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;;;; garbage collection and allocation-related code
;;;; This software is part of the SBCL system. See the README file for
;;;; more information.
;;;;
;;;; This software is derived from the CMU CL system, which was
;;;; written at Carnegie Mellon University and released into the
;;;; public domain. The software is in the public domain and is
;;;; provided with absolutely no warranty. See the COPYING and CREDITS
;;;; files for more information.
(in-package "SB!KERNEL")
;;;; DYNAMIC-USAGE and friends
#!-sb-fluid
(declaim (inline current-dynamic-space-start))
#!+gencgc
(defun current-dynamic-space-start () sb!vm:dynamic-space-start)
#!-gencgc
(defun current-dynamic-space-start ()
(sb!alien:extern-alien "current_dynamic_space" sb!alien:unsigned-long))
#!-sb-fluid
(declaim (inline dynamic-usage))
#!+gencgc
(defun dynamic-usage ()
(sb!alien:extern-alien "bytes_allocated" os-vm-size-t))
#!-gencgc
(defun dynamic-usage ()
(the (unsigned-byte 32)
(- (sb!sys:sap-int (sb!c::dynamic-space-free-pointer))
(current-dynamic-space-start))))
(defun static-space-usage ()
(- (ash sb!vm:*static-space-free-pointer* sb!vm:n-fixnum-tag-bits)
sb!vm:static-space-start))
(defun read-only-space-usage ()
(- (ash sb!vm::*read-only-space-free-pointer* sb!vm:n-fixnum-tag-bits)
sb!vm:read-only-space-start))
(defun control-stack-usage ()
#!-stack-grows-downward-not-upward
(- (sb!sys:sap-int (sb!c::control-stack-pointer-sap))
(sb!sys:sap-int (sb!di::descriptor-sap sb!vm:*control-stack-start*)))
#!+stack-grows-downward-not-upward
(- (sb!sys:sap-int (sb!di::descriptor-sap sb!vm:*control-stack-end*))
(sb!sys:sap-int (sb!c::control-stack-pointer-sap))))
(defun binding-stack-usage ()
(- (sb!sys:sap-int (sb!c::binding-stack-pointer-sap))
(sb!sys:sap-int (sb!di::descriptor-sap sb!vm:*binding-stack-start*))))
;;;; ROOM
(defun room-minimal-info ()
(format t "Dynamic space usage is: ~10:D bytes.~%" (dynamic-usage))
(format t "Read-only space usage is: ~10:D bytes.~%" (read-only-space-usage))
(format t "Static space usage is: ~10:D bytes.~%" (static-space-usage))
(format t "Control stack usage is: ~10:D bytes.~%" (control-stack-usage))
(format t "Binding stack usage is: ~10:D bytes.~%" (binding-stack-usage))
#!+sb-thread
(format t
"Control and binding stack usage is for the current thread only.~%")
(format t "Garbage collection is currently ~:[enabled~;DISABLED~].~%"
*gc-inhibit*))
(defun room-intermediate-info ()
(room-minimal-info)
(sb!vm:memory-usage :count-spaces '(:dynamic)
:print-spaces t
:cutoff 0.05f0
:print-summary nil))
(defun room-maximal-info ()
;; FIXME: SB!VM:INSTANCE-USAGE calls suppressed until bug 344 is fixed
(room-intermediate-info)
;; old way, could be restored when bug 344 fixed:
;;x (room-minimal-info)
;;x (sb!vm:memory-usage :count-spaces '(:static :dynamic))
;;x (sb!vm:instance-usage :dynamic :top-n 10)
;;x (sb!vm:instance-usage :static :top-n 10)
)
(defun room (&optional (verbosity :default))
#!+sb-doc
"Print to *STANDARD-OUTPUT* information about the state of internal
storage and its management. The optional argument controls the
verbosity of output. If it is T, ROOM prints out a maximal amount of
information. If it is NIL, ROOM prints out a minimal amount of
information. If it is :DEFAULT or it is not supplied, ROOM prints out
an intermediate amount of information."
(fresh-line)
(ecase verbosity
((t)
(room-maximal-info))
((nil)
(room-minimal-info))
(:default
(room-intermediate-info)))
(values))
;;;; GET-BYTES-CONSED
;;; the total number of bytes freed so far (including any freeing
;;; which goes on in PURIFY)
;;;
;;; (We save this so that we can calculate the total number of bytes
;;; ever allocated by adding this to the number of bytes currently
;;; allocated and never freed.)
(declaim (type unsigned-byte *n-bytes-freed-or-purified*))
(defvar *n-bytes-freed-or-purified* 0)
(defun gc-reinit ()
(setq *gc-inhibit* nil)
(gc)
(setf *n-bytes-freed-or-purified* 0
*gc-run-time* 0
;; See comment in interr.lisp
*heap-exhausted-error-condition* (make-condition 'heap-exhausted-error)))
(declaim (ftype (sfunction () unsigned-byte) get-bytes-consed))
(defun get-bytes-consed ()
#!+sb-doc
"Return the number of bytes consed since the program began. Typically
this result will be a consed bignum, so if you have an application (e.g.
profiling) which can't tolerate the overhead of consing bignums, you'll
probably want either to hack in at a lower level (as the code in the
SB-PROFILE package does), or to design a more microefficient interface
and submit it as a patch."
(+ (dynamic-usage)
*n-bytes-freed-or-purified*))
;;;; GC hooks
(defvar *after-gc-hooks* nil
"Called after each garbage collection, except for garbage collections
triggered during thread exits. In a multithreaded environment these hooks may
run in any thread.")
;;;; internal GC
(sb!alien:define-alien-routine collect-garbage sb!alien:int
(#!+gencgc last-gen #!-gencgc ignore sb!alien:int))
#!+sb-thread
(progn
(sb!alien:define-alien-routine gc-stop-the-world sb!alien:void)
(sb!alien:define-alien-routine gc-start-the-world sb!alien:void))
#!-sb-thread
(progn
(defun gc-stop-the-world ())
(defun gc-start-the-world ()))
#!+gencgc
(progn
(sb!alien:define-alien-variable ("gc_logfile" %gc-logfile) (* char))
(defun (setf gc-logfile) (pathname)
(let ((new (when pathname
(sb!alien:make-alien-string
(native-namestring (translate-logical-pathname pathname)
:as-file t))))
(old %gc-logfile))
(setf %gc-logfile new)
(when old
(sb!alien:free-alien old))
pathname))
(defun gc-logfile ()
#!+sb-doc
"Return the pathname used to log garbage collections. Can be SETF.
Default is NIL, meaning collections are not logged. If non-null, the
designated file is opened before and after each collection, and generation
statistics are appended to it."
(let ((val (cast %gc-logfile c-string)))
(when val
(native-pathname val))))
(declaim (inline dynamic-space-size))
(defun dynamic-space-size ()
"Size of the dynamic space in bytes."
(sb!alien:extern-alien "dynamic_space_size" os-vm-size-t)))
;;;; SUB-GC
;;; SUB-GC does a garbage collection. This is called from three places:
;;; (1) The C runtime will call here when it detects that we've consed
;;; enough to exceed the gc trigger threshold. This is done in
;;; alloc() for gencgc or interrupt_maybe_gc() for cheneygc
;;; (2) The user may request a collection using GC, below
;;; (3) At the end of a WITHOUT-GCING section, we are called if
;;; *NEED-TO-COLLECT-GARBAGE* is true
;;;
;;; This is different from the behaviour in 0.7 and earlier: it no
;;; longer decides whether to GC based on thresholds. If you call
;;; SUB-GC you will definitely get a GC either now or when the
;;; WITHOUT-GCING is over
;;; For GENCGC all generations < GEN will be GC'ed.
(defvar *already-in-gc* (sb!thread:make-mutex :name "GC lock"))
;;; A unique GC id. This is supplied for code that needs to detect
;;; whether a GC has happened since some earlier point in time. For
;;; example:
;;;
;;; (let ((epoch *gc-epoch*))
;;; ...
;;; (unless (eql epoch *gc-epoch)
;;; ....))
;;;
;;; This isn't just a fixnum counter since then we'd have theoretical
;;; problems when exactly 2^29 GCs happen between epoch
;;; comparisons. Unlikely, but the cost of using a cons instead is too
;;; small to measure. -- JES, 2007-09-30
(declaim (type cons *gc-epoch*))
(defvar *gc-epoch* (cons nil nil))
(defun sub-gc (&key (gen 0))
(cond (*gc-inhibit*
(setf *gc-pending* t)
nil)
(t
(flet ((perform-gc ()
;; Called from WITHOUT-GCING and WITHOUT-INTERRUPTS
;; after the world has been stopped, but it's an
;; awkwardly long piece of code to nest so deeply.
(let ((old-usage (dynamic-usage))
(new-usage 0)
(start-time (get-internal-run-time)))
(collect-garbage gen)
(setf *gc-epoch* (cons nil nil))
(let ((run-time (- (get-internal-run-time) start-time)))
;; KLUDGE: Sometimes we see the second getrusage() call
;; return a smaller value than the first, which can
;; lead to *GC-RUN-TIME* to going negative, which in
;; turn is a type-error.
(when (plusp run-time)
(incf *gc-run-time* run-time)))
#!+sb-safepoint
(setf *stop-for-gc-pending* nil)
(setf *gc-pending* nil
new-usage (dynamic-usage))
#!+sb-thread
(assert (not *stop-for-gc-pending*))
(gc-start-the-world)
;; In a multithreaded environment the other threads
;; will see *n-b-f-o-p* change a little late, but
;; that's OK.
;; N.B. the outer without-gcing prevents this
;; function from being entered, so no need for
;; locking.
(let ((freed (- old-usage new-usage)))
;; GENCGC occasionally reports negative here, but
;; the current belief is that it is part of the
;; normal order of things and not a bug.
(when (plusp freed)
(incf *n-bytes-freed-or-purified* freed))))))
(declare (inline perform-gc))
;; Let's make sure we're not interrupted and that none of
;; the deadline or deadlock detection stuff triggers.
(without-interrupts
(sb!thread::without-thread-waiting-for
(:already-without-interrupts t)
(let ((sb!impl::*deadline* nil)
(sb!impl::*deadline-seconds* nil)
(epoch *gc-epoch*))
(loop
;; GCing must be done without-gcing to avoid
;; recursive GC... but we can't block on
;; *already-in-gc* inside without-gcing: that would
;; cause a deadlock.
(without-gcing
;; Try to grab that mutex. On acquisition, stop
;; the world from with the mutex held, and then
;; execute the remainder of the GC: stopping the
;; world with interrupts disabled is the mother of
;; all critical sections.
(cond ((sb!thread:with-mutex (*already-in-gc* :wait-p nil)
(unsafe-clear-roots gen)
(gc-stop-the-world)
t)
;; Success! GC.
(perform-gc)
;; Return, but leave *gc-pending* as is: we
;; did allocate a tiny bit after GCing. In
;; theory, this could lead to a long chain
;; of tail-recursive (but not in explicit
;; tail position) GCs, but that doesn't
;; seem likely to happen too often... And
;; the old code already suffered from this
;; problem.
(return t))
(t
;; Some other thread is trying to GC. Clear
;; *gc-pending* (we already know we want a
;; GC to happen) and either let
;; without-gcing figure out that the world
;; is stopping, or try again.
(setf *gc-pending* nil))))
;; we just wanted a minor GC, and a GC has
;; occurred. Leave, but don't execute after-gc
;; hooks.
;;
;; Return a 0 for easy ternary logic in the C
;; runtime.
(when (and (eql gen 0)
(neq epoch *gc-pending*))
(return 0))))))))))
(defun post-gc ()
;; Outside the mutex, interrupts may be enabled: these may cause
;; another GC. FIXME: it can potentially exceed maximum interrupt
;; nesting by triggering GCs.
;;
;; Can that be avoided by having the finalizers and hooks run only
;; from the outermost SUB-GC? If the nested GCs happen in interrupt
;; handlers that's not enough.
;;
;; KLUDGE: Don't run the hooks in GC's if:
;;
;; A) this thread is dying, so that user-code never runs with
;; (thread-alive-p *current-thread*) => nil
;;
;; B) interrupts are disabled somewhere up the call chain since we
;; don't want to run user code in such a case.
;;
;; The long-term solution will be to keep a separate thread for
;; finalizers and after-gc hooks.
(when (sb!thread:thread-alive-p sb!thread:*current-thread*)
(when *allow-with-interrupts*
(sb!thread::without-thread-waiting-for ()
(with-interrupts
(run-pending-finalizers)
(call-hooks "after-GC" *after-gc-hooks* :on-error :warn))))))
;;; This is the user-advertised garbage collection function.
(defun gc (&key (full nil) (gen 0) &allow-other-keys)
#!+(and sb-doc gencgc)
"Initiate a garbage collection.
The default is to initiate a nursery collection, which may in turn
trigger a collection of one or more older generations as well. If FULL
is true, all generations are collected. If GEN is provided, it can be
used to specify the oldest generation guaranteed to be collected.
On CheneyGC platforms arguments FULL and GEN take no effect: a full
collection is always preformed."
#!+(and sb-doc (not gencgc))
"Initiate a garbage collection.
The collection is always a full collection.
Arguments FULL and GEN can be used for compatibility with GENCGC
platforms: there the default is to initiate a nursery collection,
which may in turn trigger a collection of one or more older
generations as well. If FULL is true, all generations are collected.
If GEN is provided, it can be used to specify the oldest generation
guaranteed to be collected."
(when (eq t (sub-gc :gen (if full sb!vm:+pseudo-static-generation+ gen)))
(post-gc)))
(define-alien-routine scrub-control-stack sb!alien:void)
(defun unsafe-clear-roots (gen)
#!-gencgc (declare (ignore gen))
;; KLUDGE: Do things in an attempt to get rid of extra roots. Unsafe
;; as having these cons more then we have space left leads to huge
;; badness.
(scrub-control-stack)
;; Power cache of the bignum printer: drops overly large bignums and
;; removes duplicate entries.
(scrub-power-cache)
;; Clear caches depending on the generation being collected.
#!+gencgc
(cond ((eql 0 gen))
((eql 1 gen)
(ctype-of-cache-clear))
(t
(drop-all-hash-caches)))
#!-gencgc
(drop-all-hash-caches))
;;;; auxiliary functions
(defun bytes-consed-between-gcs ()
#!+sb-doc
"The amount of memory that will be allocated before the next garbage
collection is initiated. This can be set with SETF.
On GENCGC platforms this is the nursery size, and defaults to 5% of dynamic
space size.
Note: currently changes to this value are lost when saving core."
(sb!alien:extern-alien "bytes_consed_between_gcs" os-vm-size-t))
(defun (setf bytes-consed-between-gcs) (val)
(declare (type index val))
(setf (sb!alien:extern-alien "bytes_consed_between_gcs" os-vm-size-t)
val))
(declaim (inline maybe-handle-pending-gc))
(defun maybe-handle-pending-gc ()
(when (and (not *gc-inhibit*)
(or #!+sb-thread *stop-for-gc-pending*
*gc-pending*))
(sb!unix::receive-pending-interrupt)))
;;;; GENCGC specifics
;;;;
;;;; For documentation convenience, these have stubs on non-GENCGC platforms
;;;; as well.
#!+gencgc
(deftype generation-index ()
'(integer 0 #.sb!vm:+pseudo-static-generation+))
;;; FIXME: GENERATION (and PAGE, as seen in room.lisp) should probably be
;;; defined in Lisp, and written to header files by genesis, instead of this
;;; OAOOMiness -- this duplicates the struct definition in gencgc.c.
#!+gencgc
(define-alien-type generation
(struct generation
(alloc-start-page page-index-t)
(alloc-unboxed-start-page page-index-t)
(alloc-large-start-page page-index-t)
(alloc-large-unboxed-start-page page-index-t)
(bytes-allocated os-vm-size-t)
(gc-trigger os-vm-size-t)
(bytes-consed-between-gcs os-vm-size-t)
(number-of-gcs int)
(number-of-gcs-before-promotion int)
(cum-sum-bytes-allocated os-vm-size-t)
(minimum-age-before-gc double)))
#!+gencgc
(define-alien-variable generations
(array generation #.(1+ sb!vm:+pseudo-static-generation+)))
(macrolet ((def (slot doc &optional setfp)
(declare (ignorable doc))
`(progn
(defun ,(symbolicate "GENERATION-" slot) (generation)
#!+sb-doc
,doc
#!+gencgc
(declare (generation-index generation))
#!-gencgc
(declare (ignore generation))
#!-gencgc
(error "~S is a GENCGC only function and unavailable in this build"
',slot)
#!+gencgc
(slot (deref generations generation) ',slot))
,@(when setfp
`((defun (setf ,(symbolicate "GENERATION-" slot)) (value generation)
#!+gencgc
(declare (generation-index generation))
#!-gencgc
(declare (ignore value generation))
#!-gencgc
(error "(SETF ~S) is a GENCGC only function and unavailable in this build"
',slot)
#!+gencgc
(setf (slot (deref generations generation) ',slot) value)))))))
(def bytes-consed-between-gcs
"Number of bytes that can be allocated to GENERATION before that
generation is considered for garbage collection. This value is meaningless for
generation 0 (the nursery): see BYTES-CONSED-BETWEEN-GCS instead. Default is
5% of the dynamic space size divided by the number of non-nursery generations.
Can be assigned to using SETF. Available on GENCGC platforms only.
Experimental: interface subject to change."
t)
(def minimum-age-before-gc
"Minimum average age of objects allocated to GENERATION before that
generation is may be garbage collected. Default is 0.75. See also
GENERATION-AVERAGE-AGE. Can be assigned to using SETF. Available on GENCGC
platforms only.
Experimental: interface subject to change."
t)
(def number-of-gcs-before-promotion
"Number of times garbage collection is done on GENERATION before
automatic promotion to the next generation is triggered. Default is 1. Can be
assigned to using SETF. Available on GENCGC platforms only.
Experimental: interface subject to change."
t)
(def bytes-allocated
"Number of bytes allocated to GENERATION currently. Available on GENCGC
platforms only.
Experimental: interface subject to change.")
(def number-of-gcs
"Number of times garbage collection has been done on GENERATION without
promotion. Available on GENCGC platforms only.
Experimental: interface subject to change."))
(defun generation-average-age (generation)
"Average age of memory allocated to GENERATION: average number of times
objects allocated to the generation have seen younger objects promoted to it.
Available on GENCGC platforms only.
Experimental: interface subject to change."
#!+gencgc
(declare (generation-index generation))
#!-gencgc (declare (ignore generation))
#!-gencgc
(error "~S is a GENCGC only function and unavailable in this build."
'generation-average-age)
#!+gencgc
(alien-funcall (extern-alien "generation_average_age"
(function double generation-index-t))
generation))