|Version 4 (modified by dipohl, 4 years ago)|
Table of Contents
- Smartmontools Download and Installation
- 1. Install precompiled package
- 2. Install from the source tarball
- 3. Install latest unreleased code from SVN repository
- 4. Run smartmontools from Live-system
Smartmontools Download and Installation
After installation or booting from a Live-CD, you can read smartmontools man pages and try out the commands:
man smartd.conf man smartctl man smartd # Only root can do this /usr/sbin/smartctl -s on -o on -S on /dev/hda /usr/sbin/smartctl -a /dev/hda
Note that the default location for the manual pages are /usr/share/man/man5 and /usr/share/man/man8. If 'man' doesn't find them, then you may need to add /usr/share/man to your MANPATH environment variable.
The Windows package provides preformatted man pages in *.html and *.txt format.
1. Install precompiled package
Starting with smartmontools release 5.37, RPM files are no longer available at the smartmontools project download page. Refer to the package download location of your distribution.
Distribution Package Version Repository Download-URL Debian smartmontools 5.38-2+lenny1 stable Download Debian smartmontools 5.38-3 testing Download Fink gsmartcontrol 0.8.4-1002 Download Fink smartmontools 5.38-1 Download Fink smartmontools-daemon 5.38-1 Download FreeBSD gsmartcontrol 0.8.4 sysutils Download FreeBSD smartmontools 5.38_6 sysutils Download Gentoo smartmontools 5.36-r1 Download Gentoo smartmontools 5.37 Download Gentoo smartmontools 5.37-r1 Download Gentoo smartmontools 5.38 Download MacPorts smartmontools 5.38 Download Mandriva smartmontools 5.38-3 Download Mandriva smartmontools-debug 5.38-3 Download NetBSD smartmontools 5.38 sysutils Download OpenBSD smartmontools 5.38 Download openSUSE smartmontools 188.8.131.5290603 sbrabec Download openSUSE smartmontools 184.108.40.20681027 suse/oss Download Slackware smartmontools-5.38-i486-1.txz 5.38 Download Ubuntu smartmontools 5.38-1ubuntu2 Download
Debian Linux - Install the Debian package
All versions of the smartmontools package in .deb format are available at the Debian package search page.
You can then install the package using:
dpkg -i smartmontools_5.36-1_i386.deb
If you prefer to fetch the packages using apt, please read the instructions at backports.org.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS1 and Fedora Linux distributions
The smartmontools package is part of the official repositories and can be installed using the yum command:
# you need to be root to do this yum install smartmontools
1 For CentOS in versions 5 and newer
Other distributions providing RPM packages
Download the latest binary RPM file (smartmontools*.rpm) for your distribution. Don't get the SRPM file (*.src.rpm).
Install it using RPM. You must be root to do this''
su root # -> enter root password rpm -ivh smartmontools-5.33-6.i586.rpm For most users, this is all that is needed.
If you want to remove the package (rpm -e smartmontools) and your system does not have chkconfig installed, you may need to use:
rpm -e --noscripts smartmontools
Install the Cygwin package - Windows with Cygwin installed
To update your installation, click on the "Install or update now!" link on the Cygwin web page. This downloads setup.exe to your system. Then, run setup and answer all of the questions. Select smartmontools package in the "Utils" category.
The optional source package (smartmontools-*-src.tar.bz2) can be used to build both the Cygwin and the Windows binary packages on Cygwin. Refer to the file /usr/share/doc/Cygwin/smartmontools-*.README for details.
Windows - Install the Windows package
The default install type "Full" creates start menu shortcuts including an uninstaller, and adds the install directory to the PATH variable.
Select install type "Extract files only" to disable these extra components.
Virus scanners occasionally produce false positive virus reports for NSIS-installers, see the NSIS False Positives page. If this is the case for the smartmontools installer, please send a report to the smartmontools-support mailing list
Starting with smartmontools release 5.37, the Windows package is no longer provided as a ZIP archive (*.win32.zip).
If the self extracting installer cannot be used for some reason, the files may also be unpacked by a recent version of 7-Zip.
More recent (and probably unstable) Windows test releases build from CVS snapshots are available here.
2. Install from the source tarball
For operating systems: Linux/Solaris/FreeBSD/NetBSD/OpenBSD/Cygwin
Download the latest source tarball from here. Note: you probably want the most recent stable release. Stable releases have even-numbered extensions, and unstable experimental releases have odd-numbered extensions.
Uncompress the tarball:
tar zxvf smartmontools-5.38.tar.gz
The previous step created a directory called smartmontools-5.38 containing the code. Go to that directory, build, and install:
cd smartmontools-5.38 ./configure make make install
For releases >=5.19, ./configure can take optional arguments. These optional arguments are fully explained in the INSTALL file. The most important one is --prefix to change the default installation directories. Please note that the default installation location changed in versions >=5.31. If you don't pass any arguments to ./configure all files will reside under /usr/local to not interfere with files from your distribution. For more detailed information please also refer to the INSTALL document.
To compile from another directory (avoids overwriting virgin files from the smartmontools package) replace ./configure [options] by:
mkdir objdir cd objdir ../configure [options]
To install to another destination (useful for testing and to avoid overwriting an existing smartmontools installation) replace make install by:
make DESTDIR=/home/myself/smartmontools-test install
Use a full path: ~/smartmontools-test won't work.
Unless the destination directory is your home directory (or a location that you have write permission)
# only root can do that: make install
3. Install latest unreleased code from SVN repository
We moved from CVS to a Subversion (SVN) repository. The new address for our repository is https://smartmontools.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/smartmontools
For those, who don't already have a Subversion client installed, here is a list of SVN-Clients for different operating systems and in all colors and flavours. (Stand-alone clients, Desktop-integrated clients, IDE plug-in clients, ..)
All you need to do to get the latest development code is (but note that the development code may be unstable, and that the documentation and code may be inconsistent):
svn co https://smartmontools.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/smartmontools/trunk/smartmontools smartmontools
This will create a subdirectory called smartmontools/ containing the code. Go to that directory, build, and install:
cd smartmontools ./autogen.sh ./configure make make install
See notes under Install from source tarball for different options to ./configure and other useful remarks.
To update your sources from trunk (development version):
cd smartmontools svn update
One of the really cool things about version control systems is that you can get any version of the code you want, from the first release up the the most current development version. And it's trivial, because each release is <u>tagged</u> with a name. Look at the tags in our SVN repository, to see what the different names are.
E.g. run the following command to fetch the RELEASE_5_38 release:
svn co https://smartmontools.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/smartmontools/tags/RELEASE_5_38/sm5 smartmontools
Note that the directory with the smartmontools sourcefiles is named sm5 in releases <= 5.38.</p>
The rest of the build procedure is the same like described above, with one exception:
- Skip ./autogen.sh and ./configure for tagged releases
<= 5.1-18 (RELEASE_5_X_Y, where X = 0 or 1 and Y = 0 to 18).
4. Run smartmontools from Live-system
If you have a system that is showing signs of disk trouble (for example, it's unbootable and the console is full of disk error messages) it can be handy to have a version of smartmontools that can be run off of a bootable CD or floppy to examine the disk's SMART data and run self-tests. This is also useful if you want to run Captive Self-Tests (the -C option of smartctl ) on disks that can not easily be unmounted, such as those hosting the Operating System files. Or you can use this to run smartctl on computers that don't use Linux as the day-to-day operating system.
List of bootable CDs
Finnix Live Bootable CD
Fedora Core 7 Live Bootable CD
LNX-BBC Bootable CD
Stresslinux Bootable CD
RIP (Recovery Is Possible) Bootable CD
STUX Bootable CD
Parted Magic (also contains GSmartControl)
Debian/testing based CD)
Gentoo Installer LiveCD
grml Linux Live-CD (Debian/unstable based CD, smartmontools is also included in grml-small)
Ubuntu Rescue Remix
S.M.A.R.T. Linux (a bootable FLOPPY containing smartmontools!)
INSERT (Inside Security Rescue Toolkit) (Knoppix based CD)
Smartctl Plugin for BartPE bootable live windows CD
A plugin for the http://www.ubcd4win.com/ UBCD4Win] can be created by the smartmontools windows installer
The UBCD 5.0 beta contains PartedMagic? (above), see also note about UBCD in the FAQ
Please let us know if there are others, and we will add them to this list.