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/* $Id$ */
/* MiniUPnP project
* http://miniupnp.free.fr/ or http://miniupnp.tuxfamily.org/
* (c) 2006 Thomas Bernard
* This software is subject to the conditions detailed
* in the LICENCE file provided within the distribution */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include "config.h"
#include "upnpdescstrings.h"
#include "miniupnpdpath.h"
#include "upnphttp.h"
#include "upnpglobalvars.h"
#include "minissdp.h"
/* SSDP ip/port */
#define SSDP_PORT (1900)
#define SSDP_MCAST_ADDR ("239.255.255.250")
static int
AddMulticastMembership(int s, in_addr_t ifaddr/*const char * ifaddr*/)
{
struct ip_mreq imr; /* Ip multicast membership */
/* setting up imr structure */
imr.imr_multiaddr.s_addr = inet_addr(SSDP_MCAST_ADDR);
/*imr.imr_interface.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);*/
imr.imr_interface.s_addr = ifaddr; /*inet_addr(ifaddr);*/
if (setsockopt(s, IPPROTO_IP, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, (void *)&imr, sizeof(struct ip_mreq)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "setsockopt(udp, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP): %m");
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
int
OpenAndConfSSDPReceiveSocket()
/*OpenAndConfSSDPReceiveSocket(int n_lan_addr,
struct lan_addr_s * lan_addr)*/
{
int s;
int i = 1;
struct sockaddr_in sockname;
if( (s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "socket(udp): %m");
return -1;
}
if(setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &i, sizeof(i)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_WARNING, "setsockopt(udp, SO_REUSEADDR): %m");
}
memset(&sockname, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
sockname.sin_family = AF_INET;
sockname.sin_port = htons(SSDP_PORT);
/* NOTE : it seems it doesnt work when binding on the specific address */
/*sockname.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(UPNP_MCAST_ADDR);*/
sockname.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
/*sockname.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(ifaddr);*/
if(bind(s, (struct sockaddr *)&sockname, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "bind(udp): %m");
close(s);
return -1;
}
i = n_lan_addr;
while(i>0)
{
i--;
if(AddMulticastMembership(s, lan_addr[i].addr.s_addr) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_WARNING,
"Failed to add multicast membership for address %s",
lan_addr[i].str );
}
}
return s;
}
/* open the UDP socket used to send SSDP notifications to
* the multicast group reserved for them */
static int
OpenAndConfSSDPNotifySocket(in_addr_t addr)
{
int s;
unsigned char loopchar = 0;
int bcast = 1;
struct in_addr mc_if;
struct sockaddr_in sockname;
if( (s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "socket(udp_notify): %m");
return -1;
}
mc_if.s_addr = addr; /*inet_addr(addr);*/
if(setsockopt(s, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_LOOP, (char *)&loopchar, sizeof(loopchar)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "setsockopt(udp_notify, IP_MULTICAST_LOOP): %m");
close(s);
return -1;
}
if(setsockopt(s, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_IF, (char *)&mc_if, sizeof(mc_if)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "setsockopt(udp_notify, IP_MULTICAST_IF): %m");
close(s);
return -1;
}
if(setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST, &bcast, sizeof(bcast)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "setsockopt(udp_notify, SO_BROADCAST): %m");
close(s);
return -1;
}
memset(&sockname, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
sockname.sin_family = AF_INET;
sockname.sin_addr.s_addr = addr; /*inet_addr(addr);*/
if (bind(s, (struct sockaddr *)&sockname, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "bind(udp_notify): %m");
close(s);
return -1;
}
return s;
}
int
OpenAndConfSSDPNotifySockets(int * sockets)
/*OpenAndConfSSDPNotifySockets(int * sockets,
struct lan_addr_s * lan_addr, int n_lan_addr)*/
{
int i, j;
for(i=0; i<n_lan_addr; i++)
{
sockets[i] = OpenAndConfSSDPNotifySocket(lan_addr[i].addr.s_addr);
if(sockets[i] < 0)
{
for(j=0; j<i; j++)
{
close(sockets[j]);
sockets[j] = -1;
}
return -1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/*
* response from a LiveBox (Wanadoo)
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
CACHE-CONTROL: max-age=1800
DATE: Thu, 01 Jan 1970 04:03:23 GMT
EXT:
LOCATION: http://192.168.0.1:49152/gatedesc.xml
SERVER: Linux/2.4.17, UPnP/1.0, Intel SDK for UPnP devices /1.2
ST: upnp:rootdevice
USN: uuid:75802409-bccb-40e7-8e6c-fa095ecce13e::upnp:rootdevice
* response from a Linksys 802.11b :
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Cache-Control:max-age=120
Location:http://192.168.5.1:5678/rootDesc.xml
Server:NT/5.0 UPnP/1.0
ST:upnp:rootdevice
USN:uuid:upnp-InternetGatewayDevice-1_0-0090a2777777::upnp:rootdevice
EXT:
*/
/* not really an SSDP "announce" as it is the response
* to a SSDP "M-SEARCH" */
static void
SendSSDPAnnounce2(int s, struct sockaddr_in sockname,
const char * st, int st_len, const char * suffix,
const char * host, unsigned short port)
{
int l, n;
char buf[512];
/* TODO :
* follow guideline from document "UPnP Device Architecture 1.0"
* put in uppercase.
* DATE: is recommended
* SERVER: OS/ver UPnP/1.0 miniupnpd/1.0
* - check what to put in the 'Cache-Control' header
* */
char szTime[30];
time_t tTime = time(NULL);
strftime(szTime, 30,"%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S GMT" , gmtime(&tTime));
l = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n"
"CACHE-CONTROL: max-age=1810\r\n"
"DATE: %s\r\n"
"Ext:\r\n"
"ST: %.*s%s\r\n"
"USN: %s::%.*s%s\r\n"
"EXT:\r\n"
"SERVER: " MINIUPNPD_SERVER_STRING "\r\n"
"LOCATION: http://%s:%u" ROOTDESC_PATH "\r\n"
"Content-Length: 0\r\n"
"\r\n",
szTime,
st_len, st, suffix,
uuidvalue, st_len, st, suffix,
host, (unsigned int)port);
n = sendto(s, buf, l, 0,
(struct sockaddr *)&sockname, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in) );
if(n < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "sendto(udp): %m");
}
}
static const char * const known_service_types[] =
{
"upnp:rootdevice",
"urn:schemas-upnp-org:device:MediaServer:",
"urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ContentDirectory:",
"urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ConnectionManager:",
"urn:microsoft.com:service:X_MS_MediaReceiverRegistrar:",
uuidvalue,
0
};
static void
SendSSDPNotifies(int s, const char * host, unsigned short port,
unsigned int lifetime)
{
struct sockaddr_in sockname;
int l, n, dup, i=0;
char bufr[512];
memset(&sockname, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
sockname.sin_family = AF_INET;
sockname.sin_port = htons(SSDP_PORT);
sockname.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(SSDP_MCAST_ADDR);
for( dup=0; dup<2; dup++ )
{
if( dup )
usleep(200000);
i=0;
while(known_service_types[i])
{
l = snprintf(bufr, sizeof(bufr),
"NOTIFY * HTTP/1.1\r\n"
"HOST:%s:%d\r\n"
"CACHE-CONTROL:max-age=%u\r\n"
"LOCATION:http://%s:%d" ROOTDESC_PATH"\r\n"
"SERVER: " MINIUPNPD_SERVER_STRING "\r\n"
"NT:%s%s\r\n"
"USN:%s::%s%s\r\n"
"NTS:ssdp:alive\r\n"
"\r\n",
SSDP_MCAST_ADDR, SSDP_PORT,
lifetime,
host, port,
known_service_types[i], (i==0?"":"1"),
uuidvalue, known_service_types[i], (i==0?"":"1") );
if(l>=sizeof(bufr))
{
syslog(LOG_WARNING, "SendSSDPNotifies(): truncated output");
l = sizeof(bufr);
}
//DEBUG printf("Sending NOTIFY:\n%s", bufr);
n = sendto(s, bufr, l, 0,
(struct sockaddr *)&sockname, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in) );
if(n < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "sendto(udp_notify=%d, %s): %m", s, host);
}
i++;
}
}
}
void
SendSSDPNotifies2(int * sockets,
unsigned short port,
unsigned int lifetime)
/*SendSSDPNotifies2(int * sockets, struct lan_addr_s * lan_addr, int n_lan_addr,
unsigned short port,
unsigned int lifetime)*/
{
int i;
for(i=0; i<n_lan_addr; i++)
{
SendSSDPNotifies(sockets[i], lan_addr[i].str, port, lifetime);
}
}
/* ProcessSSDPRequest()
* process SSDP M-SEARCH requests and responds to them */
void
ProcessSSDPRequest(int s, unsigned short port)
/*ProcessSSDPRequest(int s, struct lan_addr_s * lan_addr, int n_lan_addr,
unsigned short port)*/
{
int n;
char bufr[1500];
socklen_t len_r;
struct sockaddr_in sendername;
int i, l;
int lan_addr_index = 0;
char * st = 0;
int st_len = 0;
len_r = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
n = recvfrom(s, bufr, sizeof(bufr), 0,
(struct sockaddr *)&sendername, &len_r);
if(n < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "recvfrom(udp): %m");
return;
}
if(memcmp(bufr, "NOTIFY", 6) == 0)
{
/* ignore NOTIFY packets. We could log the sender and device type */
return;
}
else if(memcmp(bufr, "M-SEARCH", 8) == 0)
{
i = 0;
while(i < n)
{
while(bufr[i] != '\r' || bufr[i+1] != '\n')
i++;
i += 2;
if(strncasecmp(bufr+i, "st:", 3) == 0)
{
st = bufr+i+3;
st_len = 0;
while(*st == ' ' || *st == '\t') st++;
while(st[st_len]!='\r' && st[st_len]!='\n') st_len++;
/*syslog(LOG_INFO, "ST: %.*s", st_len, st);*/
/*j = 0;*/
/*while(bufr[i+j]!='\r') j++;*/
/*syslog(LOG_INFO, "%.*s", j, bufr+i);*/
}
}
/*syslog(LOG_INFO, "SSDP M-SEARCH packet received from %s:%d",
inet_ntoa(sendername.sin_addr),
ntohs(sendername.sin_port) );*/
if( ntohs(sendername.sin_port) <= 1024 || ntohs(sendername.sin_port) == 1900 )
{
syslog(LOG_INFO, "WARNING: Ignoring invalid SSDP M-SEARCH from %s [bad source port %d]",
inet_ntoa(sendername.sin_addr), ntohs(sendername.sin_port));
}
else if(st)
{
/* TODO : doesnt answer at once but wait for a random time */
syslog(LOG_INFO, "SSDP M-SEARCH from %s:%d ST: %.*s",
inet_ntoa(sendername.sin_addr),
ntohs(sendername.sin_port),
st_len, st);
/* find in which sub network the client is */
for(i = 0; i<n_lan_addr; i++)
{
if( (sendername.sin_addr.s_addr & lan_addr[i].mask.s_addr)
== (lan_addr[i].addr.s_addr & lan_addr[i].mask.s_addr))
{
lan_addr_index = i;
break;
}
}
/* Responds to request with a device as ST header */
for(i = 0; known_service_types[i]; i++)
{
l = (int)strlen(known_service_types[i]);
if(l<=st_len && (0 == memcmp(st, known_service_types[i], l)))
{
SendSSDPAnnounce2(s, sendername,
st, st_len, "",
lan_addr[lan_addr_index].str, port);
break;
}
}
/* Responds to request with ST: ssdp:all */
/* strlen("ssdp:all") == 8 */
if(st_len==8 && (0 == memcmp(st, "ssdp:all", 8)))
{
for(i=0; known_service_types[i]; i++)
{
l = (int)strlen(known_service_types[i]);
SendSSDPAnnounce2(s, sendername,
known_service_types[i], l, i==0?"":"1",
lan_addr[lan_addr_index].str, port);
}
}
/* responds to request by UUID value */
l = (int)strlen(uuidvalue);
if(l==st_len && (0 == memcmp(st, uuidvalue, l)))
{
SendSSDPAnnounce2(s, sendername, st, st_len, "",
lan_addr[lan_addr_index].str, port);
}
}
else
{
syslog(LOG_INFO, "Invalid SSDP M-SEARCH from %s:%d",
inet_ntoa(sendername.sin_addr), ntohs(sendername.sin_port));
}
}
else
{
syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Unknown udp packet received from %s:%d",
inet_ntoa(sendername.sin_addr), ntohs(sendername.sin_port));
}
}
/* This will broadcast ssdp:byebye notifications to inform
* the network that UPnP is going down. */
int
SendSSDPGoodbye(int * sockets, int n_sockets)
{
struct sockaddr_in sockname;
int n, l;
int i, j;
char bufr[512];
memset(&sockname, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
sockname.sin_family = AF_INET;
sockname.sin_port = htons(SSDP_PORT);
sockname.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(SSDP_MCAST_ADDR);
for(j=0; j<n_sockets; j++)
{
for(i=0; known_service_types[i]; i++)
{
l = snprintf(bufr, sizeof(bufr),
"NOTIFY * HTTP/1.1\r\n"
"HOST:%s:%d\r\n"
"NT:%s%s\r\n"
"USN:%s::%s%s\r\n"
"NTS:ssdp:byebye\r\n"
"\r\n",
SSDP_MCAST_ADDR, SSDP_PORT,
known_service_types[i], (i==0?"":"1"),
uuidvalue, known_service_types[i], (i==0?"":"1"));
n = sendto(sockets[j], bufr, l, 0,
(struct sockaddr *)&sockname, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in) );
if(n < 0)
{
syslog(LOG_ERR, "sendto(udp_shutdown=%d): %m", sockets[j]);
return -1;
}
}
}
return 0;
}