the projection of the residual onto > r_1, for different parameter values. This way you get to see if your > residual is behaving vaguely linearly around the minimum. Repeat for > several different x_1. > > You may also need to look at the cost function at various scales of > changes in the parameters. A function that looks smooth at > x_0=[3:0.1:3] might start to look very noisy and noncontinuous at much > smaller scales x_0=[3e4:1e5:3e4]. A useful compromise is to have a > bilog scale in x. > > x=3; > while (x < 1e5) > { > x=x/1.2; > plot f(x); > } > x=1e5; > while (x < 3) > { > x=x*1.2; > plot f(x); > } > > Whether you are explicitly calculating the Jacobian (rather than letting > the cost function calculate it using finite differences), you may also > need to check that your gradients behave correctly. Again, pick a > gradient g_1 at a given x_1, and plot the magnitude of gradient for > different x, projected onto g_1. Again repeat for different x_1. > > Finally (although it should have been first)  try the amoeba first. The > amoeba is the most robust, hasslefree, reliable optimiser about. After > it works, you can worry about using a faster optimiser (if speed turns > out to be a problem.) By this time you will understand a lot more about > your optimisation problem, allowing you to make more intelligent choices. > > Ian. > >  > Take Surveys. Earn Cash. Influence the Future of IT > Join SourceForge.net's Techsay panel and you'll get the chance to share your > opinions on IT & business topics through brief surveys  and earn cash > http://www.techsay.com/default.php?page=join.php&p=sourceforge&CID=DEVDEV > _______________________________________________ > Vxlusers mailing list > Vxlusers@... > https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/vxlusers > > > 
From: Tamir Yedidya <ty7777@gm...>  20061119 21:34:47
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Good morning guys, Thanks for your help. After a hectic weekend, I think I solved most of my problems. The first problem was that my function wasn't continuous at small scales (as Ian pointed out). As a result, the LM would converge immediately, since the first few guesses were very close to each other. I solved this problem, by fixing the 3rd parameter and observed how the function behaves on very small scales. The second problem was that even after the (x,y) parameters started to change, the radius stayed fixed. I found out that it always converges to a local minimum. I made another small change in my cost function and the problem was solved. All in all, it's working now, and there's no need to change any of the default parameters. Now, I'm improving my cost function again, hopefully it'll still work! Tamir On 11/17/06, Ian Scott <ian.m.scott@...> wrote: > > Tamir Yedidya wrote: > > > > Hi, > > > > I'm trying to use vnl_levenberg_marquardt in order to fit a circle to an > > image. So, I'm having 3 parameters (x,y,r). > > My initial guess is usually quite good. For example , my estimation can > > be (157,157,100) and the best fit is (150,150,100). > > > > However, I found out that when using the default settings the algorithm > > will converge to the initial guess. > > I've tried setting the epsilon_function to 0.005 or higher values and > > then the estimates start moving, the algorithm converges, > > but not always to the correct answer. Then, on different settings I > > might have to set the epsilon_function > > to a different value for the algorithm to converge to the right value. > > > > My question is whether this is the right thing to do  setting epsilon? > > or maybe the default parameters should > > be good enough and the problem is with the cost function? > > If you have problems with a standard optimiser, the first place to look > is always the cost function. In this case it is (the residual sum of > squares) along all three axes. It is also worth plotting 2D surfaces > from the response due to pairs of parameters. > > Since you are using a residualsbased optimiser, it is also worth > checking that your residual behave correctly. Pick a residual vector r_1 > at some position x_1, and then plot the projection of the residual onto > r_1, for different parameter values. This way you get to see if your > residual is behaving vaguely linearly around the minimum. Repeat for > several different x_1. > > You may also need to look at the cost function at various scales of > changes in the parameters. A function that looks smooth at > x_0=[3:0.1:3] might start to look very noisy and noncontinuous at much > smaller scales x_0=[3e4:1e5:3e4]. A useful compromise is to have a > bilog scale in x. > > x=3; > while (x < 1e5) > { > x=x/1.2; > plot f(x); > } > x=1e5; > while (x < 3) > { > x=x*1.2; > plot f(x); > } > > Whether you are explicitly calculating the Jacobian (rather than letting > the cost function calculate it using finite differences), you may also > need to check that your gradients behave correctly. Again, pick a > gradient g_1 at a given x_1, and plot the magnitude of gradient for > different x, projected onto g_1. Again repeat for different x_1. > > Finally (although it should have been first)  try the amoeba first. The > amoeba is the most robust, hasslefree, reliable optimiser about. After > it works, you can worry about using a faster optimiser (if speed turns > out to be a problem.) By this time you will understand a lot more about > your optimisation problem, allowing you to make more intelligent choices. > > Ian. > 