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How identify interrupted task from ISR?

2013-02-10
2013-09-16
  • I need to identify, which task has been interrupted.

    Normally this functionality is not necessary, but in the protection fault handler it is very useful to know which task has been failed before restarting device. The failing task name could be recorded and reported after restart.

    /** This function returns a current task name. */
    const signed portCHAR *xCurrentTaskGetNameFromISR(void)
    {
      if(pxCurrentTCB==NULL) return NULL;
      return pxCurrentTCB->pcTaskName;
    }

    I am not sure whether it is possible to suspend this task (if a task is not critical e.g. www server) and continue with normal operation.

     
  • Just to clarify - I have to patch every RTOS source code with this. pxCurrentTCB is not exported outside RTOS sources - or I do not know to identify a task other way.

     
  • Richard
    Richard
    2013-02-10

    See the following API functions:

    #if ( ( INCLUDE_xTaskGetCurrentTaskHandle == 1 ) || ( configUSE_MUTEXES == 1 ) )
      xTaskHandle xTaskGetCurrentTaskHandle( void )
      {
      xTaskHandle xReturn;
        /* A critical section is not required as this is not called from
        an interrupt and the current TCB will always be the same for any
        individual execution thread. */
        xReturn = pxCurrentTCB;
        return xReturn;
      }
    #endif
    #if ( INCLUDE_pcTaskGetTaskName == 1 )
      signed char *pcTaskGetTaskName( xTaskHandle xTaskToQuery )
      {
      tskTCB *pxTCB;
        /* If null is passed in here then the name of the calling task is being queried. */
        pxTCB = prvGetTCBFromHandle( xTaskToQuery );
        configASSERT( pxTCB );
        return &( pxTCB->pcTaskName[ 0 ] );
      }
    #endif /* INCLUDE_pcTaskGetTaskName */
    

    Regards.

     
  • Thank you very much, but this does not fully work.

    Yes, I obtain "xTaskHandle", but the task name cannot be extracted from it. Struct "tskTaskControlBlock" is declared in task.c and does not extend its scope.

    When I need task name, I still must patch FreeRTOS same way. The task handle is not very userfull during task crash and preparation to reboot. (Only to create crash image.)

     
  • sorry, i must to upgrade, version 5.4.2 does not contain"
          signed char * pcTaskGetTaskName( xTaskHandle xTaskToQuery );

     
  • Joshua Napoli
    Joshua Napoli
    2013-02-11

    fojtik,

    You're going down the same path that I did a few months ago. If you have a reusable fault handler, it'd be great if you could post it somewhere. I'm sure that there is a lot of duplicated effort among FreeRTOS users in the development of  exception handlers.

     
  • I has been catching all of cortex M3 faults:     UsageFault_Handler()   BusFault_Handler()   MemMang_Handler()    HardFault_Handler()

    All of them are normally referenced from IRQ table:
    ;******************************************************************************
    ; The vector table.
    ;******************************************************************************
            EXPORT  __Vectors
    __Vectors
            DCD     StackMem + Stack            ; Top of Stack
            DCD     Reset_Handler               ; Reset Handler
            DCD     NmiSR                       ; NMI Handler
            DCD     HardFault     ; Hard Fault Handler
            DCD     DataAbort     ; MPU Fault Handler
            DCD     PrefetchAbort     ; Bus Fault Handler
            DCD     InstructionAbort     ; Usage Fault Handler

    They are normal C functions. I have obtained here name of faulty task add name of fault and push it to external serial RAM (proprietary solution). After reboot the SRAM is read and fault is properly logged and reported. The fault are very rare, but it is very valuable to know which task has been crashed.