hcal man page (v1.6)

Boruch Baum

hcal man page (v1.6)

hcal(1)                            libhdate                            hcal(1)

       hcal - displays a Hebrew / Gregorian calendar

       hcal [options] [coordinates [timezone]] [[mm] yyyy]

       coordinates: -l [NS]yy[.yyy] -L [EW]xx[.xxx]
                    -l [NS]yy[:mm[:ss]] -L [EW]xx[:mm[:ss]]
       timezone:    -z nn[( .nn | :mm )]

       hcal  prints  a  calendar  with both Gregorian and Hebrew dates for the
       specified Gregorian month or, if no month is specified, for  the  whole
       Gregorian  year.  If  no  arguments  are  given,  it prints the current
       month's calendar. Jewish holidays are annotated, and can optionally  be
       footnoted.   hcal  tries to be sunset-aware in order to correctly high‐
       light the current Hebrew date, and can also display Shabbat  times  and
       parshiot. See the section LOCATION, below.

       INPUTTING  A  HEBREW  DATE:  If the year provided is greater than 3000,
       hcal will interpret the given date as a Hebrew date, and  will  display
       the calendar of the corresponding Gregorian month(s). Hebrew months are
       expected to be passed as numbers 1-12 for Tishrei - Elul;  Adar  I  and
       Adar II are expected to be passed as months 13 and 14.

       -1 --one-month    over-ride  config  file setting if you had set option
                         --three-month as a default there

       -3 --three-month  output previous/next months, side by  side.  requires
                         127 columns

       -b --bidi         output Hebrew information in Hebrew , in reverse
          --visual       sequence

          --no-bidi      over-ride config file setting if you had set
          --no-visual    option -bidi as a default there

       -c --colorize     output in calming, muted tones
          --no-color     over-ride config file setting

       -d --diaspora     use  diaspora  reading and holidays. Only relevant if
                         hcal is  using  location  information  indicating  an
                         Israeli timezone

       -f --footnote     output descriptive notes of holidays
          --no-footnote  over-ride config file setting

       -h --html         output in html format to stdout
          --no-html      over-ride config file setting

       -H --hebrew       output  Hebrew  information  in  Hebrew, in 'logical'
                         sequence. If this displays in reverse  for  you,  use
                         option -b

       -I --israel       override a diaspora default. Only relevant if hcal is
                         using location information indicating other  than  an
                         Israeli timezone

       -i                use external css file "./hcal.css" for html output

          --no-reverse   do not highlight today's date

       -p --parasha      output week's parasha on each calendar row

       -s --shabbat      output Shabbat times and parshiot

       -l --latitude     [NS]yy[.yyy]  decimal  degrees,  or  [NS]yy[:mm[:ss]]
                         degrees, minutes, seconds. Negative values are South

       -L --longitude    [EW]xx[.xxx]  decimal  degrees,  or  [EW]xx[:mm[:ss]]
                         degrees, minutes, seconds. Negative values are West

       -z --timezone     +/-UTC. Notation may  be in decimal hours ( hh[.hh] )
                         or hours, minutes ( hh[:mm] )

       Holidays are depicted by a change in the symbol separating a day's Gre‐
       gorian and Hebrew dates, as follows:

              /  Regular day
              +  Yom Tov (plus Yom Kippur)
              *  Erev Yom Kippur
              ~  Hol HaMoed
              !   Hanuka and Purim
              @  Tzomot
              $  Lag BaOmer ,Tu BeAv, Tu BeShvat
              #  Independance day and Yom Yerushalaim
              %  Tzahal and Holocaust memorial days
              ^  Other Israeli National days

       Use  the -f (--footnote) option to have hcal describe what any particu‐
       lar day is marking.

       If you want hcal to display accurate Shabbat times, and  to  accurately
       advance  the  Hebrew  'today's date' indicator at sunset, hcal requires
       location and time zone information in order to make astronomical calcu‐
       lations  for  a  given date. If you don't provide ANY such information,
       hcal uses your computer's local time zone information as an  indicator,
       and  either  picks a city in that time zone, or defaults to the equator
       at the center of that time zone. If hcal can't even retrieve time  zone
       information  from  your  computer,  it  defaults to Tel-Aviv. For other
       locations, use the -l -L option pair. For other timezones, use  the  -z
       option.  Co-ordinates and standard time zones for some common locations
       are listed below.

       The current defaults include:
                Timezone   Default city    Lattitude  Longitude
                   -5      New York City      40        -74
                    0      London             51          0
                    1      Paris              48          2
                    2      Tel-Aviv           32         34
                    3      Moscow             55         37

       Useful locations and time zones
             Jerusalem   31, 35, 2      Buenos Aires 34,  -58, -3
             Tel Aviv    32, 34, 2      Hong Kong    22,  114,  8
             Haifa       32, 34, 2      Los Angeles  34, -118, -8
             Beer Sheva  31, 34, 2      Sao Paolo    23, -46,  -3
             Ashdod      31, 34, 2      Toronto      43, -79   -5
             Tiberias    32, 35, 2
             Eilat       29, 34, 2

       This folder and file will be automatically created,  and  includes  its
       own documentation, in-line:

       If ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME} is undefined:

       Accuracy  The  accuracy  of the astronomically-derived data will suffer
                 from not accounting for environmental conditions such as ele‐
                 vation, horizon, temperature and air pressure.

       Timezones The timezone support is currenlty primitive and lacks support
                 for daylight savings time transitions.

                 The software does not yet account for the phenomenon and com‐
                 plications  of  the  "Gregorian  transition"  from the prior,
                 Julian calendar, which effectively  caused  an  instantaneous
                 'loss' of two weeks for all gentiles affected. Countries (eg.
                 Poland, Spain and Italy) began adopting the Gregorian  calen‐
                 dar  on  8 Tishrei 5343 (4 October 1582CE), although many did
                 not transition until  the  56th  century  (1752  CE,  eg.  UK
                 colonies,  Sweden). Russia did not adopt the Gregorian calen‐
                 dar until 5678 (1918  CE)  and  Turkey  did  not  until  5687
                 (December, 1926 CE). Many other countries made the transition
                 on other dates. Keep in mind  that  Russia  invaded  part  of
                 Poland,  undoing,  for  the interim, the Gregorian transition
                 for (only) that part of Poland; Also important to remember in
                 this  regard  is  that  Eretz  Ysroel was part of the Turkish
                 Ottoman empire until the  British  mandate  (5677  (1917CE)).
                 Until  all  this is accounted for adequately by this applica‐
                 tion, refer to ' ncal -p ´ for a basic table of country tran‐
                 sitions.  However,  keep in mind that European borders under‐
                 went many changes during the 426 years in  question,  so  the
                 accuracy  of  your  data will depend on accurate knowledge of
                 whether any particular date  at  any  specific  location  was
                 Julian or Gregorian.

       1. Display a 2012ce year's calendar, three-months wide, in color.
             hcal -3c 2012

       2.  Display the current month's calendar, with Shabbat times, parshiot,
          footnoted holiday identification, with Hebrew information in Hebrew,
          and all in "calming", "muted" color-tones.
             hcal -csfH

       mlterm(1), hdate(1), hebcal(1), date(1), ncal(1), cal(1), remind(1)

       Boruch Baum 2011-2012, Yaacov Zamir 2005-2010.

       project home page: http://libhdate.sourceforge.net

       Hcal and Hdate are part of the package libhdate , a small C/C++ library
       for Hebrew dates, holidays, and reading sequences (parashiot). It  uses
       the  source  code  from  Amos  Shapir's  "hdate"  package, as fixed and
       patched by Nadav Har'El. The Torah reading sequence  tables  were  con‐
       tributed by Zvi Har'El.

Linux                             2012-01-01                           hcal(1)