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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE book [
<!ENTITY % eclent SYSTEM "ecl.ent">
%eclent;
]>
<book xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" version="5.0" xml:lang="en"><reference xml:id="ext.memory.dict"><title>Finalization Reference</title>

<!-- ====================================================================== -->
<!-- EXT:STACK-OVERFLOW                                                     -->
<!-- ====================================================================== -->

<refentry xml:id="ref.memory.stack-overflow">
 <refnamediv>
  <refname><classname>ext:stack-overflow</classname></refname>
  <refpurpose>Stack overflow condition.</refpurpose>
 </refnamediv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Class Precedence List</title>
  <para>
    <classname>ext:stack-overflow</classname>,
    <classname>storage-condition</classname>,
    <classname>serious-condition</classname>,
    <classname>condition</classname>,
    <classname>t</classname>
  </para>
 </refsynopsisdiv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Methods</title>
  <funcsynopsis>
   <funcprototype>
    <funcdef>ext:stack-overflow-size</funcdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>condition</parameter></paramdef>
    <modifier><replaceable>integer</replaceable></modifier>
   </funcprototype>
   <funcprototype>
    <funcdef>ext:stack-overflow-type</funcdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>condition</parameter></paramdef>
    <modifier><replaceable>concept</replaceable></modifier>
   </funcprototype>
  </funcsynopsis>
  <variablelist>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>integer</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>A non-negative integer.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>concept</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>A symbol from <xref
    linkend="table.memory.limits"/>, except
    <varname>ext:heap-size</varname>.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
  </variablelist>
 </refsynopsisdiv>

 <refsect1>
  <title>Description</title>
  <para>This condition is signaled when one of the stack limits in
  <xref linkend="table.memory.limits"/> are violated or dangerously
  approached. It can be handled by resetting the limits and
  continuing, or jumping to an outer control point.</para>
 </refsect1>

</refentry>

<!-- ====================================================================== -->
<!-- EXT:STORAGE-EXHAUSTED                                                  -->
<!-- ====================================================================== -->

<refentry xml:id="ref.memory.storage-exhausted">
 <refnamediv>
  <refname><classname>ext:storage-exhausted</classname></refname>
  <refpurpose>Memory overflow condition.</refpurpose>
 </refnamediv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Class Precedence List</title>
  <para>
    <classname>ext:storage-exhausted</classname>,
    <classname>storage-condition</classname>,
    <classname>serious-condition</classname>,
    <classname>condition</classname>,
    <classname>t</classname>
  </para>
 </refsynopsisdiv>
 

 <refsect1>
  <title>Description</title>
  <para>This condition is signaled when &ECL; exhausts the
  <varname>ext:heap-size</varname> limit from <xref
  linkend="table.memory.limits"/>. In handling this condition &ECL; follows
  this logic</para>
  <itemizedlist>
   <listitem><para>If the heap size limit was set to 0 (that is no limit), but
   there is some free space in the safety region &ECL; frees this space and
   issues a non-restartable error. The user may jump to an outer point or
   quit.</para></listitem>

   <listitem><para>If the heap size had a finite limit, &ECL; offers the user
   the chance to resize it, issuing a restartable condition. The user may at
   this point use <code>(ext:set-limit 'ext:heap-size 0)</code> to remove the
   heap limit and avoid further messages, or use the <code>(continue)</code>
   restart to let &ECL; enlarge the heap by some amount.</para></listitem>

   <listitem><para>Independently of the heap size limit, if &ECL; finds that
   ther is no space to free or to grow, &ECL; simply quits. There will be no
   chance to do some cleanup because there is no way to cons any additional
   data.</para></listitem>
  </itemizedlist>
 </refsect1>

</refentry>

<!-- ====================================================================== -->
<!-- EXT:GET-FINALIZER                                                      -->
<!-- ====================================================================== -->

<refentry xml:id="ref.memory.get-finalizer">
 <refnamediv>
  <refname><function>ext:get-finalizer</function></refname>
  <refpurpose>Return finalizer associated to an object.</refpurpose>
 </refnamediv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Function</title>
  <funcsynopsis>
   <funcprototype>
    <funcdef>ext:get-finalizer</funcdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>object</parameter></paramdef>
   </funcprototype>
  </funcsynopsis>
  <variablelist>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>object</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>Any lisp object.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
  </variablelist>
 </refsynopsisdiv>

 <refsect1>
  <title>Description</title>
  <para>This function returns the finalizer associated to an object, or &nil;.</para>
 </refsect1>

</refentry>

<!-- ====================================================================== -->
<!-- EXT::GET-LIMIT                                                         -->
<!-- ====================================================================== -->

<refentry xml:id="ref.memory.get-limit">
 <refnamediv>
  <refname><function>ext:get-limit</function></refname>
  <refpurpose>Query a memory or stack limit.</refpurpose>
 </refnamediv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Function</title>
  <funcsynopsis>
   <funcprototype>
    <funcdef>ext:get-limit</funcdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>concept</parameter></paramdef>
   </funcprototype>
  </funcsynopsis>
  <variablelist>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>concept</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>A symbol.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
  </variablelist>
 </refsynopsisdiv>

 <refsect1>
  <title>Description</title>

  <para>Queries the different memory and stack limits that condition
  &ECL;'s behavior. The value to be queried is denoted by the symbol
  <replaceable>concept</replaceable>, which should be one from the
  list <xref linkend="table.memory.limits"/></para>

 </refsect1>

</refentry>

<!-- ====================================================================== -->
<!-- EXT::SET-FINALIZER                                                     -->
<!-- ====================================================================== -->

<refentry xml:id="ref.memory.set-finalizer">
 <refnamediv>
  <refname><function>ext:set-finalizer</function></refname>
  <refpurpose>Associate a finalizer to an object.</refpurpose>
 </refnamediv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Function</title>
  <funcsynopsis>
   <funcprototype>
    <funcdef>ext:set-finalizer</funcdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>object</parameter></paramdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>function</parameter></paramdef>
   </funcprototype>
  </funcsynopsis>
  <variablelist>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>object</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>Any lisp object.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>function</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>A function or closure that takes one argument or &nil;.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
  </variablelist>
 </refsynopsisdiv>

 <refsect1>
  <title>Description</title>

  <para>If <replaceable>function</replaceable> is &nil; no finalizer is
  associated to the object. Otherwise <replaceable>function</replaceable> must
  be a function or a closure of one argument, which will be invoked before the
  object is destroyed.</para>
 </refsect1>

 <refsect1>
  <title>Example</title>
  <para>Close a file associated to an object.</para>
<programlisting>
(defclass my-class () ((file :initarg :file :initform nil)))

(defun finalize-my-class (x)
 (let ((s (slot-value x 'file)))
   (when s (format t "~%;;; Closing" s) (close s))))

(defmethod initialize-instance :around ((my-instance my-class) &amp;rest args)
  (ext:set-finalizer my-instance #'finalize-my-class)
  (call-next-method))

(progn
  (make-instance 'my-class :file (open "~/.ecl.old" :direction :input))
  nil)

(si::gc t)
(si::gc t)

;; Closing
</programlisting>
 </refsect1>

</refentry>

<!-- ====================================================================== -->
<!-- EXT::SET-LIMIT                                                         -->
<!-- ====================================================================== -->

<refentry xml:id="ref.memory.set-limit">
 <refnamediv>
  <refname><function>ext:set-limit</function></refname>
  <refpurpose>Set a memory or stack limit.</refpurpose>
 </refnamediv>

 <refsynopsisdiv>
  <title>Function</title>
  <funcsynopsis>
   <funcprototype>
    <funcdef>ext:set-limit</funcdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>concept</parameter></paramdef>
    <paramdef><parameter>value</parameter></paramdef>
   </funcprototype>
  </funcsynopsis>
  <variablelist>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>concept</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>A symbol.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
   <varlistentry>
    <term><replaceable>function</replaceable></term>
    <listitem><para>A positive integer.</para></listitem>
   </varlistentry>
  </variablelist>
 </refsynopsisdiv>

 <refsect1>
  <title>Description</title>

  <para>Changes the different memory and stack limits that condition
  &ECL;'s behavior. The value to be changed is denoted by the symbol
  <replaceable>concept</replaceable>, while the
  <replaceable>value</replaceable> is the new maximum size. The valid
  symbols and units are listed in <xref
  linkend="table.memory.limits"/>.</para>

  <para>Note that the limit has to be positive, but it may be smaller
  than the previous value of the limit. However, if the supplied value
  is smaller than what &ECL; is using at the moment, the new value
  will be silently ignored.</para>

  <table xml:id="table.memory.limits">
    <title>Customizable memory limits</title>
    <tgroup cols="3">
      <thead>
        <row>
          <entry>Concept</entry>
          <entry>Units</entry>
          <entry>Default</entry>
          <entry>Command line</entry>
        </row>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        <row>
          <entry><varname>ext:frame-stack</varname></entry>
          <entry>Nested frames</entry>
          <entry>2048</entry>
          <entry>--frame-stack</entry>
        </row>
        <row>
          <entry><varname>ext:binding-stack</varname></entry>
          <entry>Bindings</entry>
          <entry>8192</entry>
          <entry></entry>
        </row>
        <row>
          <entry><varname>ext:c-stack</varname></entry>
          <entry>Bytes</entry>
          <entry>128 kilobytes</entry>
          <entry>--c-stack</entry>
        </row>
        <row>
          <entry><varname>ext:heap-size</varname></entry>
          <entry>Bytes</entry>
          <entry>256 megabytes</entry>
          <entry>--heap-size</entry>
        </row>
        <row>
          <entry><varname>ext:lisp-stack</varname></entry>
          <entry>Bytes</entry>
          <entry>32 kilobytes</entry>
          <entry>--lisp-stack</entry>
        </row>
      </tbody>
    </tgroup>
  </table>

 </refsect1>

</refentry>

</reference></book>
<!-- Keep this comment at the end of the file
      Local variables:
      mode: nxml
      sgml-parent-document: "ecl.xml"
      sgml-indent-step: 1
      nxml-child-indent: 1
      nxml-outline-child-indent: 1
      fill-column: 79
      End:
 -->