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-<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" /><title>19.5. Miscellaneous</title><link rel="stylesheet" href="impnotes.css" type="text/css" /><link rev="made" href="mailto:clisp-list@lists.sourceforge.net" /><meta name="generator" content="DocBook XSL Stylesheets V1.73.2" /><link rel="start" href="index.html" title="Implementation Notes for GNU CLISP" /><link rel="up" href="filenames.html" title="Chapter 19. Filenames" /><link rel="prev" href="log-path.html" title="19.4. Logical Pathnames" /><link rel="next" href="files.html" title="Chapter 20. Files" /><link rel="copyright" href="legalese.html" title="Legal Status of the CLISP Implementation Notes" /><meta name="date" content="'generated: 2008-10-23 21:32:48-05:00'" /><link rel="author" title="Authors" href="index.html#authors" /><link rel="contents" title="Table of Contents" href="index.html" /><link rel="glossary" href="glossary.html" /><link rel="help" href="faq.html#faq-help" title="How do I ask for help?" /><link rel="home" title="Home" href="http://clisp.cons.org" /><link rel="index" href="idx.html" /></head><body><div class="navheader"><table width="100%" summary="Navigation header"><tr><th colspan="3" align="center">19.5. Miscellaneous</th></tr><tr><td width="20%" align="left"><a accesskey="p" href="log-path.html">Prev</a> </td><th width="60%" align="center">Chapter 19. Filenames
-  </th><td width="20%" align="right"> <a accesskey="n" href="files.html">Next</a></td></tr></table><hr /></div><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h2 class="title" style="clear: both"><a id="filename-misc"></a>19.5. Miscellaneous</h2></div></div></div><div class="toc"><dl><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#translate-pathname">19.5.1. Function <code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#translate-logpath">19.5.2. Function <code class="function">TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#parsename">19.5.3. Function <code class="function">PARSE-NAMESTRING</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge">19.5.4. Function <code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#load-lpt">19.5.5. Function <code class="function">LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname">19.5.6. Function <code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a></span></dt></dl></div><p><a id="path-des"></a><b>Pathname Designators. </b>When <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#parsename" title="19.5.3. Function PARSE-NAMESTRING"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*PARSE-NAMESTRING-ANSI*</code></a> is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_symbol.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">SYMBOL</code></a> is also treated as a
-  <a class="" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/glo_p.html#pathname_designator">pathname designator</a>,
-  namely its <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_symbol-name.html" target="_top"><code class="function">SYMBOL-NAME</code></a> is converted to the
-  operating system's preferred pathname case.</p><p><a id="path-match"></a><b>Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_pathname-match-p.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PATHNAME-MATCH-P</code></a>. </b><a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_pathname-match-p.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PATHNAME-MATCH-P</code></a> does not interpret missing components as
-  wild.</p><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="translate-pathname"></a>19.5.1. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a> accepts three additional keyword arguments:
- <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>source</code></em>
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" /><title>19.5. Miscellaneous</title><link rel="stylesheet" href="impnotes.css" type="text/css" /><link rev="made" href="mailto:clisp-list@lists.sourceforge.net" /><meta name="generator" content="DocBook XSL Stylesheets Vsnapshot_8465" /><link rel="home" href="index.html" title="Implementation Notes for GNU CLISP" /><link rel="up" href="filenames.html" title="Chapter 19. Filenames" /><link rel="prev" href="log-path.html" title="19.4. Logical Pathnames" /><link rel="next" href="files.html" title="Chapter 20. Files" /><link rel="copyright" href="legalese.html" title="Legal Status of the CLISP Implementation Notes" /><meta name="date" content="'generated: 2009-07-28 12:48:49-04:00'" /><link rel="author" title="Authors" href="index.html#authors" /><link rel="contents" title="Table of Contents" href="index.html" /><link rel="glossary" href="glossary.html" /><link rel="help" href="faq.html#faq-help" title="How do I ask for help?" /><link rel="home" title="Home" href="http://clisp.cons.org" /><link rel="index" href="idx.html" /></head><body><div class="navheader"><table width="100%" summary="Navigation header"><tr><th colspan="3" align="center">19.5. Miscellaneous</th></tr><tr><td width="20%" align="left"><a accesskey="p" href="log-path.html">Prev</a> </td><th width="60%" align="center">Chapter 19. Filenames   </th><td width="20%" align="right"> <a accesskey="n" href="files.html">Next</a></td></tr></table><hr /></div><div class="section" title="19.5. Miscellaneous"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h2 class="title" style="clear: both"><a id="filename-misc"></a>19.5. Miscellaneous</h2></div></div></div><div class="toc"><dl><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#translate-pathname">19.5.1. Function <code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#translate-logpath">19.5.2. Function <code class="function">TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#parsename">19.5.3. Function <code class="function">PARSE-NAMESTRING</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge">19.5.4. Function <code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#load-lpt">19.5.5. Function <code class="function">LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a></span></dt><dt><span class="section"><a href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname">19.5.6. Function <code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a></span></dt></dl></div><p title="Pathname Designators"><a id="path-des"></a><b>Pathname Designators. </b>When <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#parsename" title="19.5.3. Function PARSE-NAMESTRING"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*PARSE-NAMESTRING-ANSI*</code></a> is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_symbol.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">SYMBOL</code></a> is also treated as a
+  <a class="" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/glo_p.html#pathname_designator">pathname designator</a>,
+  namely its <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_symbol-name.html" target="_top"><code class="function">SYMBOL-NAME</code></a> is converted to the
+  operating system's preferred pathname case.</p><p title="Function PATHNAME-MATCH-P"><a id="path-match"></a><b>Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_pathname-match-p.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PATHNAME-MATCH-P</code></a>. </b><a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_pathname-match-p.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PATHNAME-MATCH-P</code></a> does not interpret missing components as
+  wild.</p><div class="section" title="19.5.1. Function TRANSLATE-PATHNAME"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="translate-pathname"></a>19.5.1. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a> accepts three additional keyword arguments:
+ <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>source</code></em>
  <em class="replaceable"><code>from-wildname</code></em>
- <em class="replaceable"><code>to-wildname</code></em> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/sec_3-4-1.html" target="_top"><code class="literal">&amp;KEY</code></a> <code class="constant">:ALL</code>
- <code class="constant">:MERGE</code> <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code>)</code></p><p>If <code class="constant">:ALL</code> is specified and non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, a list of all resulting
- pathnames, corresponding to all matches of <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_pathname-match-p.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PATHNAME-MATCH-P</code></a>
+ <em class="replaceable"><code>to-wildname</code></em> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/sec_3-4-1.html" target="_top"><code class="literal">&amp;KEY</code></a> <code class="constant">:ALL</code>
+ <code class="constant">:MERGE</code> <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code>)</code></p><p>If <code class="constant">:ALL</code> is specified and non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, a list of all resulting
+ pathnames, corresponding to all matches of <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_pathname-match-p.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PATHNAME-MATCH-P</code></a>
   <em class="replaceable"><code>source</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>from-wildname</code></em>)</code>, is
- returned.</p><p>If <code class="constant">:MERGE</code> is specified and <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, unspecified pieces of
+ returned.</p><p>If <code class="constant">:MERGE</code> is specified and <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, unspecified pieces of
  <em class="replaceable"><code>to-pathname</code></em> are not replaced by
- corresponding pieces of <em class="replaceable"><code>source</code></em>.</p><p>If <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code> is specified and non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, the returned
+ corresponding pieces of <em class="replaceable"><code>source</code></em>.</p><p>If <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code> is specified and non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, the returned
  pathnames are converted to absolute by merging in the current process'
  directory, therefore rendering pathnames suitable for the OS and
  external programs.  So, to pass a pathname to an external program, you
- do <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_namestrin_h-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">NAMESTRING</code></a> (<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>
- #P"" #P"" <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_t.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">T</code></a>))</code> or <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_namestrin_h-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">NAMESTRING</code></a>
- (<a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>))</code>.</p></div><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="translate-logpath"></a>19.5.2. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate_cal-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate_cal-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a> accepts an additional keyword
- argument <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code>, similar to <a class="xref" href="filename-misc.html#translate-pathname" title="19.5.1. Function TRANSLATE-PATHNAME">Section 19.5.1, “Function <code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code>”</a>.</p></div><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="parsename"></a>19.5.3. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_parse-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PARSE-NAMESTRING</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_parse-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PARSE-NAMESTRING</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>string</code></em> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/sec_3-4-1.html" target="_top"><code class="literal">&amp;OPTIONAL</code></a>
-   <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>defaults</code></em> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/sec_3-4-1.html" target="_top"><code class="literal">&amp;KEY</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>start</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>end</code></em>
+ do <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_namestrin_h-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">NAMESTRING</code></a> (<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>
+ #P"" #P"" <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_t.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">T</code></a>))</code> or <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_namestrin_h-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">NAMESTRING</code></a>
+ (<a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>))</code>.</p></div><div class="section" title="19.5.2. Function TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="translate-logpath"></a>19.5.2. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate_cal-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_translate_cal-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRANSLATE-LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a> accepts an additional keyword
+ argument <code class="constant">:ABSOLUTE</code>, similar to <a class="xref" href="filename-misc.html#translate-pathname" title="19.5.1. Function TRANSLATE-PATHNAME">Section 19.5.1, “Function <code class="function">TRANSLATE-PATHNAME</code>”</a>.</p></div><div class="section" title="19.5.3. Function PARSE-NAMESTRING"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="parsename"></a>19.5.3. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_parse-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PARSE-NAMESTRING</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_parse-namestring.html" target="_top"><code class="function">PARSE-NAMESTRING</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>string</code></em> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/sec_3-4-1.html" target="_top"><code class="literal">&amp;OPTIONAL</code></a>
+   <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>defaults</code></em> <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/sec_3-4-1.html" target="_top"><code class="literal">&amp;KEY</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>start</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>end</code></em>
    <em class="replaceable"><code>junk-allowed</code></em>)</code>
  returns a logical pathname only if <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> is a
- <a class="" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/glo_l.html#logical_host">logical host</a>
- or <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a> and <em class="replaceable"><code>defaults</code></em> is a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a>.
+ <a class="" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/glo_l.html#logical_host">logical host</a>
+ or <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a> and <em class="replaceable"><code>defaults</code></em> is a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a>.
  To construct a logical pathname from a string, the function
- <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a> can be used.</p><p>The [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>] behavior of recognizing logical pathnames when
+ <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a> can be used.</p><p>The [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>] behavior of recognizing logical pathnames when
  the <em class="replaceable"><code>string</code></em> begins with some alphanumeric characters followed by a
  colon (<span class="keysym">#\:</span>) can be very confusing
  (cf. <code class="filename">"c:/autoexec.bat"</code>,
  <code class="filename">"home:.clisprc"</code> and
  <code class="filename">"prep:/pub/gnu"</code>)
  and therefore is disabled by default.
- To enable the [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>] behavior, you should set <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#parsename" title="19.5.3. Function PARSE-NAMESTRING"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*PARSE-NAMESTRING-ANSI*</code></a> to non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>.
- Note that this also disables treating <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_symbol.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">SYMBOL</code></a>s as <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#path-des" title="Pathname Designators">pathname designator</a>s.</p></div><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="pathmerge"></a>19.5.4. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>
+ To enable the [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>] behavior, you should set <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#parsename" title="19.5.3. Function PARSE-NAMESTRING"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*PARSE-NAMESTRING-ANSI*</code></a> to non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>.
+ Note that this also disables treating <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_symbol.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">SYMBOL</code></a>s as <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#path-des" title="Pathname Designators">pathname designator</a>s.</p></div><div class="section" title="19.5.4. Function MERGE-PATHNAMES"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="pathmerge"></a>19.5.4. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>
    [<em class="replaceable"><code>default-pathname</code></em>])</code> returns a
    logical pathname only if
- <em class="replaceable"><code>default-pathname</code></em> is a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a>.
- To construct a logical pathname from a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_string.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">STRING</code></a>, the function
- <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a> can be used.</p><p>When both <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em> and <em class="replaceable"><code>default-pathname</code></em>
+ <em class="replaceable"><code>default-pathname</code></em> is a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a>.
+ To construct a logical pathname from a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_string.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">STRING</code></a>, the function
+ <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_logical-pathname.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME</code></a> can be used.</p><p>When both <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em> and <em class="replaceable"><code>default-pathname</code></em>
  are relative pathnames, the behavior depends on <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge" title="19.5.4. Function MERGE-PATHNAMES"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*MERGE-PATHNAMES-ANSI*</code></a>: when it is
- <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, then <a class="ulink" href="http://clisp.cons.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>CLISP</strong></span></a> retains its traditional behavior:
- <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")</code>
- evaluates to <code class="filename">#P"x/"</code></p><p><b>Rationale. </b><a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> is used to specify default components for
+ <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, then <a class="ulink" href="http://clisp.cons.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>CLISP</strong></span></a> retains its traditional behavior:
+ <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")</code>
+ evaluates to <code class="filename">#P"x/"</code></p><p title="Rationale"><b>Rationale. </b><a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> is used to specify default components for
  pathnames, so there is some analogy between
- <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> a b)</code> and
- <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/mac_or.html" target="_top"><code class="function">OR</code></a> a b)</code>.  Obviously, putting in the
+ <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> a b)</code> and
+ <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/mac_or.html" target="_top"><code class="function">OR</code></a> a b)</code>.  Obviously, putting in the
  same default a second time should do the same as putting it in once:
- <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/mac_or.html" target="_top"><code class="function">OR</code></a> a b b)</code> is the same as <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/mac_or.html" target="_top"><code class="function">OR</code></a> a b)</code>, so
- <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> (<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> a b) b)</code>
- should be the same as <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> a b)</code>.
+ <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/mac_or.html" target="_top"><code class="function">OR</code></a> a b b)</code> is the same as <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/mac_or.html" target="_top"><code class="function">OR</code></a> a b)</code>, so
+ <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> (<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> a b) b)</code>
+ should be the same as <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> a b)</code>.
 </p><p>(This question actually does matter because in <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>Common Lisp</strong></span></a> there is no
- distinction between “<span class="quote">pathnames with defaults merged-in</span>” and
- “<span class="quote">pathnames with defaults not yet applied</span>”.)</p><p>Now, <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> (<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")
-  #P"y/")</code> and <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")</code> are
- <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_equal.html" target="_top"><code class="function">EQUAL</code></a> in <a class="ulink" href="http://clisp.cons.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>CLISP</strong></span></a> (when <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge" title="19.5.4. Function MERGE-PATHNAMES"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*MERGE-PATHNAMES-ANSI*</code></a> is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>), but not in
+ distinction between <span class="quote">“<span class="quote">pathnames with defaults merged-in</span>”</span> and
+ <span class="quote">“<span class="quote">pathnames with defaults not yet applied</span>”</span>.)</p><p>Now, <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> (<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")
+  #P"y/")</code> and <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")</code> are
+ <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_equal.html" target="_top"><code class="function">EQUAL</code></a> in <a class="ulink" href="http://clisp.cons.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>CLISP</strong></span></a> (when <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge" title="19.5.4. Function MERGE-PATHNAMES"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*MERGE-PATHNAMES-ANSI*</code></a> is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>), but not in
  implementations that strictly follow the [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>].
  In fact, the above <span class="emphasis"><em>twice-default = once-default</em></span>
- rule holds for all pathnames in <a class="ulink" href="http://clisp.cons.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>CLISP</strong></span></a>.</p><p>Conversely, when <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge" title="19.5.4. Function MERGE-PATHNAMES"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*MERGE-PATHNAMES-ANSI*</code></a> is non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, the normal [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>]
- behavior is exhibited: <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")</code>
- evaluates to <code class="filename">#P"y/x/"</code>.</p><p><b>Rationale. </b>“<span class="quote">merge</span>” is <span class="emphasis"><em>merge</em></span> and
- not <span class="emphasis"><em>or</em></span>.</p></div><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="load-lpt"></a>19.5.5. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_load-logi_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p>When the <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> argument to <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_load-logi_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a>
+ rule holds for all pathnames in <a class="ulink" href="http://clisp.cons.org" target="_top"><span class="command"><strong>CLISP</strong></span></a>.</p><p>Conversely, when <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#pathmerge" title="19.5.4. Function MERGE-PATHNAMES"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*MERGE-PATHNAMES-ANSI*</code></a> is non-<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/convar_nil.html" target="_top"><code class="constant">NIL</code></a>, the normal [<span class="citation"><a class="link" href="references.html#ansi-cl" title="ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R1999) Information Technology - Programming Language - Common Lisp [formerly ANSI X3.226-1994 (R1999)]">ANSI CL standard</a></span>]
+ behavior is exhibited: <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_merge-pathnames.html" target="_top"><code class="function">MERGE-PATHNAMES</code></a> #P"x/" #P"y/")</code>
+ evaluates to <code class="filename">#P"y/x/"</code>.</p><p title="Rationale"><b>Rationale. </b><span class="quote">“<span class="quote">merge</span>”</span> is <span class="emphasis"><em>merge</em></span> and
+ not <span class="emphasis"><em>or</em></span>.</p></div><div class="section" title="19.5.5. Function LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="load-lpt"></a>19.5.5. Function <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_load-logi_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p>When the <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em> argument to <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_load-logi_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a>
 is not a defined logical host yet, we proceed as follows:
-</p><div class="orderedlist"><ol type="1"><li>If both <a class="unix" href="http://www.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html">environment variable</a>s
+</p><div class="orderedlist"><ol class="orderedlist" type="1"><li class="listitem">If both <a class="unix" href="http://www.opengroup.org/susv3/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html">environment variable</a>s
   <code class="envar">LOGICAL_HOST_<em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>_FROM</code> and
   <code class="envar">LOGICAL_HOST_<em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>_TO</code> exist, then their values
-  define the map of the <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>.</li><li>If the <a class="unix" href="http://www.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html">environment variable</a>
+  define the map of the <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>.</li><li class="listitem">If the <a class="unix" href="http://www.opengroup.org/susv3/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html">environment variable</a>
   <code class="envar">LOGICAL_HOST_<em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em></code> exists, its value is read from,
-  and the result is passed to <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/mac_setfcm_psetf.html" target="_top"><code class="function">SETF</code></a>
-  <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/acc_logical-p_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a>)</code>.</li><li>Variable <a href="filename-misc.html#load-lpt" class="olink"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS-DATABASE*</code></a> is consulted.
-  Its value should be a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_list.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">LIST</code></a> of files and/or directories,
+  and the result is passed to <code class="code">(<a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/mac_setfcm_psetf.html" target="_top"><code class="function">SETF</code></a>
+  <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/acc_logical-p_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a>)</code>.</li><li class="listitem">Variable <a href="filename-misc.html#load-lpt" class="olink"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS-DATABASE*</code></a> is consulted.
+  Its value should be a <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/syscla_list.html" target="_top"><code class="classname">LIST</code></a> of files and/or directories,
   which are searched for in the <a href="loadfile.html#load-paths" class="olink"><code class="varname">CUSTOM:*LOAD-PATHS*</code></a>, just like for <a href="loadfile.html" class="olink"><code class="function">LOAD</code></a>.
-  When the element is a file, it is repeatedly <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_readcm_re_g-whitespace.html" target="_top"><code class="function">READ</code></a> from,
+  When the element is a file, it is repeatedly <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_readcm_re_g-whitespace.html" target="_top"><code class="function">READ</code></a> from,
   <a class="ulink" href="http://www.franz.com/support/documentation/6.0/doc/pathnames.htm#load-logical-pathname-translations-2" target="_top">Allegro CL-style</a>,
   odd objects being host names and even object being their
-  <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/acc_logical-p_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a>.
+  <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/acc_logical-p_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a>.
   When the element is a directory, a file, named <code class="filename"><em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em></code>
-  or <code class="filename"><em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>.host</code>, in that directory, is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_readcm_re_g-whitespace.html" target="_top"><code class="function">READ</code></a>
+  or <code class="filename"><em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>.host</code>, in that directory, is <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_readcm_re_g-whitespace.html" target="_top"><code class="function">READ</code></a>
 from once, <a class="ulink" href="http://common-lisp.net/project/cmucl/doc/cmu-user/extensions.html#logical-pathnames" target="_top">CMUCL-style</a>,
-  the object read being the <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/acc_logical-p_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a> of the
-  <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>.</li></ol></div></div><div class="section" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="absolute-pathname"></a>19.5.6. Function <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><code class="code">(<a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>)</code> converts the <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>
+  the object read being the <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/acc_logical-p_translations.html" target="_top"><code class="function">LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS</code></a> of the
+  <em class="replaceable"><code>host</code></em>.</li></ol></div></div><div class="section" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><div class="titlepage"><div><div><h3 class="title"><a id="absolute-pathname"></a>19.5.6. Function <a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a></h3></div></div></div><p><code class="code">(<a class="link" href="filename-misc.html#absolute-pathname" title="19.5.6. Function EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME"><code class="function">EXT:ABSOLUTE-PATHNAME</code></a> <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>)</code> converts the <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em>
  to a physical pathname, then - if its directory component is not
  absolute - converts it to an absolute pathname, by merging in the
- current process' directory. This is like <a class="ulink" href="http://www.lisp.org/HyperSpec/Body/fun_truename.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRUENAME</code></a>, except that it
+ current process' directory. This is like <a class="ulink" href="http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/iiip/doc/CommonLISP/HyperSpec/Body/fun_truename.html" target="_top"><code class="function">TRUENAME</code></a>, except that it
  does not verify that a file named by the <em class="replaceable"><code>pathname</code></em> exists, not even that
  its directory exists. It does no filesystem accesses, except to
  determine the current directory. This function is useful when you want
  to save a pathname over time, or pass a pathname to an external
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