--- a
+++ b/papers/player-chapter/svmult.cls
@@ -0,0 +1,2107 @@
+% SVMULT DOCUMENT CLASS -- version 3.17 (20-Mar-05)
+% Springer Verlag global LaTeX2e support for multi authored books
+%%
+%%
+%% \CharacterTable
+%%  {Upper-case    \A\B\C\D\E\F\G\H\I\J\K\L\M\N\O\P\Q\R\S\T\U\V\W\X\Y\Z
+%%   Lower-case    \a\b\c\d\e\f\g\h\i\j\k\l\m\n\o\p\q\r\s\t\u\v\w\x\y\z
+%%   Digits        \0\1\2\3\4\5\6\7\8\9
+%%   Exclamation   \!     Double quote  \"     Hash (number) \#
+%%   Dollar        \$     Percent       \%     Ampersand     \&
+%%   Acute accent  \'     Left paren    \(     Right paren   \)
+%%   Asterisk      \*     Plus          \+     Comma         \,
+%%   Minus         \-     Point         \.     Solidus       \/
+%%   Colon         \:     Semicolon     \;     Less than     \<
+%%   Equals        \=     Greater than  \>     Question mark \?
+%%   Commercial at \@     Left bracket  \[     Backslash     \\
+%%   Right bracket \]     Circumflex    \^     Underscore    \_
+%%   Grave accent  \`     Left brace    \{     Vertical bar  \|
+%%   Right brace   \}     Tilde         \~}
+%%
+\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}[1995/12/01]
+\ProvidesClass{svmult}[2005/03/20 v3.17
+^^JSpringer Verlag global LaTeX document class for multi authored books]
+% Options
+% citations
+\DeclareOption{natbib}{\ExecuteOptions{oribibl}%
+\AtEndOfClass{% Loading package 'NATBIB'
+\RequirePackage{natbib}
+% Changing some parameters of NATBIB
+\setlength{\bibhang}{\parindent}
+%\setlength{\bibsep}{0mm}
+\let\bibfont=\small
+\def\@biblabel#1{#1.}
+\newcommand{\etal}{\textit{et al}.}
+%\bibpunct[,]{(}{)}{;}{a}{}{,}}}
+}}
+% Springer environment
+\let\if@spthms\iftrue
+\DeclareOption{nospthms}{\let\if@spthms\iffalse}
+%
+\let\envankh\@empty   % no anchor for "theorems"
+%
+\let\if@envcntreset\iffalse % environment counter is not reset
+\let\if@envcntresetsect=\iffalse % reset each section?
+\DeclareOption{envcountresetchap}{\let\if@envcntreset\iftrue}
+\DeclareOption{envcountresetsect}{\let\if@envcntreset\iftrue
+\let\if@envcntresetsect=\iftrue}
+%
+\let\if@envcntsame\iffalse  % NOT all environments work like "Theorem",
+                            % each using its own counter
+\DeclareOption{envcountsame}{\let\if@envcntsame\iftrue}
+%
+\let\if@envcntshowhiercnt=\iffalse % do not show hierarchy counter at all
+%
+% enhance theorem counter
+\DeclareOption{envcountchap}{\def\envankh{chapter}% show \thechapter along with theorem number
+\let\if@envcntshowhiercnt=\iftrue}
+%
+\DeclareOption{envcountsect}{\def\envankh{section}% show \thesection along with theorem number
+\let\if@envcntshowhiercnt=\iftrue
+\ExecuteOptions{envcountresetsect}}
+% reset environment counters every new contribution by default
+\ExecuteOptions{envcountresetchap}
+%
+% languages
+\let\switcht@@therlang\relax
+\let\svlanginfo\relax
+\def\ds@deutsch{\def\switcht@@therlang{\switcht@deutsch}%
+\gdef\svlanginfo{\typeout{Man spricht deutsch.}\global\let\svlanginfo\relax}}
+\def\ds@francais{\def\switcht@@therlang{\switcht@francais}%
+\gdef\svlanginfo{\typeout{On parle francais.}\global\let\svlanginfo\relax}}
+%
+\AtBeginDocument{\@ifpackageloaded{babel}{%
+\@ifundefined{extrasenglish}{}{\addto\extrasenglish{\switcht@albion}}%
+\@ifundefined{extrasUKenglish}{}{\addto\extrasUKenglish{\switcht@albion}}%
+\@ifundefined{extrasfrenchb}{}{\addto\extrasfrenchb{\switcht@francais}}%
+\@ifundefined{extrasgerman}{}{\addto\extrasgerman{\switcht@deutsch}}%
+\@ifundefined{extrasngerman}{}{\addto\extrasngerman{\switcht@deutsch}}%
+}{\switcht@@therlang}%
+}
+% style for vectors
+\DeclareOption{vecphys}{\def\vec@style{phys}}
+\DeclareOption{vecarrow}{\def\vec@style{arrow}}
+% running heads
+\let\if@runhead\iftrue
+\DeclareOption{norunningheads}{\let\if@runhead\iffalse}
+% referee option
+\let\if@referee\iffalse
+\def\makereferee{\def\baselinestretch{2}\selectfont
+\newbox\refereebox
+\setbox\refereebox=\vbox to\z@{\vskip0.5cm%
+  \hbox to\textwidth{\normalsize\tt\hrulefill\lower0.5ex
+        \hbox{\kern5\p@ referee's copy\kern5\p@}\hrulefill}\vss}%
+\def\@oddfoot{\copy\refereebox}\let\@evenfoot=\@oddfoot}
+\DeclareOption{referee}{\let\if@referee\iftrue
+\AtBeginDocument{\makereferee\small\normalsize}}
+% modification of thebibliography
+\let\if@openbib\iffalse
+\DeclareOption{openbib}{\let\if@openbib\iftrue}
+% LaTeX standard, sectionwise references
+\DeclareOption{oribibl}{\let\oribibl=Y}
+\DeclareOption{chaprefs}{\let\chpbibl=Y}
+%
+% footinfo option (provides an informatory line on every page)
+\def\SpringerMacroPackageNameA{svmult.cls}
+% \thetime, \thedate and \timstamp are macros to include
+% time, date (or both) of the TeX run in the document
+\def\maketimestamp{\count255=\time
+\divide\count255 by 60\relax
+\edef\thetime{\the\count255:}%
+\multiply\count255 by-60\relax
+\advance\count255 by\time
+\edef\thetime{\thetime\ifnum\count255<10 0\fi\the\count255}
+\edef\thedate{\number\day-\ifcase\month\or Jan\or Feb\or Mar\or
+             Apr\or May\or Jun\or Jul\or Aug\or Sep\or Oct\or
+             Nov\or Dec\fi-\number\year}
+\def\timstamp{\hbox to\hsize{\tt\hfil\thedate\hfil\thetime\hfil}}}
+\maketimestamp
+%
+% \footinfo generates a info footline on every page containing
+% pagenumber, jobname, macroname, and timestamp
+\DeclareOption{footinfo}{\AtBeginDocument{\maketimestamp
+   \def\ps@empty{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+   \let\@oddhead\@empty\let\@evenhead\@empty}%
+   \def\@oddfoot{\scriptsize\tt Page:\,\thepage\space\hfil
+                 job:\,\jobname\space\hfil
+                 macro:\,\SpringerMacroPackageNameA\space\hfil
+                 date/time:\,\thedate/\thetime}%
+   \let\@evenfoot=\@oddfoot}}
+%
+% start new chapter on any page
+\newif\if@openright \@openrighttrue
+\DeclareOption{openany}{\@openrightfalse}
+%
+% no size changing allowed
+\DeclareOption{11pt}{\OptionNotUsed}
+\DeclareOption{12pt}{\OptionNotUsed}
+% options for the article class
+\def\@rticle@options{10pt,twoside}
+% fleqn
+\DeclareOption{fleqn}{\def\@rticle@options{10pt,twoside,fleqn}%
+\AtEndOfClass{\let\leftlegendglue\relax}%
+\AtBeginDocument{\mathindent\parindent}}
+% hanging sectioning titles
+\let\if@sechang\iffalse
+\DeclareOption{sechang}{\let\if@sechang\iftrue}
+\def\ClassInfoNoLine#1#2{%
+   \ClassInfo{#1}{#2\@gobble}%
+}
+\let\SVMultOpt\@empty
+\DeclareOption*{\InputIfFileExists{sv\CurrentOption.clo}{%
+\global\let\SVMultOpt\CurrentOption}{%
+\ClassWarning{Springer-SVMult}{Specified option or subpackage
+"\CurrentOption" \MessageBreak not found
+passing it to article class \MessageBreak
+-}\PassOptionsToClass{\CurrentOption}{article}%
+}}
+\ProcessOptions\relax
+\ifx\SVMultOpt\@empty\relax
+\ClassInfoNoLine{Springer-SVMult}{extra/valid Springer sub-package
+\MessageBreak not found in option list - using "global" style}{}
+\fi
+\LoadClass[\@rticle@options]{article}
+\raggedbottom
+
+% various sizes and settings for contributed works
+
+\setlength{\textwidth}{28pc}   %  11.8cm
+%\setlength{\textheight}{12pt}\multiply\textheight by 45\relax
+\setlength{\textheight}{540\p@}
+\setlength{\topmargin}{0cm}
+\setlength\oddsidemargin   {63\p@}
+\setlength\evensidemargin  {63\p@}
+\setlength\marginparwidth{90\p@}
+\setlength\headsep   {12\p@}
+
+\setlength{\parindent}{15\p@}
+\setlength{\parskip}{\z@ \@plus \p@}
+\setlength{\hfuzz}{2\p@}
+\setlength{\arraycolsep}{1.5\p@}
+
+\frenchspacing
+
+\tolerance=500
+
+\predisplaypenalty=0
+\clubpenalty=10000
+\widowpenalty=10000
+
+\setlength\footnotesep{7.7\p@}
+
+\newdimen\betweenumberspace          % dimension for space between
+\betweenumberspace=5\p@              % number and text of titles
+\newdimen\headlineindent             % dimension for space of
+\headlineindent=2.5cc                % number and gap of running heads
+
+% fonts, sizes, and the like
+\renewcommand\small{%
+   \@setfontsize\small\@ixpt{11}%
+   \abovedisplayskip 8.5\p@ \@plus3\p@ \@minus4\p@
+   \abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus2\p@
+   \belowdisplayshortskip 4\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus2\p@
+   \def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini
+               \parsep \z@ \@plus\p@ \@minus\p@
+               \topsep 6\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@
+               \itemsep\z@}%
+   \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+}
+%
+\let\footnotesize=\small
+%
+\newenvironment{petit}{\par\addvspace{6\p@}\small}{\par\addvspace{6\p@}}
+%
+
+% modification of automatic positioning of floating objects
+\setlength\@fptop{\z@ }
+\setlength\@fpsep{12\p@ }
+\setlength\@fpbot{\z@ \@plus 1fil }
+\def\textfraction{.01}
+\def\floatpagefraction{.8}
+\setlength{\intextsep}{20\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@}
+\setcounter{topnumber}{4}
+\def\topfraction{.9}
+\setcounter{bottomnumber}{2}
+\def\bottomfraction{.7}
+\setcounter{totalnumber}{6}
+%
+% size and style of headings
+\newcommand{\partsize}{\Large}
+\newcommand{\partstyle}{\bfseries\boldmath}
+\newcommand{\chapsize}{\Large}
+\newcommand{\chapstyle}{\bfseries\boldmath}
+\newcommand{\secsize}{\large}
+\newcommand{\secstyle}{\bfseries\boldmath}
+\newcommand{\subsecsize}{\normalsize}
+\newcommand{\subsecstyle}{\bfseries\boldmath}
+
+\def\newendpage {\par
+                 \ifdim \pagetotal>\topskip
+                     \else\thispagestyle{empty}
+                 \fi
+                 \vfil\penalty -\@M}
+\def\clearpage{%
+  \ifvmode
+    \ifnum \@dbltopnum =\m@ne
+      \ifdim \pagetotal <\topskip
+        \hbox{}
+      \fi
+    \fi
+  \fi
+  \newendpage
+  \write\m@ne{}
+  \vbox{}
+  \penalty -\@Mi
+}
+\def\cleardoublepage{\clearpage\if@twoside \ifodd\c@page\else
+    \hbox{}\newendpage\if@twocolumn\hbox{}\newpage\fi\fi\fi}
+
+\newcommand{\clearemptydoublepage}{%
+        \newpage{\pagestyle{empty}\cleardoublepage}}
+\newcommand{\startnewpage}{\if@openright\clearemptydoublepage\else\clearpage\fi}
+
+% MiniTOC
+% one outputstream for all minitocs
+\newwrite\minitoc
+\let\MiniTOC=N % switch for MT processing in .aux files
+\newcounter{minitocdepth}
+\setcounter{minitocdepth}{0}
+
+% stolen from LaTeX.ltx - read miniTOC and redirect output stream
+\long\def \protected@immwrite#1#2#3{%
+      \begingroup
+       \let\thepage\relax
+       #2%
+       \let\protect\@unexpandable@protect
+       \edef\reserved@a{\immediate\write#1{#3}}%
+       \reserved@a
+      \endgroup
+      \if@nobreak\ifvmode\nobreak\fi\fi}
+%
+\newcommand{\@mtstarttoc}[1]
+{\begingroup
+ \makeatletter
+ \immediate\write\@auxout{\string\immediate\string\closeout\string\minitoc}%
+ \typeout{input jobname.#1}%
+ \@input{\jobname.#1}%
+ \protected@immwrite\@auxout
+   {\let\label\@gobble \let\index\@gobble
+    \let\glossary\@gobble}%
+   {\immediate\openout\minitoc \jobname.#1\relax}
+ \global\@nobreakfalse\endgroup}
+%
+\newcommand{\@mtstarttocquiet}[1]
+{\begingroup
+ \makeatletter
+ \protected@write\@auxout
+   {\let\label\@gobble \let\index\@gobble
+    \let\glossary\@gobble}%
+   {\immediate\openout\minitoc \jobname.#1\relax}
+ \global\@nobreakfalse\endgroup}
+%
+\newcommand{\mtaddtocont}[1]
+{\protected@write \@auxout
+  {\let\label\@gobble \let\index\@gobble
+   \let\glossary\@gobble}%
+  {\string\@mtwritefile{#1}}}
+%
+\newcommand{\@mtwritefile}[1]{\if Y\MiniTOC
+\@temptokena{#1} \immediate\write\minitoc{\the\@temptokena}\fi}
+
+\AtEndDocument{\null\write\@auxout{\string\immediate\string\closeout\string\minitoc}}
+
+\newcommand{\dominitoc}{% switch \let\MiniTOC=Y
+    \protected@immwrite\@auxout{}{\let\MiniTOC=Y}%
+    \ifnum \c@minitocdepth<1
+        \@mtstarttocquiet{t\thecontribution}\relax
+    \else
+        \@mtstarttoc{t\thecontribution}\par\addvspace\bigskipamount
+    \fi}
+
+% redefinition of \part
+\renewcommand\part{\clearemptydoublepage
+         \thispagestyle{empty}
+         \if@twocolumn
+            \onecolumn
+            \@tempswatrue
+         \else
+            \@tempswafalse
+         \fi
+         \@ifundefined{thispagecropped}{}{\thispagecropped}
+         \secdef\@part\@spart}
+
+\def\@part[#1]#2{\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >-2\relax
+        \refstepcounter{part}
+        \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{\partname\
+        \thepart\thechapterend\hskip\betweenumberspace
+        #1}\else
+        \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{#1}\fi
+   \markboth{}{}
+   {\raggedleft
+    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >-2\relax
+      \normalfont\partstyle\partsize\vrule height 34pt width 0pt depth 0pt%
+     \partname\ \thepart\llap{\smash{\lower 5pt\hbox to\textwidth{\hrulefill}}}
+    \par
+    \vskip 128.3\p@ \fi
+    #2\par}\@endpart}
+%
+% \@endpart finishes the part page
+%
+\def\@endpart{\vfil\newpage
+   \if@twoside
+       \hbox{}
+       \thispagestyle{empty}
+       \newpage
+   \fi
+   \if@tempswa
+     \twocolumn
+   \fi}
+%
+\def\@spart#1{{\raggedleft
+   \normalfont\partsize\partstyle
+   #1\par}\@endpart}
+%
+% (re)define sectioning
+\setcounter{secnumdepth}{2}
+
+\def\seccounterend{\hskip\betweenumberspace}
+\def\@seccntformat#1{\csname the#1\endcsname\seccounterend\ignorespaces}
+%
+\let\firstmark=\botmark
+%
+\@ifundefined{thechapterend}{\def\thechapterend{}}{}
+%
+\if@sechang
+   \def\sec@hangfrom#1{\setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{#1}%
+         \hangindent\wd\@tempboxa\noindent\box\@tempboxa}
+\else
+   \def\sec@hangfrom#1{\setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{#1}%
+         \hangindent\z@\noindent\box\@tempboxa}
+\fi
+
+\def\chap@hangfrom#1{\noindent\vrule height 34pt width 0pt depth 0pt
+\rlap{\smash{\lower 5pt\hbox to\textwidth{\hrulefill}}}\hbox{#1}
+\vskip10pt}
+\def\schap@hangfrom{\chap@hangfrom{}}
+
+\newcounter{chapter}
+
+\newif\if@mainmatter \@mainmattertrue
+\newcommand\frontmatter{\startnewpage
+            \@mainmatterfalse\pagenumbering{Roman}
+            \setcounter{page}{5}}
+%
+\newcommand\mainmatter{\clearemptydoublepage
+            \@mainmattertrue
+            \markboth{}{}
+            \pagenumbering{arabic}}
+%
+\newcommand\backmatter{%
+\setcounter{minitocdepth}{0}%
+\pagestyle{headings}%
+\clearemptydoublepage\@mainmatterfalse
+\let\appendix=\bppendix
+\def\bibsection{\chapter*{\refname}\@mkboth{\refname}{\refname}%
+     \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{\refname}%
+     \csname biblst@rthook\endcsname}%
+}
+
+\renewenvironment{titlepage}
+    {%
+      \cleardoublepage
+      \if@twocolumn
+        \@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
+      \else
+        \@restonecolfalse\newpage
+      \fi
+      \thispagestyle{empty}%
+      \addtocounter{page}\m@ne
+  \def\and{\unskip, }
+  \parindent=\z@
+  \pretolerance=10000
+  \rightskip=0pt plus 1fil
+  \large                    % default size for titlepage
+  \vspace*{2em}             % Vertical space above title.
+ }{{\LARGE                   % each author set in \LARGE
+   \lineskip .5em
+   \@author
+   \par}%
+  \vskip 2cm                % Vertical space after author.
+  {\Huge\bfseries\@title \par}% Title set in \Huge size and bold face
+  \vskip 1cm                % Vertical space after title.
+  \if!\@subtitle!\else
+   {\LARGE\ignorespaces\@subtitle \par}
+   \vskip 1cm               % Vertical space after subtitle.
+  \fi
+  \if!\@date!\else
+    \@date
+    \par
+    \vskip 1.5em            % Vertical space after date.
+  \fi
+ \vfill
+ {\Large\bfseries Springer\par}
+ \vskip 3pt
+ \itshape
+   Berlin\enspace Heidelberg\enspace New\kern0.1em York\\
+   Hong\kern0.2em Kong\enspace London\\
+   Milan\enspace Paris\enspace Tokyo\par
+     \if@restonecol\twocolumn \else \newpage \fi
+     \if@twoside\else
+        \setcounter{page}\@ne
+     \fi
+ \clearheadinfo
+}
+
+\def\@chapapp{\chaptername}
+
+\newcommand\chapter{\startnewpage
+                    \@ifundefined{thispagecropped}{}{\thispagecropped}
+                    \thispagestyle{empty}%
+                    \global\@topnum\z@
+                    \@afterindentfalse
+                    \secdef\@chapter\@schapter}
+
+\def\@chapter[#1]#2{\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
+                       \refstepcounter{chapter}%
+                       \if@mainmatter
+                         \typeout{\@chapapp\space\thechapter.}%
+                         \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{\protect
+                                  \numberline{\thechapter\thechapterend}#1}%
+                       \else
+                         \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{#1}%
+                       \fi
+                    \else
+                      \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{#1}%
+                    \fi
+                    \chaptermark{#1}%
+                    \addtocontents{lof}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%
+                    \addtocontents{lot}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%
+                    \if@twocolumn
+                      \@topnewpage[\@makechapterhead{#2}]%
+                    \else
+                      \@makechapterhead{#2}%
+                      \@afterheading
+                    \fi}
+
+\def\@schapter#1{\if@twocolumn
+                   \@topnewpage[\@makeschapterhead{#1}]%
+                 \else
+                   \@makeschapterhead{#1}%
+                   \@afterheading
+                 \fi}
+
+%%changes position and layout of numbered chapter headings
+\def\@makechapterhead#1{{\parindent\z@\raggedright\normalfont
+  \hyphenpenalty \@M
+  \interlinepenalty\@M
+  \chapsize\chapstyle
+  \chap@hangfrom{\thechapter\thechapterend\hskip\betweenumberspace}%!!!
+  \ignorespaces#1\par\nobreak
+  \ifdim\pagetotal>157\p@
+     \vskip 11\p@
+  \else
+     \@tempdima=168\p@\advance\@tempdima by-\pagetotal
+     \vskip\@tempdima
+  \fi}}
+
+%%changes position and layout of unnumbered chapter headings
+\def\@makeschapterhead#1{{\parindent \z@ \raggedright\normalfont
+  \hyphenpenalty \@M
+  \interlinepenalty\@M
+  \chapsize\chapstyle
+  \schap@hangfrom
+  \ignorespaces#1\par\nobreak
+  \ifdim\pagetotal>157\p@
+     \vskip 11\p@
+  \else
+     \@tempdima=168\p@\advance\@tempdima by-\pagetotal
+     \vskip\@tempdima
+  \fi}}
+
+% predefined unnumbered headings
+\newcommand{\preface}[1][\prefacename]{\chapter*{#1}\markboth{#1}{#1}}
+
+% measures and setting of sections
+\renewcommand\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}%
+                       {-24\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {12\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%
+                       {\normalfont\secsize\secstyle
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}
+\renewcommand\subsection{\@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}%
+                       {-17\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {10\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%
+                       {\normalfont\subsecsize\subsecstyle
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}
+\renewcommand\subsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}%
+                       {-17\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {10\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\subsecstyle
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}
+\renewcommand\paragraph{\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}%
+                       {-10\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {10\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\itshape
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}
+\def\subparagraph{\@startsection{subparagraph}{5}{\z@}%
+    {-5.388\p@ \@plus-4\p@ \@minus-4\p@}{-5\p@}{\normalfont\normalsize\itshape}}
+
+% Appendix
+%\renewcommand\appendix{\par}         %article appendix
+
+\newcommand\bppendix{\startnewpage            %book appendix
+                \pagestyle{headings}
+                \stepcounter{chapter}
+                \setcounter{chapter}{0}
+                \stepcounter{section}
+                \setcounter{section}{0}
+                \setcounter{equation}{0}
+                \setcounter{figure}{0}
+                \setcounter{table}{0}
+                \setcounter{footnote}{0}
+\renewcommand\thechapter{\@Alph\c@chapter}
+\renewcommand\thesection{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@section}
+\renewcommand\thesubsection{\thesection.\@arabic\c@subsection}
+\renewcommand\theequation{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@equation}
+\renewcommand\thefigure{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@figure}
+\renewcommand\thetable{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@table}}
+
+%  definition of sections
+%  \hyphenpenalty and \raggedright added, so that there is no
+%  hyphenation and the text is set ragged-right in sectioning
+
+\def\runinsep{}
+\def\aftertext{\unskip\runinsep}
+%
+%
+\def\@ssect#1#2#3#4#5{%
+  \@tempskipa #3\relax
+  \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
+    \begingroup
+      #4{%
+        \@hangfrom{\hskip #1}%
+          \raggedright
+          \hyphenpenalty \@M
+          \interlinepenalty \@M #5\@@par}%
+    \endgroup
+  \else
+    \def\@svsechd{#4{\hskip #1\relax #5}}%
+  \fi
+  \@xsect{#3}}
+%
+\def\@sect#1#2#3#4#5#6[#7]#8{%
+   \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth
+      \let\@svsec\@empty
+   \else
+      \refstepcounter{#1}%
+      \protected@edef\@svsec{\@seccntformat{#1}\relax}%
+   \fi
+   \@tempskipa #5\relax
+   \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
+      \begingroup #6\relax
+         \sec@hangfrom{\hskip #3\relax\@svsec}%
+         {\raggedright
+          \hyphenpenalty \@M
+          \interlinepenalty \@M #8\@@par}%
+      \endgroup
+      \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{%
+        \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
+          \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
+        \fi
+        #7}%
+      \ifnum #2>\c@minitocdepth \else
+         \mtaddtocont{\protect\contentsline
+             \ifnum #2>\@ne{mtsec}\else{mtchap}\fi
+             \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth
+                {#7}%
+             \else
+                {\protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}#7}%
+             \fi
+             {\thepage}}%
+      \fi
+   \else
+      \def\@svsechd{%
+         #6\hskip #3\relax
+         \@svsec #8\aftertext\ignorespaces
+         \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
+         \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{%
+            \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
+                \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
+            \fi
+            #7}}%
+   \fi
+   \@xsect{#5}}
+
+% figures and tables are processed in small print
+\def \@floatboxreset {%
+        \reset@font
+        \small
+        \@setnobreak
+        \@setminipage
+}
+\def\fps@figure{htbp}
+\def\fps@table{htbp}
+
+% Frame for paste-in figures or tables
+\def\mpicplace#1#2{%  #1 =width   #2 =height
+\vbox{\hbox to #1{\vrule\@width \fboxrule\@height #2\hfill}}}
+
+% labels of enumerate
+\renewcommand\labelenumii{\theenumii)}
+\renewcommand\theenumii{\@alph\c@enumii}
+
+% labels of itemize
+\renewcommand\labelitemi{\textbullet}
+\renewcommand\labelitemii{\textendash}
+\let\labelitemiii=\labelitemiv
+
+% labels of description
+\renewcommand*\descriptionlabel[1]{\hspace\labelsep #1\hfil}
+
+% fixed indentation for standard itemize-environment
+\newdimen\svitemindent \setlength{\svitemindent}{\parindent}
+
+% make indentations changeable
+\def\setitemindent#1{\settowidth{\labelwidth}{#1}%
+        \let\setit@m=Y%
+        \leftmargini\labelwidth
+        \advance\leftmargini\labelsep
+   \def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini
+        \labelwidth\leftmargini\advance\labelwidth by -\labelsep
+        \parsep=\parskip
+        \topsep=\medskipamount
+        \itemsep=\parskip \advance\itemsep by -\parsep}}
+\def\setitemitemindent#1{\settowidth{\labelwidth}{#1}%
+        \let\setit@m=Y%
+        \leftmarginii\labelwidth
+        \advance\leftmarginii\labelsep
+\def\@listii{\leftmargin\leftmarginii
+        \labelwidth\leftmarginii\advance\labelwidth by -\labelsep
+        \parsep=\parskip
+        \topsep=\z@
+        \itemsep=\parskip \advance\itemsep by -\parsep}}
+%
+% adjusted environment "description"
+% if an optional parameter (at the first two levels of lists)
+% is present, its width is considered to be the widest mark
+% throughout the current list.
+\def\description{\@ifnextchar[{\@describe}{\list{}{\labelwidth\z@
+          \itemindent-\leftmargin \let\makelabel\descriptionlabel}}}
+%
+\def\describelabel#1{#1\hfil}
+\def\@describe[#1]{\relax\ifnum\@listdepth=0
+\setitemindent{#1}\else\ifnum\@listdepth=1
+\setitemitemindent{#1}\fi\fi
+\list{--}{\let\makelabel\describelabel}}
+%
+\def\itemize{%
+  \ifnum \@itemdepth >\thr@@\@toodeep\else
+    \advance\@itemdepth\@ne
+    \ifx\setit@m\undefined
+       \ifnum \@itemdepth=1 \leftmargini=\svitemindent
+          \labelwidth\leftmargini\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep
+          \leftmarginii=\leftmargini \leftmarginiii=\leftmargini
+       \fi
+    \fi
+    \edef\@itemitem{labelitem\romannumeral\the\@itemdepth}%
+    \expandafter\list
+      \csname\@itemitem\endcsname
+      {\def\makelabel##1{\rlap{##1}\hss}}%
+  \fi}
+%
+\newdimen\verbatimindent \verbatimindent\parindent
+\def\verbatim{\advance\@totalleftmargin by\verbatimindent
+\@verbatim \frenchspacing\@vobeyspaces \@xverbatim}
+
+%
+%  special signs and characters
+\newcommand{\D}{\mathrm{d}}
+\newcommand{\E}{\mathrm{e}}
+\let\eul=\E
+\newcommand{\I}{{\rm i}}
+\let\imag=\I
+%
+% the definition of uppercase Greek characters
+% Springer likes them as italics to depict variables
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Gamma}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"00}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Delta}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"01}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Theta}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"02}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Lambda}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"03}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Xi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"04}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Pi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"05}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Sigma}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"06}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Upsilon}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"07}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Phi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"08}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Psi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"09}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Omega}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"0A}
+% the upright forms are defined here as \var<Character>
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varGamma}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"00}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varDelta}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"01}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varTheta}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"02}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varLambda}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"03}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varXi}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"04}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varPi}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"05}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varSigma}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"06}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varUpsilon}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"07}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varPhi}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"08}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varPsi}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"09}
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\varOmega}{\mathalpha}{operators}{"0A}
+% Upright Lower Case Greek letters without using a new MathAlphabet
+\newcommand{\greeksym}[1]{\usefont{U}{psy}{m}{n}#1}
+\newcommand{\greeksymbold}[1]{{\usefont{U}{psy}{b}{n}#1}}
+\newcommand{\allmodesymb}[2]{\relax\ifmmode{\mathchoice
+{\mbox{\fontsize{\tf@size}{\tf@size}#1{#2}}}
+{\mbox{\fontsize{\tf@size}{\tf@size}#1{#2}}}
+{\mbox{\fontsize{\sf@size}{\sf@size}#1{#2}}}
+{\mbox{\fontsize{\ssf@size}{\ssf@size}#1{#2}}}}
+\else
+\mbox{#1{#2}}\fi}
+% Definition of lower case Greek letters
+\newcommand{\ualpha}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{a}}
+\newcommand{\ubeta}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{b}}
+\newcommand{\uchi}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{c}}
+\newcommand{\udelta}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{d}}
+\newcommand{\ugamma}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{g}}
+\newcommand{\umu}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{m}}
+\newcommand{\unu}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{n}}
+\newcommand{\upi}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{p}}
+\newcommand{\utau}{\allmodesymb{\greeksym}{t}}
+
+% redefines the \vec accent to a bold character - if desired
+\def\fig@type{arrow}% temporarily abused
+\ifx\vec@style\fig@type\else
+\@ifundefined{vec@style}{%
+ \def\vec#1{\ensuremath{\mathchoice
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\displaystyle\mathbf{#1}$}}
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\textstyle\mathbf{#1}$}}
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptstyle\mathbf{#1}$}}
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptscriptstyle\mathbf{#1}$}}}}%
+}
+{\def\vec#1{\ensuremath{\mathchoice
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\displaystyle#1$}}
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\textstyle#1$}}
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptstyle#1$}}
+                     {\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptscriptstyle#1$}}}}%
+}
+\fi
+% tensor
+\def\tens#1{\relax\ifmmode\mathsf{#1}\else\textsf{#1}\fi}
+
+% end of proof symbol
+\newcommand\qedsymbol{\hbox{\rlap{$\sqcap$}$\sqcup$}}
+\newcommand\qed{\relax\ifmmode\else\unskip\quad\fi\qedsymbol}
+\newcommand\smartqed{\renewcommand\qed{\relax\ifmmode\qedsymbol\else
+  {\unskip\nobreak\hfil\penalty50\hskip1em\null\nobreak\hfil\qedsymbol
+  \parfillskip=\z@\finalhyphendemerits=0\endgraf}\fi}}
+%
+\newif\if@numart   \@numarttrue
+\def\ds@numart{\@numarttrue
+  \@takefromreset{figure}{chapter}%
+  \@takefromreset{table}{chapter}%
+  \@takefromreset{equation}{chapter}%
+  \def\thesection{\@arabic\c@section}%
+  \def\thefigure{\@arabic\c@figure}%
+  \def\thetable{\@arabic\c@table}%
+  \def\theequation{\arabic{equation}}%
+  \def\thesubequation{\arabic{equation}\alph{subequation}}}
+%
+\def\ds@book{\@numartfalse
+\def\thesection{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@section}%
+\def\thefigure{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@figure}%
+\def\thetable{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@table}%
+\def\theequation{\thechapter.\arabic{equation}}%
+\@addtoreset{section}{chapter}%
+\@addtoreset{figure}{chapter}%
+\@addtoreset{table}{chapter}%
+\@addtoreset{equation}{chapter}%
+\def\thesubequation{\thechapter.\arabic{equation}\alph{subequation}}}
+%
+% Ragged bottom for the actual page
+\def\thisbottomragged{\def\@textbottom{\vskip\z@ \@plus.0001fil
+\global\let\@textbottom\relax}}
+
+% This is texte.tex
+% it defines various texts and their translations
+% called up with documentstyle options
+\def\switcht@albion{%
+\def\abbrsymbname{List of Abbreviations and Symbols}%
+\def\abstractname{Summary.}%
+\def\ackname{Acknowledgement.}%
+\def\andname{and}%
+\def\bibname{References}%
+\def\lastandname{, and}%
+\def\appendixname{Appendix}%
+\def\chaptername{Chapter}%
+\def\claimname{Claim}%
+\def\conjecturename{Conjecture}%
+\def\contentsname{Contents}%
+\def\corollaryname{Corollary}%
+\def\definitionname{Definition}%
+\def\examplename{Example}%
+\def\exercisename{Exercise}%
+\def\figurename{Fig.}%
+\def\keywordname{{\bf Key words:}}%
+\def\indexname{Index}%
+\def\lemmaname{Lemma}%
+\def\contriblistname{List of Contributors}%
+\def\listfigurename{List of Figures}%
+\def\listtablename{List of Tables}%
+\def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}%
+\def\noteaddname{Note added in proof}%
+\def\notename{Note}%
+\def\partname{Part}%
+\def\prefacename{Preface}%
+\def\problemname{Problem}%
+\def\proofname{Proof}%
+\def\propertyname{Property}%
+\def\propositionname{Proposition}%
+\def\questionname{Question}%
+\def\refname{References}%
+\def\remarkname{Remark}%
+\def\seename{see}%
+\def\solutionname{Solution}%
+\def\subclassname{{\it Subject Classifications\/}:}%
+\def\tablename{Table}%
+\def\theoremname{Theorem}}
+\switcht@albion
+% Names of theorem like environments are already defined
+% but must be translated if another language is chosen
+%
+% French section
+\def\switcht@francais{\svlanginfo
+ \def\abbrsymbname{Liste des abbr\'eviations et symboles}%
+ \def\abstractname{R\'esum\'e.}%
+ \def\ackname{Remerciements.}%
+ \def\andname{et}%
+ \def\lastandname{ et}%
+ \def\appendixname{Appendice}%
+ \def\bibname{Bibliographie}%
+ \def\chaptername{Chapitre}%
+ \def\claimname{Pr\'etention}%
+ \def\conjecturename{Hypoth\`ese}%
+ \def\contentsname{Table des mati\`eres}%
+ \def\corollaryname{Corollaire}%
+ \def\definitionname{D\'efinition}%
+ \def\examplename{Exemple}%
+ \def\exercisename{Exercice}%
+ \def\figurename{Fig.}%
+ \def\keywordname{{\bf Mots-cl\'e:}}%
+ \def\indexname{Index}%
+ \def\lemmaname{Lemme}%
+ \def\contriblistname{Liste des contributeurs}%
+ \def\listfigurename{Liste des figures}%
+ \def\listtablename{Liste des tables}%
+ \def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}%
+ \def\noteaddname{Note ajout\'ee \`a l'\'epreuve}%
+ \def\notename{Remarque}%
+ \def\partname{Partie}%
+ \def\prefacename{Avant-propos}%  ou Pr\'eface
+ \def\problemname{Probl\`eme}%
+ \def\proofname{Preuve}%
+ \def\propertyname{Caract\'eristique}%
+%\def\propositionname{Proposition}%
+ \def\questionname{Question}%
+ \def\refname{Litt\'erature}%
+ \def\remarkname{Remarque}%
+ \def\seename{voir}%
+ \def\solutionname{Solution}%
+ \def\subclassname{{\it Subject Classifications\/}:}%
+ \def\tablename{Tableau}%
+ \def\theoremname{Th\'eor\`eme}%
+}
+%
+% German section
+\def\switcht@deutsch{\svlanginfo
+ \def\abbrsymbname{Abk\"urzungs- und Symbolverzeichnis}%
+ \def\abstractname{Zusammenfassung.}%
+ \def\ackname{Danksagung.}%
+ \def\andname{und}%
+ \def\lastandname{ und}%
+ \def\appendixname{Anhang}%
+ \def\bibname{Literaturverzeichnis}%
+ \def\chaptername{Kapitel}%
+ \def\claimname{Behauptung}%
+ \def\conjecturename{Hypothese}%
+ \def\contentsname{Inhaltsverzeichnis}%
+ \def\corollaryname{Korollar}%
+%\def\definitionname{Definition}%
+ \def\examplename{Beispiel}%
+ \def\exercisename{\"Ubung}%
+ \def\figurename{Abb.}%
+ \def\keywordname{{\bf Schl\"usselw\"orter:}}%
+ \def\indexname{Sachverzeichnis}%
+%\def\lemmaname{Lemma}%
+ \def\contriblistname{Mitarbeiter}%
+ \def\listfigurename{Abbildungsverzeichnis}%
+ \def\listtablename{Tabellenverzeichnis}%
+ \def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}%
+ \def\noteaddname{Nachtrag}%
+ \def\notename{Anmerkung}%
+ \def\partname{Teil}%
+ \def\prefacename{Vorwort}%
+%\def\problemname{Problem}%
+ \def\proofname{Beweis}%
+ \def\propertyname{Eigenschaft}%
+%\def\propositionname{Proposition}%
+ \def\questionname{Frage}%
+ \def\refname{Literaturverzeichnis}%
+ \def\remarkname{Anmerkung}%
+ \def\seename{siehe}%
+ \def\solutionname{L\"osung}%
+ \def\subclassname{{\it Subject Classifications\/}:}%
+ \def\tablename{Tabelle}%
+%\def\theoremname{Theorem}%
+}
+
+\def\getsto{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip
+\halign{\hfil
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr\gets\cr\to\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr\gets
+\cr\to\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\gets
+\cr\to\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
+\gets\cr\to\cr}}}}}
+\def\lid{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\noalign{\vskip1.2\p@}=\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr
+\noalign{\vskip1.2\p@}=\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr
+\noalign{\vskip\p@}=\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
+<\cr
+\noalign{\vskip0.9\p@}=\cr}}}}}
+\def\gid{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\noalign{\vskip1.2\p@}=\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr
+\noalign{\vskip1.2\p@}=\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr
+\noalign{\vskip\p@}=\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
+>\cr
+\noalign{\vskip0.9\p@}=\cr}}}}}
+\def\grole{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip
+\halign{\hfil
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\noalign{\vskip-\p@}<\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
+>\cr\noalign{\vskip-\p@}<\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
+>\cr\noalign{\vskip-0.8\p@}<\cr}}}
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
+>\cr\noalign{\vskip-0.3\p@}<\cr}}}}}
+\def\bbbr{{\rm I\!R}} %reelle Zahlen
+\def\bbbm{{\rm I\!M}}
+\def\bbbn{{\rm I\!N}} %natuerliche Zahlen
+\def\bbbf{{\rm I\!F}}
+\def\bbbh{{\rm I\!H}}
+\def\bbbk{{\rm I\!K}}
+\def\bbbp{{\rm I\!P}}
+\def\bbbone{{\mathchoice {\rm 1\mskip-4mu l} {\rm 1\mskip-4mu l}
+{\rm 1\mskip-4.5mu l} {\rm 1\mskip-5mu l}}}
+\def\bbbc{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
+\def\bbbq{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm
+Q$}\hbox{\raise
+0.15\ht0\hbox to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.8\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise
+0.15\ht0\hbox to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.8\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise
+0.15\ht0\hbox to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.7\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise
+0.15\ht0\hbox to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.7\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
+\def\bbbt{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm
+T$}\hbox{\hbox to\z@{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule\@height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
+\def\bbbs{{\mathchoice
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle     \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule\@height0.45\ht0\hss}\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule\@height0.5\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle        \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule\@height0.45\ht0\hss}\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule\@height0.5\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle      \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule\@height0.45\ht0\hss}\raise0.05\ht0\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.5\wd0\vrule\@height0.45\ht0\hss}\box0}}
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule\@height0.45\ht0\hss}\raise0.05\ht0\hbox
+to\z@{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule\@height0.45\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
+\def\bbbz{{\mathchoice {\hbox{$\textstyle\sf Z\kern-0.4em Z$}}
+{\hbox{$\textstyle\sf Z\kern-0.4em Z$}}
+{\hbox{$\scriptstyle\sf Z\kern-0.3em Z$}}
+{\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\sf Z\kern-0.2em Z$}}}}
+
+\let\ts\,
+
+\setlength \labelsep     {5\p@}
+\setlength\leftmargini   {17\p@}
+\setlength\leftmargin    {\leftmargini}
+\setlength\leftmarginii  {\leftmargini}
+\setlength\leftmarginiii {\leftmargini}
+\setlength\leftmarginiv  {\leftmargini}
+\setlength\labelwidth    {\leftmargini}
+\addtolength\labelwidth{-\labelsep}
+
+\def\@listI{\leftmargin\leftmargini
+        \parsep=\parskip
+        \topsep=\medskipamount
+        \itemsep=\parskip \advance\itemsep by -\parsep}
+\let\@listi\@listI
+\@listi
+
+\def\@listii{\leftmargin\leftmarginii
+        \labelwidth\leftmarginii
+        \advance\labelwidth by -\labelsep
+        \parsep=\parskip
+        \topsep=\z@
+        \itemsep=\parskip
+        \advance\itemsep by -\parsep}
+
+\def\@listiii{\leftmargin\leftmarginiii
+        \labelwidth\leftmarginiii\advance\labelwidth by -\labelsep
+        \parsep=\parskip
+        \topsep=\z@
+        \itemsep=\parskip
+        \advance\itemsep by -\parsep
+        \partopsep=\topsep}
+
+\setlength\arraycolsep{1.5\p@}
+\setlength\tabcolsep{1.5\p@}
+
+\def\tableofcontents{\chapter*{\contentsname\markboth{{\contentsname}}%
+                                                    {{\contentsname}}}
+ \def\authcount##1{\setcounter{auco}{##1}\setcounter{@auth}{1}}
+ \def\lastand{\ifnum\value{auco}=2\relax
+                 \unskip{} \andname\
+              \else
+                 \unskip \lastandname\
+              \fi}%
+ \def\and{\stepcounter{@auth}\relax
+          \ifnum\value{@auth}=\value{auco}%
+             \lastand
+          \else
+             \unskip,
+          \fi}%
+ \@starttoc{toc}\if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi}
+
+\setcounter{tocdepth}{0}
+
+\def\l@part#1#2{\addpenalty{\@secpenalty}%
+   \addvspace{2em \@plus\p@}%
+   \begingroup
+     \parindent \z@
+     \rightskip \z@ \@plus 5em
+     \hrule\vskip5\p@
+     \bfseries\boldmath
+     \leavevmode
+     #1\par
+     \vskip5\p@
+     \hrule
+     \vskip\p@
+     \nobreak
+   \endgroup}
+
+\def\@dotsep{2}
+
+\def\addnumcontentsmark#1#2#3{%
+\addtocontents{#1}{\protect\contentsline{#2}{\protect\numberline
+                                    {\thechapter}#3}{\thepage}}}
+\def\addcontentsmark#1#2#3{%
+\addtocontents{#1}{\protect\contentsline{#2}{#3}{\thepage}}}
+\def\addcontentsmarkwop#1#2#3{%
+\addtocontents{#1}{\protect\contentsline{#2}{#3}{0}}}
+
+\def\@adcmk[#1]{\ifcase #1 \or
+\def\@gtempa{\addnumcontentsmark}%
+  \or    \def\@gtempa{\addcontentsmark}%
+  \or    \def\@gtempa{\addcontentsmarkwop}%
+  \fi\@gtempa{toc}{chapter}}
+\def\addtocmark{\@ifnextchar[{\@adcmk}{\@adcmk[3]}}
+
+\def\l@chapter#1#2{\par\addpenalty{-\@highpenalty}
+ \addvspace{1.0em \@plus \p@}
+ \@tempdima \tocchpnum \begingroup
+ \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@tocrmarg
+ \advance\rightskip by \z@ \@plus 2cm
+ \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000
+ \leavevmode \advance\leftskip\@tempdima \hskip -\leftskip
+ {\bfseries\boldmath#1}\ifx0#2\hfil\null
+ \else
+      \nobreak
+      \leaders\hbox{$\m@th \mkern \@dotsep mu\hbox{.}\mkern
+      \@dotsep mu$}\hfill
+      \nobreak\hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}%
+ \fi\par
+ \penalty\@highpenalty \endgroup}
+
+\newcommand{\tocauthorstyle}{\itshape}
+\newcommand{\toctitlestyle}{\bfseries}
+
+\def\l@title#1#2{\addpenalty{-\@highpenalty}
+ \addvspace{8\p@ \@plus \p@}
+ \@tempdima \z@
+ \tocchpnum \z@ \calctocindent
+ \begingroup
+ \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@tocrmarg
+ \advance\rightskip by \z@ \@plus 2cm
+ \pretolerance=10000
+%\parfillskip -\@tocrmarg
+ \leavevmode \advance\leftskip\@tempdima \hskip -\leftskip
+ {\toctitlestyle#1}%\nobreak
+%\leaders\hbox{$\m@th \mkern \@dotsep mu.\mkern
+%\@dotsep mu$}\hfill
+%\nobreak\hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}\par
+ \par
+ \penalty\@highpenalty \endgroup}
+
+\newcommand{\tocaftauthskip}{\z@}
+\def\l@author#1#2{%\addpenalty{\@highpenalty}
+ \@tempdima \z@
+ \begingroup
+ \pretolerance=10000
+ \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@tocrmarg
+ \advance\rightskip by \z@ \@plus 2cm
+ \parfillskip -\@tocrmarg
+ \leavevmode \advance\leftskip\@tempdima \hskip -\leftskip
+ {\tocauthorstyle#1}\nobreak
+ \leaders\hbox{$\m@th \mkern \@dotsep mu.\mkern
+ \@dotsep mu$}\hfill
+ \nobreak\hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}\par
+ \penalty\@highpenalty
+ \addvspace{\tocaftauthskip}\endgroup}
+
+\newdimen\tocchpnum
+\newdimen\tocsecnum
+\newdimen\tocsectotal
+\newdimen\tocsubsecnum
+\newdimen\tocsubsectotal
+\newdimen\tocsubsubsecnum
+\newdimen\tocsubsubsectotal
+\newdimen\tocparanum
+\newdimen\tocparatotal
+\newdimen\tocsubparanum
+\tocchpnum=\z@            % no chapter numbers
+\tocsecnum=18\p@          % section 88. plus 2.222pt
+\tocsubsecnum=23\p@       % subsection 88.8 plus 2.222pt
+\tocsubsubsecnum=27\p@    % subsubsection 88.8.8 plus 1.444pt
+\tocparanum=35\p@         % paragraph 88.8.8.8 plus 1.666pt
+\tocsubparanum=43\p@      % subparagraph 88.8.8.8.8 plus 1.888pt
+\def\calctocindent{%
+\tocsectotal=\tocchpnum
+\advance\tocsectotal by\tocsecnum
+\tocsubsectotal=\tocsectotal
+\advance\tocsubsectotal by\tocsubsecnum
+\tocsubsubsectotal=\tocsubsectotal
+\advance\tocsubsubsectotal by\tocsubsubsecnum
+\tocparatotal=\tocsubsubsectotal
+\advance\tocparatotal by\tocparanum}
+\calctocindent
+
+\def\@dottedtocline#1#2#3#4#5{%
+  \ifnum #1>\c@tocdepth \else
+    \vskip \z@ \@plus.2\p@
+    {\leftskip #2\relax \rightskip \@tocrmarg \advance\rightskip by \z@ \@plus 2cm
+               \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000
+     \parindent #2\relax\@afterindenttrue
+     \interlinepenalty\@M
+     \leavevmode
+     \@tempdima #3\relax
+     \advance\leftskip \@tempdima \null\nobreak\hskip -\leftskip
+     {#4}\nobreak
+     \leaders\hbox{$\m@th
+        \mkern \@dotsep mu\hbox{.}\mkern \@dotsep
+        mu$}\hfill
+     \nobreak
+     \hb@xt@\@pnumwidth{\hfil\normalfont \normalcolor #5}%
+     \par}%
+  \fi}
+%
+\def\l@section{\@dottedtocline{1}{\tocchpnum}{\tocsecnum}}
+\def\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{\tocsectotal}{\tocsubsecnum}}
+\def\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{\tocsubsectotal}{\tocsubsubsecnum}}
+\def\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{\tocsubsubsectotal}{\tocparanum}}
+\def\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{\tocparatotal}{\tocsubparanum}}
+
+\renewcommand\listoffigures{%
+    \chapter*{\listfigurename
+      \markboth{\listfigurename}{\listfigurename}}%
+    \@starttoc{lof}%
+    }
+
+\renewcommand\listoftables{%
+    \chapter*{\listtablename
+      \markboth{\listtablename}{\listtablename}}%
+    \@starttoc{lot}%
+    }
+
+\newenvironment{thecontriblist}
+               {\if@twocolumn
+                  \@restonecolfalse
+                \else
+                  \@restonecoltrue
+                \fi
+                \columnseprule \z@
+                \columnsep 1cc
+                \@nobreaktrue
+                \if@threecolind
+                   \begin{multicols}{3}[\chapter*{\contriblistname%
+                       \markboth{\contriblistname}{\contriblistname}}]%
+                \else
+                   \begin{multicols}{2}[\chapter*{\contriblistname%
+                       \markboth{\contriblistname}{\contriblistname}}]%
+                \fi
+                \thispagestyle{empty}%
+                \obeylines%
+                \parindent\z@%
+                \rightskip\z@ \@plus 40\p@%
+                \parskip\z@ \@plus .3\p@\relax
+                \bigskipamount =12pt plus 6pt minus 8pt
+                \let\and\bigbreak
+                }
+               {\end{multicols}
+                \global\let\if@threecolind\iffalse
+                \if@restonecol\onecolumn\else\clearpage\fi}
+
+\newenvironment{thecontriblist*}
+               {\if@twocolumn
+                  \@restonecolfalse
+                \else
+                  \@restonecoltrue
+                \fi
+                \columnseprule \z@
+                \columnsep 1cc
+                \@nobreaktrue
+                \if@threecolind
+                   \begin{multicols*}{3}[\chapter*{\contriblistname%
+                       \markboth{\contriblistname}{\contriblistname}}]%
+                \else
+                   \begin{multicols*}{2}[\chapter*{\contriblistname%
+                       \markboth{\contriblistname}{\contriblistname}}]%
+                \fi
+                \thispagestyle{empty}%
+                \obeylines%
+                \parindent\z@%
+                \rightskip\z@ \@plus 40\p@%
+                \parskip\z@ \@plus .3\p@\relax
+                \bigskipamount =12pt plus 6pt minus 8pt
+                \let\and\bigbreak
+                }
+               {\end{multicols*}
+                \global\let\if@threecolind\iffalse
+                \if@restonecol\onecolumn\else\clearpage\fi}
+
+\renewcommand\footnoterule{%
+  \kern-3\p@
+  \hrule\@width 50\p@
+  \kern2.6\p@}
+
+\newdimen\foot@parindent
+\foot@parindent 10.83\p@
+
+\AtBeginDocument{%
+\long\def\@makefntext#1{\@setpar{\@@par\@tempdima \hsize
+         \advance\@tempdima-\foot@parindent\parshape\@ne\foot@parindent
+         \@tempdima}\par
+         \parindent \foot@parindent\noindent \hbox to \z@{%
+         \hss\hss$^{\@thefnmark}$ }#1}}
+
+\if@spthms
+% Definition of the "\spnewtheorem" command.
+%
+% Usage:
+%
+%     \spnewtheorem{env_nam}{caption}[within]{cap_font}{body_font}
+% or  \spnewtheorem{env_nam}[numbered_like]{caption}{cap_font}{body_font}
+% or  \spnewtheorem*{env_nam}{caption}{cap_font}{body_font}
+%
+% New is "cap_font" and "body_font". It stands for
+% fontdefinition of the caption and the text itself.
+%
+% "\spnewtheorem*" gives a theorem without number.
+%
+% A defined spnewthoerem environment is used as described
+% by Lamport.
+%
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
+
+\def\@thmcountersep{.}
+\def\@thmcounterend{.}
+\newcommand\nocaption{\noexpand\@gobble}
+\newdimen\spthmsep \spthmsep=3pt
+
+\def\spnewtheorem{\@ifstar{\@sthm}{\@Sthm}}
+
+% definition of \spnewtheorem with number
+
+\def\@spnthm#1#2{%
+  \@ifnextchar[{\@spxnthm{#1}{#2}}{\@spynthm{#1}{#2}}}
+\def\@Sthm#1{\@ifnextchar[{\@spothm{#1}}{\@spnthm{#1}}}
+
+\def\@spxnthm#1#2[#3]#4#5{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
+   {\@definecounter{#1}\@addtoreset{#1}{#3}%
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\expandafter\noexpand
+     \csname the#3\endcsname \noexpand\@thmcountersep \@thmcounter{#1}}%
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%
+   \global\@namedef{#1}{\@spthm{#1}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#4}{#5}}%
+                              \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}
+
+\def\@spynthm#1#2#3#4{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
+   {\@definecounter{#1}%
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\@thmcounter{#1}}%
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%
+   \global\@namedef{#1}{\@spthm{#1}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#3}{#4}}%
+                               \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}
+
+\def\@spothm#1[#2]#3#4#5{%
+  \@ifundefined{c@#2}{\@latexerr{No theorem environment `#2' defined}\@eha}%
+  {\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
+  {\global\@namedef{the#1}{\@nameuse{the#2}}%
+  \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#3}%
+  \global\@namedef{#1}{\@spthm{#2}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#4}{#5}}%
+  \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}}
+
+\def\@spthm#1#2#3#4{\topsep 7\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@
+\labelsep=\spthmsep\refstepcounter{#1}%
+\@ifnextchar[{\@spythm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}}{\@spxthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}}}
+
+\def\@spxthm#1#2#3#4{\@spbegintheorem{#2}{\csname the#1\endcsname}{#3}{#4}%
+                    \ignorespaces}
+
+\def\@spythm#1#2#3#4[#5]{\@spopargbegintheorem{#2}{\csname
+       the#1\endcsname}{#5}{#3}{#4}\ignorespaces}
+
+\def\normalthmheadings{\def\@spbegintheorem##1##2##3##4{\trivlist
+                 \item[\hskip\labelsep{##3##1\ ##2\@thmcounterend}]##4}
+\def\@spopargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4##5{\trivlist
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{##4##1\ ##2}]{##4(##3)\@thmcounterend\ }##5}}
+\normalthmheadings
+
+\def\reversethmheadings{\def\@spbegintheorem##1##2##3##4{\trivlist
+                 \item[\hskip\labelsep{##3##2\ ##1\@thmcounterend}]##4}
+\def\@spopargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4##5{\trivlist
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{##4##2\ ##1}]{##4(##3)\@thmcounterend\ }##5}}
+
+% definition of \spnewtheorem* without number
+
+\def\@sthm#1#2{\@Ynthm{#1}{#2}}
+
+\def\@Ynthm#1#2#3#4{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
+   {\global\@namedef{#1}{\@Thm{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#3}{#4}}%
+    \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%
+    \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}
+
+\def\@Thm#1#2#3{\topsep 7\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@
+\@ifnextchar[{\@Ythm{#1}{#2}{#3}}{\@Xthm{#1}{#2}{#3}}}
+
+\def\@Xthm#1#2#3{\@Begintheorem{#1}{#2}{#3}\ignorespaces}
+
+\def\@Ythm#1#2#3[#4]{\@Opargbegintheorem{#1}
+       {#4}{#2}{#3}\ignorespaces}
+
+\def\@Begintheorem#1#2#3{#3\trivlist
+                           \item[\hskip\labelsep{#2#1\@thmcounterend}]}
+
+\def\@Opargbegintheorem#1#2#3#4{#4\trivlist
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{#3#1}]{#3(#2)\@thmcounterend\ }}
+
+% initialize theorem environment
+
+\if@envcntshowhiercnt % show hierarchy counter
+   \def\@thmcountersep{.}
+   \spnewtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}[\envankh]{\bfseries}{\itshape}
+   \@addtoreset{theorem}{chapter}
+\else          % theorem counter only
+   \spnewtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}{\bfseries}{\itshape}
+   \if@envcntreset
+      \@addtoreset{theorem}{chapter}
+      \if@envcntresetsect
+         \@addtoreset{theorem}{section}
+      \fi
+   \fi
+\fi
+
+%definition of divers theorem environments
+\spnewtheorem*{claim}{Claim}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spnewtheorem*{proof}{Proof}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+%
+\if@envcntsame % all environments like "Theorem" - using its counter
+   \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spothm{#1}[theorem]{#2}{#3}{#4}}
+\else % all environments with their own counter
+   \if@envcntshowhiercnt % show hierarchy counter
+      \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spxnthm{#1}{#2}[\envankh]{#3}{#4}}
+   \else          % environment counter only
+      \if@envcntreset % environment counter is reset each section
+         \if@envcntresetsect
+            \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spynthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}
+             \@addtoreset{#1}{chapter}\@addtoreset{#1}{section}}
+         \else
+            \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spynthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}
+                                      \@addtoreset{#1}{chapter}}
+         \fi
+      \else
+         \let\spn@wtheorem=\@spynthm
+      \fi
+   \fi
+\fi
+%
+\let\spdefaulttheorem=\spn@wtheorem
+%
+\spn@wtheorem{case}{Case}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{conjecture}{Conjecture}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{corollary}{Corollary}{\bfseries}{\itshape}
+\spn@wtheorem{definition}{Definition}{\bfseries}{\itshape}
+\spn@wtheorem{example}{Example}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{exercise}{Exercise}{\bfseries}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{lemma}{Lemma}{\bfseries}{\itshape}
+\spn@wtheorem{note}{Note}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{problem}{Problem}{\bfseries}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{property}{Property}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{proposition}{Proposition}{\bfseries}{\itshape}
+\spn@wtheorem{question}{Question}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{solution}{Solution}{\bfseries}{\rmfamily}
+\spn@wtheorem{remark}{Remark}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}
+%
+\newenvironment{theopargself}
+    {\def\@spopargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4##5{\trivlist
+         \item[\hskip\labelsep{##4##1\ ##2}]{##4##3\@thmcounterend\ }##5}
+     \def\@Opargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4{##4\trivlist
+         \item[\hskip\labelsep{##3##1}]{##3##2\@thmcounterend\ }}}{}
+\newenvironment{theopargself*}
+    {\def\@spopargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4##5{\trivlist
+         \item[\hskip\labelsep{##4##1\ ##2}]{\hspace*{-\labelsep}##4##3\@thmcounterend}##5}
+     \def\@Opargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4{##4\trivlist
+         \item[\hskip\labelsep{##3##1}]{\hspace*{-\labelsep}##3##2\@thmcounterend}}}{}
+\fi
+
+\def\@takefromreset#1#2{%
+    \def\@tempa{#1}%
+    \let\@tempd\@elt
+    \def\@elt##1{%
+        \def\@tempb{##1}%
+        \ifx\@tempa\@tempb\else
+            \@addtoreset{##1}{#2}%
+        \fi}%
+    \expandafter\expandafter\let\expandafter\@tempc\csname cl@#2\endcsname
+    \expandafter\def\csname cl@#2\endcsname{}%
+    \@tempc
+    \let\@elt\@tempd}
+
+% redefininition of the captions for "figure" and "table" environments
+%
+\@ifundefined{floatlegendstyle}{\def\floatlegendstyle{\bfseries}}{}
+\def\floatcounterend{.\ }
+\def\capstrut{\vrule\@width\z@\@height\topskip}
+\@ifundefined{captionstyle}{\def\captionstyle{\normalfont\small}}{}
+\@ifundefined{instindent}{\newdimen\instindent}{}
+
+\long\def\@caption#1[#2]#3{\par\addcontentsline{\csname
+  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname
+  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup
+    \@parboxrestore\if@minipage\@setminipage\fi
+    \@makecaption{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}\par
+  \endgroup}
+
+\def\twocaptionwidth#1#2{\def\first@capwidth{#1}\def\second@capwidth{#2}}
+% Default: .46\textwidth
+\twocaptionwidth{.46\textwidth}{.46\textwidth}
+
+\def\leftcaption{\refstepcounter\@captype\@dblarg%
+            {\@leftcaption\@captype}}
+
+\def\rightcaption{\refstepcounter\@captype\@dblarg%
+            {\@rightcaption\@captype}}
+
+\long\def\@leftcaption#1[#2]#3{\addcontentsline{\csname
+  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname
+  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup
+    \@parboxrestore
+    \vskip\figcapgap
+    \@maketwocaptions{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}%
+    {\first@capwidth}\ignorespaces\hspace{.073\textwidth}\hfill%
+  \endgroup}
+
+\long\def\@rightcaption#1[#2]#3{\addcontentsline{\csname
+  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname
+  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup
+    \@parboxrestore
+    \@maketwocaptions{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}%
+    {\second@capwidth}\par
+  \endgroup}
+
+\long\def\@maketwocaptions#1#2#3{%
+   \parbox[t]{#3}{{\floatlegendstyle #1\floatcounterend}#2}}
+
+\def\fig@pos{l}
+\newcommand{\leftfigure}[2][\fig@pos]{\makebox[.4635\textwidth][#1]{#2}}
+\let\rightfigure\leftfigure
+
+\newdimen\figgap\figgap=0.5cm  % hgap between figure and sidecaption
+%
+\long\def\@makesidecaption#1#2{%
+   \setbox0=\vbox{\hsize=\@tempdimb
+                  \captionstyle{\floatlegendstyle
+                                         #1\floatcounterend}#2}%
+   \ifdim\instindent<\z@
+      \ifdim\ht0>-\instindent
+         \advance\instindent by\ht0
+         \typeout{^^JClass-Warning: Legend of \string\sidecaption\space for
+                     \@captype\space\csname the\@captype\endcsname
+                  ^^Jis \the\instindent\space taller than the corresponding float -
+                  ^^Jyou'd better switch the environment. }%
+         \instindent\z@
+      \fi
+   \else
+      \ifdim\ht0<\instindent
+         \advance\instindent by-\ht0
+         \advance\instindent by-\dp0\relax
+         \advance\instindent by\topskip
+         \advance\instindent by-11\p@
+      \else
+         \advance\instindent by-\ht0
+         \instindent=-\instindent
+         \typeout{^^JClass-Warning: Legend of \string\sidecaption\space for
+                     \@captype\space\csname the\@captype\endcsname
+                  ^^Jis \the\instindent\space taller than the corresponding float -
+                  ^^Jyou'd better switch the environment. }%
+         \instindent\z@
+      \fi
+   \fi
+   \parbox[b]{\@tempdimb}{\captionstyle{\floatlegendstyle
+                                        #1\floatcounterend}#2%
+                          \ifdim\instindent>\z@ \\
+                               \vrule\@width\z@\@height\instindent
+                                     \@depth\z@
+                          \fi}}
+\def\sidecaption{\@ifnextchar[\sidec@ption{\sidec@ption[b]}}
+\def\sidec@ption[#1]#2\caption{%
+\setbox\@tempboxa=\hbox{\ignorespaces#2\unskip}%
+\if@twocolumn
+ \ifdim\hsize<\textwidth\else
+   \ifdim\wd\@tempboxa<\columnwidth
+      \typeout{Double column float fits into single column -
+            ^^Jyou'd better switch the environment. }%
+   \fi
+ \fi
+\fi
+  \instindent=\ht\@tempboxa
+  \advance\instindent by\dp\@tempboxa
+\if t#1
+\else
+  \instindent=-\instindent
+\fi
+\@tempdimb=\hsize
+\advance\@tempdimb by-\figgap
+\advance\@tempdimb by-\wd\@tempboxa
+\ifdim\@tempdimb<3cm
+   \ClassWarning{SVMult}{\string\sidecaption: No sufficient room for the legend;
+             ^^Jusing normal \string\caption}%
+   \unhbox\@tempboxa
+   \let\@capcommand=\@caption
+\else
+   \ifdim\@tempdimb<4.5cm
+      \ClassWarning{SVMult}{\string\sidecaption: Room for the legend very narrow;
+               ^^Jusing \string\raggedright}%
+      \toks@\expandafter{\captionstyle\sloppy
+                         \rightskip=\z@\@plus6mm\relax}%
+      \def\captionstyle{\the\toks@}%
+   \fi
+   \let\@capcommand=\@sidecaption
+   \leavevmode
+   \unhbox\@tempboxa
+   \hfill
+\fi
+\refstepcounter\@captype
+\@dblarg{\@capcommand\@captype}}
+\long\def\@sidecaption#1[#2]#3{\addcontentsline{\csname
+  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname
+  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup
+    \@parboxrestore
+    \@makesidecaption{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}\par
+  \endgroup}
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
+
+\def\fig@type{figure}
+
+\def\leftlegendglue{\hfil}
+\newdimen\figcapgap\figcapgap=5\p@   % vgap between figure and caption
+\newdimen\tabcapgap\tabcapgap=5.5\p@ % vgap between caption and table
+
+\long\def\@makecaption#1#2{%
+ \captionstyle
+ \ifx\@captype\fig@type
+   \vskip\figcapgap
+ \fi
+ \setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{{\floatlegendstyle #1\floatcounterend}%
+ \capstrut #2}%
+ \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa >\hsize
+   {\floatlegendstyle #1\floatcounterend}\capstrut #2\par
+ \else
+   \hbox to\hsize{\leftlegendglue\unhbox\@tempboxa\hfil}%
+ \fi
+ \ifx\@captype\fig@type\else
+   \vskip\tabcapgap
+ \fi}
+
+\newcounter{merk}
+
+\def\endfigure{\resetsubfig\end@float}
+
+\@namedef{endfigure*}{\resetsubfig\end@dblfloat}
+
+\def\resetsubfig{\global\let\last@subfig=\undefined}
+
+\def\r@setsubfig{\xdef\last@subfig{\number\value{figure}}%
+\setcounter{figure}{\value{merk}}%
+\setcounter{merk}{0}}
+
+\def\subfigures{\stepcounter{figure}%
+   \@tempcnta=\value{merk}%
+   \setcounter{merk}{\value{figure}}%
+   \setcounter{figure}{\the\@tempcnta}%
+   \def\thefigure{\if@numart\else\thechapter.\fi
+   \@arabic\c@merk\alph{figure}}%
+   \let\resetsubfig=\r@setsubfig}
+
+\def\samenumber{\addtocounter{\@captype}{-1}%
+\@ifundefined{last@subfig}{}{\setcounter{merk}{\last@subfig}}}
+
+% redefinition of the "bibliography" environment
+%
+\def\biblstarthook#1{\gdef\biblst@rthook{#1}}
+%
+\AtBeginDocument{%
+\ifx\chpbibl\undefined
+  \def\bibsection{\section*{\refname}\ifx\sectionmark\@gobble\else
+      \markright{\refname}\fi
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{section}{\refname}%
+      \mtaddtocont{\protect\contentsline{mtchap}{\refname}{\thepage}}%
+      \csname biblst@rthook\endcsname}
+\else
+ \def\bibsection{\chapter*{\refname}\@mkboth{\refname}{\refname}%
+     \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{\refname}%
+     \csname biblst@rthook\endcsname}
+\fi}
+\ifx\oribibl\undefined % Springer way of life
+   \renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]{\bibsection
+         \global\let\biblst@rthook=\undefined
+         \def\@biblabel##1{##1.}
+         \small
+         \list{\@biblabel{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
+              {\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%
+               \leftmargin\labelwidth
+               \advance\leftmargin\labelsep
+               \if@openbib
+                 \advance\leftmargin\bibindent
+                 \itemindent -\bibindent
+                 \listparindent \itemindent
+                 \parsep \z@
+               \fi
+               \usecounter{enumiv}%
+               \let\p@enumiv\@empty
+               \renewcommand\theenumiv{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
+         \if@openbib
+           \renewcommand\newblock{\par}%
+         \else
+           \renewcommand\newblock{\hskip .11em \@plus.33em \@minus.07em}%
+         \fi
+         \sloppy\clubpenalty4000\widowpenalty4000%
+         \sfcode`\.=\@m}
+        {\def\@noitemerr
+          {\@latex@warning{Empty `thebibliography' environment}}%
+         \endlist}
+   \def\@lbibitem[#1]#2{\item[{[#1]}\hfill]\if@filesw
+        {\let\protect\noexpand\immediate
+        \write\@auxout{\string\bibcite{#2}{#1}}}\fi\ignorespaces}
+\else % original bibliography is required
+   \let\bibname=\refname
+   \renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]
+     {\chapter*{\bibname
+        \markboth{\bibname}{\bibname}}%
+      \list{\@biblabel{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
+           {\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%
+            \leftmargin\labelwidth
+            \advance\leftmargin\labelsep
+            \@openbib@code
+            \usecounter{enumiv}%
+            \let\p@enumiv\@empty
+            \renewcommand\theenumiv{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
+      \sloppy
+      \clubpenalty4000
+      \@clubpenalty \clubpenalty
+      \widowpenalty4000%
+      \sfcode`\.\@m}
+     {\def\@noitemerr
+       {\@latex@warning{Empty `thebibliography' environment}}%
+      \endlist}
+\fi
+
+\let\if@threecolind\iffalse
+\def\threecolindex{\let\if@threecolind\iftrue}
+\def\indexstarthook#1{\gdef\indexst@rthook{#1}}
+\renewenvironment{theindex}
+               {\if@twocolumn
+                  \@restonecolfalse
+                \else
+                  \@restonecoltrue
+                \fi
+                \columnseprule \z@
+                \columnsep 1cc
+                \@nobreaktrue
+                \if@threecolind
+                   \begin{multicols}{3}[\chapter*{\indexname}%
+                \else
+                   \begin{multicols}{2}[\chapter*{\indexname}%
+                \fi
+                {\csname indexst@rthook\endcsname}]%
+                \global\let\indexst@rthook=\undefined
+                \markboth{\indexname}{\indexname}%
+                \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{\indexname}%
+                \flushbottom
+                \parindent\z@
+                \rightskip\z@ \@plus 40\p@
+                \parskip\z@ \@plus .3\p@\relax
+                \flushbottom
+                \let\item\@idxitem
+                \def\,{\relax\ifmmode\mskip\thinmuskip
+                             \else\hskip0.2em\ignorespaces\fi}%
+                \normalfont\small}
+               {\end{multicols}
+                \global\let\if@threecolind\iffalse
+                \if@restonecol\onecolumn\else\clearpage\fi}
+
+\def\idxquad{\hskip 10\p@}% space that divides entry from number
+
+\def\@idxitem{\par\setbox0=\hbox{--\,--\,--\enspace}%
+                  \hangindent\wd0\relax}
+
+\def\subitem{\par\noindent\setbox0=\hbox{--\enspace}% second order
+                \kern\wd0\setbox0=\hbox{--\,--\,--\enspace}%
+                \hangindent\wd0\relax}% indexentry
+
+\def\subsubitem{\par\noindent\setbox0=\hbox{--\,--\enspace}% third order
+                \kern\wd0\setbox0=\hbox{--\,--\,--\enspace}%
+                \hangindent\wd0\relax}% indexentry
+
+\def\indexspace{\par \vskip 10\p@ \@plus5\p@ \@minus3\p@\relax}
+
+% LaTeX does not provide a command to enter the authors institute
+% addresses. The \institute command is defined here.
+
+\newcounter{@inst}
+\newcounter{@auth}
+\newcounter{auco}
+\newdimen\instindent
+\newbox\authrun
+\newtoks\authorrunning
+\newtoks\tocauthor
+\newbox\titrun
+\newtoks\titlerunning
+\newtoks\toctitle
+
+\def\clearheadinfo{\gdef\@author{No Author Given}%
+                   \gdef\@title{No Title Given}%
+                   \gdef\@subtitle{}%
+                   \gdef\@institute{No Institute Given}%
+                   \gdef\@thanks{}%
+                   \global\titlerunning={}\global\authorrunning={}%
+                   \global\toctitle={}\global\tocauthor={}}
+
+\def\institute#1{\gdef\@institute{#1}}
+
+\def\title{\@ifstar\s@title\n@title}
+\def\s@title#1{\gdef\@title{#1}\ds@numart}
+\def\n@title#1{\gdef\@title{#1}\ds@book}
+
+\def\institutename{\par
+ \begingroup
+ \parskip=\z@
+ \parindent=\z@
+ \setcounter{@inst}{1}%
+ \def\and{\par\stepcounter{@inst}%
+          \noindent
+          \llap{\hbox to\instindent{\hss$^{\the@inst}$%
+                              \enspace}}\ignorespaces}%
+ \setbox0=\vbox{\def\thanks##1{}\@institute}%
+ \ifnum\value{@inst}>9\relax\setbox0=\hbox{$^{88}$\enspace}%
+                 \else\setbox0=\hbox{$^{8}$\enspace}\fi
+ \instindent=\wd0
+ \leftskip=\wd0\relax
+ \ifnum\value{@inst}=1\relax
+   \leftskip=\z@
+ \else
+   \setcounter{@inst}{1}%
+   \noindent
+   \llap{\hbox to\instindent{\hss$^{\the@inst}$\enspace}}\ignorespaces
+ \fi
+ \ignorespaces
+ \@institute\par
+ \ifnum\value{@inst}>1\relax\setcounter{footnote}{\c@@inst}\fi
+ \endgroup}
+
+\def\@fnsymbol#1{\ensuremath{\ifcase#1\or\star\or{\star\star}\or
+   {\star{\star}\star}\or \dagger\or \ddagger\or
+   \mathchar "278\or \mathchar "27B\or \|\or **\or \dagger\dagger
+   \or \ddagger\ddagger \else\@ctrerr\fi}}
+
+\def\inst#1{\unskip$^{#1}$}
+\def\fnmsep{\unskip$^,$}
+
+\def\subtitle#1{\gdef\@subtitle{#1}}
+\clearheadinfo
+
+\def\@bfdottedtocline#1#2#3#4#5{%
+  \ifnum #1>\c@minitocdepth \else
+    \par
+    \if@minipage\else\addvspace{5\p@}\fi
+    {\leftskip #2\relax \rightskip \@tocrmarg \advance\rightskip by \z@ \@plus 2cm
+               \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000
+     \parindent #2\relax\@afterindenttrue
+     \interlinepenalty\@M
+     \leavevmode
+     \@tempdima #3\relax
+     \advance\leftskip \@tempdima \null\nobreak\hskip -\leftskip
+     {\bfseries#4}\nobreak
+     \leaders\hbox{$\m@th
+        \mkern \@dotsep mu\hbox{.}\mkern \@dotsep
+        mu$}\hfill
+     \nobreak
+     \hb@xt@\@pnumwidth{\hfil\normalfont \normalcolor #5}%
+     \par\addvspace{5\p@}}%
+  \fi}
+
+\def\@rmdottedtocline#1#2#3#4#5{%
+  \ifnum #1>\c@minitocdepth \else
+    \vskip \z@ \@plus.2\p@
+    {\leftskip #2\relax \rightskip \@tocrmarg \advance\rightskip by \z@ \@plus 2cm
+               \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000
+     \parindent #2\relax\@afterindenttrue
+     \interlinepenalty\@M
+     \leavevmode
+     \@tempdima #3\relax
+     \advance\leftskip \@tempdima \null\nobreak\hskip -\leftskip
+     {#4}\nobreak
+     \leaders\hbox{$\m@th
+        \mkern \@dotsep mu\hbox{.}\mkern \@dotsep
+        mu$}\hfill
+     \nobreak
+     \hb@xt@\@pnumwidth{\hfil\normalfont \normalcolor #5}%
+     \par}%
+  \fi}
+
+\def\l@mtchap{\@bfdottedtocline{1}{\z@}{\tocsubsecnum}}
+\def\l@mtsec{\@rmdottedtocline{1}{\z@}{\tocsubsecnum}}
+
+\newcounter{contribution}
+
+\renewcommand\maketitle{\par\startnewpage
+  \stepcounter{section}%
+  \setcounter{section}{0}%
+  \setcounter{subsection}{0}%
+  \setcounter{figure}{0}
+  \setcounter{table}{0}
+  \setcounter{equation}{0}
+  \setcounter{footnote}{0}%
+  \if@numart
+     \stepcounter{chapter}%
+     \addtocounter{chapter}{-1}%
+  \else
+     \refstepcounter{chapter}%
+  \fi
+  \stepcounter{contribution}%
+  \immediate\write\@auxout{\string\immediate\string\closeout\string\minitoc}%
+  \immediate\write\@auxout{\let\MiniTOC=N}%
+  \begingroup
+    \parindent=\z@
+    \renewcommand\thefootnote{\@fnsymbol\c@footnote}%
+    \if@twocolumn
+      \ifnum \col@number=\@ne
+        \@maketitle
+      \else
+        \twocolumn[\@maketitle]%
+      \fi
+    \else
+      \newpage
+      \global\@topnum\z@   % Prevents figures from going at top of page.
+      \@maketitle
+    \fi
+    \@ifundefined{thispagecropped}{}{\thispagecropped}
+    \thispagestyle{empty}\@thanks
+%
+    \def\\{\unskip\ \ignorespaces}\def\inst##1{\unskip{}}%
+    \def\thanks##1{\unskip{}}\def\fnmsep{\unskip}%
+    \instindent=\hsize
+    \advance\instindent by-\headlineindent
+    \if!\the\toctitle!\addcontentsline{toc}{title}{\if@numart\else
+                                   \@seccntformat{chapter}\fi
+    \@title}\else
+       \addcontentsline{toc}{title}{\if@numart\else
+                                   \@seccntformat{chapter}\fi
+       \the\toctitle}\fi
+    \if@runhead
+       \if!\the\titlerunning!\else
+         \edef\@title{\the\titlerunning}%
+       \fi
+       \global\setbox\titrun=\hbox{\small\rm\unboldmath\if@numart\else
+                                   \@seccntformat{chapter}\fi
+                                   \ignorespaces\@title}%
+       \ifdim\wd\titrun>\instindent
+          \typeout{Title too long for running head. Please supply}%
+          \typeout{a shorter form with \string\titlerunning\space prior to
+                   \string\maketitle}%
+          \global\setbox\titrun=\hbox{\small\rm
+          Title Suppressed Due to Excessive Length}%
+       \fi
+       \xdef\@title{\copy\titrun}%
+    \fi
+%
+    \if!\the\tocauthor!\relax
+      {\def\and{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\and}%
+      \protected@xdef\toc@uthor{\@author}}%
+    \else
+      \def\\{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\newline}%
+      \protected@xdef\scratch{\the\tocauthor}%
+      \protected@xdef\toc@uthor{\scratch}%
+    \fi
+       \addcontentsline{toc}{author}{\toc@uthor}%
+    \if@runhead
+       \if!\the\authorrunning!
+         \value{@inst}=\value{@auth}%
+         \setcounter{@auth}{1}%
+       \else
+         \edef\@author{\the\authorrunning}%
+       \fi
+       \global\setbox\authrun=\hbox{\small\unboldmath\@author\unskip}%
+       \ifdim\wd\authrun>\instindent
+          \typeout{Names of authors too long for running head. Please supply}%
+          \typeout{a shorter form with \string\authorrunning\space prior to
+                   \string\maketitle}%
+          \global\setbox\authrun=\hbox{\small\rm
+          Authors Suppressed Due to Excessive Length}%
+       \fi
+       \xdef\scratch{\copy\authrun}%
+       \markboth{\scratch}{\@title}%
+     \fi
+  \endgroup
+% \setcounter{footnote}{0}% footnote starts at (\inst+1)
+  \@afterindentfalse\@afterheading
+  \clearheadinfo}
+%
+\def\@maketitle{\newpage
+ \markboth{}{}%
+ \def\lastand{\ifnum\value{@inst}=2\relax
+                 \unskip{} \andname\
+              \else
+                 \unskip \lastandname\
+              \fi}%
+ \def\and{\stepcounter{@auth}\relax
+          \ifnum\value{@auth}=\value{@inst}%
+             \lastand
+          \else
+             \unskip,
+          \fi}%
+  \raggedright
+ {\Large \bfseries\boldmath
+  \pretolerance=10000
+  \let\\=\newline
+% \@hangfrom{\@svsec}%
+%%%  \@svsec
+  \raggedright
+  \hyphenpenalty \@M
+  \interlinepenalty \@M
+  \if@numart
+     \chap@hangfrom{}%!!!
+  \else
+     \chap@hangfrom{\thechapter\thechapterend\hskip\betweenumberspace}%!!!
+  \fi
+  \ignorespaces
+  \@title \par}\vskip .8cm
+\if!\@subtitle!\else {\large \bfseries\boldmath
+  \vskip -.65cm
+  \pretolerance=10000
+  \@subtitle \par}\vskip .8cm\fi
+ \setbox0=\vbox{\setcounter{@auth}{1}\def\and{\stepcounter{@auth}}%
+ \def\thanks##1{}\@author}%
+ \global\value{@inst}=\value{@auth}%
+ \global\value{auco}=\value{@auth}%
+ \setcounter{@auth}{1}%
+{\lineskip .5em
+\noindent\ignorespaces
+\@author\vskip.35cm}
+ {\small\institutename\par}
+ \ifdim\pagetotal>157\p@
+     \vskip 11\p@
+ \else
+     \@tempdima=168\p@\advance\@tempdima by-\pagetotal
+     \vskip\@tempdima
+ \fi
+}
+
+% Useful environments
+\newenvironment{abbrsymblist}[1][\qquad]
+   {\section*{\abbrsymbname}
+    \mtaddtocont{\protect\contentsline{mtchap}{\abbrsymbname}{\thepage}}
+    \begin{description}[#1]}{\end{description}\addvspace{10\p@}}
+%
+\newenvironment{acknowledgement}{\par\addvspace{17\p@}\small\rm
+\trivlist\item[\hskip\labelsep{\it\ackname}]}
+{\endtrivlist\addvspace{6\p@}}
+%
+\newenvironment{noteadd}{\par\addvspace{17\p@}\small\rm
+\trivlist\item[\hskip\labelsep{\it\noteaddname}]}
+{\endtrivlist\addvspace{6\p@}}
+%
+\renewenvironment{abstract}{%
+      \advance\topsep by0.35cm\relax\small
+      \labelwidth=\z@
+      \listparindent=\z@
+      \itemindent\listparindent
+      \trivlist\item[\hskip\labelsep\bfseries\abstractname]%
+      \if!\abstractname!\hskip-\labelsep\fi
+    }
+    {\endtrivlist}
+%
+\newcommand{\keywords}[1]{\par\addvspace\baselineskip
+\noindent\keywordname\enspace\ignorespaces#1}
+%
+% define the running headings of a twoside text
+\def\runheadsize{\small}
+\def\runheadstyle{\rmfamily\upshape}
+\def\customizhead{\hspace{\headlineindent}}
+
+\def\ps@headings{\let\@mkboth\markboth
+   \let\@oddfoot\@empty\let\@evenfoot\@empty
+   \def\@evenhead{\runheadsize\runheadstyle\rlap{\thepage}\customizhead
+                  \leftmark\hfil}
+   \def\@oddhead{\runheadsize\runheadstyle\hfil\rightmark\customizhead
+                  \llap{\thepage}}
+   \def\chaptermark##1{\markboth{{\ifnum\c@secnumdepth>\m@ne
+      \thechapter\thechapterend\hskip\betweenumberspace\fi ##1}}{{\ifnum %!!!
+      \c@secnumdepth>\m@ne\thechapter\thechapterend\hskip\betweenumberspace\fi ##1}}}%!!!
+   \def\sectionmark##1{\markright{{\ifnum\c@secnumdepth>\z@
+      \thesection\hskip\betweenumberspace\fi ##1}}}}
+
+\def\ps@myheadings{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+   \let\@oddfoot\@empty\let\@evenfoot\@empty
+   \def\@evenhead{\runheadsize\runheadstyle\rlap{\thepage}\customizhead
+                  \leftmark\hfil}%
+   \def\@oddhead{\runheadsize\runheadstyle\hfil\rightmark\customizhead
+                  \llap{\thepage}}%
+   \let\chaptermark\@gobble
+   \let\sectionmark\@gobble
+   \let\subsectionmark\@gobble}
+
+\if@runhead\ps@myheadings\else
+\ps@empty\fi
+
+\endinput
+%end of file svmult.cls