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<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
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<title>RVM : Debugging the RVM</title>
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RVM : Debugging the RVM
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This page last changed on Oct 23, 2009 by <font color="#0050B2">l.hellyer@kent.ac.uk</font>.
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<p>There are different tools for debugging Jikes RVM:</p>
<h2><a name="DebuggingtheRVM-GDB"></a>GDB</h2>
<p>There is a limited amount of C code used to start Jikes RVM. The rvm script will start Jikes RVM using GDB (the GNU debugger) if the first argument is <tt>&#45;gdb</tt>. Break points can be set in the C code, variables, registers can be expected in the C code.</p>
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<pre>rvm -gdb &lt;RVM args&gt; &lt;name of Java application&gt; &lt;application args&gt;
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<p>The dynamically created Java code doesn't provide GDB with the necessary symbol information for debugging. As some of the Java code is created in the boot image, it is possible to find the location of some Java methods and to break upon them. To determine the location use the RVM.map file. A script to enable use of the RVM.map as debugger information inside GDB is provided <a href="http://sourceforge.net/tracker/index.php?func=detail&amp;aid=1160674&amp;group_id=128805&amp;atid=723235">here</a>.</p>
<p>Details of how to manually walk the stack in GDB can be found <a href="GDB Stack Walking.html" title="GDB Stack Walking">here</a></p>
<h2><a name="DebuggingtheRVM-OtherTools"></a>Other Tools</h2>
<p>Other tools, such as valgrind, are occasionally useful in debugging or understanding the behaviour of JikesRVM.&nbsp; The rvm script facilitates using these tools with the '-wrap' argument.</p>
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rvm -wrap <span class="code-quote">"&lt;wrapper-script-and-args&gt;"</span> &lt;<span class="code-keyword">rest</span> of command line&gt;
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<p>For example, cachegrind can be invoked by</p>
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rvm -wrap <span class="code-quote">"/path/to/valgrind --tool=cachegrind"</span> &lt;java-command-line&gt;
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<p>The command and arguments immediately after the &#45;wrap argument will be inserted into the script on the command line that invokes the boot image runner.&nbsp; One useful variant is<br class="atl-forced-newline" /></p>
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rvm -wrap echo &lt;<span class="code-keyword">rest</span> of command line&gt;
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<h2><a name="DebuggingtheRVM-DebuggerThread"></a>Debugger Thread</h2>
<p>Jikes has an interactive debugger that you can invoke by sending SIGQUIT to Jikes while it's running:</p>
<p>pkill &#45;SIGQUIT JikesRVM</p>
<p>In previous versions of Jikes, that stopped all threads and provided an interactive prompt, but currently it just dumps the state of the VM and continues immediately (that's a known issue: <a href="http://jira.codehaus.org/browse/RVM-570">http://jira.codehaus.org/browse/RVM-570</a>).</p>
<h2><a name="DebuggingtheRVM-%26nbsp%3BJavaPlatformDebuggerArchitecture%28JPDA%29"></a>&nbsp;<a href="http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/guide/jpda/index.html">Java Platform Debugger Architecture (JPDA)</a></h2>
<p>In general the JPDA provides 3 mechanisms for debugging Java applications:</p>
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<li>The <a href="http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/guide/jpda/jdi/index.html">Java Debug Interface</a> is an API for debugging Java code from Java.</li>
<li>The <a href="http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/guide/jvmti/jvmti.html">JVM Tools Interface</a> is an API for writing native/C code for debugging a JVM, it is similar to the Java Native Interface (JNI).</li>
<li>The <a href="http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/guide/jpda/jdwp-spec.html">Java Debug Wire Protocol</a> is a network protocol for debugging Java code running on JVMs.</li>
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<p>Currently JDWP code is being implemented in Jikes RVM based on the GNU Classpath implementation.</p>
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<a name="comment-143818754"></a>
<font class="smallfont"><p>A heuristic method:</p>
<p>1. use Log file to print out object header, so you can trace where these object come from, and details of its lifecycle</p>
<p>2. use Magic or ObjectReference and instanceof or something else to print out object address, which is, the target objects you want to analyse</p>
<p>3. use grep or perl to grab text from the huge log file obtained by set &#45;X:gc:verbose=11 &#45;X:sysLogfile=xx.txt &#45;X:gc:sanityCheck=true</p></font>
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Posted by vondart at Mar 27, 2010 20:23
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<td align="center"><font color="grey">Document generated by Confluence on Jul 04, 2010 19:57</font></td>
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