## matplotlib-users

 [Matplotlib-users] Is there a maximum number of x tickmarks? From: Josh Hemann - 2010-03-16 21:37:19 ```I have an issue with showing more than 81 tick marks on an X axis and I am trying to determine a way around it. Background... I am plotting vectors in which each element represents a different variable and I really do want to see the labels associated with each element. The vectors may be only 8 elements long, or as much as 110. When there are more than say 40 elements, I usually split the plot into two plots contained in a single figure window (e.g., plotting elements 0:30 in fig.add_subplot(211) and 30:60 in fig.add_subplot(212)). Here are a couple of examples... Only 41 variables: http://old.nabble.com/file/p27924845/Factor_2_TrainingProfiles.png 71 variables: http://old.nabble.com/file/p27924845/Factor_2_TrainingProfiles.jpeg I have a vector with a 105 elements and before I split things into three plots I wanted to see what cramming 53 or so variables into a single set of axes would look like. But, my code that works for these cases does not show enough tickmarks for the 105 element data. Here is an example that you can copy and paste to see for yourself. import matplotlib.pyplot as plt from matplotlib.ticker import MaxNLocator fig = plt.figure(figsize=[12,7]) ax = fig.add_subplot(111) ax.plot(range(110)) fig.canvas.draw() ints = range(1,111) ints = [str(num) for num in ints] ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(MaxNLocator(110)) xtickNames = plt.setp(ax, xticklabels=ints) plt.setp(xtickNames, rotation=90, fontsize=7); If you play with the argument to MaxNLocator, you'll see how for smaller values (like 40) things work as expected (or at least how I have shown the code has worked for the smaller data sets). I have been poking around trying to see what options I have and have not found anything to get past this limit. Before I start diving into source code, can anyone suggest -Is there a limit? -Is there an obvious way to accomplish what I need? Ultimately, I may split large vectors like this into more than two plots but hitting that limit has made me want to investigate why. Thanks! ----- Josh Hemann Statistical Advisor http://www.vni.com/ Visual Numerics jhemann@... | P 720.407.4214 | F 720.407.4199 -- View this message in context: http://old.nabble.com/Is-there-a-maximum-number-of-x-tickmarks--tp27924845p27924845.html Sent from the matplotlib - users mailing list archive at Nabble.com. ```
 Re: [Matplotlib-users] Is there a maximum number of x tickmarks? From: Gökhan Sever - 2010-03-16 22:29:02 Attachments: Message as HTML ```On Tue, Mar 16, 2010 at 4:37 PM, Josh Hemann wrote: > > I have an issue with showing more than 81 tick marks on an X axis and I am > trying to determine a way around it. Background... I am plotting vectors in > which each element represents a different variable and I really do want to > see the labels associated with each element. The vectors may be only 8 > elements long, or as much as 110. When there are more than say 40 elements, > I usually split the plot into two plots contained in a single figure window > (e.g., plotting elements 0:30 in fig.add_subplot(211) and 30:60 in > fig.add_subplot(212)). > > Here are a couple of examples... > > Only 41 variables: > http://old.nabble.com/file/p27924845/Factor_2_TrainingProfiles.png > > > 71 variables: > http://old.nabble.com/file/p27924845/Factor_2_TrainingProfiles.jpeg > > > I have a vector with a 105 elements and before I split things into three > plots I wanted to see what cramming 53 or so variables into a single set of > axes would look like. But, my code that works for these cases does not show > enough tickmarks for the 105 element data. > > Here is an example that you can copy and paste to see for yourself. > > import matplotlib.pyplot as plt > from matplotlib.ticker import MaxNLocator > fig = plt.figure(figsize=[12,7]) > ax = fig.add_subplot(111) > ax.plot(range(110)) > fig.canvas.draw() > ints = range(1,111) > ints = [str(num) for num in ints] > ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(MaxNLocator(110)) > xtickNames = plt.setp(ax, xticklabels=ints) > plt.setp(xtickNames, rotation=90, fontsize=7); > > If you play with the argument to MaxNLocator, you'll see how for smaller > values (like 40) things work as expected (or at least how I have shown the > code has worked for the smaller data sets). > > I have been poking around trying to see what options I have and have not > found anything to get past this limit. Before I start diving into source > code, can anyone suggest > > -Is there a limit? > -Is there an obvious way to accomplish what I need? > > Ultimately, I may split large vectors like this into more than two plots > but > hitting that limit has made me want to investigate why. > > Thanks! > Oh these busy chemical compound plots :) Are those results of gas chromatography analysis? Something like below produces a nice fully plotted output here. Could you give it a try? import matplotlib.pyplot as plt plt.plot(range(100)) locs, labels = plt.xticks(range(100), range(100)) plt.setp(labels, rotation=90, fontsize=7) plt.show() -- Gökhan ```
 Re: [Matplotlib-users] Is there a maximum number of x tickmarks? From: Josh Hemann - 2010-03-17 05:51:17 ``` Gökhan SEVER-2 wrote: > > Oh these busy chemical compound plots :) Are those results of gas > chromatography analysis? > > Something like below produces a nice fully plotted output here. Could you > give it a try? > > import matplotlib.pyplot as plt > plt.plot(range(100)) > locs, labels = plt.xticks(range(100), range(100)) > plt.setp(labels, rotation=90, fontsize=7) > plt.show() > > > -- > Gökhan > Gokhan, Your suggestion works great. I guess the MaxNLocator approach I have been using will place __up__to__ N ticks but not necessarily N ticks? And yes, these chemical profiles are from GCMS and other devices/techniques. I added upper X axis tick labels so you know a given chemical species' name and number; I chose to only have one legend to keep the clutter down as much as possible; I position the upper X axis labels in or outside the plot depending on whether the plot title exists. Luckily, I don't imagine having to deal with more species than 105 any time soon. Thanks again! Here is the improved plot (sorry for the pink background, I am not sure why it is showing up that way): http://old.nabble.com/file/p27927991/PMF2BasecaseProfiles.jpeg ----- Josh Hemann Statistical Advisor http://www.vni.com/ Visual Numerics jhemann at vni dizzot com -- View this message in context: http://old.nabble.com/Is-there-a-maximum-number-of-x-tickmarks--tp27924845p27927991.html Sent from the matplotlib - users mailing list archive at Nabble.com. ```