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/* Copyright (c) 2001 Miller Puckette and others.
* For information on usage and redistribution, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL
* WARRANTIES, see the file, "LICENSE.txt," in this distribution. */
/* this file calls Ross Bencina's and Phil Burk's Portaudio package. It's
the main way in for Mac OS and, with Michael Casey's help, also into
ASIO in Windows.
Both blocking and non-blocking call styles are supported. If non-blocking
is requested, either we call portaudio in non-blocking mode, or else we
call portaudio in callback mode and manage our own FIFO se we can offer
Pd "blocking" I/O calls. To do the latter we define FAKEBLOCKING; this
works better in MAXOSX (gets 40 msec lower latency!) and might also in
Windows. If FAKEBLOCKING is defined we can choose between two methods
for waiting on the (presumebly other-thread) I/O to complete, either
correct thread synchronization (by defining THREADSIGNAL) or just sleeping
and polling; the latter seems to work better so far.
*/
/* dolist...
switch to usleep in s_inter.c
*/
#include "m_pd.h"
#include "s_stuff.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <portaudio.h>
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#define snprintf sprintf_s
#endif
#ifndef _WIN32 /* for the "dup2" workaround -- do we still need it? */
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ALLOCA_H /* ifdef nonsense to find include for alloca() */
# include <alloca.h> /* linux, mac, mingw, cygwin */
#elif defined _MSC_VER
# include <malloc.h> /* MSVC */
#else
# include <stddef.h> /* BSDs for example */
#endif /* end alloca() ifdef nonsense */
#if 1
#define FAKEBLOCKING
#endif
#if defined (FAKEBLOCKING) && defined(_WIN32)
#include <windows.h> /* for Sleep() */
#endif
/* define this to enable thread signaling instead of polling */
/* #define THREADSIGNAL */
/* LATER try to figure out how to handle default devices in portaudio;
the way s_audio.c handles them isn't going to work here. */
/* public interface declared in m_imp.h */
/* implementation */
static PaStream *pa_stream;
static int pa_inchans, pa_outchans;
static float *pa_soundin, *pa_soundout;
static t_audiocallback pa_callback;
static int pa_started;
static int pa_nbuffers;
static int pa_dio_error;
#ifdef FAKEBLOCKING
#include "s_audio_paring.h"
static PA_VOLATILE char *pa_outbuf;
static PA_VOLATILE sys_ringbuf pa_outring;
static PA_VOLATILE char *pa_inbuf;
static PA_VOLATILE sys_ringbuf pa_inring;
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
#include <pthread.h>
pthread_mutex_t pa_mutex;
pthread_cond_t pa_sem;
#endif /* THREADSIGNAL */
#endif /* FAKEBLOCKING */
static void pa_init(void)
{
static int initialized;
if (!initialized)
{
#ifndef _WIN32
/* Initialize PortAudio */
/* for some reason Pa_Initialize(0 closes file descriptor 1.
As a workaround, dup it to another number and dup2 it back
afterward. */
int newfd = dup(1);
int err = Pa_Initialize();
if (newfd >= 0)
{
dup2(newfd, 1);
close(newfd);
}
#else
int err = Pa_Initialize();
#endif
if ( err != paNoError )
{
post("Error opening audio: %s", err, Pa_GetErrorText(err));
return;
}
initialized = 1;
}
}
static int pa_lowlevel_callback(const void *inputBuffer,
void *outputBuffer, unsigned long nframes,
const PaStreamCallbackTimeInfo *outTime, PaStreamCallbackFlags myflags,
void *userData)
{
int i;
unsigned int n, j;
float *fbuf, *fp2, *fp3, *soundiop;
if (nframes % DEFDACBLKSIZE)
{
post("warning: audio nframes %ld not a multiple of blocksize %d",
nframes, (int)DEFDACBLKSIZE);
nframes -= (nframes % DEFDACBLKSIZE);
}
for (n = 0; n < nframes; n += DEFDACBLKSIZE)
{
if (inputBuffer != NULL)
{
fbuf = ((float *)inputBuffer) + n*pa_inchans;
soundiop = pa_soundin;
for (i = 0, fp2 = fbuf; i < pa_inchans; i++, fp2++)
for (j = 0, fp3 = fp2; j < DEFDACBLKSIZE;
j++, fp3 += pa_inchans)
*soundiop++ = *fp3;
}
else memset((void *)pa_soundin, 0,
DEFDACBLKSIZE * pa_inchans * sizeof(float));
memset((void *)pa_soundout, 0,
DEFDACBLKSIZE * pa_outchans * sizeof(float));
(*pa_callback)();
if (outputBuffer != NULL)
{
fbuf = ((float *)outputBuffer) + n*pa_outchans;
soundiop = pa_soundout;
for (i = 0, fp2 = fbuf; i < pa_outchans; i++, fp2++)
for (j = 0, fp3 = fp2; j < DEFDACBLKSIZE;
j++, fp3 += pa_outchans)
*fp3 = *soundiop++;
}
}
return 0;
}
#ifdef FAKEBLOCKING
/* callback for "non-callback" case in which we actualy open portaudio
in callback mode but fake "blocking mode". We communicate with the
main thread via FIFO. First read the audio output FIFO (which
we sync on, not waiting for it but supplying zeros to the audio output if
there aren't enough samples in the FIFO when we are called), then write
to the audio input FIFO. The main thread will wait for the input fifo.
We can either throw it a pthreads condition or just allow the main thread
to poll for us; so far polling seems to work better. */
static int pa_fifo_callback(const void *inputBuffer,
void *outputBuffer, unsigned long nframes,
const PaStreamCallbackTimeInfo *outTime, PaStreamCallbackFlags myflags,
void *userData)
{
/* callback routine for non-callback client... throw samples into
and read them out of a FIFO */
int ch;
long fiforoom;
float *fbuf;
#if CHECKFIFOS
if (pa_inchans * sys_ringbuf_getreadavailable(&pa_outring) !=
pa_outchans * sys_ringbuf_getwriteavailable(&pa_inring))
post("warning: in and out rings unequal (%d, %d)",
sys_ringbuf_getreadavailable(&pa_outring),
sys_ringbuf_getwriteavailable(&pa_inring));
#endif
fiforoom = sys_ringbuf_getreadavailable(&pa_outring);
if ((unsigned)fiforoom >= nframes*pa_outchans*sizeof(float))
{
if (outputBuffer)
sys_ringbuf_read(&pa_outring, outputBuffer,
nframes*pa_outchans*sizeof(float), pa_outbuf);
else if (pa_outchans)
post("audio error: no outputBuffer but output channels");
if (inputBuffer)
sys_ringbuf_write(&pa_inring, inputBuffer,
nframes*pa_inchans*sizeof(float), pa_inbuf);
else if (pa_inchans)
post("audio error: no inputBuffer but input channels");
}
else
{ /* PD could not keep up; generate zeros */
if (pa_started)
pa_dio_error = 1;
if (outputBuffer)
{
for (ch = 0; ch < pa_outchans; ch++)
{
unsigned long frame;
fbuf = ((float *)outputBuffer) + ch;
for (frame = 0; frame < nframes; frame++, fbuf += pa_outchans)
*fbuf = 0;
}
}
}
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_mutex_lock(&pa_mutex);
pthread_cond_signal(&pa_sem);
pthread_mutex_unlock(&pa_mutex);
#endif
return 0;
}
#endif /* FAKEBLOCKING */
PaError pa_open_callback(double sampleRate, int inchannels, int outchannels,
int framesperbuf, int nbuffers, int indeviceno, int outdeviceno, PaStreamCallback *callbackfn)
{
long bytesPerSample;
PaError err;
PaStreamParameters instreamparams, outstreamparams;
PaStreamParameters*p_instreamparams=0, *p_outstreamparams=0;
/* fprintf(stderr, "nchan %d, flags %d, bufs %d, framesperbuf %d\n",
nchannels, flags, nbuffers, framesperbuf); */
instreamparams.device = indeviceno;
instreamparams.channelCount = inchannels;
instreamparams.sampleFormat = paFloat32;
instreamparams.suggestedLatency = nbuffers*framesperbuf/sampleRate;
instreamparams.hostApiSpecificStreamInfo = 0;
outstreamparams.device = outdeviceno;
outstreamparams.channelCount = outchannels;
outstreamparams.sampleFormat = paFloat32;
outstreamparams.suggestedLatency = nbuffers*framesperbuf/sampleRate;;
outstreamparams.hostApiSpecificStreamInfo = 0;
if( inchannels>0 && indeviceno >= 0)
p_instreamparams=&instreamparams;
if( outchannels>0 && outdeviceno >= 0)
p_outstreamparams=&outstreamparams;
err=Pa_IsFormatSupported(p_instreamparams, p_outstreamparams, sampleRate);
if (paFormatIsSupported != err)
{
/* check whether we have to change the numbers of channel and/or samplerate */
const PaDeviceInfo* info = 0;
double inRate=0, outRate=0;
if (inchannels>0)
{
if (NULL != (info = Pa_GetDeviceInfo( instreamparams.device )))
{
inRate=info->defaultSampleRate;
if(info->maxInputChannels<inchannels)
instreamparams.channelCount=info->maxInputChannels;
}
}
if (outchannels>0)
{
if (NULL != (info = Pa_GetDeviceInfo( outstreamparams.device )))
{
outRate=info->defaultSampleRate;
if(info->maxOutputChannels<outchannels)
outstreamparams.channelCount=info->maxOutputChannels;
}
}
if (err == paInvalidSampleRate)
{
sampleRate=outRate;
}
err=Pa_IsFormatSupported(p_instreamparams, p_outstreamparams,
sampleRate);
if (paFormatIsSupported != err)
goto error;
}
err = Pa_OpenStream(
&pa_stream,
p_instreamparams,
p_outstreamparams,
sampleRate,
framesperbuf,
paNoFlag, /* portaudio will clip for us */
callbackfn,
0);
if (err != paNoError)
goto error;
err = Pa_StartStream(pa_stream);
if (err != paNoError)
{
post("error opening failed; closing audio stream: %s",
Pa_GetErrorText(err));
pa_close_audio();
goto error;
}
sys_dacsr=sampleRate;
return paNoError;
error:
pa_stream = NULL;
return err;
}
int pa_open_audio(int inchans, int outchans, int rate, t_sample *soundin,
t_sample *soundout, int framesperbuf, int nbuffers,
int indeviceno, int outdeviceno, t_audiocallback callbackfn)
{
PaError err;
int j, devno, pa_indev = -1, pa_outdev = -1;
pa_callback = callbackfn;
/* fprintf(stderr, "open callback %d\n", (callbackfn != 0)); */
pa_init();
/* post("in %d out %d rate %d device %d", inchans, outchans, rate, deviceno); */
if (pa_stream)
pa_close_audio();
if (inchans > 0)
{
for (j = 0, devno = 0; j < Pa_GetDeviceCount(); j++)
{
const PaDeviceInfo *info = Pa_GetDeviceInfo(j);
if (info->maxInputChannels > 0)
{
if (devno == indeviceno)
{
if (inchans > info->maxInputChannels)
inchans = info->maxInputChannels;
pa_indev = j;
break;
}
devno++;
}
}
}
if (outchans > 0)
{
for (j = 0, devno = 0; j < Pa_GetDeviceCount(); j++)
{
const PaDeviceInfo *info = Pa_GetDeviceInfo(j);
if (info->maxOutputChannels > 0)
{
if (devno == outdeviceno)
{
if (outchans > info->maxOutputChannels)
outchans = info->maxOutputChannels;
pa_outdev = j;
break;
}
devno++;
}
}
}
if (inchans > 0 && pa_indev == -1)
inchans = 0;
if (outchans > 0 && pa_outdev == -1)
outchans = 0;
if (sys_verbose)
{
post("input device %d, channels %d", pa_indev, inchans);
post("output device %d, channels %d", pa_outdev, outchans);
post("framesperbuf %d, nbufs %d", framesperbuf, nbuffers);
post("rate %d", rate);
}
pa_inchans = sys_inchannels = inchans;
pa_outchans = sys_outchannels = outchans;
pa_soundin = soundin;
pa_soundout = soundout;
#ifdef FAKEBLOCKING
if (pa_inbuf)
free((char *)pa_inbuf), pa_inbuf = 0;
if (pa_outbuf)
free((char *)pa_outbuf), pa_outbuf = 0;
#endif
if (! inchans && !outchans)
return (0);
if (callbackfn)
{
pa_callback = callbackfn;
err = pa_open_callback(rate, inchans, outchans,
framesperbuf, nbuffers, pa_indev, pa_outdev, pa_lowlevel_callback);
}
else
{
#ifdef FAKEBLOCKING
if (pa_inchans)
{
pa_inbuf = malloc(nbuffers*framesperbuf*pa_inchans*sizeof(float));
sys_ringbuf_init(&pa_inring,
nbuffers*framesperbuf*pa_inchans*sizeof(float), pa_inbuf,
nbuffers*framesperbuf*pa_inchans*sizeof(float));
}
if (pa_outchans)
{
pa_outbuf = malloc(nbuffers*framesperbuf*pa_outchans*sizeof(float));
sys_ringbuf_init(&pa_outring,
nbuffers*framesperbuf*pa_outchans*sizeof(float), pa_outbuf, 0);
}
err = pa_open_callback(rate, inchans, outchans,
framesperbuf, nbuffers, pa_indev, pa_outdev, pa_fifo_callback);
#else
err = pa_open_callback(rate, inchans, outchans,
framesperbuf, nbuffers, pa_indev, pa_outdev, 0);
#endif
}
pa_started = 0;
pa_nbuffers = nbuffers;
if ( err != paNoError )
{
post("Error opening audio: %s", Pa_GetErrorText(err));
/* Pa_Terminate(); */
return (1);
}
else if (sys_verbose)
post("... opened OK.");
return (0);
}
void pa_close_audio( void)
{
if (pa_stream)
{
Pa_AbortStream(pa_stream);
Pa_CloseStream(pa_stream);
}
pa_stream = 0;
#ifdef FAKEBLOCKING
if (pa_inbuf)
free((char *)pa_inbuf), pa_inbuf = 0;
if (pa_outbuf)
free((char *)pa_outbuf), pa_outbuf = 0;
#endif
}
int pa_send_dacs(void)
{
t_sample *fp;
float *fp2, *fp3;
float *conversionbuf;
int j, k;
int rtnval = SENDDACS_YES;
#ifndef FAKEBLOCKING
double timebefore;
#endif /* FAKEBLOCKING */
if (!sys_inchannels && !sys_outchannels || !pa_stream)
return (SENDDACS_NO);
conversionbuf = (float *)alloca((sys_inchannels > sys_outchannels?
sys_inchannels:sys_outchannels) * DEFDACBLKSIZE * sizeof(float));
#ifdef FAKEBLOCKING
if (!sys_inchannels) /* if no input channels sync on output */
{
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_mutex_lock(&pa_mutex);
#endif
while (sys_ringbuf_getwriteavailable(&pa_outring) <
(long)(sys_outchannels * DEFDACBLKSIZE * sizeof(float)))
{
rtnval = SENDDACS_SLEPT;
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_cond_wait(&pa_sem, &pa_mutex);
#else
#ifdef _WIN32
Sleep(1);
#else
usleep(1000);
#endif /* _WIN32 */
#endif /* THREADSIGNAL */
}
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_mutex_unlock(&pa_mutex);
#endif
}
/* write output */
if (sys_outchannels)
{
for (j = 0, fp = sys_soundout, fp2 = conversionbuf;
j < sys_outchannels; j++, fp2++)
for (k = 0, fp3 = fp2; k < DEFDACBLKSIZE;
k++, fp++, fp3 += sys_outchannels)
*fp3 = *fp;
sys_ringbuf_write(&pa_outring, conversionbuf,
sys_outchannels*(DEFDACBLKSIZE*sizeof(float)), pa_outbuf);
}
if (sys_inchannels) /* if there is input sync on it */
{
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_mutex_lock(&pa_mutex);
#endif
while (sys_ringbuf_getreadavailable(&pa_inring) <
(long)(sys_inchannels * DEFDACBLKSIZE * sizeof(float)))
{
rtnval = SENDDACS_SLEPT;
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_cond_wait(&pa_sem, &pa_mutex);
#else
#ifdef _WIN32
Sleep(1);
#else
usleep(1000);
#endif /* _WIN32 */
#endif /* THREADSIGNAL */
}
#ifdef THREADSIGNAL
pthread_mutex_unlock(&pa_mutex);
#endif
}
if (sys_inchannels)
{
sys_ringbuf_read(&pa_inring, conversionbuf,
sys_inchannels*(DEFDACBLKSIZE*sizeof(float)), pa_inbuf);
for (j = 0, fp = sys_soundin, fp2 = conversionbuf;
j < sys_inchannels; j++, fp2++)
for (k = 0, fp3 = fp2; k < DEFDACBLKSIZE;
k++, fp++, fp3 += sys_inchannels)
*fp = *fp3;
}
#else /* FAKEBLOCKING */
timebefore = sys_getrealtime();
/* write output */
if (sys_outchannels)
{
if (!pa_started)
{
memset(conversionbuf, 0,
sys_outchannels * DEFDACBLKSIZE * sizeof(float));
for (j = 0; j < pa_nbuffers-1; j++)
Pa_WriteStream(pa_stream, conversionbuf, DEFDACBLKSIZE);
}
for (j = 0, fp = sys_soundout, fp2 = conversionbuf;
j < sys_outchannels; j++, fp2++)
for (k = 0, fp3 = fp2; k < DEFDACBLKSIZE;
k++, fp++, fp3 += sys_outchannels)
*fp3 = *fp;
Pa_WriteStream(pa_stream, conversionbuf, DEFDACBLKSIZE);
}
if (sys_inchannels)
{
Pa_ReadStream(pa_stream, conversionbuf, DEFDACBLKSIZE);
for (j = 0, fp = sys_soundin, fp2 = conversionbuf;
j < sys_inchannels; j++, fp2++)
for (k = 0, fp3 = fp2; k < DEFDACBLKSIZE;
k++, fp++, fp3 += sys_inchannels)
*fp = *fp3;
}
if (sys_getrealtime() - timebefore > 0.002)
{
rtnval = SENDDACS_SLEPT;
}
#endif /* FAKEBLOCKING */
pa_started = 1;
memset(sys_soundout, 0, DEFDACBLKSIZE*sizeof(t_sample)*sys_outchannels);
return (rtnval);
}
/* scanning for devices */
void pa_getdevs(char *indevlist, int *nindevs,
char *outdevlist, int *noutdevs, int *canmulti,
int maxndev, int devdescsize)
{
int i, nin = 0, nout = 0, ndev;
*canmulti = 1; /* one dev each for input and output */
pa_init();
ndev = Pa_GetDeviceCount();
for (i = 0; i < ndev; i++)
{
const PaDeviceInfo *pdi = Pa_GetDeviceInfo(i);
if (pdi->maxInputChannels > 0 && nin < maxndev)
{
/* LATER figure out how to get API name correctly */
snprintf(indevlist + nin * devdescsize, devdescsize,
#ifdef _WIN32
"%s:%s", (pdi->hostApi == 0 ? "MMIO" : (pdi->hostApi == 1 ? "ASIO" : "?")),
#else
#ifdef __APPLE__
"%s",
#else
"(%d) %s", pdi->hostApi,
#endif
#endif
pdi->name);
nin++;
}
if (pdi->maxOutputChannels > 0 && nout < maxndev)
{
snprintf(outdevlist + nout * devdescsize, devdescsize,
#ifdef _WIN32
"%s:%s", (pdi->hostApi == 0 ? "MMIO" : (pdi->hostApi == 1 ? "ASIO" : "?")),
#else
#ifdef __APPLE__
"%s",
#else
"(%d) %s", pdi->hostApi,
#endif
#endif
pdi->name);
nout++;
}
}
*nindevs = nin;
*noutdevs = nout;
}