Previous phpMyAdmin versions could be configured to use both icons and text for tabs above the table view, but icons only for in-table edit features.
$cfg['NavigationBarIconic'] = 'both';
$cfg['PropertiesIconic'] = true;
In current versions I am unable to configure it so that both icons and text are used for the tabs above (there is enough space to be verbose), but only icons in the tables (there I would prefer to reduce the width). Using the setup dialogs, I can only change both at the same time.
I would have to discover where the configuration is currently stored, and alter these options manually (or possibly export it to a JSON file, edit it manually, and import it back; but when I tried that, the tabs show only icons, no text).