From: Michael Bunnell <mike@fa...>  20101001 15:21:17

You guessed right. The loss of precision is in the texture units. Unfortunately, 8 bit components are filtered to 8 bit results (even though they show up as floating point values in the shader). This is true for nvidia gpus for sure and probably all other gpus. mike  Original Message  From: Stefan Sandberg To: Game Development Algorithms Sent: Friday, October 01, 2010 1:45 AM Subject: Re: [Algorithms] Filtering Assuming you're after precision, what's wrong with doing it manually? :) If performance is what you're after, and you're working on textures as they were intended(ie, game textures or video or something like that, not 'data'), you could separate contrast & color separately, keeping high contrast resolution, and downsampled color, and you'd save both bandwidth and instr. If you simply want to know 'why', I'm guessing loss of precision in the tex units? You've already ruled out shader precision from your own manual filtering, so doesn't leave much else, imo.. Other than manipulating the data you're working on, which is the only thing you can change I guess, I cant really see a solution, but far greater minds linger here than mine, so hold on for what I assume will be a lengthy description of floating point math as it is implemented in modern gpu's :) On Fri, Oct 1, 2010 at 9:57 AM, Andreas Brinck <andreas.brinck@...> wrote: Hi, I have a texture in which I use the R, G and B channel to store a value in the [0, 1] range with very high precision. The value is extracted like this in the (Cg) shader: float extractValue(float2 pos) { float4 temp = tex2D(buffer, pos); return (temp.x * 16711680.0 + temp.y * 65280.0 + temp.z * 255.0) * (1.0 / 16777215.0); } I now want to sample this value with bilinear filtering but when I do this I don't get a correct result. If I do the filtering manually like this: float sampleValue(float2 pos) { float2 ipos = floor(pos); float2 fracs = pos  ipos; float d0 = extractValue(ipos); float d1 = extractValue(ipos + float2(1, 0)); float d2 = extractValue(ipos + float2(0, 1)); float d3 = extractValue(ipos + float2(1, 1)); return lerp(lerp(d0, d1, fracs.x), lerp(d2, d3, fracs.x), fracs.y); } everything works as expected. The values in the buffer can be seen as a linear combination of three constants: value = (C0 * r + C1 * g + C2 * b) If we use the built in texture filtering we should get the following if we sample somewhere between two texels: {r0, g0, b0} and {r1, g1, b1}. For simplicity we just look at filtering along one axis: filtered value = lerp(r0, r1, t) * C0 + lerp(g0, g1, t) * C1 + lerp(b0, b1, t) * C2; Doing the filtering manually: filtered value = lerp(r0 * C0 + b0 * C1 + g0 * C2, r1 * C0 + g1 * C1 + b1 * C2, t) = = (r0 * C0 + b0 * C1 + g0 * C2) * (1  t) + (r1 * C0 + g1 * C1 + b1 * C2) * t = = (r0 * C0) * (1  t) + (r1 * C0) * t + ... = = lerp(r0, r1, t) * C0 + ... So in the world of non floating point numbers these two should be equivalent right? My theory is that the error is caused by an unfortunate order of floating point operations. I've tried variations like: (temp.x * (16711680.0 / 16777215.0) + temp.y * (65280.0/16777215.0) + temp.z * (255.0/16777215.0)) and (((temp.x * 256.0 + temp.y) * 256.0 + temp.z) * 255.0) * (1.0 / 16777215.0) but all exhibit the same problem. What do you think; is it possible to solve this problem? Regards Andreas  Start uncovering the many advantages of virtual appliances and start using them to simplify application deployment and accelerate your shift to cloud computing. http://p.sf.net/sfu/novellsfdev2dev _______________________________________________ GDAlgorithmslist mailing list GDAlgorithmslist@... https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/gdalgorithmslist Archives: http://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/forum.php?forum_name=gdalgorithmslist   Start uncovering the many advantages of virtual appliances and start using them to simplify application deployment and accelerate your shift to cloud computing. http://p.sf.net/sfu/novellsfdev2dev  _______________________________________________ GDAlgorithmslist mailing list GDAlgorithmslist@... https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/gdalgorithmslist Archives: http://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/forum.php?forum_name=gdalgorithmslist 