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/* MiniDLNA project
* http://minidlna.sourceforge.net/
*
* MiniDLNA media server
* Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Justin Maggard
*
* This file is part of MiniDLNA.
*
* MiniDLNA is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* MiniDLNA is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with MiniDLNA. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*
* Portions of the code from the MiniUPnP project:
*
* Copyright (c) 2006-2007, Thomas Bernard
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* * The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
* derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
* LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "config.h"
#include "upnpevents.h"
#include "minidlnapath.h"
#include "upnpglobalvars.h"
#include "upnpdescgen.h"
#include "uuid.h"
#include "log.h"
/* stuctures definitions */
struct subscriber {
LIST_ENTRY(subscriber) entries;
struct upnp_event_notify * notify;
time_t timeout;
uint32_t seq;
/*enum { EWanCFG = 1, EWanIPC, EL3F } service;*/
enum subscriber_service_enum service;
char uuid[42];
char callback[];
};
struct upnp_event_notify {
LIST_ENTRY(upnp_event_notify) entries;
int s; /* socket */
enum { ECreated=1,
EConnecting,
ESending,
EWaitingForResponse,
EFinished,
EError } state;
struct subscriber * sub;
char * buffer;
int buffersize;
int tosend;
int sent;
const char * path;
char addrstr[16];
char portstr[8];
};
/* prototypes */
static void
upnp_event_create_notify(struct subscriber * sub);
/* Subscriber list */
LIST_HEAD(listhead, subscriber) subscriberlist = { NULL };
/* notify list */
LIST_HEAD(listheadnotif, upnp_event_notify) notifylist = { NULL };
/* create a new subscriber */
static struct subscriber *
newSubscriber(const char * eventurl, const char * callback, int callbacklen)
{
struct subscriber * tmp;
if(!eventurl || !callback || !callbacklen)
return NULL;
tmp = calloc(1, sizeof(struct subscriber)+callbacklen+1);
if(strcmp(eventurl, CONTENTDIRECTORY_EVENTURL)==0)
tmp->service = EContentDirectory;
else if(strcmp(eventurl, CONNECTIONMGR_EVENTURL)==0)
tmp->service = EConnectionManager;
else if(strcmp(eventurl, X_MS_MEDIARECEIVERREGISTRAR_EVENTURL)==0)
tmp->service = EMSMediaReceiverRegistrar;
else {
free(tmp);
return NULL;
}
memcpy(tmp->callback, callback, callbacklen);
tmp->callback[callbacklen] = '\0';
/* make a dummy uuid */
strncpy(tmp->uuid, uuidvalue, sizeof(tmp->uuid));
if( get_uuid_string(tmp->uuid+5) != 0 )
{
tmp->uuid[sizeof(tmp->uuid)-1] = '\0';
snprintf(tmp->uuid+37, 5, "%04lx", random() & 0xffff);
}
return tmp;
}
/* creates a new subscriber and adds it to the subscriber list
* also initiate 1st notify */
const char *
upnpevents_addSubscriber(const char * eventurl,
const char * callback, int callbacklen,
int timeout)
{
struct subscriber * tmp;
/*static char uuid[42];*/
/* "uuid:00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"; 5+36+1=42bytes */
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "addSubscriber(%s, %.*s, %d)\n",
eventurl, callbacklen, callback, timeout);
/*strncpy(uuid, uuidvalue, sizeof(uuid));
uuid[sizeof(uuid)-1] = '\0';*/
tmp = newSubscriber(eventurl, callback, callbacklen);
if(!tmp)
return NULL;
if(timeout)
tmp->timeout = time(NULL) + timeout;
LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&subscriberlist, tmp, entries);
upnp_event_create_notify(tmp);
return tmp->uuid;
}
/* renew a subscription (update the timeout) */
int
renewSubscription(const char * sid, int sidlen, int timeout)
{
struct subscriber * sub;
for(sub = subscriberlist.lh_first; sub != NULL; sub = sub->entries.le_next) {
if(memcmp(sid, sub->uuid, 41) == 0) {
sub->timeout = (timeout ? time(NULL) + timeout : 0);
return 0;
}
}
return -1;
}
int
upnpevents_removeSubscriber(const char * sid, int sidlen)
{
struct subscriber * sub;
if(!sid)
return -1;
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "removeSubscriber(%.*s)\n",
sidlen, sid);
for(sub = subscriberlist.lh_first; sub != NULL; sub = sub->entries.le_next) {
if(memcmp(sid, sub->uuid, 41) == 0) {
if(sub->notify) {
sub->notify->sub = NULL;
}
LIST_REMOVE(sub, entries);
free(sub);
return 0;
}
}
return -1;
}
/* notifies all subscriber of a number of port mapping change
* or external ip address change */
void
upnp_event_var_change_notify(enum subscriber_service_enum service)
{
struct subscriber * sub;
for(sub = subscriberlist.lh_first; sub != NULL; sub = sub->entries.le_next) {
if(sub->service == service && sub->notify == NULL)
upnp_event_create_notify(sub);
}
}
/* create and add the notify object to the list */
static void
upnp_event_create_notify(struct subscriber * sub)
{
struct upnp_event_notify * obj;
int flags;
obj = calloc(1, sizeof(struct upnp_event_notify));
if(!obj) {
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "%s: calloc(): %s\n", "upnp_event_create_notify", strerror(errno));
return;
}
obj->sub = sub;
obj->state = ECreated;
obj->s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
if(obj->s<0) {
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "%s: socket(): %s\n", "upnp_event_create_notify", strerror(errno));
goto error;
}
if((flags = fcntl(obj->s, F_GETFL, 0)) < 0) {
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "%s: fcntl(..F_GETFL..): %s\n",
"upnp_event_create_notify", strerror(errno));
goto error;
}
if(fcntl(obj->s, F_SETFL, flags | O_NONBLOCK) < 0) {
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "%s: fcntl(..F_SETFL..): %s\n",
"upnp_event_create_notify", strerror(errno));
goto error;
}
if(sub)
sub->notify = obj;
LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&notifylist, obj, entries);
return;
error:
if(obj->s >= 0)
close(obj->s);
free(obj);
}
static void
upnp_event_notify_connect(struct upnp_event_notify * obj)
{
int i;
const char * p;
unsigned short port;
struct sockaddr_in addr;
if(!obj)
return;
memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr));
i = 0;
if(obj->sub == NULL) {
obj->state = EError;
return;
}
p = obj->sub->callback;
p += 7; /* http:// */
while(*p != '/' && *p != ':')
obj->addrstr[i++] = *(p++);
obj->addrstr[i] = '\0';
if(*p == ':') {
obj->portstr[0] = *p;
i = 1;
p++;
port = (unsigned short)atoi(p);
while(*p != '/' && *p != '\0') {
if(i<7) obj->portstr[i++] = *p;
p++;
}
obj->portstr[i] = 0;
} else {
port = 80;
obj->portstr[0] = '\0';
}
if( *p )
obj->path = p;
else
obj->path = "/";
addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
inet_aton(obj->addrstr, &addr.sin_addr);
addr.sin_port = htons(port);
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "%s: '%s' %hu '%s'\n", "upnp_event_notify_connect",
obj->addrstr, port, obj->path);
obj->state = EConnecting;
if(connect(obj->s, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0) {
if(errno != EINPROGRESS && errno != EWOULDBLOCK) {
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "%s: connect(): %s\n", "upnp_event_notify_connect", strerror(errno));
obj->state = EError;
}
}
}
static void upnp_event_prepare(struct upnp_event_notify * obj)
{
static const char notifymsg[] =
"NOTIFY %s HTTP/1.1\r\n"
"Host: %s%s\r\n"
"Content-Type: text/xml; charset=\"utf-8\"\r\n"
"Content-Length: %d\r\n"
"NT: upnp:event\r\n"
"NTS: upnp:propchange\r\n"
"SID: %s\r\n"
"SEQ: %u\r\n"
"Connection: close\r\n"
"Cache-Control: no-cache\r\n"
"\r\n"
"%.*s\r\n";
char * xml;
int l;
if(obj->sub == NULL) {
obj->state = EError;
return;
}
switch(obj->sub->service) {
case EContentDirectory:
xml = getVarsContentDirectory(&l);
break;
case EConnectionManager:
xml = getVarsConnectionManager(&l);
break;
case EMSMediaReceiverRegistrar:
xml = getVarsX_MS_MediaReceiverRegistrar(&l);
break;
default:
xml = NULL;
l = 0;
}
obj->tosend = asprintf(&(obj->buffer), notifymsg,
obj->path, obj->addrstr, obj->portstr, l+2,
obj->sub->uuid, obj->sub->seq,
l, xml);
obj->buffersize = obj->tosend;
if(xml) {
free(xml);
xml = NULL;
}
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "Sending UPnP Event response:\n%s\n", obj->buffer);
obj->state = ESending;
}
static void upnp_event_send(struct upnp_event_notify * obj)
{
int i;
//DEBUG DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "Sending UPnP Event:\n%s", obj->buffer+obj->sent);
i = send(obj->s, obj->buffer + obj->sent, obj->tosend - obj->sent, 0);
if(i<0) {
DPRINTF(E_WARN, L_HTTP, "%s: send(): %s\n", "upnp_event_send", strerror(errno));
obj->state = EError;
return;
}
else if(i != (obj->tosend - obj->sent))
DPRINTF(E_WARN, L_HTTP, "%s: %d bytes send out of %d\n",
"upnp_event_send", i, obj->tosend - obj->sent);
obj->sent += i;
if(obj->sent == obj->tosend)
obj->state = EWaitingForResponse;
}
static void upnp_event_recv(struct upnp_event_notify * obj)
{
int n;
n = recv(obj->s, obj->buffer, obj->buffersize, 0);
if(n<0) {
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "%s: recv(): %s\n", "upnp_event_recv", strerror(errno));
obj->state = EError;
return;
}
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "%s: (%dbytes) %.*s\n", "upnp_event_recv",
n, n, obj->buffer);
obj->state = EFinished;
if(obj->sub)
obj->sub->seq++;
}
static void
upnp_event_process_notify(struct upnp_event_notify * obj)
{
switch(obj->state) {
case EConnecting:
/* now connected or failed to connect */
upnp_event_prepare(obj);
upnp_event_send(obj);
break;
case ESending:
upnp_event_send(obj);
break;
case EWaitingForResponse:
upnp_event_recv(obj);
break;
case EFinished:
close(obj->s);
obj->s = -1;
break;
default:
DPRINTF(E_ERROR, L_HTTP, "upnp_event_process_notify: unknown state\n");
}
}
void upnpevents_selectfds(fd_set *readset, fd_set *writeset, int * max_fd)
{
struct upnp_event_notify * obj;
for(obj = notifylist.lh_first; obj != NULL; obj = obj->entries.le_next) {
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "upnpevents_selectfds: %p %d %d\n",
obj, obj->state, obj->s);
if(obj->s >= 0) {
switch(obj->state) {
case ECreated:
upnp_event_notify_connect(obj);
if(obj->state != EConnecting)
break;
case EConnecting:
case ESending:
FD_SET(obj->s, writeset);
if(obj->s > *max_fd)
*max_fd = obj->s;
break;
case EFinished:
case EError:
case EWaitingForResponse:
FD_SET(obj->s, readset);
if(obj->s > *max_fd)
*max_fd = obj->s;
break;
}
}
}
}
void upnpevents_processfds(fd_set *readset, fd_set *writeset)
{
struct upnp_event_notify * obj;
struct upnp_event_notify * next;
struct subscriber * sub;
struct subscriber * subnext;
time_t curtime;
for(obj = notifylist.lh_first; obj != NULL; obj = obj->entries.le_next) {
DPRINTF(E_DEBUG, L_HTTP, "%s: %p %d %d %d %d\n",
"upnpevents_processfds", obj, obj->state, obj->s,
FD_ISSET(obj->s, readset), FD_ISSET(obj->s, writeset));
if(obj->s >= 0) {
if(FD_ISSET(obj->s, readset) || FD_ISSET(obj->s, writeset))
upnp_event_process_notify(obj);
}
}
obj = notifylist.lh_first;
while(obj != NULL) {
next = obj->entries.le_next;
if(obj->state == EError || obj->state == EFinished) {
if(obj->s >= 0) {
close(obj->s);
}
if(obj->sub)
obj->sub->notify = NULL;
#if 0 /* Just let it time out instead of explicitly removing the subscriber */
/* remove also the subscriber from the list if there was an error */
if(obj->state == EError && obj->sub) {
LIST_REMOVE(obj->sub, entries);
free(obj->sub);
}
#endif
if(obj->buffer) {
free(obj->buffer);
}
LIST_REMOVE(obj, entries);
free(obj);
}
obj = next;
}
/* remove timeouted subscribers */
curtime = time(NULL);
for(sub = subscriberlist.lh_first; sub != NULL; ) {
subnext = sub->entries.le_next;
if(sub->timeout && curtime > sub->timeout && sub->notify == NULL) {
LIST_REMOVE(sub, entries);
free(sub);
}
sub = subnext;
}
}
#ifdef USE_MINIDLNACTL
void write_events_details(int s) {
int n;
char buff[80];
struct upnp_event_notify * obj;
struct subscriber * sub;
write(s, "Events details\n", 15);
for(obj = notifylist.lh_first; obj != NULL; obj = obj->entries.le_next) {
n = snprintf(buff, sizeof(buff), " %p sub=%p state=%d s=%d\n",
obj, obj->sub, obj->state, obj->s);
write(s, buff, n);
}
write(s, "Subscribers :\n", 14);
for(sub = subscriberlist.lh_first; sub != NULL; sub = sub->entries.le_next) {
n = snprintf(buff, sizeof(buff), " %p timeout=%d seq=%u service=%d\n",
sub, sub->timeout, sub->seq, sub->service);
write(s, buff, n);
n = snprintf(buff, sizeof(buff), " notify=%p %s\n",
sub->notify, sub->uuid);
write(s, buff, n);
n = snprintf(buff, sizeof(buff), " %s\n",
sub->callback);
write(s, buff, n);
}
}
#endif